Environmental Toxicology

Author: Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840393
Format: PDF
Download Now
Human survival depends on the availability of clean air, water, and food and on the welfare of plants and animals. However, anthropogenic and naturally occurring chemicals can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecological processes. Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Third Edition presents fundamental information on the effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It focuses on the chemical and biological characteristics of major pollutants found in the air, water, and soil and relates them to the health and well being of humans, animals, and plants. An Indispensable Reference on Air, Soil, & Water Pollutants and Their Impact on Living Systems Surveying the environmental and health changes that have occurred in recent decades, the book discusses the sources, metabolism, and damage process of toxicants, and the environmental, biological, and nutritional factors that may influence toxicity. It looks at natural defense systems, including the mechanisms for detoxification—such as endogenous antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes—on a cellular level. The text examines the major toxicants: EPA criteria air pollutants, environmental fluoride, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), environmental metals and metalloids involved in soil and water pollution, and pesticides and related material such as PCBs and dioxins. It then addresses their relationship with endocrine disruption and environmental cancer. This comprehensive approach offers insight into the interaction of various chemical agents with DNA. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this popular book includes new and updated material as well as a new chapter on occupational toxicology. Appendices cover the process of ecological risk assessment, carcinogens, and PCB nomenclature. Based on research from more than 35 years of teaching environmental toxicology and related courses, this textbook is a useful resource for students, professionals, and researchers interested in the effects of pollutants on living systems. What’s New in This Edition A new chapter on occupational toxicology, covering indoor air quality, chemicals in the workplace, nanoparticle exposure, and more An updated chapter on environmental changes and health, including significant environmental changes that have occurred since the last edition An updated chapter on environmental cancer, including changes in death rates of respiratory cancers New material on the importance of nitrous oxide (N2O) in stratospheric ozone layer depletion An expanded discussion of environmental disasters

Environmental Toxicology

Author: Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439832776
Format: PDF
Download Now
How are pollutants transformed after their release into the environment? How are organisms exposed, and how do physiological alterations impact population dynamics and community structure? What direct or indirect impacts occur? As early as the 50s and 60s people living near industrial plants began to recognize undesirable changes in their environment - and to ask these very questions. The discipline of environmental toxicology addresses these questions. Written by an expert with over twenty years experience, Environmental Toxicology covers the physiological and toxicological effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It explores the sources, and the physical and chemical characteristics of toxicants. It goes further to highlight their impact on plants, animals, and humans. The author furnishes information on the mechanism of action of individual chemicals and chemical combinations including cellular damage at the molecular level. He defines environmental toxicology and discusses the relationship between human activities and their impacts on living systems. He furnishes an overview of our changing environment and the possible link between that environment and the changing pattern of human diseases. Environmental Toxicology provides fundamental knowledge on the toxicological effects of environmental chemicals on living systems. Its fifteen chapters cover the occurrence of toxicants, air pollution, environmental metals, pesticides and related materials such as PCBs and dioxins, mutagenesis, and environmental cancer. This useful resource will enhance your knowledge of the impacts of environmental toxicants on living organisms.

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition

Author: Michael H. Dong
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781477666487
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition, like the first (student) edition, provides a general introductory text on the basic concepts of and general principles for environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters in four parts:I. Toxicologic Concepts and Environmental Concerns (Chapters 1 – 5);II. Bioaccumulation and Biodisposition of Toxicants (Chapters 6 – 10);III. Nature and Effects of Environmental Toxicants (Chapters 11 – 17); andIV. General Considerations and Special Foci (Chapters 18 – 23).The book is an introduction to the basic principles, concepts, and issues for and of environmental toxicology intended for undergraduates majoring in environmental toxicology, environmental sciences, or a related field, as well as for graduate students taking a course in environmental toxicology as an elective. The book is also intended as a supplementary reading material for students whose instructor prefers to use her/his own lecture notes as text materials for their course. Students using this book are expected to have already completed a course in general biology and a course in general chemistry.The book is written as a primer covering lecture materials for a course of 3 to 6 semester units. The 23 chapters, totaling more than 450 pages, are arranged in a way that the reader is provided with the best flow and mode of comprehension, with each chapter including a set of review questions. Listed below are the chapter titles: 1. Scope and Principles for Environmental Toxicology 2. Environmental Changes and Environmental Health 3. Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies 4. Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants 5. Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment 6. Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants 7. Uptake and Distribution of Toxicants 8. Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics 9. Adverse Action/Toxic Response10. Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity11. Air Pollutants – I. Inorganic Gases12. Air Pollutants – II. Particulate Matter13. Volatile Organic Compounds14. Toxic and Radioactive Metals15. Pesticides and Pesticide Residues16. Persistent Toxic Substances17. Biological and Physical Toxic Agents18. Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis19. Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption20. Industrial Chemicals/Occupational Toxicology21. Food Toxicants/Toxic Household Substances22. Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology23. Environmental Health Risk Assessment

Ecosystems and Human Health

Author: Richard B. Philp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420032376
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Renamed to reflect the expanded scope of the second edition, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards builds on the foundation created by the author in the first edition, Environmental Hazards and Human Health. Written in a journalistic, easily accessible style, this book bridges the gap between toxicology and environmental sciences by exploring man-made and natural hazards, and the risks they pose to wildlife and human health. See what's new in the Second Edition: Coverage of environmental hormone disrupters Section on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Expanded discussion of the controversy over genetically modified foods New information on mechanisms of action of marine venoms and poisons Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Second Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards. The author covers the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology as well as risk analysis, air and water pollution, and various toxicants, hazards, and poisons. He presents numerous examples of the intimate relationship between ecosystem health and human health and of the need to consider this relationship whenever human activities are likely to have a significant environmental impact.

