Energy and Civilization

Author: Vaclav Smil
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262338319
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"I wait for new Smil books the way some people wait for the next 'Star Wars' movie. In his latest book, Energy and Civilization: A History, he goes deep and broad to explain how innovations in humans' ability to turn energy into heat, light, and motion have been a driving force behind our cultural and economic progress over the past 10,000 years. -- Bill Gates, Gates Notes, Best Books of the Year Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects of raindrops. Life on Earth depends on the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy into plant biomass. Humans have come to rely on many more energy flows -- ranging from fossil fuels to photovoltaic generation of electricity -- for their civilized existence. In this monumental history, Vaclav Smil provides a comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel--driven civilization. Humans are the only species that can systematically harness energies outside their bodies, using the power of their intellect and an enormous variety of artifacts -- from the simplest tools to internal combustion engines and nuclear reactors. The epochal transition to fossil fuels affected everything: agriculture, industry, transportation, weapons, communication, economics, urbanization, quality of life, politics, and the environment. Smil describes humanity's energy eras in panoramic and interdisciplinary fashion, offering readers a magisterial overview. This book is an extensively updated and expanded version of Smil's Energy in World History (1994). Smil has incorporated an enormous amount of new material, reflecting the dramatic developments in energy studies over the last two decades and his own research over that time.

Energy and Civilization

Author: Vaclav Smil
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262035774
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society throughout history, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel–driven civilization. "I wait for new Smil books the way some people wait for the next 'Star Wars' movie. In his latest book, Energy and Civilization: A History, he goes deep and broad to explain how innovations in humans' ability to turn energy into heat, light, and motion have been a driving force behind our cultural and economic progress over the past 10,000 years. —Bill Gates, Gates Notes, Best Books of the Year Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects of raindrops. Life on Earth depends on the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy into plant biomass. Humans have come to rely on many more energy flows—ranging from fossil fuels to photovoltaic generation of electricity—for their civilized existence. In this monumental history, Vaclav Smil provides a comprehensive account of how energy has shaped society, from pre-agricultural foraging societies through today's fossil fuel–driven civilization. Humans are the only species that can systematically harness energies outside their bodies, using the power of their intellect and an enormous variety of artifacts—from the simplest tools to internal combustion engines and nuclear reactors. The epochal transition to fossil fuels affected everything: agriculture, industry, transportation, weapons, communication, economics, urbanization, quality of life, politics, and the environment. Smil describes humanity's energy eras in panoramic and interdisciplinary fashion, offering readers a magisterial overview. This book is an extensively updated and expanded version of Smil's Energy in World History (1994). Smil has incorporated an enormous amount of new material, reflecting the dramatic developments in energy studies over the last two decades and his own research over that time.

Big History

Author: David Christian
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446261427
Format: PDF
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Der Big Bang war der heißeste Augenblick der Weltgeschichte. Der Rest ist Abkühlung. Und die hatte Folgen: Atome und Sterne entstanden, die Erde und wir. Eingebettet in die Geschichte des Universums ist auch die Geschichte der Menschheit. David Christian erzählt die Historie der Welt anhand von acht Schwellenmomenten: von der Entstehung des Lebens bis zur Fotosynthese, von der Sprache bis zum menschgemachten Klimawandel. Sein Buch ist eine brillante Synthese der Erkenntnisse aus Astronomie, Biologie, Chemie und Physik. Und eine atemberaubende moderne Ursprungsgeschichte, die mit einem Ausblick auf die Zukunft endet, in der wir endlich die Verantwortung für den Planeten Erde übernehmen müssen.

Aufkl rung jetzt

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030685
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Believe Me

Author: Eddie Izzard
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843715815
Format: PDF, ePub
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»Eddie Izzard ist der Jedi unter den Stand-Up-Comedians. Inspirierend, surreal, universal, visionär.« Michael Mittermeier Er liebt High Heels und lackierte Fingernägel. Er lief 27 Marathons an 27 Tagen, um an die Inhaftierung Mandelas zu erinnern. Er gilt als witzigster Mann Großbritanniens und trifft auch weltweit den Lachnerv — mit Gags über Hitler, Hunde, Darth Vader in der Todesstern-Kantine und Fische, die mit Fischen reden. Eddie Izzard, Humorgenie und Cross-Dresser, erzählt sein bewegtes Leben. In seiner Autobiographie »Believe Me« schildert der Entertainer lakonische, ergreifende und schreiend komische Episoden aus seinem Leben: von einer verlustreichen Kindheit, vom Entdecken einer komplizierten Sexualität, von ersten Comedy-Versuchen auf den Straßen Londons — und von seinem Plan, die Briten eines Tages zurück in die EU zu führen.

In the Servitude of Power

Author: Jean-Claude Debeir
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780862329426
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This stimulating, informative and at times frightening book provides an overall history of energy usage as a fundamental factor in the evolution of the world's major civilizations, from pre-history to the present day. It serves as a history of human impact on the biosphere and the consequences of this for the rise and fall of civilizations.The authors look in detail at how different forms of energy use have shaped society in the earliest civilizations - Egypt, Mesopotamia and India - as well as in Ancient Greece and Rome, Imperial China, Medieval Europe, and during the industrial revolution. They go on to cover the rise of the internal combustion engine, electrification, oil, nuclear power, and contemporary ecological problems. They show how all societies are dependent on fragile and unstable energy systems that combine particular technical knowledge, conceptions of nature, and relations of power. When this system reaches its limits, a major crisis is inevitable.Our own world is entering such a crisis as we exhaust our non-renewable resources and confront the consequences of global warming. And the Third World and Eastern Europe face even worse dilemmas. As for nuclear energy, the authors show it to be an economically unviable attempt to shore up an outworn system. They ask whether there is any technical way of overcoming these limits other than an overall change in the way our society functions. In the Servitude of Poweris an authoritative and comprehensive guide to what promises to be the end of an era.

General Energetics

Author: Vaclav Smil
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Presented here for the first time is a comprehensive, single-volume treatment of all the important aspects of biospheric civilizational energetics. The author uses measurements of energy and power densities and intensities throughout to provide an integrated framework of analysis. All segments of energetics are examined, including planetary energetics (solar radiation and geomorphic processes) and bioenergetics (photosynthesis) to human energetics (metabolism and thermoregulation) traced from hunting-gathering and agricultural societies through modern day industrial civilization. Concludes with general patterns, trends and socio-economic considerations of energy use today plus their impact on the environment.