Environmental Toxicology

Author: Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840393
Format: PDF, Docs
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Human survival depends on the availability of clean air, water, and food and on the welfare of plants and animals. However, anthropogenic and naturally occurring chemicals can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecological processes. Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Third Edition presents fundamental information on the effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It focuses on the chemical and biological characteristics of major pollutants found in the air, water, and soil and relates them to the health and well being of humans, animals, and plants. An Indispensable Reference on Air, Soil, & Water Pollutants and Their Impact on Living Systems Surveying the environmental and health changes that have occurred in recent decades, the book discusses the sources, metabolism, and damage process of toxicants, and the environmental, biological, and nutritional factors that may influence toxicity. It looks at natural defense systems, including the mechanisms for detoxification—such as endogenous antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes—on a cellular level. The text examines the major toxicants: EPA criteria air pollutants, environmental fluoride, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), environmental metals and metalloids involved in soil and water pollution, and pesticides and related material such as PCBs and dioxins. It then addresses their relationship with endocrine disruption and environmental cancer. This comprehensive approach offers insight into the interaction of various chemical agents with DNA. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this popular book includes new and updated material as well as a new chapter on occupational toxicology. Appendices cover the process of ecological risk assessment, carcinogens, and PCB nomenclature. Based on research from more than 35 years of teaching environmental toxicology and related courses, this textbook is a useful resource for students, professionals, and researchers interested in the effects of pollutants on living systems. What’s New in This Edition A new chapter on occupational toxicology, covering indoor air quality, chemicals in the workplace, nanoparticle exposure, and more An updated chapter on environmental changes and health, including significant environmental changes that have occurred since the last edition An updated chapter on environmental cancer, including changes in death rates of respiratory cancers New material on the importance of nitrous oxide (N2O) in stratospheric ozone layer depletion An expanded discussion of environmental disasters

Environmental Science and Technology

Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420003216
Format: PDF, ePub
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Formally established by the EPA nearly 15 years ago, the concept of green chemistry is beginning to come of age. Although several books cover green chemistry and chemical engineering, none of them transfer green principles to science and technology in general and their impact on the future. Defining industrial ecology, Environmental Science and Technology: A Sustainable Approach to Green Science and Technology provides a general overview of green science and technology and their essential role in ensuring environmental sustainability. Written by a leading expert, the book provides the essential background for understanding green science and technology and how they relate to sustainability. In addition to the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere traditionally covered in environmental science books, this book is unique in recognizing the anthrosphere as a distinct sphere of the environment. The author explains how the anthrosphere can be designed and operated in a manner that does not degrade environmental quality and, in most favorable circumstances, may even enhance it. With the current emphasis shifting from end-of-pipe solutions to pollution prevention and control of resource consumption, green principles are increasingly moving into the mainstream. This book provides the foundation not only for understanding green science and technology, but also for taking its application to the next level.

Ecosystems and Human Health

Author: Richard B. Philp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498760082
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since the second edition of this text was published, many new environmental incidents have occurred, including another nuclear disaster, a mine disaster in the United States, and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Updated throughout the text, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Third Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards—from natural toxins and disasters to man-made pollutants and environmental crises. The book begins with the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology, risk analysis, and air, water, and soil pollution. It then examines various toxicants and hazards, such as airborne hazards, halogenated hydrocarbons, metals, and organic solvents. Chapters also discuss food additives and contaminants, pesticides, hormone disrupters, radiation hazards, and natural environmental hazards such as venomous and toxic animals. The text reviews the Chernobyl nuclear crisis and the Walkerton drinking water tragedy, as well as other disasters, assessing some of their long-term effects, now that sufficient time has elapsed since their occurrence. With updates in every chapter, this third edition contains significant expansion of information on the genetics of chemical carcinogenesis, global warming, food additives, invasive species in the Great Lakes, nuclear accidents, and more. The book describes how chemical toxins and biological hazards can impact the environment and the people who live in it. The author presents numerous examples of the relationship between ecosystem health and human health. He emphasizes the need to consider the environmental impact of human activities and includes many real-world examples and new case studies.

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology

Author: Wayne Landis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566706605
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The rapidly evolving field of environmental toxicology involves the study of toxic compounds and their effect on living organisms, as well as their fate within the natural environment. Since publication of the first edition, Introduction to Environmental Toxicology has found a secure place among the major texts and references in this field. Introduction to Environmental Toxicology, Third Edition seamlessly covers processes and impacts from the molecular level all the way up to population levels. While retaining the strengths of previous editions, the third edition includes a new chapter on fluoride, an update on endocrine disruption, a discussion of the use of models to reconstruct concentration-response curves, expansion of the metals chapter, and new developments in ecological risk assessment for management decisions at site to regional scales. It is an ideal text for introducing students to the fields of ecotoxicology and risk assessment.

Environmental Toxicology

Author: Sigmund F. Zakrzewski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198033769
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The fundamental principles of environmental toxicology are clearly presented here for university students and professionals in related fields. This book consists of two parts. In the first part basic metabolic, physiological, and pharmacological concepts are used to explain the fate of toxic chemicals in the body, with emphasis on carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. This part also contains a chapter on chemicals disrupting the endocrine system and a chapter on risk assessment and the precautionary principle. The second section deals with specific environmental problems - air pollution, alteration of the earth's atmosphere, water and land pollution, including sections on wetlands, organic agriculture and genetically modified crops. It also deals with health and environmental effects of ionized radiation, and the effect of a rapid population growth on the environmental and human welfare. Chapter on pollution control and regulatory policies are also included.

