Engineering Computation of Structures The Finite Element Method

Author: Maria Augusta Neto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319177109
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents theories and the main useful techniques of the Finite Element Method (FEM), with an introduction to FEM and many case studies of its use in engineering practice. It supports engineers and students to solve primarily linear problems in mechanical engineering, with a main focus on static and dynamic structural problems. Readers of this text are encouraged to discover the proper relationship between theory and practice, within the finite element method: Practice without theory is blind, but theory without practice is sterile. Beginning with elasticity basic concepts and the classical theories of stressed materials, the work goes on to apply the relationship between forces, displacements, stresses and strains on the process of modeling, simulating and designing engineered technical systems. Chapters discuss the finite element equations for static, eigenvalue analysis, as well as transient analyses. Students and practitioners using commercial FEM software will find this book very helpful. It uses straightforward examples to demonstrate a complete and detailed finite element procedure, emphasizing the differences between exact and numerical procedures.

FINITE ELEMENT METHOD AND COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS

Author: MANISH SHRIKHANDE
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120349954
Format: PDF, Docs
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Primarily intended for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil, mechanical and aerospace/aeronautical engineering, this text emphasises the importance of reliability in engineering computations and understanding the process of computer aided engineering. Written with a view to promote the correct use of finite element technology and to present a detailed study of a set of essential computational tools for the practice of structural dynamics, this book is a ready-reckoner for an in-depth discussion of finite element theory and estimation and control of errors in computations. It is specifically aimed at the audience with interest in vibrations and stress analysis. Several worked out examples and exercise problems have been included to describe the various aspects of finite element theory and modelling. The exercise on error analysis will be extremely helpful in grasping the essence of posteriori error analysis and mesh refinement. KEY FEATURES • Thorough discussion of numerical algorithms for reliable and efficient computation. • Ready-to-use finite element system and other scientific applications. • Tips for improving the quality of finite element solutions. • Companion DVD containing ready to use finite element applications. AUDIENCE: Senior Undergraduate and Postgraduate students of Civil, Mechanical and Aerospace/Aeronautical engineering

Advanced Finite Element Method in Structural Engineering

Author: Yu-Qiu Long
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642003165
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advanced Finite Element Method in Structural Engineering systematically introduces the research work on the Finite Element Method (FEM), which was completed by Prof. Yu-qiu Long and his research group in the past 25 years. Seven original theoretical achievements - for instance, the Generalized Conforming Element method, to name one - and their applications in the fields of structural engineering and computational mechanics are discussed in detail. The book also shows the new strategies for avoiding five difficulties that exist in traditional FEM (shear-locking problem of thick plate elements; sensitivity problem to mesh distortion; non-convergence problem of non-conforming elements; accuracy loss problem of stress solutions by displacement-based elements; stress singular point problem) by utilizing foregoing achievements.

Computational Techniques of Rotor Dynamics with the Finite Element Method

Author: Arne Vollan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143984772X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For more than a century, we have had a firm grasp on rotor dynamics involving rigid bodies with regular shapes, such as cylinders and shafts. However, to achieve an equally solid understanding of the rotational behavior of flexible bodies—especially those with irregular shapes, such as propeller and turbine blades—we require more modern tools and methods. Computational Techniques of Rotor Dynamics with the Finite Element Method explores the application of practical finite element method (FEM)-based computational techniques and state-of-the-art engineering software. These are used to simulate behavior of rotational structures that enable the function of various types of machinery—from generators and wind turbines to airplane engines and propellers. The book’s first section focuses on the theoretical foundation of rotor dynamics, and the second concentrates on the engineering analysis of rotating structures. The authors explain techniques used in the modeling and computation of the forces involved in the rotational phenomenon. They then demonstrate how to interpret and apply the results to improve fidelity and performance. Coverage includes: Use of FEM to achieve the most accurate computational simulation of all gyroscopic forces occurring in rotational structures Details of highly efficient and accurate computational and numerical techniques for dynamic simulations Interpretation of computational results, which is instrumental to developing stable rotating machinery Practical application examples of rotational structures’ dynamic response to external and internal excitations An FEM case study that illustrates the computational complexities associated with modeling and computation of forces of rotor dynamics Assessment of propellers and turbines that are critical to the transportation and energy industries Useful to practicing engineers and graduate-level students alike, this self-contained volume also serves as an invaluable reference for researchers and instructors in this field. CRC Press Authors Speak Louis Komzsik introduces you to two books that share a common mathematical foundation, the finite element analysis technique. Watch the video.

