Eureka Man

Author: Alan Hirshfeld
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 9780802719799
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Many of us know little about Archimedes other than his "Eureka" exclamation upon discovering that he could immerse an object in a full tub of water and measure the spillage to determine the object's weight. That seemingly simple observation not only proved to King Hieron II of Syracuse that a certain amount of silver had been used in what was supposed to be his solid-gold crown, it established the key principles of buoyancy that govern the flotation of hot-air balloons, ships, and denizens of the sea. Archimedes had a profound impact on the development of mathematics and science: from square roots to irrigation devices; planetariums to the stability of ships; polyhedra to pulleys; number systems to levers; the value of pi to the size of the universe. Yet this same cerebral man developed machines of war so fearsome, they might have sprung from a devil's darkest imagination - indeed, weapons that held at bay the greatest army of antiquity. Ironically, Archimedes' reputation swelled to mythic proportions in the ancient world for his feats of engineering: the hand-cranked irrigation device, commonly known as "Archimedes' screw," and his ingenuous use of levers, pulleys, and ropes to pull, single-handedly, a fully laden ship! His treatises, rediscovered after a thousand years of collective amnesia in Europe, guided nascent thinkers out of the Dark Ages and into the Renaissance. Indeed, Archimedes' cumulative record of achievement-both in breadth and sophistication-places him among the exalted ranks of Aristotle, Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein. Eureka Man brings to life for general readers the genius of Archimedes, offering succinct and understandable explanations of some of his more important discoveries and innovations.

The Genius of Archimedes 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics Science and Engineering

Author: S. A. Paipetis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048190911
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Archimedes is held in high esteem by mathematicians, physicists and engineers as one of the most brilliant scientists of all time. These proceedings contain original, unpublished papers with the primary emphasis on the scientific work of Archimedes and his influence on the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. There are also papers dealing with archaeological aspects and the myths and legends about Archimedes and about the Archimedes Palimpsest. Papers on the following subjects form part of the book: Hydrostatics (buoyancy, fluid pressure and density, stability of floating bodies); Mechanics (levers, pulleys, centers of gravity, laws of equilibrium); Pycnometry (measurement of volume and density); Integral Calculus (Archimedes as the father of the integral calculus, method of exhaustion, approximation of pi, determination of areas and volumes); Mathematical Physics (Archimedes as the father of mathematical physics, Law of the Lever, Law of Buoyancy, Axiomatization of Physics); History of Mathematics and Mechanics (Archimedes’ influence in antiquity, the middle ages, the Renaissance, and modern times; his influence on Leonado da Vinci, Galileo, Newton, and other giants of science and mathematics); Ancient Machines and Mechanisms (catapults, water screws, iron hands, compound pulleys, planetaria, water clocks, celestial globes, the Antikythera Mechanism); Archimedean Solids (their rediscovery in the Rennaisance and their applications in materials science and chemistry); Archimedean Legends (how stories of golden crowns, eureka moments, naked runs, burning mirrors, steam cannons, etc., have influenced us through the ages, whether true or not); The Cattle Problem (how its 18th century rediscovery inspired the study of equations with integer solutions); Teaching the Ideas of Archimedes (how his life and works have influenced the teaching of science, mathematics, and engineering).

Eureka Man A Novel

Author: Patrick Middleton
Publisher: Singapore Books
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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In the bleak environment of Pittsburgh's notorious Riverview Penitentiary, handsome and headstrong Oliver Priddy is determined to find hope at whatever cost. This is a transformative tale of a troubled young man's struggle to survive within the U.S. prison system as a lifer without possibility of parole.

Eureka

Author: John Grant
Publisher: Zest Books
ISBN: 1942186223
Format: PDF, Docs
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Galileo, Einstein, Curie, Darwin, Hawking--we know the names, but how much do we really know about these people? Galileo gained notoriety over his battle with the Vatican, but did you know that this "father of modern science" was also an accomplished lute player? And Darwin of course discovered the principle by which new species are formed, but his bold curiosity extended to the dinner table as well. (And how many people can say they've eaten an owl!) In Eureka! John Grant - author of Debunk It!, Discarded Science, Spooky Science and many others - offers fifty vivid portraits of groundbreaking scientists. From lutes and owls to astronomy and evolution, Eureka! explains how these scientific geniuses have shaped our understanding - and how they spent their free time as well.

Archimedes

Author: Viola Jones
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1499461259
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Known as the Father of Mathematics, Archimedes was the most important mathematician and inventor in ancient Greece. Many of the inventions he created as solutions to problems presented to him by King Hiero II are still in use today. Accomplished in both theoretical and practical mathematics, Archimedes is best known for mechanical inventions like Archimedes' screw, the Claw of Archimedes, and the heat ray as a weapon, as well as his discoveries using water displacement and buoyancy. But his contributions to pure mathematics, such as his approximation of pi, laid the groundwork for modern calculus.

Landscape of the Mind

Author: John F. Hoffecker
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023151848X
Format: PDF
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In Landscape of the Mind, John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the human mind, drawing on archaeology, history, and the fossil record. He suggests that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools that evolved into the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thoughts as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups became integrated into a "neocortical Internet," or super-brain, giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence of the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher order consciousness, is a product of the superbrain. He equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and created alternative realities through tools, language, and art. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. Subsequent human history reflects to varying degrees the suppression of the mind's creative powers by the rigid hierarchies of nationstates and empires, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged after 1200 from the fragments of the Roman Empire, whose collapse had eliminated a central authority that could thwart innovation. Hoffecker concludes with speculation about the possibility of artificial intelligence and the consequences of a mind liberated from its organic antecedents to exist in an independent, nonbiological form.

Lieber Mr Salinger

Author: Joanna Rakoff
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641091586
Format: PDF, Docs
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„Eine Liebeserklärung an die Zeit kurz vor der digitalen Revolution und an die immerwährende Kraft der Literatur.“ The Chicago Tribune Von ihnen gibt es Hunderte: blitzgescheite junge Frauen, frisch von der Uni und mit dem festen Vorsatz, in der Welt der Bücher Fuß zu fassen. Joanna Rakoff war eine von ihnen. 1996 kommt sie nach New York, um die literarische Szene zu erobern. Doch zunächst landet sie in einer Agentur für Autoren und wird mit einem Büroalltag konfrontiert, der sie in eine längst vergangen geglaubte Zeit katapultiert. Joanna lernt erst das Staunen kennen, dann einen kauzigen Kultautor – und schließlich sich selber.