European Competition Law Annual 2012

Author: Philip Lowe
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1849468311
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume contains papers presented at the 17th Annual EU Competition Law and Policy Workshop, organized by Philip Lowe and Mel Marquis and held at the European University Institute on 13-14 July 2012. From a variety of angles the book explores the themes of competition, regulation and certain public policies; their interactions; and, in some cases, their mutual tensions. The authors of the various chapters consider legal and economic issues relating to network industries, industrial, environmental and trade policies, and intellectual property and innovation policies, among others. Comparative views and the views of judges from different jurisdictions are provided, and techniques for mediating among different policy objectives and frameworks are discussed. Authors contributing to this book include: Rafael Allendesalazar, Robert D Anderson, Marco Boccaccio, Ginevra Bruzzone, Cristina Caffarra, Alexandre de Streel, Ian Forrester, Douglas Ginsburg, Geert Goeteyn, Calvin Goldman, Daniel Haar, KÃ1⁄4llike JÃ1⁄4rimäe, Suzanne Kingston, Lars Kjà ̧lbye, Paul Lugard, Mel Marquis, Veljko Milutinovic, Giorgio Monti, Anna Caroline MÃ1⁄4ller, Rosa Perna, Anthony Pygram, Philip Lowe, Pierre Régibeau and Jon Stern.

European Competition Law Annual 2013

Author: Philip Lowe
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509900489
Format: PDF
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This volume contains papers presented at the 18th Annual EU Competition Law and Policy Workshop. The papers examine means of balancing effective (public) competition law enforcement and the requirements of legitimate and accountable exercise of public authority. The authors address the design and performance of various enforcement tools at European and national levels, including sanctions and remedies but also distinctive instruments under Regulation 1/2003 (eg commitment procedures) and under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Article 106(3) when used as a basis for infringement procedures). From the perspective of legitimacy, reflections focus on the implications of fundamental rights standards and general principles of law for the EU's complex and quasi-federal enforcement architecture. Issues that may sometimes escape judicial scrutiny are also discussed, such as how agencies prioritise their activities, and how investigation responsibilities are distributed within the European Competition Network. Effectiveness and legitimacy are then considered in the context of public enforcement cooperation beyond the EU, where international organisations, regional cooperation and a range of formal and informal modes of governance prevail.

Abuse of Dominance in EU Competition Law

Author: Pier Luigi Parcu
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1785367625
Format: PDF, Docs
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Granting rebates to a customer or refusing to supply a competitor are examples of ordinary commercial practices, which become ‘abusive’ under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) when carried out by ‘dominant’ firms. This topical book provides an up-to-date account of the emerging trends in the enforcement and interpretation of this provision at both the EU and national level.

The Concept of Abuse in EU Competition Law

Author: Pinar Akman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318908
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The objective(s) of Article 102 TFEU, what exactly makes a practice abusive and the standard of harm under Article 102 TFEU have not yet been settled. This lack of clarity creates uncertainty for businesses and, coupled with the current state of economics in this area, raises an important question of legitimacy. Using law and economic approaches, this book inquires into the possible objectives of Article 102 TFEU and proposes a modern approach to interpreting 'abuse'. In doing so, this book establishes an overarching concept of 'abuse' that conforms to the historical roots of the provision, to the text of the provision itself, and to modern economic thinking on unilateral conduct. This book therefore inquires into what Article 102 TFEU is about, what it can be about and what it should be about regarding both objectives and scope. The book demonstrates that the separation of exploitative abuse from exclusionary abuse is artificial and unsound. It examines the roots of Article 102 TFEU and the historical context of the adoption of the Treaty, the case law, policy and literature on exploitative abuses and, where relevant, on exclusionary abuses. The book investigates potential objectives, such as fairness and welfare, as well as the potential conflict between such objectives. Finally, it critically assesses the European Commission's modernisation of Article 102 TFEU, before proposing a reformed approach to 'abuse' which is centred on three necessary and sufficient conditions: exploitation, exclusion and a lack of an increase in efficiency.

EU Competition Law and the Information and Communication Technology Network Industries

Author: Andrej Fatur
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847319130
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Competition policies have long been based on a scholarly tradition focused on static models and static analysis of industrial organisation. However, recent developments in industrial organisation literature have led to significant advances, moving beyond traditional static models and a preoccupation with price competition, to consider the organisation of industries in a dynamic context. This is especially important in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) network industries where competition centres on network effects, innovation and intellectual property rights, and where the key driver of consumer benefit is technological progress. Consequently, when an antitrust intervention is contemplated, a number of considerations that arise out of the specific nature of the ICT sector have to be taken into account to ensure improved consumer welfare. This book considers the adequacy of existing EU competition policy in the area of the ICT industries in the light of the findings of modern economic theory. Particular attention is given to the implications of these dynamic markets for the competitive assessment and treatment of the most common competitive harms in this area, such as non-price predatory practices, tying and bundling, co-operative standard setting, platform joint ventures and co-operative R&D.

