Ethics Law and Society

Author: Jennifer Gunning
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754676461
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume brings together selected papers commissioned and published by the Cardiff Centre for Ethics, Law & Society and includes contributions from international experts on topics including agriculture, ethics and bioethics.

Law and Society

Author: Steven Vago
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315443104
Format: PDF, Docs
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Law and Society provides a balanced and comprehensive analysis of the interplay between law and society using both Canadian and international examples. This clear and readable text is fi lled with interesting information, ideas and insights. All materials and supporting statistics have been carefully updated. This edition includes an expanded discussion of the law and First Nations people, recent developments impacting LGBTIQ2S persons, and persons with disabilities and a new section on civil procedures. Each chapter is structured similarly, with an outline, learning objectives, key terms, chapter summaries, critical thinking questions, and an array of additional resources.

Ethical Issues of Human Genetic Databases

Author: Bernice Elger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317141466
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Following the boom in population databases in recent years there has been sustained and intense international debate about political processes and legal and ethical issues surrounding the protection and use of genetic data. As a result, several national and international organizations and committees have published widely differing guidelines and statements concerning genetic databases and biobanks. Ethical Issues of Human Genetic Databases compares the new area of biobanking with the tradition of ethically accepted classical research and highlights the distinctive features of existing databases and guidelines. The volume identifies areas of consensus and controversy while investigating the challenges posed to classical health research ethics by the existence of genetic databases, analyzing the reasons for such varying guidelines. The book will be essential to academics, biobankers, policy-makers and researchers in the field of medical ethics.

Contingency in a Sacred Law

Author: Baber Johansen
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004106031
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A focus on the way in which Muslim scholars of the Hanafite school of Muslim law, from the 10th-12th centuries, adapted their legal norms to changing circumstances and distinguished between legal and ethical norms, religious and legal status, legal propositions and religious judgment. The introduction links this debate to the sociology of law and spells out the distinction between theology and law in Islam.

Jurisprudence

Author: Roscoe Pound
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584771194
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Reprint of the sole edition of Pound's magnum opus. This monumental work which was the culmination of a life devoted to the study of the law and its philosophical underpinnings. One of the most important contributions to the world's legal literature of the century in which he advances his views on sociological jurisprudence. According to Pound, the law should be flexible to meet the changing needs of society. More important, it must recognize the needs of humanity and take contemporary social conditions into account. Within are parts that cover The Nature of Law, Sources, Forms, Modes of Growth, Application and Enforcement of Law, The System of Law, chapters include Law and Morals-Jurisprudence and Ethics, Law and the State-Jurisprudence and Politics, The Judicial Process in Action, Obligations-Duties of Performance and of Restitution, Comparative Civil Procedure.

Punishment and Desert

Author: John Kleinig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401020272
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Superficial acquaintance with the literature on punishment leaves a fairly definite impression. There are two approaches to punishment - retributive and utilitarian - and while some attempts may be made to reconcile them, it is the former rather than the latter which requires the reconciliation. Taken by itself the retributive approach is primitive and unenlightened, falling short of the rational civilized humanitarian values which we have now acquired. Certainly this is the dominant impression left by 'popular' discussions of the SUbject. And retributive vs. utilitarian seems to be the mould in which most philosophical dis cussions are cast. The issues are far more complex than this. Punishment may be con sidered in a great variety of contexts - legal, educational, parental, theological, informal, etc. - and in each of these contexts several im portant moral questions arise. Approaches which see only a simple choice between retributivism and utilitarianism tend to obscure this variety and plurality. But even more seriously, the distinction between retributivism and utilitarianism is far from clear. That it reflects the traditional distinction between deontological and teleological ap proaches to ethics serves to transfer rather than to resolve the un clarity. Usually it is said that retributive approaches seek to justify acts by reference to features which are intrinsic to them, whereas utilitarian approaches appeal to the consequences of such acts. This, however, makes assumptions about the individuation of acts which are difficult to justify.

Second Generation Biometrics The Ethical Legal and Social Context

Author: Emilio Mordini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400738927
Format: PDF, Docs
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While a sharp debate is emerging about whether conventional biometric technology offers society any significant advantages over other forms of identification, and whether it constitutes a threat to privacy, technology is rapidly progressing. Politicians and the public are still discussing fingerprinting and iris scan, while scientists and engineers are already testing futuristic solutions. Second generation biometrics - which include multimodal biometrics, behavioural biometrics, dynamic face recognition, EEG and ECG biometrics, remote iris recognition, and other, still more astonishing, applications – is a reality which promises to overturn any current ethical standard about human identification. Robots which recognise their masters, CCTV which detects intentions, voice responders which analyse emotions: these are only a few applications in progress to be developed. This book is the first ever published on ethical, social and privacy implications of second generation biometrics. Authors include both distinguished scientists in the biometric field and prominent ethical, privacy and social scholars. This makes this book an invaluable tool for policy makers, technologists, social scientists, privacy authorities involved in biometric policy setting. Moreover it is a precious instrument to update scholars from different disciplines who are interested in biometrics and its wider social, ethical and political implications.

Ethics in Psychiatry

Author: Hanfried Helmchen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048187218
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ethics in Psychiatry: (1) presents a comprehensive review of ethical issues arising in psychiatric care and research; (2) relates ethical issues to changes and challenges of society; (3) examines the application of general ethics to specific psychiatric problems and relates these to moral implications of psychiatry practice; (4) deals with recently arising ethical problems; (5) contains contributions of leading European ethicists, philosophers, lawyers, historians and psychiatrists; (6) provides a basis for the exploration of culture-bound influences on morals, manners and customs in the light of ethical principles of global validity.