Environmental Hydraulics for Open Channel Flows

Author: Hubert Chanson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472690
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Environmental Hydraulics is a new text for students and professionals studying advanced topics in river and estuarine systems. The book contains the full range of subjects on open channel flows, including mixing and dispersion, Saint-Venant equations method of characteristics and interactions between flowing water and its surrondings (air entrainment, sediment transport). Following the approach of Hubert Chanson's highly successful undergraduate textbook Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow, the reader is guided step-by-step from the basic principles to more advanced practical applications. Each section of the book contains many revision exercises, problems and assignments to help the reader test their learning in practical situations. ·Complete text on river and estuarine systems in a single volume ·Step-by-step guide to practical applications ·Many worked examples and exercises

Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow

Author: Hubert Chanson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080472974
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since the publication of its first edition in 1999, 'The Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow' has been praised by professionals, academics, students and researchers alike as the most practical modern textbook on open channel flow available. This new edition includes substantial new material on hydraulic modelling, in particular addressing unsteady open channel flows. There are also many new exercises and projects, including a major new revision assignment. This innovative textbook contains numerous examples and practical applications, and is fully illustrated with photographs. Dr Chanson introduces the basic principles of open channel flow and takes readers through the key topics of sediment transport, hydraulic modelling and the design of hydraulic structures. ·Comprehensive coverage of the basic principles of key application areas of the hydraulics of open channel flow ·New exercises and examples added to aid understanding ·Ideal for use by students and lecturers in civil and environmental engineering

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: Paul D. Bates
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470843598
Format: PDF, ePub
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With the adoption by environmental scientists of CFD models, there is a need for a book outlining CFD theory in a manner relevant to environmental applications that is accessible to those who have not done mathematics or physics as a first degree.

Environmental Hydraulics Two Volume Set

Author: George C. Christodoulou
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203841239
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Over the last two decades environmental hydraulics as an academic discipline has expanded considerably, caused by growing concerns over water environmental issues associated with pollution and water balance problems on regional and global scale. These issues require a thorough understanding of processes related to environmental flows and transport phenomena, and the development of new approaches for practical solutions. Environmental Hydraulics includes about 200 contributions from 35 countries presented at the 6th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics (Athens, Greece, 23-25 June 2010). They cover the state-of-the-art on a broad range of topics, including: fundamentals aspects of environmental fluid mechanics environmental hydraulics problems of inland, coastal and ground waters interfacial processes; computational, experimental and field measurement techniques ecological aspects, and effects of global climate change. Environmental Hydraulics will be of interest to researchers, civil/environmental engineers, and professional engineers dealing with the design and operation of environmental hydraulic works such as wastewater treatment and disposal, river and marine constructions, and to academics and graduate students in related fields.

Environmental Hydraulics Stratified Flows

Author: Flemming B. Pedersen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364286600X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The present lecture notes cover a first course in th~ most common types of stratified flows encountered in Environ mental Hydraulics. Most of the flows are buoyancy flows, i.e. currents in which gravity acts on small density differences. Part I presents the basic concepts of stagnant, densit- stratified water, and of flowing non-miscible stratified fluids. The similarity to the (presumed) well-known open channel flow, subject to a reduced gravity, is illustrated. Part II treats the miscible density stratified flows. In outlining the governing equations, the strong coupling between the turbulence (the mixing) and the mean flow is emphasized. The presentation and discussions of the basic governing equa tions are followed by illustrative examples. Separate chapters are devoted to Dense Bottom Currents, Free Penetrative Convec tion, Wind-driven Stratified Flow, Horizontal Buoyancy Flow and Vertical jet/plumes. Part III presents some examples of practical problems solved on the basis of knowledge given in the present lecture notes. It is the author's experience that the topics treated in chapter 8 and in the subsequent chapters are especially well suited for self-tuition, followed by a study-circle. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author has benefited by the valuable help of his col legues at the Institute of Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Engin eering, the Technical University of Denmark, especially our librarian Mrs. Kirsten Dj¢rup, our secretary Mrs. Marianne Lewis and our technical draftsman Mrs. Liselotte Norup.

Open Channel Flow

Author: M. Hanif Chaudhry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387686487
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Open Channel Flow, 2nd edition is written for senior-level undergraduate and graduate courses on steady and unsteady open-channel flow. The book is comprised of two parts: Part I covers steady flow and Part II describes unsteady flow. The second edition features considerable emphasis on the presentation of modern methods for computer analyses; full coverage of unsteady flow; inclusion of typical computer programs; new problem sets and a complete solution manual for instructors.

