Engineering Informatics

Author: Benny Raphael
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118536320
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Computers are ubiquitous throughout all life-cycle stages of engineering, from conceptual design to manufacturing maintenance, repair and replacement. It is essential for all engineers to be aware of the knowledge behind computer-based tools and techniques they are likely to encounter. The computational technology, which allows engineers to carry out design, modelling, visualisation, manufacturing, construction and management of products and infrastructure is known as Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). Engineering Informatics: Fundamentals of Computer-Aided Engineering, 2nd Edition provides the foundation knowledge of computing that is essential for all engineers. This knowledge is independent of hardware and software characteristics and thus, it is expected to remain valid throughout an engineering career. This Second Edition is enhanced with treatment of new areas such as network science and the computational complexity of distributed systems. Key features: Provides extensive coverage of almost all aspects of Computer-Aided Engineering, outlining general concepts such as fundamental logic, definition of engineering tasks and computational complexity Every chapter revised and expanded following more than ten years of experience teaching courses on the basis of the first edition Covers numerous representation frameworks and reasoning strategies Considers the benefits of increased computational power, parallel computing and cloud computing Offers many practical engineering examples and exercises, with lecture notes available for many of the topics/chapters from the ASCE Technical Council on Computing and Information Technology, Global Centre of Excellence in Computing (www.asceglobalcenter.org), providing a valuable resource for lecturers. Accompanied by a website hosting updates and solutions Engineering Informatics: Fundamentals of Computer-Aided Engineering, 2nd Edition provides essential knowledge on computing theory in engineering contexts for students, researchers and practising engineers.

Semantic Modeling and Interoperability in Product and Process Engineering

Author: Yongsheng Ma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447150732
Format: PDF
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In the past decade, feature-based design and manufacturing has gained some momentum in various engineering domains to represent and reuse semantic patterns with effective applicability. However, the actual scope of feature application is still very limited. Semantic Modeling and Interoperability in Product and Process Engineering provides a systematic solution for the challenging engineering informatics field aiming at the enhancement of sustainable knowledge representation, implementation and reuse in an open and yet practically manageable scale. This semantic modeling technology supports uniform, multi-facet and multi-level collaborative system engineering with heterogeneous computer-aided tools, such as CADCAM, CAE, and ERP. This presented unified feature model can be applied to product and process representation, development, implementation and management. Practical case studies and test samples are provided to illustrate applications which can be implemented by the readers in real-world scenarios. By expanding on well-known feature-based design and manufacturing approach, Semantic Modeling and Interoperability in Product and Process Engineering provides a valuable reference for researchers, practitioners and students from both academia and engineering field.

Intelligent Computing in Engineering and Architecture

Author: Ian F.C. Smith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540462465
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering on Intelligent Computing in Engineering and Architecture, EG-ICE 2006, held in Ascona, Switzerland in June 2006.The 59 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions for inclusion in the book. In addition there is a summary of a panel session on the Joint International Conference on Computing and Decision Making in Civil and Building Engineering. All issues of advanced informatics are covered - in terms of current aspects of engineering - including a range of techniques such as artificial intelligence, evolutionary and adaptive computing, case based reasoning, networking and computer supported co-operative working, concurrent engineering, human computer interface issues, agents, constraint based reasoning, VR, and workflow design.

Software Engineering Processes

Author: Yingxu Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 148227454X
Format: PDF
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Software engineering is playing an increasingly significant role in computing and informatics, necessitated by the complexities inherent in large-scale software development. To deal with these difficulties, the conventional life-cycle approaches to software engineering are now giving way to the "process system" approach, encompassing development methods, infrastructure, organization, and management. Until now, however, no book fully addressed process-based software engineering or set forth a fundamental theory and framework of software engineering processes. Software Engineering Processes: Principles and Applications does just that. Within a unified framework, this book presents a comparative analysis of current process models and formally describes their algorithms. It systematically enables comparison between current models, avoidance of ambiguity in application, and simplification of manipulation for practitioners. The authors address a broad range of topics within process-based software engineering and the fundamental theories and philosophies behind them. They develop a software engineering process reference model (SEPRM) to show how to solve the problems of different process domains, orientations, structures, taxonomies, and methods. They derive a set of process benchmarks-based on a series of international surveys-that support validation of the SEPRM model. Based on their SEPRM model and the unified process theory, they demonstrate that current process models can be integrated and their assessment results can be transformed between each other. Software development is no longer just a black art or laboratory activity. It is an industrialized process that requires the skills not just of programmers, but of organization and project managers and quality assurance specialists. Software Engineering Processes: Principles and Applications is the key to understanding, using, and improving upon effective engineering procedures for software development.

