Environmental Microbiology Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Jean-Claude Bertrand
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940179118X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a treatise on microbial ecology that covers traditional and cutting-edge issues in the ecology of microbes in the biosphere. It emphasizes on study tools, microbial taxonomy and the fundamentals of microbial activities and interactions within their communities and environment as well as on the related food web dynamics and biogeochemical cycling. The work exceeds the traditional domain of microbial ecology by revisiting the evolution of cellular prokaryotes and eukaryotes and stressing the general principles of ecology. The overview of the topics, authored by more than 80 specialists, is one of the broadest in the field of environmental microbiology. The overview of the topics, authored by more than 80 specialists, is one of the broadest in the field of environmental microbiology.

Microbial Ecology

Author: Ronald M. Atlas
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The leading text since its first edition, the Fourth Edition retains its comprehensiveness, covering both the principles of microbial ecology and the biotechnology applications critical to the field. The authors, both well-known and respected scientists, have extensively updated the Fourth Edition to incorporate the latest research and literature sources as well as new and expanded coverage of hot topics such as biofilms, thermal vent communities, extreme habitats, starvation response, molecular methods for studying microbial ecology, microbial diversity, biodegradation, and bioremediation.

Environmental Chemistry Tenth Edition

Author: Stanley Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498776949
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With clear explanations, real-world examples and updated questions and answers, the tenth edition of Environmental Chemistry emphasizes the concepts essential to the practice of environmental science, technology and chemistry while introducing the newest innovations in the field. The author follows the general format and organization popular in preceding editions, including an approach based upon the five environmental spheres and the relationship of environmental chemistry to the key concepts of sustainability, industrial ecology and green chemistry. This readily adaptable text has been revamped to emphasize important topics such as the world water crisis. It details global climate change to a greater degree than previous editions, underlining the importance of abundant renewable energy in minimizing human influences on climate. Environmental Chemistry is designed for a wide range of graduate and undergraduate courses in environmental chemistry, environmental science and sustainability as well as serving as a general reference work for professionals in the environmental sciences and engineering.

Invertebrate Bacteriology

Author: Aurelio Ciancio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402408843
Format: PDF, ePub
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This compendium reviews different processes acting on bacterial groups that evolved one or more relationships with members of the most important invertebrate Phyla. Starting from principles of basic bacteriology the book provides data on bacteria interactions with pests, animal or human diseases. Being present in all environments, from deep see to crops, animals or plants, invertebrates represent the most significant and ancient fraction of the eukaryotic biomass on earth. Their evolutive adaptations and links with bacteria, established over time scales of ages, range from vectored diseases to speciation, within a wide range of environmental niches and biocenosis, including oceanic hydrothermal vents. Main functional processes include pathogenicity, parasitism, transmission, immunity, symbiosis and speciation. A review about recent advances achieved in these research topics is given, focussing on one or more aspects concerning significant evolutive paths of bacteria and underlying functional links. Rather than proceeding through the order and structure of taxonomies, the volume is organized by processes, examining their functional role in different lineages, including but not limited to insects or nematodes. Processes involved in parasitism focus, at a finer level, on examples from many taxa. Molecular aspects underpinning these and other functional processes include the effects of horizontal gene transfer, the mechanisms active in immune defense and vectoring, and the antibacterial peptides. Finally, the effects of climate warming, biological invasions and agriculture are examined, with particular attention to farming and environment.

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Disease

Author: Benjamin Roche
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192507109
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In recent years, the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases has been studied extensively and new approaches to the study of host-pathogen interactions continue to emerge. At the same time, pathogen control in low-income countries has tended to remain largely informed by classical epidemiology, where the objective is to treat as many people as possible, despite recent research suggesting new opportunities for improved disease control in the context of limited economic resources. The need to integrate the scientific developments in the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases with public health strategy in low-income countries is now more important than ever. This novel text uniquely incorporates the latest research in ecology and evolutionary biology into the discussion of public health issues in low-income countries. It brings together an international team of experts from both universities and health NGOs to provide an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, focusing on low-income countries for effective public health applications and outcomes. It discusses a range of public health threats including malaria, TB, HIV, measles, Ebola, tuberculosis, influenza and meningitis among others.

