Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide

Author: Kristen R. Monroe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691151431
Format: PDF, ePub
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How should Augustine, Plato, Calvin, Kant, Nietzsche, and Bonhoeffer be read today, in light of postcolonial theory and twenty-first-century understandings? This book offers a reader-friendly introduction to Christian liberationist ethics by having scholars "from the margins" explore how questions of race and gender should be brought to bear on twenty-four classic ethicists and philosophers. Each short chapter gives historical background for the thinker, describes that thinker's most important contributions, then raises issues of concern for women and persons of color.

The Failures of Ethics

Author: John K. Roth
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198725337
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Failures of Ethics concentrates on the multiple shortfalls and shortcomings of thought, decision, and action that tempt and incite us human beings to inflict incalculable harm. Absent the overriding of moral sensibilities, if not the collapse or collaboration of ethical traditions, the Holocaust, genocide, and other mass atrocities could not have happened. Our senses of moral and religious authority have been fragmented and weakened by theaccumulated ruins of history and the depersonalized advances of civilization that have taken us from a bloody twentieth century into an immensely problematic twenty-first. Salvaging the fragmented condition of ethics,this book shows how respect and honor for those who save lives and resist atrocity, deepened attention to the dead and to death itself, and appeals for human rights and renewed spiritual sensitivity confirm that ethics contains and remains an irreplaceable safeguard against its own failures.

The Hand of Compassion

Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400849578
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Through moving interviews with five ordinary people who rescued Jews during the Holocaust, Kristen Monroe casts new light on a question at the heart of ethics: Why do people risk their lives for strangers and what drives such moral choice? Monroe's analysis points not to traditional explanations--such as religion or reason--but to identity. The rescuers' perceptions of themselves in relation to others made their extraordinary acts spontaneous and left the rescuers no choice but to act. To turn away Jews was, for them, literally unimaginable. In the words of one German Czech rescuer, "The hand of compassion was faster than the calculus of reason." At the heart of this unusual book are interviews with the rescuers, complex human beings from all parts of the Third Reich and all walks of life: Margot, a wealthy German who saved Jews while in exile in Holland; Otto, a German living in Prague who saved more than 100 Jews and provides surprising information about the plot to kill Hitler; John, a Dutchman on the Gestapo's "Most Wanted List"; Irene, a Polish student who hid eighteen Jews in the home of the German major for whom she was keeping house; and Knud, a Danish wartime policeman who took part in the extraordinary rescue of 85 percent of his country's Jews. We listen as the rescuers themselves tell the stories of their lives and their efforts to save Jews. Monroe's analysis of these stories draws on philosophy, ethics, and political psychology to suggest why and how identity constrains our choices, both cognitively and ethically. Her work offers a powerful counterpoint to conventional arguments about rational choice and a valuable addition to the literature on ethics and moral psychology. It is a dramatic illumination of the power of identity to shape our most basic political acts, including our treatment of others. But always Monroe returns us to the rescuers, to their strong voices, reminding us that the Holocaust need not have happened and revealing the minds of the ethically exemplary as they negotiated the moral quicksand that was the Holocaust.

The Scientification of Love

Author: Michel Odent
Publisher: Free Assn Books
ISBN: 9781853432293
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Love has been the realm of poets, artists, and philosophers throughout history, until recently, where it has been studied from a number of scientific perspectives. What the scientists are missing, argues author Michel Odent, is that love is vital as a strategy for the survival of the human race. Aggression and domination are no longer what we need to have an evolutionary advantage. What we need is the capacity to love. With a foreword by Miriam Stoppard, The Scientification of Love weaves together data from a multitude of disciplines, offering a number of insightful and exciting explanations and making the case for the adoption of radical new strategies for human survival. With maternal love as the prototype for all types of love, the book examines the short, but critical, time just after birth which has long-term consequences for our future capacity to love. The Scientification of Love looks at love holistically and in terms of the hormones which affect it in different parts of life, helping us to understand the conflict between civilization and the natural state of the human race. Originally published in 1999, revised in 2001, and now re-released in paperback for 2014, this controversial and fascinating book by the world renowned Michel Odent - an influential pioneer in the history of childbirth and health research - is still truly groundbreaking.

The Statue Within

Author: François Jacob
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 9780879694760
Format: PDF, ePub
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In a new preface to this special edition of his critically acclaimed memoir, Francois Jacob recalls the events that brought him to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in the early 1960's and taught him much about phage biology and the informal ways of American science. Throughout his book, Jacob demonstrates a scientist's eye for detail and a poet's instinct for the inner life, as he tells of a privileged Parisian boyhood, young love, heroism in war, and the fascination of life at the edge of scientific discovery.

The Ethics of Influence

Author: Cass R. Sunstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107140706
Format: PDF, ePub
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In The Ethics of Influence, Cass R. Sunstein investigates the ethical issues surrounding government nudges, choice architecture, and mandates.

Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics

Author: Anne Barnhill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199372268
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Academic food ethics incorporates work from philosophy but also anthropology, economics, the environmental sciences and other natural sciences, geography, law, and sociology. Scholars from these fields have been producing work for decades on the food system, and on ethical, social, and policy issues connected to the food system. Yet in the last several years, there has been a notable increase in philosophical work on these issues-work that draws on multiple literatures within practical ethics, normative ethics and political philosophy. This handbook provides a sample of that philosophical work across multiple areas of food ethics: conventional agriculture and alternatives to it; animals; consumption; food justice; food politics; food workers; and, food and identity.

Science Ethics and Politics

Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131725242X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The relationship between science and ethics has been subject to much debate. This volume demonstrates the mutually beneficial relationship that can take place between ethics and science. It presents work that utilises the tools of science - broadly conceptualised - to elucidate ethical issues, showing that careful scientific analysis of ethical issues can reveal new insights. This is supplemented by conversations with the authors - some of them pre-eminent scientists addressing issues of ethics, including two Nobel laureates - to learn how they came to the study of ethics and ask how they conceptualise and think about ethical issues. Science, Ethics and Politics provides substantive insight into particular ethical issues, ranging from issues of torture during war to parents' obligations to children. This book is designed as a complement to traditional texts on ethics and should appeal to students of ethics as well as to the general public.