Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions

Author: James R. Zimbelman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461541514
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book presents current research into the effect that environmental conditions have on volcanic eruptions and the subsequent emplacement of volcanic products. This is accomplished through a series of chapters that investigate specific environments - both terrestrial and extraterrestrial - and the expression of volcanic materials found within those settings. Current state-of-the-art numerical, analytical and computer models are used in most chapters to provide robust, quantitative insights into how volcanoes behave in different environmental settings. Readership: Upper level undergraduates and new graduates. The book is primarily a presentation of research results rather than a tutorial for the general public. Textbook or supplementary reading for courses in volcanology or comparative planetology at college/university level.

Chronology and Evolution of Mars

Author: R. Kallenbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940171035X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Mars is about one-eighth the mass of the Earth and it may provide an analogue of what the Earth was like when it was at such an early stage of accretion. The fur ther growth of the Earth was sustained by major collisions with planetesimals and planets such as that which resulted in the formation ofthe Earth's moon (Hartmann and Davis, 1975; Cameron and Ward, 1976; Wetherill, 1986; Cameron and Benz, 1991). This late accretionary history, which lasted more than 50 Myr in the case of the Earth (Halliday, 2000a, b), appears to have been shorter and less catastrophic in the case of Mars (Harper et ai. , 1995; Lee and Halliday, 1997). In this article we review the basic differences between the bulk composition of Mars and the Earth and the manner in which this plays into our understanding of the timing and mechanisms of accretion and core formation. We highlight some of the evidence for early cessation of major collisional growth on Mars. Finally, we reevaluate the isotopic evidence that Mars differentiated quickly. Fundamental differences between the composition of Mars and that of other terrestrial planets are apparent from the planet's slightly lower density and from the compositions of Martian meteorites. The low density is partially explicable if there is a greater proportion of more volatile elements.

Modeling Volcanic Processes

Author: Sarah A. Fagents
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052189543X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An advanced textbook and reference resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and the state of the art in modeling volcanic processes.

Volcanism and Tectonism Across the Inner Solar System

Author: T. Platz
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 1862396329
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Volcanism and tectonism are the dominant endogenic means by which planetary surfaces change. This book aims to encompass the broad range in character of volcanism, tectonism, faulting and associated interactions observed on planetary bodies across the inner solar system - a region that includes Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars and asteroids. The diversity and breadth of landforms produced by volcanic and tectonic processes is enormous, and varies across the inner solar system bodies. As a result, the selection of prevailing landforms and their underlying formational processes that are described and highlighted in this volume are but a primer to the expansive field of planetary volcanism and tectonism. This Special Publication features 22 research articles about volcanic and tectonic processes manifest across the inner solar system.

Carbonatite volcanism

Author: Keith Bell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540582991
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume represents the results of the most recent research on field relationships, volcanology, geochemistry and petrology of Oldoinyo Lengai in Tanzania (East Africa), the only active carbonatite volcano. Peculiarities of carbonatite flows such as the highly sodic composition, their unique mineralogy, their low eruptive temperatures and viscosities, as well as their association with nephelinitic and phonolitic flows are of major interest to igneous petrologists. The wealth of new data, including the role of carbonatitic melts as metasomatizing agents in the earth's mantle are of interest to petrologists and other geoscientists.

Discovering the Deep

Author: Jeffrey A. Karson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052185718X
Format: PDF
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A beautifully illustrated reference providing fascinating insights into the hidden world of the seafloor using the latest deep-sea imaging.