Ethics Law and Governance of Biobanking

Author: Deborah Mascalzoni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401795738
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biobank research and genomic information are changing the way we look at health and medicine. Genomics challenges our values and has always been controversial and difficult to regulate. In the future lies the promise of tailored medical treatments and pharmacogenomics but the borders between medical research and clinical practice are becoming blurred. We see sequencing platforms for research that can have diagnostic value for patients. Clinical applications and research have been kept separate, but the blurring lines challenges existing regulations and ethical frameworks. Then how do we regulate it? This book contains an overview of the existing regulatory landscape for biobank research in the Western world and some critical chapters to show how regulations and ethical frameworks are developed and work. How should international sharing work? How design an ethical informed consent? An underlying critique: the regulatory systems are becoming increasingly complex and opaque. The international community is building systems that should respond to that. According to the authors in fact, it is time to turn the ship around. Biobank researchers have a moral responsibility to look at and assess their work in relation to the bigger picture: the shared norms and values of current society. Research ethics shouldn’t only be a matter of bioethicists writing guidelines that professionals have to follow. Ethics should be practiced through discourse and regulatory frameworks need to be part of that public discourse. Ethics review should be then not merely application of bureaucracy and a burden for researchers but an arena where researchers discuss their projects, receive advice and practice their ethics skills.

The Ethical and Legal Regulation of Human Tissue and Biobank Research in Europe

Author: Katharina Beier
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
ISBN: 3863950313
Format: PDF, ePub
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Human tissue and biobank research is of increasing importance for understanding the causes of widespread diseases and developing effective therapies. However, while the success of biobank research depends on the availability of a large number of samples and the consolidation of collections across country borders is very desirable from the perspective of researchers, the legal and ethical requirements for the procurement, storage and use of human tissue samples are rather heterogeneous across different countries. Moreover, the lack of comprehensive supranational regulation on human tissue and biobanking can be seen as posing a serious threat to transnational biomedical research. Against this background, it was one of the aims of the EU-funded Tiss. EU project ("Evaluation of Legislation and Related Guidelines on the Procurement, Storage and Transfer of Human Tissues and Cells in the European Union - an Evidence-Based Impact Analysis") to analyse the ethical and legal regulation of human tissue and biobank research across the 27 European Member States plus Switzerland. The results of nine international workshops and three conferences are gathered in this volume. While the country reports evaluate the implementation of ethical and legal guidelines at a national level, point out their strengths and deficits, and, where required, create an evidence base for the revision of said legislation, the conference reports address more general ethical and legal issues in this field. The volume is completed by a final presentation of project's results.

The SAGES Manual of Bariatric Surgery

Author: Kevin M. Reavis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319712829
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Morbid obesity is an epidemic as more than 2/3 of the United States population is obese and as such, has a high burden of weight-related co-morbid diseases. Bariatric surgery has proven to be effective and durable for treatment of severe obesity. Technological advances including applications of laparoscopy and endolumenal techniques have rapidly advanced this field. Data and outcomes examining treatments have also improved and as providers, we have a wide spectrum of therapeutic options to treat patients. As techniques and outcomes have evolved, access to a comprehensive yet focused resource regarding bariatric surgery is currently limited. The proposed textbook is designed to present a comprehensive and state-of the-art approach to the current and future status of Bariatric interventions, which has changed significantly since the first edition of the Manual. Updates in this version will include the rapidly expanding field of endoluminal bariatric procedures, with a focus on new devices and theories of mechanisms. New data regarding laparoscopic approaches to treat obesity, as well as improved longer-term data outcomes will be reviewed. Newer surgical approaches to treat metabolic disease and obesity are included, as well as proposed mechanisms of action and efficacy. Additional new sections include sections on the application of robotic technologies, special circumstances including transplantation and pregnancy, and telemedicine and social media in bariatric surgery. Sections will address the evolution in specific treatments available to patients, initial evaluation and selection of procedures for individual patients, the latest surgical and endoscopic techniques being employed to treat patients including data on outcomes, and future directions for therapy. In particular and unique amongst references, a major focus of this text will be on both the bariatric and metabolic bases of therapies and outcomes. The SAGES Manual A Practical Guide to Bariatric Surgery, Second Edition aligns with the new SAGES UNIVERSITY MASTERS Program. The Manual supplements the Bariatric Surgery Pathway from Competency to Proficiency to Mastery. Whether it’s for Biliary, Hernia, Colon, Foregut or Bariatric, the key technical steps for the anchoring bariatric procedures are highlighted in detail as well as what the reader needs to know to successfully submit a video clip to the SAGES Facebook Channels for technical feedback. Readers will also learn about how to count credits for Bariatric from the other Master Program Series, Guidelines, Top 21 Videos, Pearls, FLS, FES, FUSE, SMART and Annual SAGES Meeting. The Masters Program promotes lifelong deliberate learning.