Environmental Health Third Edition

Author: D. W MOELLER
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674041186
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Environmental Health" has established itself as the most succinct and comprehensive textbook on the subject. This extensively revised and rewritten third edition continues this tradition by incorporating new developments and by adding timely coverage of topics such as environmental economics and terrorism. As in previous volumes, the new edition presents balanced assessments of environmental problems, examining their local and global implications, their short- and long-range impacts, and their importance in both developed and less developed countries of the world. The "Third Edition" also addresses emerging issues such as environmental justice, deforestation, the protection of endangered species, multiple chemical sensitivity, and the application of the threshold concept in evaluating the effects of toxic and radioactive materials. Whether discussing acid rain, ozone depletion, global warming, or more traditional subjects such as the management and control of air, water, and food, Dade Moeller emphasizes the need for a systems approach. As with previous volumes, "Environmental Health, Third Edition," offers a depth of understanding that is without peer. While it covers technical details, it is also a book that anyone with an interest in the environment can pick up and browse at random.

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition

Author: Michael H. Dong
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781477666487
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition, like the first (student) edition, provides a general introductory text on the basic concepts of and general principles for environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters in four parts:I. Toxicologic Concepts and Environmental Concerns (Chapters 1 – 5);II. Bioaccumulation and Biodisposition of Toxicants (Chapters 6 – 10);III. Nature and Effects of Environmental Toxicants (Chapters 11 – 17); andIV. General Considerations and Special Foci (Chapters 18 – 23).The book is an introduction to the basic principles, concepts, and issues for and of environmental toxicology intended for undergraduates majoring in environmental toxicology, environmental sciences, or a related field, as well as for graduate students taking a course in environmental toxicology as an elective. The book is also intended as a supplementary reading material for students whose instructor prefers to use her/his own lecture notes as text materials for their course. Students using this book are expected to have already completed a course in general biology and a course in general chemistry.The book is written as a primer covering lecture materials for a course of 3 to 6 semester units. The 23 chapters, totaling more than 450 pages, are arranged in a way that the reader is provided with the best flow and mode of comprehension, with each chapter including a set of review questions. Listed below are the chapter titles: 1. Scope and Principles for Environmental Toxicology 2. Environmental Changes and Environmental Health 3. Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies 4. Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants 5. Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment 6. Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants 7. Uptake and Distribution of Toxicants 8. Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics 9. Adverse Action/Toxic Response10. Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity11. Air Pollutants – I. Inorganic Gases12. Air Pollutants – II. Particulate Matter13. Volatile Organic Compounds14. Toxic and Radioactive Metals15. Pesticides and Pesticide Residues16. Persistent Toxic Substances17. Biological and Physical Toxic Agents18. Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis19. Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption20. Industrial Chemicals/Occupational Toxicology21. Food Toxicants/Toxic Household Substances22. Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology23. Environmental Health Risk Assessment

Toxicology of the Lung

Author: Donald E. Gardner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560328018
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition of Toxicology of the Lung brings together the latest accomplishments and advancements in concepts, approaches, and procedures now used to evaluate the risks associated with airborne contaminants. With chapters from leading authorities, including nine new chapters and a number of new topic areas, this edition describes how and why the lung and respiratory system respond as they do to toxicants and provides a clear understanding of human health risks associated with chemical exposure. This one-of-a-kind reference on inhalation toxicology will be invaluable to all professionals in academia, industry, clinics, research laboratories, and government agencies.

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Fourth Edition

Author: Michael Dong
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781979904513
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The core content difference between this Fourth and the Third Edition is minimal. In addition to the correction of the typos found in the Third Edition, this Fourth Edition has made minor refinements but updated substantially the status and the discussion of numerous contemporary issues covered in this book. In particular, this Fourth Edition has highlighted a number of recent public health and regulatory concerns, including the global concerns with the recent pandemics of Zika as well as Ebola and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's ban on trans fats in all American processed foods by 2018. Moreover, it has updated the five persistent organic pollutants that the Stockholm Convention has added to its action list since the publication of this book's Third Edition in 2014. As three more update examples, this book is now current with the latest estimate data available concerning the annual amounts of pesticide active ingredients used in the United States and worldwide. It is now consistent with the International Agency for Research on Cancer's latest determinations made on the human carcinogenicity potential of the biological, physical, and chemical agents that the agency has analyzed. Furthermore, it is now up to date with the chemical elements included in the current periodic table. As with the earlier editions, this Fourth Edition offers an introductory text on the scope and principles for as well as the relevant topics of environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters under four parts (sections) as listed below. PART I. TOXICOLOGIC CONCEPTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: (1) Scope and Principles for/of Environmental Toxicology; (2) Environmental Changes and Environmental Health; (3) Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies; (4) Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants; and (5) Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment. PART II. BIOACCUMULATION AND BIODISPOSITION OF TOXICANTS: (6) Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants; (7) Uptake, Distribution, and Excretion of Toxicants; (8) Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics; (9) Adverse Action/Toxic Response; and (10) Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity. PART III. NATURE AND EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS: (11) Air Pollutants - I: Inorganic Gases; (12) Air Pollutants - II: Particulate Matter; (13) Volatile Organic Compounds; (14) Toxic and Radioactive Metals; (15) Pesticides and Pesticide Residues; (16) Persistent Toxic Substances; and (17) Biological and Underrated Physical Toxic Agents. PART IV. SPECIAL TOPICS, ISSUES, CONSIDERATIONS, AND FOCI: (18) Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis; (19) Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption; (20) Occupational Toxicology/Workplace Hazards; (21) Food Toxicants and Toxic Household Substances; (22) Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology; and (23) Environmental Health Risk Assessment.