Endurance and War

Author: Jasen J. Castillo
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804790728
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Scholars and military practitioners alike have long sought to understand why some country's militaries fight hard when facing defeat while others collapse. In Endurance and War, Jasen Castillo presents a new unifying theory—cohesion theory—to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power. His argument builds on insights from the literatures on group solidarity in general and military effectiveness in particular, which argue that the stronger the ties binding together individuals in a group of any kind, the higher the degree of cohesion that a group will exhibit when taking collective action, including fighting in war. Specifically, he argues that two types of ties determine the cohesion, and therefore the resilience, of a nation's armed forces during war: the degree of control a regime holds over its citizens and the amount of autonomy the armed forces possess to focus on training for warfighting. Understanding why armed forces differ in their cohesion should help U.S. military planners better assess the military capabilities of potential adversaries, like Iran and North Korea. For scholars of international politics, cohesion theory can help provide insights into how countries create military power and how they win wars.

Commanding Military Power

Author: Ryan Grauer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107158214
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book offers a new explanation of military power, highlighting the role of uncertainty in the creation of combat capabilities.

The Dictator s Army

Author: Caitlin Talmadge
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501701762
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A compelling new argument to help us understand why authoritarian militaries sometimes fight very well—and sometimes very poorly. Talmadge's framework for understanding battlefield effectiveness focuses on four key sets of military organizational practices.

The Sword s Other Edge

Author: Dan Reiter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108271162
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is the first work to build a conceptual framework describing how the pursuit of military effectiveness can present military and political tradeoffs, such as undermining political support for the war, creating new security threats, and that seeking to improve effectiveness in one aspect can reduce effectiveness in other aspects. Here are new ideas about military effectiveness, covering topics such as military robotics, nuclear weapons, insurgency, war finance, public opinion, and others. The study applies these ideas to World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the 1973 October War, as well as ongoing conflicts and public policy debates, such as the War on Terror, drone strikes, ISIS, Russian aggression against Ukraine, US-Chinese-Russian nuclear competitions, and the Philippines insurgency, among others. Both scholarly and policy-oriented readers will gather new insights into the political dimensions of military power, and the complexities of trying to grow military power.

The Iraq Wars and America s Military Revolution

Author: Keith L. Shimko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316139018
Format: PDF, Docs
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Many saw the United States' decisive victory in Desert Storm (1991) as not only vindication of American defense policy since Vietnam but also confirmation of a revolution in military affairs (RMA). Just as information-age technologies were revolutionizing civilian life, the Gulf War appeared to reflect similarly profound changes in warfare. A debate has raged ever since about a contemporary RMA and its implications for American defense policy. Addressing these issues, The Iraq Wars and America's Military Revolution is a comprehensive study of the Iraq Wars in the context of the RMA debate. Focusing on the creation of a reconnaissance-strike complex and conceptions of parallel or nonlinear warfare, Keith L. Shimko finds a persuasive case for a contemporary RMA while recognizing its limitations as well as promise.

Beyond Air Sea Battle

Author: Aaron L. Friedberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138466579
Format: PDF
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This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the debate over how the United States and its allies can counter China's rapidly growing military power.

Forced to Change

Author: Bernd Horn
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 145972786X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Undeniably, the 1990s were a period of crisis for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Drastic budget reductions and a series of endless scandals all collided to form the perfect storm. The outcome of this was nothing short of the implosion of the Canadian Armed Forces Officer Corps. Stripped by the government of the right to regulate itself, the Officer Corps, which represented the nation’s stewards of the profession of arms, was forced to reform itself. Key to this transformation was education. However, the road was not easy, as cultural change rarely is. Forced to Change tells the story of how the Canadian Armed Forces found itself at its lowest point in history and how it managed to reform itself. The question is whether it was a fundamental transformation or just a temporary adjustment to weather the storm.

Cheap Threats

Author: Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626162832
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Why do weak states resist threats of force from the United States, especially when history shows that this superpower carries out its ultimatums? Cheap Threats upends conventional notions of power politics and challenges assumptions about the use of compellent military threats in international politics. Drawing on an original dataset of US compellence from 1945 to 2007 and four in-depth case studies—the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 2011 confrontation with Libya, and the 1991 and 2003 showdowns with Iraq—Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain finds that US compellent threats often fail because threatening and using force became comparatively “cheap” for the United States after the Cold War. Becoming the world’s only superpower and adopting a new light-footprint model of war, which relied heavily on airpower and now drones, have reduced the political, economic, and human costs that US policymakers face when they go to war. Paradoxically, this lower-cost model of war has cheapened US threats and fails to signal to opponents that the United States is resolved to bear the high costs of a protracted conflict. The result: small states gamble, often unwisely, that the United States will move on to a new target before achieving its goals. Cheap Threats resets the bar for scholars and planners grappling with questions of state resolve, hegemonic stability, effective coercion, and other issues pertinent in this new era of US warfighting and diplomacy.

Securing Freedom

Author: Eliza Manningham-Buller
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1847658512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How do we balance our belief in human freedom with the need to defend ourselves against those who believe the use of terror can be justified? Can our handling of security risk and the laws we pass to deal with them distort our response to the threat of terrorism? In this sobering and remarkably frank analysis based on her 2011 Reith Lectures, Eliza Manningham-Buller, ex-Director General of MI5, the British Security Service, talks about key events during her tenure - from the threat of the IRA to al-Qaeda. She states that torture works but must never be used, how intelligence is gathered and why surveillance is necessary to protect democracy, the importance of the rule of law and why without security there can be no liberty.