Environmental Forensics Fundamentals

Author: Ioana Gloria Petrisor
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466571586
Format: PDF, Docs
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A Practical Guide to Environmental Crime Scene Investigations Releasing contaminants into the environment—whether deliberate or unintentional—can be thought of as a crime against the environment. The role of environmental forensics is to identify and prevent environmental pollution, or crimes. Environmental Forensics Fundamentals: A Practical Guide examines this growing field, and provides environmental professionals looking to specialize in environmental forensics with the materials they need to effectively investigate and solve crimes against the environment. Pointing the Finger at Environmental Crime Environmental forensics uses "fingerprinting" techniques in order to assess and analyze contamination sites. Fingerprinting can reveal the source of contamination, as well as how, where, and when the contamination was released. This handy guidebook outlines the proven techniques, applications, and resources needed to efficiently investigate environmental crimes and become successful in this emerging field. Learn the Basics from a Single Source Divided into three main parts, the first part of the book examines the role of evidence in forensic investigations and court proceedings. It highlights general forensic concepts and offers guidelines for obtaining defensible evidence. The second part details environmental forensic investigative techniques. It includes a step-by-step guide that enables the reader to apply the techniques in practice. The final section covers strategy building. It presents real case studies, as well as key principles and concepts for strategy building, and addresses the most common challenges faced in environmental forensics. Environmental Forensics Fundamentals: A Practical Guide provides information on cutting-edge scientific techniques that investigate the source and age of environmental pollution and solve environmental crimes. It examines the principles behind each main forensic technique. It also offers guidance on what to look for in order to successfully apply the techniques and interpret results. In addition, the author provides relevant sources where more information can be found.

Urban Pollution

Author: Susanne M. Charlesworth
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1119260485
Format: PDF
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Multidisciplinary treatment of the urgent issues surrounding urban pollution worldwide Written by some of the top experts on the subject in the world, this book presents the diverse, complex and current themes of the urban pollution debate across the built environment, urban development and management continuum. It uniquely combines the science of urban pollution with associated policy that seeks to control it, and includes a comprehensive collection of international case studies showing the status of the problem worldwide. Urban Pollution: Science and Management is a multifaceted collection of chapters that address the contemporary concomitant issues of increasing urban living and associated issues with contamination by offering solutions specifically for the built environment. It covers: the impacts of urban pollution; historical urban pollution; evolution of air quality policy and management in urban areas; ground gases in urban environments; bioaccessibility of trace elements in urban environments; urban wastewater collection, treatment, and disposal; living green roofs; light pollution; river ecology; greywater recycling and reuse; containment of pollution from urban waste disposal sites; bioremediation in urban pollution mitigation; air quality monitoring; urban pollution in China and India; urban planning in sub–Saharan Africa and more. Deals with both the science and the relevant policy and management issues Examines the main sources of urban pollution Covers both first-world and developing world urban pollution issues Integrates the latest scientific research with practical case studies Deals with both legacy and emerging pollutants and their effects The integration of physical and environmental sciences, combined with social, economic and political sciences and the use of case studies makes Urban Pollution: Science and Management an incredibly useful resource for policy experts, scientists, engineers and those interested in the subject.

