Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis

Author: Richard Wortley
Publisher: Willan
ISBN: 1136308458
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Environmental criminology is a generic label that covers a range of overlapping perspectives. At the core, the various strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control and prevention of crime. Environmental Crime and Crime Analysis brings together for the first time the key contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively define the field and synthesize the concepts and ideas surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written by leading theorists and practitioners in the field. Each chapter will analyze one of the twelve major elements of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book will be essential reading for both practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in this subject.

Classics in Environmental Criminology

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439817804
Format: PDF
Download Now
A careful analysis of environmental factors is key to understanding the causes of crime, to solving crimes, and eventually helping to predict and prevent them. Classics in Environmental Criminology is a comprehensive collection of seminal pieces from legendary contributors who focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the occurrence of a crime. Defines the field Divided into three parts, the book begins by highlighting the development of environmental criminology as a discipline through its origins in spatial criminology. It examines social disorganization theory, which explains criminal activity with reference to the characteristics of the community that delinquents live in. It then discusses the ecology of crime with reference to macroenvironments and microenvironments. The next section introduces concepts such as routine activity theory, the geometric theory of crime, the rational choice theory of offending, and crime pattern theory. Offers perspectives on prevention The last part focuses on the concept of crime prevention, examines the idea of altering the environment in order to prevent crime, and discusses situational crime factors and efforts to reduce the opportunities for crimes to be committed. It considers the impact of routine activities on crime prevention initiatives and advocates a flexible approach to crime prevention based on the dynamic nature of our environment. The book concludes with a chapter outlining how environmental criminology has evolved in recent years and provides a future outlook on where it may be headed. Invaluable as a textbook and as a professional reference, this volume is a comprehensive survey of a critical field in contemporary criminological theory. Offering insight assembled by top academic figures within the criminology community, this work is destined to provoke further inquiry and research.

T ter oder Opfer

Author: Klaus Wahl
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783497020379
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Ein Rentner wird in der U-Bahn von Jugendlichen fast totgeschlagen, eine Theatergruppe von Rechtsextremen krankenhausreif geprügelt und gedemütigt, ein Mann wegen seiner Hautfarbe von einer Gang durch die Straßen getrieben und schwer traumatisiert. Was geht in Jugendlichen vor, die sich so brutal verhalten? Warum schließen sie sich gewalttätigen Gruppen wie Hooligans oder Skinheads an? Und: Nimmt ihre Gewaltbereitschaft zu? Die Autoren lassen in ihrem Buch gewalttätige Jugendliche selbst zu Wort kommen: Sie sprechen über ihre Familien und ihre Kindheit und zeichnen nach, wie sie so aggressiv wurden. Ihre Berichte verdeutlichen, wie aus Opfern Täter werden können; sie sollen die Gewalttaten aber keineswegs rechtfertigen. Daher ergänzen die beiden Autoren die Täterbiografien durch moderne wissenschaftliche Erklärungsansätze. So bekommen professionelle Helfer - vor allem SozialpädagogInnen, ErzieherInnen und LehrerInnen - aktuelles Wissen darüber, wie Aggression und Gewaltneigung in Menschen entstehen. Klaus Wahl und Katja Hees stellen in einer leicht verständlichen Sprache Forschungsbefunde und Praxiserfahrungen aus dem Deutschen Jugendinstitut vor und zeigen, wie man der Gewalt gezielt gegensteuern und frühzeitig prosoziale Kompetenzen fördern kann. Sie liefern eine Übersicht über Trainings und Programme zur Gewaltprävention, die in Kindergärten, Schulen und in der Jugendhilfe eingesetzt werden können. Prof. Dr. Klaus Wahl, Sozialwissenschaftler, leitet die wissenschaftliche Stabsabteilung des Deutschen Jugendinstituts, forscht über aggressive Kinder und Jugendliche, lehrt an der Universität München und ist derzeit Fellow am Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, Delmenhorst. Katja Hees, Dipl.-Kulturwirtin, arbeitet als selbstständige Journalistin in München. Sie war Stipendiatin der Evangelischen Journalistenschule, Berlin.

