Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions

Author: James R. Zimbelman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461541514
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book presents current research into the effect that environmental conditions have on volcanic eruptions and the subsequent emplacement of volcanic products. This is accomplished through a series of chapters that investigate specific environments - both terrestrial and extraterrestrial - and the expression of volcanic materials found within those settings. Current state-of-the-art numerical, analytical and computer models are used in most chapters to provide robust, quantitative insights into how volcanoes behave in different environmental settings. Readership: Upper level undergraduates and new graduates. The book is primarily a presentation of research results rather than a tutorial for the general public. Textbook or supplementary reading for courses in volcanology or comparative planetology at college/university level.

Chronology and Evolution of Mars

Author: R. Kallenbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940171035X
Format: PDF
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Mars is about one-eighth the mass of the Earth and it may provide an analogue of what the Earth was like when it was at such an early stage of accretion. The fur ther growth of the Earth was sustained by major collisions with planetesimals and planets such as that which resulted in the formation ofthe Earth's moon (Hartmann and Davis, 1975; Cameron and Ward, 1976; Wetherill, 1986; Cameron and Benz, 1991). This late accretionary history, which lasted more than 50 Myr in the case of the Earth (Halliday, 2000a, b), appears to have been shorter and less catastrophic in the case of Mars (Harper et ai. , 1995; Lee and Halliday, 1997). In this article we review the basic differences between the bulk composition of Mars and the Earth and the manner in which this plays into our understanding of the timing and mechanisms of accretion and core formation. We highlight some of the evidence for early cessation of major collisional growth on Mars. Finally, we reevaluate the isotopic evidence that Mars differentiated quickly. Fundamental differences between the composition of Mars and that of other terrestrial planets are apparent from the planet's slightly lower density and from the compositions of Martian meteorites. The low density is partially explicable if there is a greater proportion of more volatile elements.

Worlds on Fire

Author: Charles Frankel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521803939
Format: PDF, ePub
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A brightly illustrated geological study of the planets and satellites of our solar system offers a detailed tour of volcanic landmarks on the Earth, our Moon, Mars, Venus, and Io.

Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Author: Tilman Spohn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124160344
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Third Edition—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers—provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—with an astounding breadth of content and breathtaking visual impact. The encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of color digital images and illustrations, and over 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. New additions to the third edition reflect the latest progress and growth in the field, including past and present space missions to the terrestrial planets, the outer solar systems and space telescopes used to detect extrasolar planets. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers Presents 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories, bringing to life the content and aiding in the understanding and retention of key concepts. Includes a substantial appendix containing data on planetary missions, fundamental data of relevance for planets and satellites, and a glossary, providing immediately accessible mission data for ease of use in conducting further research or for use in presentations and instruction. Contains an extensive bibliography, providing a guide for deeper studies into broader aspects of the field and serving as an excellent entry point for graduate students aiming to broaden their study of planetary science.

Carbonatite volcanism

Author: Keith Bell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540582991
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume represents the results of the most recent research on field relationships, volcanology, geochemistry and petrology of Oldoinyo Lengai in Tanzania (East Africa), the only active carbonatite volcano. Peculiarities of carbonatite flows such as the highly sodic composition, their unique mineralogy, their low eruptive temperatures and viscosities, as well as their association with nephelinitic and phonolitic flows are of major interest to igneous petrologists. The wealth of new data, including the role of carbonatitic melts as metasomatizing agents in the earth's mantle are of interest to petrologists and other geoscientists.

Evolution on Planet Earth

Author: Lynn Rothschild
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080494854
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Driving evolution forward, the Earth's physical environment has challenged the very survival of organisms and ecosystems throughout the ages. With a fresh new perspective, Evolution on Planet Earth shows how these physical realities and hurdles shaped the primary phases of life on the planet. The book's thorough coverage also includes chapters on more proximate factors and paleoenvironmental events that influenced the diversity of life. A team of notable ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and paleontologists join forces to describe drifting continents, extinction events, and climate change -- important topics that continue to shape Earth's inhabitants to this very day. In a world where global change has become an international issue, this book provides a several billion-year evolutionary perspective on what the environment and environmental change means to life. * Provides thorough background information on each topic while introducing cutting-edge research * Features original material solicited from the leading minds in evolutionary biology and geology today * Emphasizes the influence of massive geological forces - continental drift, volcanic activity, sea and tides