European Competition Law Annual 2013

Author: Philip Lowe
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509900489
Format: PDF
Download Now
This volume contains papers presented at the 18th Annual EU Competition Law and Policy Workshop. The papers examine means of balancing effective (public) competition law enforcement and the requirements of legitimate and accountable exercise of public authority. The authors address the design and performance of various enforcement tools at European and national levels, including sanctions and remedies but also distinctive instruments under Regulation 1/2003 (eg commitment procedures) and under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Article 106(3) when used as a basis for infringement procedures). From the perspective of legitimacy, reflections focus on the implications of fundamental rights standards and general principles of law for the EU's complex and quasi-federal enforcement architecture. Issues that may sometimes escape judicial scrutiny are also discussed, such as how agencies prioritise their activities, and how investigation responsibilities are distributed within the European Competition Network. Effectiveness and legitimacy are then considered in the context of public enforcement cooperation beyond the EU, where international organisations, regional cooperation and a range of formal and informal modes of governance prevail.

Law and Corporate Behaviour

Author: Christopher Hodges
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782255834
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book examines the theories and practice of how to control corporate behaviour through legal techniques. The principal theories examined are deterrence, economic rational acting, responsive regulation, and the findings of behavioural psychology. Leading examples of the various approaches are given in order to illustrate the models: private enforcement of law through litigation in the USA, public enforcement of competition law by the European Commission, and the recent reform of policies on public enforcement of regulatory law in the United Kingdom. Noting that behavioural psychology has as yet had only limited application in legal and regulatory theory, the book then analyses various European regulatory structures where behavioural techniques can be seen or could be applied. Sectors examined include financial services, civil aviation, pharmaceuticals, and workplace health & safety. Key findings are that 'enforcement' has to focus on identifying the causes of non-compliance, so as to be able to support improved performance, rather than be based on fear motivating complete compliance. Systems in which reporting is essential for safety only function with a no-blame culture. The book concludes by proposing an holistic model for maximising compliance within large organisations, combining public regulatory and criminal controls with internal corporate systems and external influences by stakeholders, held together by a unified core of ethical principles. Hence, the book proposes a new theory of ethical regulation.

Evidence Standards in EU Competition Enforcement

Author: Andriani Kalintiri
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509919678
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
How is evidence assessed in EU competition enforcement? This is the question that this important new book answers by offering the first systematic and comprehensive study on the topic. The aim of the book is twofold. Firstly, it sets down the foundations for a system of evidence in EU competition law enforcement by producing a typology of rules and principles to govern its evaluation. Secondly, it analyses the role of the applicable evidence standards. In so doing it illustrates how both the rules of evidence and enforcement have been underestimated. Rigorous, analytical and engaging, this is a much needed examination of this key question in competition law proceedings.

Neue Wohnungsgemeinn tzigkeit

Author: Jan Kuhnert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658175702
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
In diesem Buch werden umsetzungsorientierte Konzepte zur Einführung einer neuen Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit in Deutschland auf der Grundlage der Erfahrungen in ihrer langen Geschichte (1851 bis 1989) entwickelt. Hierfür werden historische, rechtliche und politische Gesichtspunkte sowie die europarechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen aufbereitet. Anhand der Beispiele von Österreich und den Niederlanden werden auch zwei aktuelle Wege einer sozialen Wohnraumversorgung analysiert und nutzbar gemacht. Für eine neue Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit werden schnell umsetzbare Maßnahmen sowie ein detailliertes Konzept für den Aufbau eines größeren gemeinwohlorientierten Wohnungsangebotes vorgeschlagen.