Environmental Criminology

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135006237
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The field of environmental criminology is a staple theoretical framework in contemporary criminological theory. With this book, Martin Andresen presents the first comprehensive and sole-authored textbook on this influential and compelling school of criminological thought. He covers a wide range of topics, including: the origins of environmental criminology; the primary theoretical frameworks, such as routine activity theory, geometric theory of crime, rational choice theory, and the pattern theory of crime; the practical application of environmental criminology; an examination of how theories are operationalized and tested; policy implications for the practice of crime prevention. As well as these "popular topics", Andresen also discusses also a number of topics that are at the leading edge of research within environmental criminology. This text will be ideal for courses on crime prevention, where students are often encouraged to consider policy problems and apply theory to practice. This book offers up environmental criminology as a theoretical framework for making sense of complex neighbourhood problems, meaning that it will be perfect for modules on geography of crime, crime analysis and indeed, environmental criminology. It would also be a good supplement for courses on criminological theory.

The Reasoning Criminologist

Author: Nick Tilley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136577998
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous. In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke. The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.

Patterns Prevention and Geometry of Crime

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136497404
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
P&P Brantingham’s enormous contribution to criminology has paved the way for major theoretical and empirical developments in the understanding of crime and its respective patterns, prevention, and geometry. In this unique collection of original essays, Andresen and Kinney bring together leading scholars in the field of environmental criminology to honour the work of P&P Brantingham with new research on the geometry of crime, patterns in crime and crime generators and attractors. Chapters include new perspectives on the crime mobility triangle, electronic monitoring, illegal drug markets, the patterns of vehicle theft for export, prolific offender patterns,crime rates in hotels and motels, violent crime and juvenile crime. A final chapter gathers together a collection of letters to P&P Brantingham, from key scholars reflecting on and celebrating their important contribution. This volume provides essential readings for those interested in the field of environmental criminology.

Cognition and Crime

Author: Benoit Leclerc
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136185356
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The rational choice perspective developed by Cornish and Clarke in 1986 provides criminologists with a valuable and practical framework for purposes of crime control and prevention. More than twenty-five years later, Cognition and Crime pushes the boundaries of this field of research by bringing together international leading (or emerging) researchers in this area of script analysis into a single volume for the first time. It also presents a series of original contributions on offender decision-making during crime and crime script analysis as well as offering a critical perspective of what could be achieved in the future to further help develop this field of research for prevention purposes. In addition, each empirical chapter treats a specific and important form of crime such as stalking violence, drug dealing, human trafficking for sexual exploitation, child sexual abuse, and transnational illegal market of endangered species. Academics and students from various backgrounds, and interested in investigating and preventing crime, will benefit from this book as it applies crime script analysis and discusses new and future developments in regards to this approach and the rational choice perspective. This volume will be of particular relevance for practitioners such as police officers and crime investigators.

Foundations of Crime Analysis

Author: Jeffery T. Walker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317507002
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
In recent years, the fields of crime analysis and environmental criminology have grown in prominence for their advancements made in understanding crime. This book offers a theoretical and methodological introduction to crime analysis, covering the main techniques used in the analysis of crime and the foundation of crime mapping. Coverage includes discussions of: The development of crime analysis and the profession of the crime analyst, The theoretical roots of crime analysis in environmental criminology, Pertinent statistical methods for crime analysis, Spatio-temporal applications of crime analysis, Crime mapping and the intersection of crime analysis and police work, Future directions for crime analysis. Packed with case studies and including examples of specific problems faced by crime analysts, this book offers the perfect introduction to the analysis and investigation of crime. It is essential reading for students taking courses on crime analysis, crime mapping, crime prevention, and environmental criminology. A companion website offers further resources for students, including flashcards and video and website links. For instructors, it includes chapter-by-chapter PowerPoint slides.

Freakonomics

Author: Steven D. Levitt
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783442154517
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.