Introduction to Forensic Chemistry

Author: Kelly M. Elkins
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429845995
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Chemistry/Forensic Science Forensic chemistry is a subdiscipline of forensic science, its principles guide the analyses performed in modern forensic laboratories. Forensic chemistry’s roots lie in medico-legal investigation, toxicology and microscopy and have since led the development of modern forensic analytic techniques and practices for use in a variety of applications. Introduction to Forensic Chemistry is the perfect balance of testing methods and application. Unlike other competing books on the market, coverage is neither too simplistic, nor overly advanced making the book ideal for use in both undergraduate and graduate courses. The book introduces chemical tests, spectroscopy, advanced spectroscopy, and chromatography to students. The second half of the book addresses applications and methods to analyze and interpret controlled substances, trace evidence, questioned documents, firearms, explosives, environmental contaminants, toxins, and other topics. The book looks at innovations in the field over time including the latest development of new discernible chemical reactions, instrumental tools, methods, and more. Key features: Nearly 300 full-color figures illustrating key concepts and over 20 case studies Addresses all the essential topics without extraneous or overly advanced coverage Includes full pedagogy of chapter objectives, key terms, lab problems, end of chapter questions, and additional readings to emphasize key learning points Includes chemical structures and useful spectra as examples Fulfils the forensic chemistry course requirement in FEPAC-accredited programs Includes a chapter on Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) materials Comprehensive and accessible, without being overly technical, Introduction to Forensic Chemistry will be a welcome addition to the field and an ideal text designed for both the student user and professor in mind. Course ancillaries including an Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and chapter PowerPoint® lecture slides are available with qualified course adoption.

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation

Author: Yue Rong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351590421
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book will examine all aspects of environmental site assessment and remediation and outline the interdisciplinary skills needed to work in the field. It provides a comprehensive overview for students, environmental professionals, and real estate developers, and includes the latest environmental regulations, environmental site assessment and remediation practices, and industry standards. It examines pollution sources and the related impacts on drinking water supplies, the associated health risks, and how to protect water resources. The monitoring of surface water, groundwater, and soil is explained, as well as vapor intrusion. It will include several practical case studies throughout.

Fundamentals of Digital Forensics

Author: Joakim Kävrestad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319963198
Format: PDF, Docs
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This hands-on textbook provides an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of digital forensics. The text contains thorough coverage of the theoretical foundations, explaining what computer forensics is, what it can do, and also what it can’t. A particular focus is presented on establishing sound forensic thinking and methodology, supported by practical guidance on performing typical tasks and using common forensic tools. Emphasis is also placed on universal principles, as opposed to content unique to specific legislation in individual countries. Topics and features: introduces the fundamental concepts in digital forensics, and the steps involved in a forensic examination in a digital environment; discusses the nature of what cybercrime is, and how digital evidence can be of use during criminal investigations into such crimes; offers a practical overview of common practices for cracking encrypted data; reviews key artifacts that have proven to be important in several cases, highlighting where to find these and how to correctly interpret them; presents a survey of various different search techniques, and several forensic tools that are available for free; examines the functions of AccessData Forensic Toolkit and Registry Viewer; proposes methods for analyzing applications, timelining, determining the identity of the computer user, and deducing if the computer was remote controlled; describes the central concepts relating to computer memory management, and how to perform different types of memory analysis using the open source tool Volatility; provides review questions and practice tasks at the end of most chapters, and supporting video lectures on YouTube. This easy-to-follow primer is an essential resource for students of computer forensics, and will also serve as a valuable reference for practitioners seeking instruction on performing forensic examinations in law enforcement or in the private sector.

Handbuch der GC MS

Author: Hans-Joachim Hübschmann
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527286041
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Endlich gibt es ein umfassendes Handbuch für den praktischen Einsatz der GC/MS. Das Themenspektrum reicht von der angepaßten Probenvorbereitung, über die Auftrennung von Gemischen, die universellen und selektiven Möglichkeiten der massenspektrometrischen Detektion bis hin zur qualitativen und quantitativen Auswertung. Die ausführlich beschriebenen Applikationen zeigen die unterschiedlichen Einsatzbereiche von GC/MS-Systemen auf. Zahlreiche Tabellen unterstützen den Anwender bei der Erstellung neuer Analysenmethoden und bei der Auswertung der Ergebnisse. Die Beschreibung möglicher Fehlerquellen hilft dem Leser, falsche Messungen zu vermeiden. Dieses aktuelle Handbuch, das die neuesten Gerätetechniken berücksichtigt, wendet sich an alle Benutzer von GC/MS-Geräten sowie an die verantwortlichen Leiter von Laboratorien.