PACS and Imaging Informatics

Author: H. K. Huang
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780470373729
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The definitive guide to PACS — now with more clinically applicable material In recent years, the field of picture archiving and communications systems—PACS—and image informatics has advanced due to both conceptual and technological advancements. This edition of PACS and Imaging Informatics: Basic Principles and Applications addresses the latest in this exciting field. In contrast to the previous edition, this updated text uses the framework of image informatics, not physics or engineering principles, to explain PACS. It is the only resource that thoroughly covers the critical issues of hardware/software design and implementation in a systematic and easily comprehensible manner. To strengthen and update the book, the author: Emphasizes clinical applications of PACS and integrates clinical examples throughout the text Reflects the many changes in the field, with new chapters on Web-based PACS, security, integrating the healthcare enterprise, clinical management systems, and the electronic patient record Uses the framework of imaging informatics to explain PACS, making the book accessible to those without advanced knowledge of physics, engineering, math, or information technology Explains how PACS can improve workflow, therapy, and treatment With the most systematic and thorough coverage of practical applications available, this text is the complete guide for all those involved in designing, implementing, and using PACS. Professionals in medical and allied health imaging informatics; radiologists and their technical staff; surgeons and oncologists and their teams; medical and electronic engineers; medical informaticians; and fellows, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates will all benefit from this valuable resource. "An excellent book for people involved in the design, implementation, or simply the operations of PACS and an appropriate textbook." —From a review of the previous edition in IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology "The strength of the book lies in the vast experience of the author, who has implemented PACS at numerous institutions in the United States and abroad." —From a review of the previous edition in Radiology

Principles of Biomedical Informatics

Author: Ira J. Kalet, PhD
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123914620
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This second edition of a pioneering technical work in biomedical informatics provides a very readable treatment of the deep computational ideas at the foundation of the field. Principles of Biomedical Informatics, 2nd Edition is radically reorganized to make it especially useable as a textbook for courses that move beyond the standard introductory material. It includes exercises at the end of each chapter, ideas for student projects, and a number of new topics, such as: • tree structured data, interval trees, and time-oriented medical data and their use • On Line Application Processing (OLAP), an old database idea that is only recently coming of age and finding surprising importance in biomedical informatics • a discussion of nursing knowledge and an example of encoding nursing advice in a rule-based system • X-ray physics and algorithms for cross-sectional medical image reconstruction, recognizing that this area was one of the most central to the origin of biomedical computing • an introduction to Markov processes, and • an outline of the elements of a hospital IT security program, focusing on fundamental ideas rather than specifics of system vulnerabilities or specific technologies. It is simultaneously a unified description of the core research concept areas of biomedical data and knowledge representation, biomedical information access, biomedical decision-making, and information and technology use in biomedical contexts, and a pre-eminent teaching reference for the growing number of healthcare and computing professionals embracing computation in health-related fields. As in the first edition, it includes many worked example programs in Common LISP, the most powerful and accessible modern language for advanced biomedical concept representation and manipulation. The text also includes humor, history, and anecdotal material to balance the mathematically and computationally intensive development in many of the topic areas. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on ideas and methods that are likely to be of lasting value, not just the popular topics of the day. Ira Kalet is Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology, and of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, at the University of Washington. Until retiring in 2011 he was also an Adjunct Professor in Computer Science and Engineering, and Biological Structure. From 2005 to 2010 he served as IT Security Director for the University of Washington School of Medicine and its major teaching hospitals. He has been a member of the American Medical Informatics Association since 1990, and an elected Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics since 2011. His research interests include simulation systems for design of radiation treatment for cancer, software development methodology, and artificial intelligence applications to medicine, particularly expert systems, ontologies and modeling. Develops principles and methods for representing biomedical data, using information in context and in decision making, and accessing information to assist the medical community in using data to its full potential Provides a series of principles for expressing biomedical data and ideas in a computable form to integrate biological, clinical, and public health applications Includes a discussion of user interfaces, interactive graphics, and knowledge resources and reference material on programming languages to provide medical informatics programmers with the technical tools to develop systems