The Role of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Competition Law Cases

Author: Massimo Merola
Publisher: Emile Bruylant
ISBN: 9782802735663
Format: PDF, ePub
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Twenty years have gone by since the establishment of the General Court of the European Union (EU). Against the wealth of judgments that have been handed down in this time, this book provides a thorough analysis of the system ofjudicial review in competition law cases. The book compiles a series of studies and commentaries prepared by high-profile academics, judges, public officiais, and practitioners for the Sixth Annual Conference of the Global Competition Law Centre (GCLC), a research tenter of the College of Europe. A broad range of issues relating to the European Courts' case-law on the application of Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("TFEU"), the EU Merger Regulation ("EUMR") and the State aid rules are examined. Topics covered include, in particular, the effectiveness of the EU judicial review system, procedural issues, standing, the Court's unlimited jurisdiction vis-à-vis the imposition of fines, the protection of fundamental rights, challenges raised by expert economic evidence, and the pros and cons of specialist competition tribunats. The objective of the current volume of the GCLC Annual Conference Series isto provide further impetus to the lively debates currently taking place amongst academics, policy makers and practitioners on the role of the judicature in competition law cases. Besides the valuable information that it contains on past and current judicial practice of the EU Courts, this book also provides thoughts on the future of the EU competition judicature.Thus, it will be of primary interest to EU competition lawyers, to EU judges, and European Commission officiais alike.

European Competition Law Annual 2010

Author: Philip Lowe
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250816
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Every year, top-level market regulators, academics and legal and economic practitioners contribute to the Annual Competition Workshop organised at the European University Institute in Florence. The Co-Directors of the Workshop are Philip Lowe, Mel Marquis and Giorgio Monti. Workshop participants address and critically analyse a particular set of topical issues in the field of competition law and policy. The proceedings are published in Hart's European Competition Law Annual series. This is the fifteenth in the ECLA series. It encompasses numerous chapters that examine the field of merger control from a variety of perspectives. In these chapters the contributors discuss legal and economic issues of substantive analysis, procedure, comity and best practices, as well as matters relating to the litigation of merger cases, particularly before the European Courts. The discussion also benefits from the perspectives of policy makers and experts from Canada, China, Japan, Korea, the United States and other jurisdictions and regions. Authors contributing to this book include: John Boyce Calvin Goldman Andreas Mundt Rachel Brandenburger Klaus Gugler Lars-Hendrik Röller Jochen Burrichter Barry Hawk Tadashi Shiraishi Maher Dabbah Scott Hemphill Irwin Stelzer Thomas Deisenhofer Seonghoon Jeon James Venit Götz Drauz William Kovacic Sven Völcker Kirsten Edwards Mel Marquis Vanessa Yanhua Zhang Adam Fanaki Abel Mateus Xinzhu Zhang

The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics

Author: Roger D. Blair
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019938861X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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More than any other area of regulation, antitrust economics shapes law and policy in the United States, the Americas, Europe, and Asia. In a number of different areas of antitrust, advances in theory and empirical work have caused a fundamental reevaluation and shift of some of the assumptions behind antitrust policy. This reevaluation has profound implications for the future of the field. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics has collected chapters from many of the leading figures in antitrust. In doing so, this two volume Handbook provides an important reference guide for scholars, teachers, and practitioners. However, it is more than a merely reference guide. Rather, it has a number of different goals. First, it takes stock of the current state of scholarship across a number of different antitrust topics. In doing so, it relies primarily upon the economics scholarship. In some situations, though, there is also coverage of legal scholarship, case law developments, and legal policies. The second goal of the Handbook is to provide some ideas about future directions of antitrust scholarship and policy. Antitrust economics has evolved over the last 60 years. It has both shaped policy and been shaped by policy. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics will serve as a policy and research guide of next steps to consider when shaping the future of the field of antitrust.

Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules

Author: Albert Sánchez Graells
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509900284
Format: PDF, ePub
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Public procurement and competition law are both important fields of EU law and policy, intimately intertwined in the creation of the internal market. Hitherto their close connection has been noted, but not closely examined. This work is the most comprehensive attempt to date to explain the many ways in which these fields, often considered independent of one another, interact and overlap in the creation of the internal market. This process of convergence between competition and public procurement law is particularly apparent in the 2014 Directives on public procurement, which consolidate the principle of competition in terms very close to those advanced by the author in the first edition. This second edition builds upon this approach and continues to ask how competition law principles inform and condition public procurement rules, and whether the latter (in their revised form) are adequate to ensure that competition is not distorted. The second edition also deepens the analysis of the market behaviour of the public buyer from a competition perspective. Proceeding through a careful assessment of the general rules of competition and public procurement, the book constantly tests the efficacy of these rules against a standard of the proper functioning of undistorted competition in the market for public procurement. It also traces the increasing relevance of competition considerations in the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and sets out criteria and recommendations to continue influencing the development of EU Economic Law.

European Competition Law Annual 2007

Author: Claus-Dieter Ehlermann
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847314678
Format: PDF
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This is the twelfth in a series on EU Competition Law and Policy produced by the Robert Schuman Centre of the European University Institute in Florence. The volume reproduces the written contributions and transcripts in connection with a roundtable debate which examined the EU's enforcement policy as regards the abuse of a dominant position under Article 82 EC. The workshop participants included: senior enforcement officials and policy makers from the European Commission, from the national competition authorities of certain EU Member States and from the US Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission; and renowned international academics, legal practitioners and professional economists. In an intense, intimate environment, this group of experts debated a number of legal and economic issues structured according to three broad lines of discussion: 1) comparisons of the concept of monopolization under Section 2 of the Sherman Act with that of abuse of dominance under Article 82 EC; 2) a reformed approach to exclusionary unilateral conduct; and 3) exploitative unilateral conduct and related remedies.