A Practical Guide to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Author: David J. Butcher
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471125532
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A complete nuts-and-bolts guide to GFAAS principles, methodology, instrumentation, and applications Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry is now generally accepted as one of the most reliable methods of measuring quantities of trace elements in biological, clinical, environmental, food, geological, and other samples. Yet, surprisingly, there continues to be a dearth of practical guides and references on the subject. A Practical Guide to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry helps to fill that gap by providing chemists with: * Detailed coverage of GFAAS theory and analytical methodology * Descriptions of instrumentation, calibration, and analysis * Step-by-step instructions on how to prepare and introduce samples * Strategies for developing original GFAAS methods for your lab * Practical, in-depth reviews of all commercial instrumentation * A complete guide to the relevant world literature on GFAAS Long considered too unwieldy for most practical purposes, Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) is now considered an indispensable tool of analytical chemistry. Thanks to a series of relatively recent instrumental and methodological improvements that make the technique more easy to control, GFAAS is now routinely used for measuring concentrations of many trace elements (all metals and some nonmetals) in biological, clinical, environmental, food, geological, and other samples--especially in cases in which the samples are either too small or in which the analyte concentrations are too low to be measured by flame atomic absorption techniques. A Practical Guide to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry is an up-to-date and thorough guide to performing GFAAS. Following a concise introduction to GFAAS theory, nomenclature, and analytical methodology, the authors present a detailed discussion of all practical aspects of GFAAS. In separate chapters they provide in-depth coverage of calibration, instrumentation, interference-free analysis, and sample preparation and introduction. Chapters also examine the types, costs, and training of commercial GFAAS instrumentation, and strategies for developing GFAAS methods tailored to the unique demands of your research pursuits. The book concludes with a series of helpful appendices featuring a fascinating historical account of GFAAS, a guide to relevant literature in the field, and a valuable compilation of conditions for performing GFAAS. A Practical Guide to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry belongs in the working libraries of all analytical chemists. Jacket Design/Illustration: Keithley & Associates Inc.

CSI Forensik f r Dummies

Author: Douglas P. Lyle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527704698
Format: PDF, Docs
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CSI, CSI Miami, CSI New York, Crossing Jordan: Der Ermittler von heute ist Wissenschaftler, klug und manchmal exzentrisch. So ist das zumindest im Fernsehen, aber wie sieht es in der Wirklichkeit aus? Wie erkennt man an einer Schädelverletzung die Todesursache, wie funktioniert die Untersuchung von Projektilen, welche Möglichkeiten bietet die DNA-Analyse? Douglas P. Lyle klärt Sie in diesem preisgekrönten Buch über die Arbeit der Kriminaltechniker auf und stellt Ihnen bekannte und kuriose Fälle sowie deren Lösung vor.

Handbook of Trace Analysis

Author: Irena Baranowska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319196146
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This handbook is unique in its comprehensive coverage of the subject and focus on practical applications in diverse fields. It includes methods for sample preparation, the role of certified reference materials, calibration methods and statistical evaluation of the results. Problems concerning inorganic and bioinorganic speciation analysis, as well as special aspects such as trace analysis of noble metals, radionuclides and volatile organic compounds are also discussed. A significant part of the content presents applications of methods and procedures in medicine (metabolomics and therapeutic drug monitoring); pharmacy (the analysis of contaminants in drugs); studies of environmental samples; food samples and forensic analytics – essential examples that will also facilitate problem solving in related areas.

GC MS

Author: Marvin C. McMaster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118210050
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Updated and expanded, the classic guide to GC/MS helps chromatographers quickly learn to use this technique for analyzing and identifying compounds. After explaining the fundamentals, it discusses optimizing, tuning, using, and maintaining GC/MS equipment; explores advances in miniaturized and field-portable GC/MS systems and microfluidic components; and more. Complete with a CD-ROM, it covers applications in the environmental laboratory and in forensics, toxicology, and space science. This is the premier resource for professionals in those fields and for students.