Flow and Sediment Transport in Compound Channels

Author: S. Ikeda
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9810593635
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This monograph provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art description of the work carried out in the UK and Japan on "Flow and Sediment Transport in Compound Channels". It therefore describes research which has been conducted, primarily over the last two decades, and which has yielded a fairly detailed picture of the important behaviours of compound channels and produced a number of engineering prediction methods which ought to be widely adopted in practice. The text will inevitably highlight areas where our knowledge is sparse and it will spur others on in the task of filling in such gaps. The concept of bi-national groups of researchers meeting together intermittently over period of some years, though not new, has drawn both inspiration and experience and the interaction has produced tangible outcomes in the form of this useful publication.

Environmental Hydraulics

Author: V.P. Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401586640
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Triggerd primarily byill effects of polluted air, soil and water resources on living species, public concern for environmental quality has been growing during the past four decades or so. One manifestation of this concern is found in occurrence of public debates as well as in the demand for full environmental impact assessment before a water-resources project is approved. Engineering soundness and economic feasibility are no longer sufficient criteria for construction of hydraulic works. As a result, environmental considerations have become very much a part of hydraulic analyses. In response to growing environmental concerns, the field of hydraulics has expanded and a new branch, called Environmental Hydraulics, has emerged. The focus of this branch is on hydraulic analyses of those environmental issues that are important for protection, restoration, and managementof environmental quality. The motivation for this book grew out of the desire to provide a hydraulic discussion of some of the key environmental issues.It is hoped that the book would serve to stimulate others to write more comprehensive texts on this subject of growing importance.

Applied Hydrodynamics

Author: Hubert Chanson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203876261
Format: PDF
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Fluid dynamics is the engineering science dealing with forces and energies generated by fluids in motion. Fluid dynamics and hydrodynamics play a vital role in everyday life. Practical examples include the flow motion in the kitchen sink, the exhaust fan above the stove, and the air conditioning system in our home. When driving a car, the air flow around the vehicle body induces some drag which increases with the square of the car speed and contributes to excess fuel consumption. Engineering applications encompass fluid transport in pipes and canals, energy generation, environmental processes and transportation (cars, ships, aircrafts). Other applications include coastal structures, wind flow around buildings, fluid circulations in lakes, oceans and atmosphere, and even fluid motion in the human body. This textbook deals with the topic of applied hydrodynamics. The lecture material is grouped into two complementary sections: ideal fluid flow and real fluid flow. The former deals with two- and possibly three-dimensional fluid motions that are not subject to boundary friction effects, while the latter considers the flow regions affected by boundary friction and turbulent shear. The lecture material is designed as an intermediate course in fluid dynamics for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in Civil, Environmental, Hydraulic and Mechanical Engineering. It is supported by notes, applications, remarks and discussions in each chapter. Moreover a series of appendices is added, while some major homework assignments are developed at the end of the book, before the bibliographic references.

Practical Channel Hydraulics

Author: Donald W. Knight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203864182
Format: PDF, ePub
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A technical reference guide and instruction text for the estimation of flood and drainage water levels in rivers, waterways and drainage channels. It is written as a user’s manual for the openly available innovative Conveyance and Afflux Estimation System (CES-AES) software, with which water levels, flows and velocities in channels can be calculated. The impact of factors influencing these levels and the sensitivity of channels to extreme levels can also be assessed. Approaches and solutions are focused on addressing environmental, flood risk and land drainage objectives. Practical Channel Hydraulics is the first reference guide that focuses in detail on estimating roughness, conveyance and afflux in fluvial hydraulics. With its universal approach and the application of metric units, both book and software serve an international audience of consultants and engineers dealing with river modelling, flood risk assessment, maintenance of watercourses and the design of drainage systems. Suited as course material for training graduate Master’s students in civil and environmental engineering or geomorphology who focus on river and flood engineering, as well as for professional training in flood risk management issues, open channel flow hydraulics and modelling. The CES-AES software development followed recommendations by practitioners and academics in the UK Network on Conveyance in River Flood Plain Systems, following the Autumn 2000 floods, that operating authorities should make better use of recent improved knowledge on conveyance and related flood (or drainage) level estimation. This led to a Targeted Programme of Research aimed at improving conveyance estimation and subsequent integration with other research on afflux at bridges and culverts at high flows. The CES-AES software tool aims to improve and assist with the estimation of: hydraulic roughness water levels (and corresponding channel and structure conveyance) flow (given slope); section-average and spatial velocities backwater profiles upstream of a known flow-head control e.g. weir (steady) afflux upstream of bridges and culverts uncertainty in water level The CES-AES software and tutorial are openly available at www.river-conveyance.net (see also Downloads & Updates tab).