Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Author: Alvin Plantinga
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190282932
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Perhaps no one has done more in the last 30 years to advance thinking in the metaphysics of modality than has Alvin Plantinga. Collected here are some of his most important essays on this influential subject. Dating back from the late 1960's to the present, they chronicle the development of Plantinga's thoughts about some of the most fundamental issues in metaphysics: what is the nature of abstract objects like possible worlds, properties, propositions, and such phenomena? Are there possible but non-actual objects? Can objects that do not exist exemplify properties? Plantinga gives thorough and penetrating answers to all of these questions and many others. This volume contains some of the best work in metaphysics from the past 30 years, and will remain a source of critical contention and keen interest among philosophers of metaphysics and philosophical logic for years to come.

Ontology Identity and Modality

Author: Peter van Inwagen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521795487
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Thirteen of Peter van Inwagen's essays on metaphysics, with a specially-written introduction.

The Possible and the Actual

Author: Michael J. Loux
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801491788
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This well-chosen collection of fifteen important essays in the fields of philosophical logic and metaphysics addresses questions relating to the nature and status of possible worlds.

Modalities

Author: Ruth Barcan Marcus
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195096576
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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These papers cover important themes such as extensionality, the necessity of identity, the conception of proper names as 'tags', essentialism, substitutional quantification, and possibilia and possible worlds. What emerges from them is a robust defence of quantified modal logic in the light of a host of objections, particularly from Quine.

Necessary Beings

Author: Bob Hale
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648345
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Necessary Beings is concerned with two central areas of metaphysics: modality—the theory of necessity, possibility, and other related notions; and ontology—the general study of what kinds of entities there are. Bob Hale's overarching purpose is to develop and defend two quite general theses about what is required for the existence of entities of various kinds: that questions about what kinds of things there are cannot be properly understood or adequately answered without recourse to considerations about possibility and necessity, and that, conversely, questions about the nature and basis of necessity and possibility cannot be satisfactorily tackled without drawing on what might be called the methodology of ontology. Taken together, these two theses claim that ontology and modality are mutually dependent upon one another, neither more fundamental than the other. Hale defends a broadly Fregean approach to metaphysics, according to which ontological distinctions among different kinds of things (objects, properties, and relations) are to be drawn on the basis of prior distinctions between different logical types of expression. The claim that facts about what kinds of things exist depend upon facts about what is possible makes little sense unless one accepts that at least some modal facts are fundamental, and not reducible to facts of some other, non-modal, sort. He argues that facts about what is absolutely necessary or possible have this character, and that they have their source or basis, not in meanings or concepts nor in facts about alternative 'worlds', but in the natures or essences of things.

Modality

Author: Bob Hale
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199565813
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modality brings together contributions from both well-established leaders in the field and up-and-coming philosophers. Between them, the papers address fundamental questions concerning realism and anti-realism about modality, the nature and basis of facts about what is possible and what is necessary, the nature of modal knowledge, modal logic and its relations to necessary existence and to counterfactual reasoning, and other issues central to thecurrently highly active debate among philosophers in this area. The general introduction locates the individual contributions both in the specific context of the research project for which they were produced, and in the wider context of the contemporary discussion of the metaphysics and epistemology of modality.

Reason Metaphysics and Mind

Author: Alvin Plantinga
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 019976686X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Each of the essays in this volume engages with some particular aspect of philosopher Alvin Plantinga's views on metaphysics, epistemology, or philosophy of religion.

A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality

Author: Andrea Borghini
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472521943
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality examines the eight main contemporary theories of possibility behind a central metaphysical topic. Covering modal skepticism, modal expressivism, modalism, modal realism, ersatzism, modal fictionalism, modal agnosticism, and the new modal actualism, this comprehensive introduction to modality places contemporary debates in an historical context. Beginning with a historical overview, Andrea Borghini discusses Parmenides and Zeno; looks at how central Medieval authors such as Aquinas, and Buridan prepared the ground for the Early Modern radical views of Leibniz, Spinoza, and Hume and discusses advancements in semantics in the later-half of the twentieth century a resulted in the rise of modal metaphysics, the branch characterizing the past few decades of philosophical reflection. Framing the debate according to three main perspectives - logical, epistemic, metaphysical- Borghini provides the basic concepts and terms required to discuss modality. With suggestions of further reading and end-of-chapter study questions, A Critical Introduction to the Metaphysics of Modality is an up-to-date resource for students working in contemporary metaphysics seeking a better understanding of this crucial topic.

Modality and Tense

Author: Kit Fine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199278709
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this book, Kit Fine draws together a series of essays, three of them previously unpublished, on possibility, necessity, and tense.

The Actual and the Possible

Author: Mark Sinclair
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198786433
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The Actual and the Possible presents new essays by leading specialists on modality and the metaphysics of modality in the history of modern philosophy from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. It revisits key moments in the history of modern modal doctrines, and illuminates lesser-knownmoments of that history. The ultimate purpose of this historical approach is to contextualise and even to offer some alternatives to dominant positions within the contemporary philosophy of modality. Hence the volume contains not only new scholarship on the early-modern doctrines of Baruch Spinoza,G. W. F. Leibniz, Christian Wolff and Immanuel Kant, but also work relating to less familiar nineteenth-century thinkers such as Alexius Meinong and Jan Lukasiewicz, together with essays on celebrated nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers such as G. W. F. Hegel, Martin Heidegger and BertrandRussell, whose modal doctrines have not previously garnered the attention they deserve. The volume thus covers a variety of traditions, and its historical range extends to the end of the twentieth century, addressing the legacy of W. V. Quine's critique of modality within recent analyticphilosophy.