Evaluation and Prevention of Natural Risks

Author: Stefano Campus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482288494
Format: PDF
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The assessment and prevention of risks inherent to natural phenomena is of topical interest to the scientific community and other authorities dealing with territorial management. Historical analysis carried out in the Piemonte-territory in north-western Italy, focusing on the consequences of hydrogeological risks, reveals that damage is continually increasing. This can partly be explained by the consistent expansion of urbanized areas at the expense of areas that are essential to the natural modelling processes of the region; the damage resulting from hydrogeological instability often being associated with incompatible territorial decisions. This text gives a detailed account of a series of experiences related to activities that ARPA Piemonte has carried out focusing on the cognitive and forecasting aspects related to risk assessment and alerting procedures.

Hazards of Nature Risks to Development

Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821366513
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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An evaluation carried out by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG), an autonomous body reporting directly to the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank Group to assess the effectiveness of the Bank's development efforts, and one of the most comprehensive reviews of disaster preparedness and response ever conducted. Calls for new thinking that integrates predictable disaster risks into development programs. Concludes that it is possible to anticipate where many natural disasters will strike, yet expresses concerns that the World Bank's disaster assistance efforts are underutilizing these vital lifesaving forecasts.

Vulnerability s Evaluation Front of Flood Risk in Urban Space Precaution as a Principle of Sustainable Development Case of Ghardaia Town

Format: PDF, Docs
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Abstract: Natural risks are historically present in the Mediterranean: earthquakes, eruptions, floods ... That is why governments and people expect prevention devices and alert which require for their development, basic research are applied. The context of life in Algeria, especially in urban areas is marked by insufficient control of housing and pollution problems. The risk of natural disasters remains generally high and the dense concentration of people and activities in coastal areas helps to strengthen risk factors The article, founded on the town of Ghardaïa, tries a more complete approach, which includes the near total of the challenges present on this area, it proposes a method of Evaluation and prevention against the risk of flooding since that the precaution is one of the principles of sustainable development; the vulnerability of urban areas is the main target of the study.

Risk Analysis for Prevention of Hazardous Situations in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering

Author: Matanovic, Davorin
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466647787
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The accelerated growth of the world population creates an increase of energy needs. This requires new paths for oil supply to its users, which can be potential hazardous sources for individuals and the environment. Risk Analysis for Prevention of Hazardous Situations in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering explains the potential hazards of petroleum engineering activities, emphasizing risk assessments in drilling, completion, and production, and the gathering, transportation, and storage of hydrocarbons. Designed to aid in decision-making processes for environmental protection, this book is a useful guide for engineers, technicians, and other professionals in the petroleum industry interested in risk analysis for preventing hazardous situations.

Natural Hazards UnNatural Disasters

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821381415
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines how to ensure that the preventive measures are worthwhile and effective, and how people can make decisions individually and collectively at different levels of government.

Handbook of Economic Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Author: David R. Holtgrave
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306457494
Format: PDF, Docs
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If resources for HIV prevention efforts were truly unlimited, then this book would be en tirely unnecessary. In a world with limitless support for HIV prevention activities, one would simply implement all effective (or potentially effective) programs without regard to expense. We would do everything useful to prevent the further spread of the virus that has already claimed hundreds of thousands of lives in the United States and millions of lives worldwide. Unfortunately, funding for HIV prevention programs is limited. Even though the amount of available funding may seem quite large (especially in the United States), it is still fixed and not sufficient to meet all needs for such programs. This was very well illustrated in the summer of 1997 when over 500 community-based organizations applied for a combined total of $18 million of HIV prevention funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Less than one-fifth ofthese organizations received support via this funding mechanism. Hence, although $18 million may seem like a large amount of money at first blush, it is not enough to meet all of the prevention needs that could be addressed by these community-based organizations.

Hazard Wise

Author: Chris Dolan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788127314
Format: PDF, ePub
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Provides the teachers with a ready-to-use classroom resource which covers many aspects of major national hazards and disasters. Through a series of exercises, students are stimulated to investigate the causes and effects of hazards and the way in which people can respond effectively to them. Well-know Australian case studies are used to illustrate the impact of natural disasters. Each section also contains activities designed to arouse greater interest in the topic such as crossword puzzles, research activities, and role-play exercises.

Natural Disaster Risk Management

Author: Ulrich Ranke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319206753
Format: PDF
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This textbook provides a thorough introduction to natural disaster risk management. Many aspects of disaster risk management, such as those involved in earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, avalanches and mudslides call for similar prevention and preparedness instruments, management concepts, and countermeasures. This textbook assumes the viewpoint of a regional disaster risk manager who is responsible for a certain area, and for making the lives of the people who live there safer, regardless of the type of natural disaster that may occur. The same holds true for boosting preparedness and awareness in the population at risk. The book includes numerous examples of hazard mitigation concepts and techniques, as well as ways of intensively involving the local population in prevention schemes at an early stage. Furthermore, it provides an in-depth examination of the function of risk communication, both as an instrument for disseminating official information and as a function of public media. In closing, a chapter on risk splitting offers insights into insurance-based models for risk financing. This comprehensive book is a must-read for all students, researchers and practitioners dealing with natural disaster risk management.

Ensuring Safe Food

Author: Institute of Medicine and National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309173971
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How safe is our food supply? Each year the media report what appears to be growing concern related to illness caused by the food consumed by Americans. These food borne illnesses are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues, and food additives. Recent actions taken at the federal, state, and local levels in response to the increase in reported incidences of food borne illnesses point to the need to evaluate the food safety system in the United States. This book assesses the effectiveness of the current food safety system and provides recommendations on changes needed to ensure an effective science-based food safety system. Ensuring Safe Food discusses such important issues as: What are the primary hazards associated with the food supply? What gaps exist in the current system for ensuring a safe food supply? What effects do trends in food consumption have on food safety? What is the impact of food preparation and handling practices in the home, in food services, or in production operations on the risk of food borne illnesses? What organizational changes in responsibility or oversight could be made to increase the effectiveness of the food safety system in the United States? Current concerns associated with microbiological, chemical, and physical hazards in the food supply are discussed. The book also considers how changes in technology and food processing might introduce new risks. Recommendations are made on steps for developing a coordinated, unified system for food safety. The book also highlights areas that need additional study. Ensuring Safe Food will be important for policymakers, food trade professionals, food producers, food processors, food researchers, public health professionals, and consumers.