Textbook of Environmental Microbiology

Author: Pradipta K. Mohapatra
Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9788190656672
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The present book meets the requirement of the students of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Life Sciences and Environmental Sciences. It provides the fundamental knowledge on the microbial diversity, processes and applications in the environment. This can also be used as a source of basic knowledge for the researchers in the field of environmental microbiology. This book contains * Microbial approaches to wastewater treatment * Microbial diversity and processes in different habitats * The microbiology of extreme environments * Microbial remediation of wasteland and pesticide contaminated habitats * Microbial interactions in the environment and their role in the environmental processes * Symbiotic interaction of microbes with plants and animals and their role in ecosystem stability * The rhizosphere microbiology and its role in plant productivity * Microbial processes in saline and freshwater habitats * Microbial mobilization of nutrients with special reference to the mobilization of nitrogen and phosphorus * Advanced methodologies to study the microbial diversity and phylogenetic relationship in the environment * Microbial remediation of the metal contaminated habitats * Microbial mobilization and recovery of valuable metals from low grade ores and diluted solutions * Microbial degradation of recalcitrant pollutants * Determination of the environmental quality by microbial indication

Genomics and Proteomics

Author: Devarajan Thangadurai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 149872311X
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book provides scope and knowledge on advanced techniques and its applications into the modern fields of biotechnology—genomics and proteomics. In this book, different genomics and proteomics technologies and principles are examined. The fundamental knowledge presented in this book opens up an entirely new way of approaching DNA chip technology, DNA array assembly, gene expression analysis, assessing changes in genomic DNA, structure-based functional genomics, protein networks, and so on. Topics in the book include: • Different gene products with a similar role in neuronal defense against oxidative • Gene-gene and gene-environment interactions in genetic epidemiology • Elucidation of proto-oncogene c-abl function with the use of mouse models and the disease model of chronic myeloid leukemia • Next-generation sequencing, microbiome evaluation, molecular microbiology, and their impact on human health • Proteomics and prostate cancer • RNA interference therapeutics • Molecular mechanisms of hepatitis C virus entry • Molecular phylogenetics for elucidation of evolutionary processes from biological data • The impact of transgenic crops on soil quality, microbial diversity, and plant-associated communities. • Biotechnological and genomic approaches for abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants The book will be valuable for biotechnology researchers and bioinformatics professionals and students in all fields of biotechnology and will serve to broaden their knowledge about these newer tools, techniques, innovations, and applications.

Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642346367
Format: PDF, ePub
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Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

Molecular Microbial Ecology

Author: Mark Osborn
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 0203503392
Format: PDF, Docs
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Microoganisms are distributed across every ecosystem, and microbial transformations are fundamental to the operation of the biosphere. Microbial ecology is the study of this interaction between microorganisms and their environment, and arguably represents one of the most important areas of biological research. Yet for many years our study of microbial flora was severely limited: the primary method of culturing microorganisms on media allowed us to study only between 0.1 and 10% of the total microbial flora in any given environment. Molecular Microbial Ecology gives a comprehensive guide to the recent revolution in the study of microorganisms in the environment. Details are given on molecular methods for isolating some of the previously uncultured and numerically dominant microbial groups. PCR-based approaches to studying prokaryotic systematics are described, including ribosomal RNA analysis and stable isotope probing. Later chapters cover DNA hybridisation techniques (including fluorescent in situ hybridisation), as well as genomic and metagenomic approaches to microbial ecology. Gathering together some of the world’s leading experts, this book provides an invaluable introduction to the modern theory and molecular methods used in studying microbial ecology.

Soil Microbiology Ecology and Biochemistry

Author: Eldor A. Paul
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123914116
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function