Return to Play in Football

Author: Volker Musahl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662557134
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this book, leading experts employ an evidence-based approach to provide clear practical guidance on the important question of when and how to facilitate return to play after some of the most common injuries encountered in football. Detailed attention is paid to biomechanics, the female athlete, risk factors, injury prevention, current strategies and criteria for safe return to play, and future developments. Specific topics discussed in depth include concussion, anterior cruciate ligament and other knee injuries, back pathology, rotator cuff tears, shoulder instability, hip arthroscopy, and foot and ankle injuries. The chapter authors include renowned clinicians and scientists from across the world who work in the field of orthopaedics and sports medicine. Furthermore, experiences from team physicians involved in the Olympics, National Football League (NFL), Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) are shared with the reader. All who are involved in the care of injured footballers will find this book, published in cooperation with ESSKA, to be an invaluable, comprehensive, and up-to-date reference that casts light on a range of controversial issues.

Group Privacy

Author: Linnet Taylor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319466089
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The goal of the book is to present the latest research on the new challenges of data technologies. It will offer an overview of the social, ethical and legal problems posed by group profiling, big data and predictive analysis and of the different approaches and methods that can be used to address them. In doing so, it will help the reader to gain a better grasp of the ethical and legal conundrums posed by group profiling. The volume first maps the current and emerging uses of new data technologies and clarifies the promises and dangers of group profiling in real life situations. It then balances this with an analysis of how far the current legal paradigm grants group rights to privacy and data protection, and discusses possible routes to addressing these problems. Finally, an afterword gathers the conclusions reached by the different authors and discuss future perspectives on regulating new data technologies.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy

Author: Evan Selinger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316859274
Format: PDF, ePub
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Businesses are rushing to collect personal data to fuel surging demand. Data enthusiasts claim personal information that's obtained from the commercial internet, including mobile platforms, social networks, cloud computing, and connected devices, will unlock path-breaking innovation, including advanced data security. By contrast, regulators and activists contend that corporate data practices too often disempower consumers by creating privacy harms and related problems. As the Internet of Things matures and facial recognition, predictive analytics, big data, and wearable tracking grow in power, scale, and scope, a controversial ecosystem will exacerbate the acrimony over commercial data capture and analysis. The only productive way forward is to get a grip on the key problems right now and change the conversation. That's exactly what Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene, and Evan Selinger do. They bring together diverse views from leading academics, business leaders, and policymakers to discuss the opportunities and challenges of the new data economy.

Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning the Globe

Author: Drue H. Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238477
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Case Studies of Existing Human Tissue Repositories

Author: Elisa Eiseman
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833035932
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Case studies of twelve existing human biospecimen repositories performed to evaluate their utility for genomics- and proteomics-based cancer research and to identify "best practices" in collection, processing, annotation, storage, privacy, ethical concerns, informed consent, business plans, operations, intellectual property rights, public relations, marketing, and education that would be useful in designing a national biospecimen network.

Handbook of Research on Developments in E Health and Telemedicine Technological and Social Perspectives

Author: Cruz-Cunha, Maria Manuela
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 161520671X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"This book provide a comprehensive coverage of the latest and most relevant knowledge, developments, solutions, and practical applications, related to e-Health, this new field of knowledge able to transform the way we live and deliver services, both from the technological and social perspectives"--Provided by publisher.