EU Governance of GMOs

Author: Patrycja Dabrowska
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781841138039
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This book presents a constructive exploration of the dilemmas the EU faces in regulating the risks of the modern world. It examines the European framework applicable to commercial releases of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) which was adopted between 2001 and 2004 primarily in response to the crisis that surrounded the use of these products in the EU, and it assesses the regulatory character of this reform and its components. In order to complete this appraisal, the book also covers the current regulatory and political developments (until 2010) that have followed the adoption of the new regime as well as the changes resulting from the Treaty of Lisbon, which can affect the regime. The author situates the problems of the EU GMO regime in the broader context of 'post-state' regulation and discusses them in the light of some of the governance theories that were developed to respond in part to the dilemmas of risk regulation. Accordingly, the book contains a systemic analysis of the EU rules pertinent to GM products, the new authorisation procedures for GMO marketing and the new system for post-approval control of commercialised products, as well as an evaluation of the developed solutions. This examination reveals that the regime embodies different regulatory modes introduced by the EU which are combined in various forms in a way that frequently influences the adequacy of the adopted measures. The conclusion stemming from these findings suggests that the most appropriate solution for GMO policy in the EU is a reflexive combination of various regulatory approaches by policy-makers which will allow for the reinforcement of their functions and the accommodation of different, often contradictory, policy needs.

EU Environmental Law Governance and Decision Making

Author: Maria Lee
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782254080
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
A vast and diverse body of EU law addresses an enormous range of environmental matters. This book examines a number of areas of substantive EU environmental law, focusing on the striking preoccupation of EU environmental law with the structure of decision-making. It highlights the observation that environmental protection and environmental decision-making depend intimately on both detailed, specialised information about the physical state of the world, and on political judgments about values and priorities. It also explores the elaborate mechanisms that attempt to bring these distinctive decision-making resources into EU environmental law in areas including industrial pollution, chemicals regulation, environmental assessment and climate change.

The Emergence of EU Contract Law

Author: Lucinda Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199606625
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The emergence of an EU contract law is one of the most significant legal developments in Europe today. Exploring the origins and evolution of the discipline, from the Sales Directive to the Common Frame of Reference, the book advances a framework for the further harmonization of contract law that embraces diversity and pluralism.

EU Policy Making on GMOs

Author: Mihalis Kritikos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113731446X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This book examines the development and implementation of the EU’s legislative framework on the commercial release of GMO products as a case study of social regulation operating within a predominantly technical framework. The analysis and findings are based on an extensive documentary analysis and interviews with regulators, risk assessors, public interest groups and biotechnology experts at the national and European levels. It argues that in the case of the EU biotechnology framework, the particular institutional settings created for the formulation and interpretation of its provisions have been of decisive importance in elaborating a proceduralised ‘science-based’ prior authorization scheme as the preferred framework for granting commercial permits. This interdisciplinary work will appeal to EU lawyers, decision-makers and risk managers as well as academics working in the fields of EU studies, politics, law, risk governance sociology of science/risk and technology assessment. The book is based on a PhD thesis that was awarded with the 2008 UACES Prize for the Best Thesis in European Studies in Europe and with the EPEES 1st Prize for the Best Thesis written by a Greek Researcher between 2004 and 2008.

European Food Regulation After Enlargement

Author: Karolina ?urek
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 900419584X
Format: PDF
Download Now
Combining an empirical analysis of the evolution of EU food regulation with a theoretical study of selected mechanisms used in governing food, this book provides a critical outlook on the capacity of the regulatory system to accommodate increased post-enlargement diversity of socio-economic concerns.

Regulating Risks in the European Union

Author: Maria Weimer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509912665
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
A growing body of EU law and regulation is preoccupied with the protection of EU citizens from health and environmental risks. Which chemicals are safe and should be allowed on the market? How should the EU respond to public health emergencies, such as Ebola and other infectious diseases? Regulatory responses to these questions confront deep uncertainty, limited knowledge and societal contestation. In a time where the use of scientific expertise in EU policy-making is particularly contested, this book offers a timely contribution to both the academic and policy debate on the role of specialised expertise in EU public decision-making on risk and technology as well as on its intertwinement with executive power. It draws on insights from law, governance, political sciences, and science and technology studies, bringing together leading scholars in this field. Contributions are drawn together by a shared theoretical perspective, namely by their use of co-production as an analytical lens to study the intricate interplay between techno-scientific expertise and EU executive power. By so doing, this collection produces highly original insights into the development of the EU administrative state, as well as into the role of regulatory science in its construction. This book will be useful to scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers working on risk regulation and the role of expertise in public decision-making.

The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms

Author: Luc Bodiguel
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199542481
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The regulation of genetically modified organisms continues to generate controversy. On the one hand they are vital to ensuring food security, on the other hand, consumer resistance persists. This volume brings together scholars from across the globe to examine the regulation of GMOs from their own national and regional perspectives.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture

Author: Gerald C. Nelson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080488868
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products. Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials. This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields. * Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic * International contributions from the US, Europe and India * Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world

The European Court of Justice and the EU Constitutional Order

Author: Takis Tridimas
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781841135090
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This book assesses the influence of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the governance of the EU and concentrates on the following themes: the function of the ECJ as the Supreme Court of the Union; judicial independence; the protection of the individual in the EU legal order; the relationship between the ECJ and the other branches of government at national and Union level; and the relationship between the ECJ and the Court of First Instance, the European Court of Human Rights, and national courts. It assesses the impact of the EU Constitution on judicial protection and covers, among other topics, Union competence, direct effect, preliminary references, locus standi for individuals, a statistical analysis of judicial review, and judicial activism. It combines a close analysis of the case law with a wider contextual law approach.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128025301
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Genetically Modified Organisms in Food focuses on scientific evaluation of published research relating to GMO food products to assert their safety as well as potential health risks. This book is a solid reference for researchers and professionals needing information on the safety of GMO and non-GMO food production, the economic benefits of both GMO and non-GMO foods, and includes in-depth coverage of the surrounding issues of genetic engineering in foods. This is a timely publication written by a team of scientific experts in the field who present research results to help further more evidence based research to educate scientists, academics, government professionals about the safety of the global food supply. Provides the latest on research and development in the field of GMOs and non-GMO safety issues and possible risk factors incorporating evidence based reviews for a better understanding of these issues Covers various aspects of GMO production, analysis and identification to better understand GMO development and use Includes definitions, a brief overview and history of GM foods from a global perspective and concise summaries with recommendations for actions for each chapter