The Finite Element Method Theory Implementation and Applications

Author: Mats G. Larson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642332870
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book gives an introduction to the finite element method as a general computational method for solving partial differential equations approximately. Our approach is mathematical in nature with a strong focus on the underlying mathematical principles, such as approximation properties of piecewise polynomial spaces, and variational formulations of partial differential equations, but with a minimum level of advanced mathematical machinery from functional analysis and partial differential equations. In principle, the material should be accessible to students with only knowledge of calculus of several variables, basic partial differential equations, and linear algebra, as the necessary concepts from more advanced analysis are introduced when needed. Throughout the text we emphasize implementation of the involved algorithms, and have therefore mixed mathematical theory with concrete computer code using the numerical software MATLAB is and its PDE-Toolbox. We have also had the ambition to cover some of the most important applications of finite elements and the basic finite element methods developed for those applications, including diffusion and transport phenomena, solid and fluid mechanics, and also electromagnetics.​

Computational Structural Analysis and Finite Element Methods

Author: A. Kaveh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319029649
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Graph theory gained initial prominence in science and engineering through its strong links with matrix algebra and computer science. Moreover, the structure of the mathematics is well suited to that of engineering problems in analysis and design. The methods of analysis in this book employ matrix algebra, graph theory and meta-heuristic algorithms, which are ideally suited for modern computational mechanics. Efficient methods are presented that lead to highly sparse and banded structural matrices. The main features of the book include: application of graph theory for efficient analysis; extension of the force method to finite element analysis; application of meta-heuristic algorithms to ordering and decomposition (sparse matrix technology); efficient use of symmetry and regularity in the force method; and simultaneous analysis and design of structures.

Finite Element Model Updating Using Computational Intelligence Techniques

Author: Tshilidzi Marwala
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781849963237
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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FEM updating allows FEMs to be tuned better to reflect measured data. It can be conducted using two different statistical frameworks: the maximum likelihood approach and Bayesian approaches. This book applies both strategies to the field of structural mechanics, using vibration data. Computational intelligence techniques including: multi-layer perceptron neural networks; particle swarm and GA-based optimization methods; simulated annealing; response surface methods; and expectation maximization algorithms, are proposed to facilitate the updating process. Based on these methods, the most appropriate updated FEM is selected, a problem that traditional FEM updating has not addressed. This is found to incorporate engineering judgment into finite elements through the formulations of prior distributions. Case studies, demonstrating the principles test the viability of the approaches, and. by critically analysing the state of the art in FEM updating, this book identifies new research directions.

What Every Engineer Should Know about Computational Techniques of Finite Element Analysis Second Edition

Author: Louis Komzsik
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439802955
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Finite element analysis (FEA) has become the dominant tool of analysis in many industrial fields of engineering, particularly in mechanical and aerospace engineering. This process requires significant computational work divided into several distinct phases. What Every Engineer Should Know About Computational Techniques of Finite Element Analysis offers a concise, self-contained treatment of FEA and all of the tools needed for efficient use and practical implementation. This book provides you with a walk-through of the process from the physical model to the computed solution. Based on the author's thirty years of practical experience in finite element analysis in the shipbuilding, aerospace, and automobile industries, it describes the transformation of the physical problem into a mathematical model, reduction of the model to a more efficient, numerically solvable form, and the solution of the problem using specific computational techniques. The author discusses time and frequency domain solutions as used in practice, as well as the representation of the computed results. What Every Engineer Should Know About Computational Techniques of Finite Element Analysis serves as a to-the-point guide to using or implementing FEA for both beginners and everyday users who must apply the finite element method to your daily work. The techniques can be easily executed in most available FEA software packages. CRC Press Authors Speak Louis Komzsik introduces you to two books that share a common mathematical foundation, the finite element analysis technique. Watch the video.

Advanced Topics in Finite Element Analysis of Structures

Author: M. Asghar Bhatti
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471648079
Format: PDF
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Starting from governing differential equations, a unique and consistently weighted residual approach is used to present advanced topics in finite element analysis of structures, such as mixed and hybrid formulations, material and geometric nonlinearities, and contact problems. This book features a hands-on approach to understanding advanced concepts of the finite element method (FEM) through integrated Mathematica and MATLAB® exercises.

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

Author: Singiresu S. Rao
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128143649
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Sixth Edition, provides a thorough grounding in the mathematical principles behind the Finite Element Analysis technique—an analytical engineering tool originated in the 1960's by the aerospace and nuclear power industries to find usable, approximate solutions to problems with many complex variables. Rao shows how to set up finite element solutions in civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering applications. The new edition features updated real-world examples from MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus, and a new chapter on additional FEM topics including extended FEM (X-FEM). Professional engineers will benefit from the introduction to the many useful applications of finite element analysis. Includes revised and updated chapters on MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus Offers a new chapter, Additional Topics in Finite Element Method Includes discussion of practical considerations, errors and pitfalls in FEM singularity elements Features a brief presentation of recent developments in FEM including extended FEM (X-FEM), augmented FEM (A-FEM) and partition of unity FEM (POUFEM) Features improved pedagogy, including the addition of more design-oriented and practical examples and problems Covers real-life applications, sample review questions at the end of most chapters, and updated references