Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry

Author: Stefan Orszulik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319243349
Format: PDF
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This significantly updated edition looks at each stage in the life cycle of petroleum products, from exploration to end use, examining the environmental pressures on the oil industry and its response. Technical developments are progressing in line with environmental concerns and increasing sophistication of computer modelling techniques. These subjects are interrelated, but have often been dealt with independently. This book explores these topics together in a way that is understandable to the non-expert, and those who are expert in one field, but wish to see their expertise discussed in the overall context. Written primarily for those working in the oil and related industries, this book also provides essential reference material for government and research institutions and all those with an interest in environmental technological issues.

Offshore Oil and Gas Environmental Effects Monitoring

Author: Shelley L. Armsworthy
ISBN: 9781574771466
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Offshore oil and gas drilling operations take place in some of the world's most biologically productive oceanic waters. An ongoing concern related to the development of this industry is that exposure to contaminants from waste discharges may cause ill effects on organisms and their habitat. Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) programs are undertaken to verify environmental impact assessment predictions, to detect any unforeseen effects, and to help identify cause-effect relationships. EEM has been carried out worldwide for many offshore developments, and much has been learned about the fate of drilling and production contaminants and their biological effects. EEM programs have rapidly evolved in response to new knowledge on the transport, fate, and effects of potential contaminants; changes in regulatory requirements; and improved impact assessment technologies and statistical approaches for data interpretation. In May 2003, an international group of scientists, environmental managers, and industry representatives shared their expertise and new knowledge at the Offshore Oil and Gas Environmental Effects Monitoring Workshop. The participants reviewed the status of current offshore oil and gas EEM programs and identified future research needs to advance our understanding of the impacts of the offshore oil and gas industry. This book represents a selected number of peer-reviewed papers from workshop participants, covering a range of topics including regional experience from past and ongoing EEM programs; environmental management issues such as risk assessment and decision-making processes; the development of predictive risk assessment models; and new approaches and technologies formonitoring potential alterations in benthic, pelagic, and tropospheric ecosystem components. This book will be of use to scientists, environmental managers, regulators, and industry representatives, as well as members of the general public wishing to improve their understanding on the application of offshore oil and gas EEM programs for the protection of our ocean environment and its resources.

Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471739847
Format: PDF
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A timely, hands-on guide to environmental issues and regulatorystandards for the petroleum industry Environmental analysis and testing methods are an integral part ofany current and future refining activities. Today's petroleumrefining industry must be prepared to meet a growing number ofchallenges, both environmental and regulatory. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industryfocuses on the analytical issues inherent in any environmentalmonitoring or cleanup program as they apply to today's petroleumindustry, not only during the refining process, but also duringrecovery operations, transport, storage, and utilization. Designedto help today's industry professionals identify test methods formonitoring and cleanup of petroleum-based pollutants, the bookprovides examples of the application of environmental regulationsto petroleum refining and petroleum products, as well as currentand proposed methods for the mitigation of environmental effectsand waste management. Part I introduces petroleum technology, refining, and products, andreviews the nomenclature used by refiners, environmentalscientists, and engineers. Part II discusses environmentaltechnology and analysis, and provides information on environmentalregulation and the impact of refining. Coverage includes: * In-depth descriptions of analyses related to gaseous emissions,liquid effluents, and solid waste * A checklist of relevant environmental regulations * Numerous real-world examples of the application of environmentalregulations to petroleum refining and petroleum products * An analysis of current and proposed methods of environmentalprotection and waste management

Technological Change and Environmental Policy

Author: Shunsuke Managi
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This important book provides a comprehensive analysis of technological change and environmental policy within the (context of) oil and gas industries. It identifies and measures the impact of technological change, both in market and environmental output sectors and takes steps to identify the key causal relationships. the author focuses on the design and implementation of environmental policies that encourage technological progress in the face of the depletion of natural resources and the increasing stringency of environmental regulations. Detailed policy scenarios provide quantitative assessments that indicate the significance of potential benefits of technological change and well-designed environmental policy.

Chemistry in the Oil Industry VII

Author: Harry Frampton
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847550460
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the latest in a series of respected volumes that provides an up-to-date review of some of the major chemistry topics related to the oil and gas industry. Divided into four sections, it looks in turn at the latest developments in environmental issues, new technology, applications and flow assurance. This reflects the increasingly important role for chemical technologies in offshore, deep water and challenging environments, allied to developments of low environmental impact chemistry. Regulatory strategies are also discussed, from both the governmental and operational perspective. Overall, Chemistry in the Oil Industry VII presents the latest information on developments in the modern oil industry, which will have an impact on future cost-effectiveness and efficiency. It will be a valuable resource for professionals and consultants within the industry, as well as government agencies and laboratory staff.

Produced Water

Author: Kenneth Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461400462
Format: PDF, Docs
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A state-of-the-art review of scientific knowledge on the environmental risk of ocean discharge of produced water and advances in mitigation technologies. In offshore oil and gas operations, produced water (the water produced with oil or gas from a well) accounts for the largest waste stream (in terms of volume discharged). Its discharge is continuous during oil and gas production and typically increases in volume over the lifetime of an offshore production platform. Produced water discharge as waste into the ocean has become an environmental concern because of its potential contaminant content. Environmental risk assessments of ocean discharge of produced water have yielded different results. For example, several laboratory and field studies have shown that significant acute toxic effects cannot be detected beyond the "point of discharge" due to rapid dilution in the receiving waters. However, there is some preliminary evidence of chronic sub-lethal impacts in biota associated with the discharge of produced water from oil and gas fields within the North Sea. As the composition and concentration of potential produced water contaminants may vary from one geologic formation to another, this conference also highlights the results of recent studies in Atlantic Canada.

Petroleum Engineer s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids

Author: Johannes Fink
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780123838452
Format: PDF, Docs
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Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids is a comprehensive manual that provides end users with information about oil field chemicals, such as drilling muds, corrosion and scale inhibitors, gelling agents and bacterial control. This book is an extension and update of Oil Field Chemicals published in 2003, and it presents a compilation of materials from literature and patents, arranged according to applications and the way a typical job is practiced. The text is composed of 23 chapters that cover oil field chemicals arranged according to their use. Each chapter follows a uniform template, starting with a brief overview of the chemical followed by reviews, monomers, polymerization, and fabrication. The different aspects of application, including safety and environmental impacts, for each chemical are also discussed throughout the chapters. The text also includes handy indices for trade names, acronyms and chemicals. Petroleum, production, drilling, completion, and operations engineers and managers will find this book invaluable for project management and production. Non-experts and students in petroleum engineering will also find this reference useful. Chemicals are ordered by use including drilling muds, corrosion inhibitors, and bacteria control Includes cutting edge chemicals and polymers such as water soluble polymers and viscosity control Handy index of chemical substances as well as a general chemical index

Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska s North Slope

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309087376
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book identifies accumulated environmental, social and economic effects of oil and gas leasing, exploration, and production on Alaska's North Slope. Economic benefits to the region have been accompanied by effects of the roads, infrastructure and activies of oil and gas production on the terrain, plants, animals and peoples of the North Slope. While attempts by the oil industry and regulatory agencies have reduced many of the environmental effects, they have not been eliminated. The book makes recommendations for further environmental research related to environmental effects.