Encyclopedia of Toxicology

Author: Bruce Anderson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080548008
Format: PDF
Download Now
The second edition of the Encyclopedia of Toxicology continues its comprehensive survey of toxicology. This new edition continues to present entries devoted to key concepts and specific chemicals. There has been an increase in entries devoted to international organizations and well-known toxic-related incidents such as Love Canal and Chernobyl. Along with the traditional scientifically based entries, new articles focus on the societal implications of toxicological knowledge including environmental crimes, chemical and biological warfare in ancient times, and a history of the U.S. environmental movement. With more than 1150 entries, this second edition has been expanded in length, breadth and depth, and provides an extensive overview of the many facets of toxicology. Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. *Second edition has been expanded to 4 volumes *Encyclopedic A-Z arrangement of chemicals and all core areas of the science of toxicology *Covers related areas such as organizations, toxic accidents, historical and social issues, and laws *New topics covered include computational toxicology, cancer potency factors, chemical accidents, non-lethal chemical weapons, drugs of abuse, and consumer products and many more!

Veterinary Toxicology

Author: Ramesh C. Gupta
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128114118
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Veterinary Toxicology, Basic and Clinical Principles, Third Edition, is a unique, single reference that teaches the basic principles of veterinary toxicology to any student at the DVM, MS or PhD level. While comparable texts are primarily directed on the field of human toxicology, this text thoroughly prepares toxicologists and students on the newest approaches for diagnosing chemical and plant poisoning cases in animals. Many chapters on topics not covered in any previous books are provided, such as target organ toxicity, radiation and radioactive materials, FDA regulatory issues, and ethics in veterinary toxicology. Completely revised and updated to include the most recent developments in the field, including new toxins, methods and regions, this book is an essential resource for advanced students and researchers in toxicology, practicing veterinary toxicologists, poison control centers, marine biologists, environmentalists and animal scientists. Provides a complete, up-to-date, integrated source of information on toxins and poisons relating to animals Covers all important aspects of veterinary toxicology with completely updated and revised chapters Includes basic principles of a key toxicology concept, along with clinical applications and a list of major references for further reading

Information Resources in Toxicology

Author: Philip Wexler
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0127447709
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Information Resources in Toxicology, Third Edition is a sourcebook for anyone who needs to know where to find toxicology information. It provides an up-to-date selective guide to a large variety of sources--books, journals, organizations, audiovisuals, internet and electronic sources, and more. For the Third Edition, the editors have selected, organized, and updated the most relevant information available. New information on grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports have also been added. This comprehensive, time-saving tool is ideal for toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, testing labs, libraries, poison control centers, physicians, legal and regulatory professionals, and chemists. Key Features * Serves as an all-in-one resource for toxicology information * New edition includes information on publishers, grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports * Updated to include the latest internet and electronic sources, e-mail addresses, etc. * Provides valuable data about the new fields that have emerged within toxicological research; namely, the biochemical, cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects

Understanding Environmental Pollution

Author: Marquita K. Hill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486403
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.

Biological and Environmental Aspects of Chromium

Author: S. Langård
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483290182
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Biological and Environmental Aspects of Chromium focuses on the biological and environmental aspects of chromium and its compounds, with emphasis on the most important aspects of their toxicology and physiology. Topics covered range from the production and occupational exposure of chromium compounds to the presence of chromium in air, soil, and natural waters. The applications of chromium in cell biology and medicine are also discussed. Comprised of 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the toxic and carcinogenic effects of chromium and chromium compounds, followed by a discussion on the production and occupational exposure of chromium compounds. The reader is then introduced to the more common analytical methods used in the determination of chromium in environmental and biological samples. Subsequent chapters explore the nutritional role of chromium; absorption, transport, and excretion of chromium in humans and animals; mutagenic and cytogenetic effects of chromium compounds; and organ toxicity of chromium in animals. The carcinogenic effects of chromium, including its effects on the skin, are also considered. This monograph will be of interest to students, practitioners, and researchers in the fields of biology, physiology, and chemistry, as well as those with an objective interest in the ways in which chromium and its compounds act in biological materials and in the human environment.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Author: Michael C. Newman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566705981
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Completely revised and updated, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition presents a treatment of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global perspectives. The authors focus first on lower levels of organization and then extend their discussion to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, imparting a perspective as broad as the the problems facing practicing professionals. See what's new in this edition: A comprehensive chapter on the nature, transport, and fate of major classes of contaminants in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems Side bars containing vignettes by leaders in the field let you benefit from the experience of diverse practitioners in the field An appendix covering European environmental regulations The authors detail key contaminants of concern, explore their fate and cycling in the biosphere, and discuss bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. They cover regulatory aspects of the field in separate chapters that address the technical issues of risk assessment and discuss key U.S. and European legislation in the appendices. Complete with study questions, a detailed glossary, and vignettes by various experts exploring special topics in ecotoxicology, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition is an ideal introductory textbook for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a valuable reference for professionals.