Evolution and Emergence

Author: Nancey Murphy
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199204713
Format: PDF
Download Now
A collection of essays by experts in the field, exploring how nature works to produce systems of increasing complexity from simple components, and how our understanding of this phenomenon of emergence can lead us to a deeper appreciation of both our humanity and our relationship with God.

Cognitive Motivation

Author: David Beswick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107177669
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Motivation and cognition were treated as separate concepts throughout most of twentieth-century psychology. However, in recent years researchers have begun viewing the two as inextricably intertwined: not only does what we want affect how we think, but how we think affects what we want. In this innovative study, Beswick present a new general theory of cognitive motivation, synthesizing decades of existing research in social, cognitive and personality psychology. New basic concepts are applied to a wide range of purposive behaviour. Part I of the volume reviews different forms of cognitive motivation, such as curiosity, cognitive dissonance, achievement motivation, and the search for purpose and meaning, while Part II examines the basic processes that underlie it, such as working memory, attention and emotion. The central concept is the incomplete gestalt, in which motivation is generated by a universal striving to integrate information and make sense at all levels of cognitive organization.

Encountering Life in the Universe

Author: Chris Impey
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816528705
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Encountering Life in the Universe examines the intersection of scientific research and society to determine the philosophy and ethics of relating to the Earth and beyond.

The Cognitive Science of Religion

Author: Asst Prof James A. Van Slyke
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409481654
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The cognitive science of religion is a relatively new academic field in the study of the origins and causes of religious belief and behaviour. The focal point of empirical research is the role of basic human cognitive functions in the formation and transmission of religious beliefs. However, many theologians and religious scholars are concerned that this perspective will reduce and replace explanations based in religious traditions, beliefs, and values. This book attempts to bridge the reductionist divide between science and religion through examination and critique of different aspects of the cognitive science of religion and offers a conciliatory approach that investigates the multiple causal factors involved in the emergence of religion.

Emergent Freedom

Author: James W. Haag
Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Emergentism, as a metaphysical option between Reductive Physicalism and Substance Dualism, provides a space for free will to be both experientially balanced and evidentially accurate. By expanding notions of causation and adopting a process ontology, Emergentism revaluates age-old commitments to human free will. With Emergentism, James W. Haag believes Philip Hefner's model of human being (the created co-creator) to be a valuable place to look for dialogue. Hefner's claim that the created co-creator is simultaneously constrained and free fits securely with Dynamic Theological Naturalism and its acceptance of Emergentism.

Envisioning Nature Science and Religion

Author: James D. Proctor
Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Contemporary scholarship has given rise to several different modes of understanding biophysical and human nature, each of which is entangled with related notions of science and religion. Envisioning Nature, Science, and Religionrepresents the culmination of three years of collaboration by an international group of fourteen natural scientists, social scientists, humanists, and theologians. The result is an intellectually stimulating volume that explores how the ideas of nature pertain to science and religion. Editor James D. Proctor has gathered sixteen in-depth essays, each of which examines and compares different aspects of five central metaphors or "visions" of biophysical and human nature. These visions are evolutionary nature, emergent nature, malleable nature, nature as sacred, and nature as culture. The book's diverse contributors offer a wide variety of unique perspectives on these five visions, spanning the intellectual spectrum and proposing important and often startling implications for religion and science alike. Throughout the essays, the authors do a great deal of cross-referencing and engaging each other's ideas, creating a cohesive dialogue on the visions of nature. Envisioning Nature, Science, and Religionoffers a blend of scholarly rigor and readable prose that will be appreciated by anyone engaged in the fields of religion, philosophy, and the natural sciences.

Engaging Emergence

Author: Peggy Holman
Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
ISBN: 1605095214
Format: PDF
Download Now
What's Possible Now? Change is everywhere these days—at times it seems like barely controlled chaos. Yet within this turmoil are the seeds of a higher order. When a new system arises from the ashes of the old, science calls the process “emergence.” By engaging it, you can help yourself and your organization or community to successfully face disruption and emerge stronger than ever. In this profound, award winning (2011 Nautilus Gold medal winner) book, Peggy Holman offers principles, practices, and real-world stories to help you work with compassion, creativity, and wisdom through the entire arc of change—from disruption to coherence. You'll learn what to notice, what to explore, what to try, and what mindset opens new possibilities. This work can be challenging but also tremendously rewarding. It enables new and unlikely partnerships and develops breakthrough projects. You become part of a process that transforms the culture itself. “Very useful in giving structure and form to ways of dealing with the unpredictable and volatile way the world comes at us. A powerful antidote to the change management illusion that the future can be driven, engineered, managed, and drilled.” —Peter Block, author of Community “A dance manual for how to move gracefully with the disruption, uncertainty, and mystery that are part of life's rhythms, how to welcome interruption and discontinuity as opportunities for creativity, community, and greater capacity.” —Margaret J. Wheatley, author of Leadership and the New Science “Provides practical advice for orchestrating conflict and moving through discomfort to reach a new coherence." —Ronald Heifetz and Marty Linsky, cofounders of Cambridge Leadership Associates and coauthors of Leadership on the Line and The Practice of Adaptive Leadership

The Evolution of Cooperation

Author: Robert Axelrod
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0786734884
Format: PDF
Download Now
The Evolution of Cooperation provides valuable insights into the age-old question of whether unforced cooperation is ever possible. Widely praised and much-discussed, this classic book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoists-whether superpowers, businesses, or individuals-when there is no central authority to police their actions. The problem of cooperation is central to many different fields. Robert Axelrod recounts the famous computer tournaments in which the "cooperative" program Tit for Tat recorded its stunning victories, explains its application to a broad spectrum of subjects, and suggests how readers can both apply cooperative principles to their own lives and teach cooperative principles to others.

From Groups to Individuals

Author: Frédéric Bouchard
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262313456
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature's paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together -- as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis -- new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider the biological and philosophical implications of the emergence of these new collective individuals from associations of living beings. The topics they consider range from metaphysical issues to biological research on natural selection, sociobiology, and symbiosis. The contributors investigate individuality and its relationship to evolution and the specific concept of organism; the tension between group evolution and individual adaptation; and the structure of collective individuals and the extent to which they can be defined by the same concept of individuality. These new perspectives on evolved individuality should trigger important revisions to both philosophical and biological conceptions of the individual. Contributors:Frédéric Bouchard, Ellen Clarke, Jennifer Fewell, Andrew Gardner, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Charles J. Goodnight, Matt Haber, Andrew Hamilton, Philippe Huneman, Samir Okasha, Thomas Pradeu, Scott Turner, Minus van Baalen