Code

Author: Charles Petzold
Publisher: Microsoft Press
ISBN: 0735638721
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What do flashlights, the British invasion, black cats, and seesaws have to do with computers? In CODE, they show us the ingenious ways we manipulate language and invent new means of communicating with each other. And through CODE, we see how this ingenuity and our very human compulsion to communicate have driven the technological innovations of the past two centuries. Using everyday objects and familiar language systems such as Braille and Morse code, author Charles Petzold weaves an illuminating narrative for anyone who’s ever wondered about the secret inner life of computers and other smart machines. It’s a cleverly illustrated and eminently comprehensible story—and along the way, you’ll discover you’ve gained a real context for understanding today’s world of PCs, digital media, and the Internet. No matter what your level of technical savvy, CODE will charm you—and perhaps even awaken the technophile within.

Methods in Medical Informatics

Author: Jules J. Berman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439841846
Format: PDF
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Too often, healthcare workers are led to believe that medical informatics is a complex field that can only be mastered by teams of professional programmers. This is simply not the case. With just a few dozen simple algorithms, easily implemented with open source programming languages, you can fully utilize the medical information contained in clinical and research datasets. The common computational tasks of medical informatics are accessible to anyone willing to learn the basics. Methods in Medical Informatics: Fundamentals of Healthcare Programming in Perl, Python, and Ruby demonstrates that biomedical professionals with fundamental programming knowledge can master any kind of data collection. Providing you with access to data, nomenclatures, and programming scripts and languages that are all free and publicly available, this book — Describes the structure of data sources used, with instructions for downloading Includes a clearly written explanation of each algorithm Offers equivalent scripts in Perl, Python, and Ruby, for each algorithm Shows how to write short, quickly learned scripts, using a minimal selection of commands Teaches basic informatics methods for retrieving, organizing, merging, and analyzing data sources Provides case studies that detail the kinds of questions that biomedical scientists can ask and answer with public data and an open source programming language Requiring no more than a working knowledge of Perl, Python, or Ruby, Methods in Medical Informatics will have you writing powerful programs in just a few minutes. Within its chapters, you will find descriptions of the basic methods and implementations needed to complete many of the projects you will encounter in your biomedical career.

Fundamentals of Music Processing

Author: Meinard Müller
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319219456
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This textbook provides both profound technological knowledge and a comprehensive treatment of essential topics in music processing and music information retrieval. Including numerous examples, figures, and exercises, this book is suited for students, lecturers, and researchers working in audio engineering, computer science, multimedia, and musicology. The book consists of eight chapters. The first two cover foundations of music representations and the Fourier transform—concepts that are then used throughout the book. In the subsequent chapters, concrete music processing tasks serve as a starting point. Each of these chapters is organized in a similar fashion and starts with a general description of the music processing scenario at hand before integrating it into a wider context. It then discusses—in a mathematically rigorous way—important techniques and algorithms that are generally applicable to a wide range of analysis, classification, and retrieval problems. At the same time, the techniques are directly applied to a specific music processing task. By mixing theory and practice, the book’s goal is to offer detailed technological insights as well as a deep understanding of music processing applications. Each chapter ends with a section that includes links to the research literature, suggestions for further reading, a list of references, and exercises. The chapters are organized in a modular fashion, thus offering lecturers and readers many ways to choose, rearrange or supplement the material. Accordingly, selected chapters or individual sections can easily be integrated into courses on general multimedia, information science, signal processing, music informatics, or the digital humanities.