EU Governance of GMOs

Author: Patrycja Dabrowska
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781841138039
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents a constructive exploration of the dilemmas the EU faces in regulating the risks of the modern world. It examines the European framework applicable to commercial releases of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) which was adopted between 2001 and 2004 primarily in response to the crisis that surrounded the use of these products in the EU, and it assesses the regulatory character of this reform and its components. In order to complete this appraisal, the book also covers the current regulatory and political developments (until 2010) that have followed the adoption of the new regime as well as the changes resulting from the Treaty of Lisbon, which can affect the regime. The author situates the problems of the EU GMO regime in the broader context of 'post-state' regulation and discusses them in the light of some of the governance theories that were developed to respond in part to the dilemmas of risk regulation. Accordingly, the book contains a systemic analysis of the EU rules pertinent to GM products, the new authorisation procedures for GMO marketing and the new system for post-approval control of commercialised products, as well as an evaluation of the developed solutions. This examination reveals that the regime embodies different regulatory modes introduced by the EU which are combined in various forms in a way that frequently influences the adequacy of the adopted measures. The conclusion stemming from these findings suggests that the most appropriate solution for GMO policy in the EU is a reflexive combination of various regulatory approaches by policy-makers which will allow for the reinforcement of their functions and the accommodation of different, often contradictory, policy needs.

EU Environmental Law Governance and Decision Making

Author: Maria Lee
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782254080
Format: PDF, Docs
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A vast and diverse body of EU law addresses an enormous range of environmental matters. This book examines a number of areas of substantive EU environmental law, focusing on the striking preoccupation of EU environmental law with the structure of decision-making. It highlights the observation that environmental protection and environmental decision-making depend intimately on both detailed, specialised information about the physical state of the world, and on political judgments about values and priorities. It also explores the elaborate mechanisms that attempt to bring these distinctive decision-making resources into EU environmental law in areas including industrial pollution, chemicals regulation, environmental assessment and climate change.

The Emergence of EU Contract Law

Author: Lucinda Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199606625
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The emergence of an EU contract law is one of the most significant legal developments in Europe today. Exploring the origins and evolution of the discipline, from the Sales Directive to the Common Frame of Reference, the book advances a framework for the further harmonization of contract law that embraces diversity and pluralism.

EU Policy Making on GMOs

Author: Mihalis Kritikos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113731446X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines the development and implementation of the EU’s legislative framework on the commercial release of GMO products as a case study of social regulation operating within a predominantly technical framework. The analysis and findings are based on an extensive documentary analysis and interviews with regulators, risk assessors, public interest groups and biotechnology experts at the national and European levels. It argues that in the case of the EU biotechnology framework, the particular institutional settings created for the formulation and interpretation of its provisions have been of decisive importance in elaborating a proceduralised ‘science-based’ prior authorization scheme as the preferred framework for granting commercial permits. This interdisciplinary work will appeal to EU lawyers, decision-makers and risk managers as well as academics working in the fields of EU studies, politics, law, risk governance sociology of science/risk and technology assessment. The book is based on a PhD thesis that was awarded with the 2008 UACES Prize for the Best Thesis in European Studies in Europe and with the EPEES 1st Prize for the Best Thesis written by a Greek Researcher between 2004 and 2008.

European Food Regulation After Enlargement

Author: Karolina ?urek
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 900419584X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Combining an empirical analysis of the evolution of EU food regulation with a theoretical study of selected mechanisms used in governing food, this book provides a critical outlook on the capacity of the regulatory system to accommodate increased post-enlargement diversity of socio-economic concerns.

Regulating Risks in the European Union

Author: Maria Weimer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509912665
Format: PDF
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A growing body of EU law and regulation is preoccupied with the protection of EU citizens from health and environmental risks. Which chemicals are safe and should be allowed on the market? How should the EU respond to public health emergencies, such as Ebola and other infectious diseases? Regulatory responses to these questions confront deep uncertainty, limited knowledge and societal contestation. In a time where the use of scientific expertise in EU policy-making is particularly contested, this book offers a timely contribution to both the academic and policy debate on the role of specialised expertise in EU public decision-making on risk and technology as well as on its intertwinement with executive power. It draws on insights from law, governance, political sciences, and science and technology studies, bringing together leading scholars in this field. Contributions are drawn together by a shared theoretical perspective, namely by their use of co-production as an analytical lens to study the intricate interplay between techno-scientific expertise and EU executive power. By so doing, this collection produces highly original insights into the development of the EU administrative state, as well as into the role of regulatory science in its construction. This book will be useful to scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers working on risk regulation and the role of expertise in public decision-making.

EU Regulation of GMOs

Author: Maria Lee
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 184844396X
Format: PDF
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Lee s book is a valuable addition to the literature for those wishing to broaden their understanding of the range of legal disciplines involved in GMO regulation. Tracey Epps, European Review of Agricultural Economics Maria Lee s work is a successful attempt to illustrate the big legal issues behind the regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This study, which is thorough and well documented, is particularly welcomed in view of the need for a dialogue between different legal specialisms for which GMOs are a relevant area of research. . . [The] book provides a very interesting and insightful examination of the legal problems raised by GMOs. I would warmly recommend its reading to academics and practitioners who are interested in European risk regulation law, environmental law, biotechnology and trade law. Sara Poli, European Law Review Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are an extraordinary innovation. They raise great expectations of economic prosperity and improved capacity to address pressing problems of poverty and environmental degradation, whilst simultaneously raising great concerns about the type of social and physical world they promise. Finding space in regulation to consider the full range of issues provoked by GMOs is a huge challenge. This book explores the EU s elaborate regulatory framework for GMOs, which extends far beyond the process of their authorisation (or not) for the EU market, embracing disparate legal disciplines including intellectual property, consumer protection and civil liability. The regulation of GMOs also highlights questions of EU legitimacy in a context of multi-level governance, both internally towards national and local government, and externally in a world where technologies and their regulation have global impacts. This book will be of interest to academics and students in both law and social sciences, as well as practising lawyers and policy makers. It addresses questions that are significant for those involved in environmental or food issues, as well as specialists in GMOs.

The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms

Author: Luc Bodiguel
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199542481
Format: PDF, Docs
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The regulation of genetically modified organisms continues to generate controversy. On the one hand they are vital to ensuring food security, on the other hand, consumer resistance persists. This volume brings together scholars from across the globe to examine the regulation of GMOs from their own national and regional perspectives.

Environmental Integration in the EU s External Relations

Author: Gracia Marín Durán
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 184731919X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The book examines the integration of environmental protection requirements into EU external relations focusing on unilateral, bilateral and inter-regional instruments, which have been less explored than the multilateral dimension of EU environmental policy. The book also explores for the first time the complex interplay and mutual influences between EU environmental integration initiatives and environmental multilateralism. On the one hand it identifies the legal and other instruments used by the EU to support the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements in third countries (particularly developing ones). On the other hand, it singles out the legal and other tools employed by the EU as a means to build partnerships with third countries in order to influence ongoing multilateral negotiations concerning the environment and sustainable development, or to contribute to the development of new international environmental norms in the absence of such multilateral negotiations. Ultimately, the book traces the significant evolution of the various tools deployed by the EU to integrate environmental concerns in its external relations, with a view to identifying emerging challenges and future directions.

Decision Making in Environmental Law

Author: Robert L. Glicksman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783478392
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Environmental issues are at the heart of some of the most complex and consequential decisions that society must face in pursuit of a more sustainable future. They encompass the international, national, and local levels and engage all branches of governmen