Engineering in K 12 Education

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309144711
Format: PDF, ePub
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Engineering education in K-12 classrooms is a small but growing phenomenon that may have implications for engineering and also for the other STEM subjects--science, technology, and mathematics. Specifically, engineering education may improve student learning and achievement in science and mathematics, increase awareness of engineering and the work of engineers, boost youth interest in pursuing engineering as a career, and increase the technological literacy of all students. The teaching of STEM subjects in U.S. schools must be improved in order to retain U.S. competitiveness in the global economy and to develop a workforce with the knowledge and skills to address technical and technological issues. Engineering in K-12 Education reviews the scope and impact of engineering education today and makes several recommendations to address curriculum, policy, and funding issues. The book also analyzes a number of K-12 engineering curricula in depth and discusses what is known from the cognitive sciences about how children learn engineering-related concepts and skills. Engineering in K-12 Education will serve as a reference for science, technology, engineering, and math educators, policy makers, employers, and others concerned about the development of the country's technical workforce. The book will also prove useful to educational researchers, cognitive scientists, advocates for greater public understanding of engineering, and those working to boost technological and scientific literacy.

STEM Integration in K 12 Education

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309297990
Format: PDF, Mobi
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STEM Integration in K-12 Education examines current efforts to connect the STEM disciplines in K-12 education. This report identifies and characterizes existing approaches to integrated STEM education, both in formal and after- and out-of-school settings. The report reviews the evidence for the impact of integrated approaches on various student outcomes, and it proposes a set of priority research questions to advance the understanding of integrated STEM education. STEM Integration in K-12 Education proposes a framework to provide a common perspective and vocabulary for researchers, practitioners, and others to identify, discuss, and investigate specific integrated STEM initiatives within the K-12 education system of the United States. STEM Integration in K-12 Education makes recommendations for designers of integrated STEM experiences, assessment developers, and researchers to design and document effective integrated STEM education. This report will help to further their work and improve the chances that some forms of integrated STEM education will make a positive difference in student learning and interest and other valued outcomes.

STEM Road Map

Author: Carla C. Johnson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317620208
Format: PDF, Kindle
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STEM Road Map: A Framework for Integrated STEM Education is the first resource to offer an integrated STEM curricula encompassing the entire K-12 spectrum, with complete grade-level learning based on a spiraled approach to building conceptual understanding. A team of over thirty STEM education professionals from across the U.S. collaborated on the important work of mapping out the Common Core standards in mathematics and English/language arts, the Next Generation Science Standards performance expectations, and the Framework for 21st Century Learning into a coordinated, integrated, STEM education curriculum map. The book is structured in three main parts—Conceptualizing STEM, STEM Curriculum Maps, and Building Capacity for STEM—designed to build common understandings of integrated STEM, provide rich curriculum maps for implementing integrated STEM at the classroom level, and supports to enable systemic transformation to an integrated STEM approach. The STEM Road Map places the power into educators’ hands to implement integrated STEM learning within their classrooms without the need for extensive resources, making it a reality for all students.

Standards for K 12 Engineering Education

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309160154
Format: PDF, Docs
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The goal of this study was to assess the value and feasibility of developing and implementing content standards for engineering education at the K-12 level. Content standards have been developed for three disciplines in STEM education--science, technology, and mathematic--but not for engineering. To date, a small but growing number of K-12 students are being exposed to engineering-related materials, and limited but intriguing evidence suggests that engineering education can stimulate interest and improve learning in mathematics and science as well as improve understanding of engineering and technology. Given this background, a reasonable question is whether standards would improve the quality and increase the amount of teaching and learning of engineering in K-12 education. The book concludes that, although it is theoretically possible to develop standards for K-12 engineering education, it would be extremely difficult to ensure their usefulness and effective implementation. This conclusion is supported by the following findings: (1) there is relatively limited experience with K-12 engineering education in U.S. elementary and secondary schools, (2) there is not at present a critical mass of teachers qualified to deliver engineering instruction, (3) evidence regarding the impact of standards-based educational reforms on student learning in other subjects, such as mathematics and science, is inconclusive, and (4) there are significant barriers to introducing stand-alone standards for an entirely new content area in a curriculum already burdened with learning goals in more established domains of study.

PISA 2012

Author: Manfred Prenzel
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830980019
Format: PDF, Docs
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PISA 2012 steht für die fünfte Erhebungsrunde des Programme for International Student Assessment der OECD. Seit dem Jahr 2000 berichtet PISA alle drei Jahre über Stärken und Schwächen von Bildungssystemen. PISA untersucht vor allem, inwieweit es den teilnehmenden Staaten gelingt, die Schülerinnen und Schüler für ihre weiteren Bildungs- und Berufswege vorzubereiten. PISA testet das Wissen der fünfzehnjährigen Jugendlichen in den Bereichen Mathematik, Lesen und Naturwissenschaften. Der Vergleich über die bisherigen Erhebungsrunden gibt zudem Aufschluss über Veränderungen in der Qualität der Bildungsergebnisse. Der vorliegende nationale Berichtsband präsentiert die Ergebnisse, die von den Schülerinnen und Schülern in Deutschland in der aktuellen Vergleichsstudie erreicht wurden. Der Schwerpunkt der Erhebungen und Auswertungen liegt bei PISA 2012 auf der Mathematik, die nach PISA 2003 zum zweiten Mal im Zentrum der Untersuchung steht. Die Testergebnisse werden zusammen mit Befunden über Unterricht, Schulen und Merkmale der Elternhäuser diskutiert. Die Herausgeber am Zentrum für Internationale Bildungsvergleichsstudien (ZIB): Prof. Dr. Manfred Prenzel, TUM School of Education, Technische Universität München Dr. Christine Sälzer, TUM School of Education, Technische Universität München Prof. Dr. Eckhard Klieme, Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung, Frankfurt am Main Prof. Dr. Olaf Köller, Leibniz-Institut für die Pädagogik der Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik, Kiel

Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642346367
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.