Evidence

Author: Dennis D. Prater
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781632828613
Format: PDF, Docs
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This stimulating casebook presents the study of evidence in the context of a trial. It provides transcript-style problems in which lawyers present evidence and argue evidentiary points, and a trial judge is called on to rule. Special effort has been made to update and amplify those problems. Substantive changes for the Fifth Edition include interesting innovations by courts on questions of character evidence and expert testimony; amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence; issues involving the admissibility of electronic evidence; and Supreme Court developments on the right to confrontation.

Evidence

Author: Dennis D. Prater
Publisher: Lexis Nexis Matthew Bender
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Evidence

Author: Dennis D. Prater
Publisher: Lexis Nexis Matthew Bender
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Science Rules

Author: Peter Achinstein
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801879449
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Is there a universal set of rules for discovering and testing scientific hypotheses? Since the birth of modern science, philosophers, scientists, and other thinkers have wrestled with this fundamental question of scientific practice. Efforts to devise rigorous methods for obtaining scientific knowledge include the twenty-one rules Descartes proposed in his Rules for the Direction of the Mind and the four rules of reasoning that begin the third book of Newton's Principia, and continue today in debates over the very possibility of such rules. Bringing together key primary sources spanning almost four centuries, Science Rules introduces readers to scientific methods that have played a prominent role in the history of scientific practice. Editor Peter Achinstein includes works by scientists and philosophers of science to offer a new perspective on the nature of scientific reasoning. For each of the methods discussed, he presents the original formulation of the method; selections written by a proponent of the method together with an application to a particular scientific example; and a critical analysis of the method that draws on historical and contemporary sources. The methods included in this volume are Cartesian rationalism with an application to Descartes' laws of motion; Newton's inductivism and the law of gravity; two versions of hypothetico-deductivism—those of William Whewell and Karl Popper—and the nineteenth-century wave theory of light; Paul Feyerabend's principle of proliferation and Thomas Kuhn's views on scientific values, both of which deny that there are universal rules of method, with an application to Galileo's tower argument. Included also is a famous nineteenth-century debate about scientific reasoning between the hypothetico-deductivist William Whewell and the inductivist John Stuart Mill; and an account of the realism-antirealism dispute about unobservables in science, with a consideration of Perrin's argument for the existence of molecules in the early twentieth century.

Economic Analysis of Law

Author: Richard A. Posner
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454845538
Format: PDF
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Lucid, comprehensive, and definitive in its field, this text covers every aspect of economic analysis of the law. Features: Two new chapters, one on intellectual property, one on international and comparative law, both exploding fields of great importance. Earlier editions' questions have been converted to answers, making the book more accessible and informative. Revised to be clearer and less technical. More eclectic, reflecting recent criticisms of "rational choice" theory, in particular the need to supplement it with insights from psychology. Greater attention paid to judicial behavior, realistically modeled and explained in economic terms. Incorporates insights from the veritable explosion of books and articles published in the last few years on economic analysis of law.

Poverty Law

Author: Juliet Brodie
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454838426
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Poverty Law: Policy and Practice is organized around an overview of federal policies, significant poverty law cases, and major government antipoverty programs--welfare, housing, health, etc.--which map onto important theoretical, doctrinal, policy, and practice questions. Features: ; As the first poverty law textbook to be published in 15 years, the edition includes new material, both changes in the law and updated scholarship that will make the book a great resource for teaching poverty law.

Meditations on First Philosophy

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191604941
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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'It is some years now since I realized how many false opinions I had accepted as true from childhood onwards...I saw that at some stage in my life the whole structure would have to be utterly demolished' In Descartes's Meditations, one of the key texts of Western philosophy, the thinker rejects all his former beliefs in the quest for new certainties. Discovering his own existence as a thinking entity in the very exercise of doubt, he goes on to prove the existence of God, who guarantees his clear and distinct ideas as a means of access to the truth. He develops new conceptions of body and mind, capable of serving as foundations for the new science of nature. Subsequent philosophy has grappled with Descartes's legacy, questioning many of its conclusions and even his basic approach, but his arguments set the agenda for many of the greatest philosophical thinkers, and their fascination endures. This new translation includes the Third and Fourth Objections and Replies in full, and a selection from the rest of these exchanges with Descartes's contemporaries that helped to expound his philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Evidence and Method

Author: Peter Achinstein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199921857
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this book, Peter Achinstein proposes and defends several objective concepts of evidence. He then explores the question of whether a scientific method, such as that represented in the four "Rules for the Study of Natural Philosophy" that Isaac Newton invoked in proving his law of gravity, can be employed in demonstrating how the proposed definitions of evidence are to be applied to real scientific cases.

New York Evidence Handbook

Author: Michael M. Martin
Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online
ISBN: 9780735529816
Format: PDF, Kindle
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If you litigate or preside in any court in the state of New York, you know just how confounding the state's evidence law can be. New York Evidence Handbook is the new, comprehensive guide to all of the rules and principles of evidence applicable in New York courts. This new 1,000 page handbook presents a practical, contemporary approach to evidence -- written with the real-world challenges of the New York trial lawyer and judge in mind. It gathers into one, easy-to-use handbook all of the rules, the leading decisions, and the significant statutes you need to consider when assessing the admissibility of evidence. The book walks you through all the rules and their operation (as they relate to judicial notice, presumptions, relevance, the 'best evidence' rule, etc.) discussing all of the leading authorities, and citing numerous trial examples. Throughout New York Evidence Handbook, special attention is paid to helping you quickly solve commonly encountered, but difficult, evidence questions. Without requiring you to pore through older cases of little precedential value, you'll find the latest rules, cases and analysis on: Expert evidence - Including DNA profiling, expert opinions based on facts not in evidence Hearsay - Confrontation Clause problems, prior statements of witnesses, admissions by employees, hearsay included in business records Privileges - Attorney client-privilege in the corporate setting, inadvertent or selective waivers, privileges for health care professionals Witnesses - Impeachment by prior convictions and bad acts, evidence from hypnotized witnesses, prior inconsistent and consistent statements Relevancy - Chain of custody for physical evidence, gory photographs, character and uncharged crimes, stipulations.