Examining Tuskegee Large Print 16pt

Author: Reverby
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1458781453
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The forty-year ''Tuskegee'' Syphilis Study has become the American metaphor for medical racism, government malfeasance, and physician arrogance. The subject of histories, films, rumors, and political slogans, it received an official federal apology from President Bill Clinton in a White House ceremony. Susan M. Reverby offers a comprehensive analysis of the notorious study of untreated syphilis, which took place in and around Tuskegee, Alabama, from the 1930s through the 1970s. The study involved hundreds of African American men, most of whom were told by doctors from the U.S. Public Health Service that they were being treated, not just watched, for their late-stage syphilis. Reverby examines the study and its aftermath from multiple perspectives to explain what happened and why the study has such power in our collective memory. She follows the study's repercussions in facts and fictions. Reverby highlights the many uncertainties that dogged the study during its four decades and explores the newly available medical records. She uncovers the different ways it was understood by the men, their families, and health care professionals, ultimately revising conventional wisdom on the study. Writing with rigor and clarity, Reverby illuminates the events and aftermath of the study and sheds light on the complex knot of trust, betrayal, and belief that keeps this study alive in our cultural and political lives.

Raising Hope

Author: Anne E. Wimberly
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 0938162357
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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his book, Raising Hope: Four Paths to Courageous Living for Black Youth, written by Anne E. Streaty Wimberly and Sarah Frances Farmer, is a much-needed corrective to the negative assessment of today’s youth and the hopelessness that accompanies such an assessment. Wimberly and Farmer o er a positive view of the aspirations and potential of today’s youth, which challenges the too-often-heard narrative of disre- spect, lack of motivation, immorality, and destructive behavior used to characterize our youth. Wimberly and Farmer are not wild-eyed optimists whose conclu- sions are divorced from reality. In fact, their assessment is based on years of working with, listening to, and encouraging young people, and the good they have seen in the youth they have mentored. These authors and researchers are familiar with the challenges young people face today and how hard it is for them to negotiate the treacherous twists and turns that confront them. However, they have come to know that the greatest asset that young people can have is the strength and courage that come from hope, that amazing belief in the possible despite the challenges. Anne and Sarah have experienced that hope in their own lives and in the lives of the youth they have been privileged to work with and see grow. That is why they are committed to “raising hope.” This book, however, is more than a story of the promise of today’s youth and the value of hope. Even as the book challenges youth to believe in themselves and their potential, especially those who are African American and have the battle of racism to ght, it also chal- lenges adults, especially churchgoing adults, to get involved in the lives of youth. Those dual challenges provide the framework for the book’s discussions of the paths that will allow hope to be nurtured, strength- ened, and sustained so that a new generation of youth can reach their potential.

Behind Closed Doors

Author: Laura Stark
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226770869
Format: PDF
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Although the subject of federally mandated Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) has been extensively debated, we actually do not know much about what takes place when they convene. The story of how IRBs work today is a story about their past as well as their present, and Behind Closed Doors is the first book to meld firsthand observations of IRB meetings with the history of how rules for the treatment of human subjects were formalized in the United States in the decades after World War II. Drawing on extensive archival sources, Laura Stark reconstructs the daily lives of scientists, lawyers, administrators, and research subjects working—and “warring”—on the campus of the National Institutes of Health, where they first wrote the rules for the treatment of human subjects. Stark argues that the model of group deliberation that gradually crystallized during this period reflected contemporary legal and medical conceptions of what it meant to be human, what political rights human subjects deserved, and which stakeholders were best suited to decide. She then explains how the historical contingencies that shaped rules for the treatment of human subjects in the postwar era guide decision making today—within hospitals, universities, health departments, and other institutions in the United States and across the globe. Meticulously researched and gracefully argued, Behind Closed Doors will be essential reading for sociologists and historians of science and medicine, as well as policy makers and IRB administrators.

Tuskegee s Truths

Author: Susan M. Reverby
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469608723
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Between 1932 and 1972, approximately six hundred African American men in Alabama served as unwitting guinea pigs in what is now considered one of the worst examples of arrogance, racism, and duplicity in American medical research--the Tuskegee syphilis study. Told they were being treated for "bad blood," the nearly four hundred men with late-stage syphilis and two hundred disease-free men who served as controls were kept away from appropriate treatment and plied instead with placebos, nursing visits, and the promise of decent burials. Despite the publication of more than a dozen reports in respected medical and public health journals, the study continued for forty years, until extensive media coverage finally brought the experiment to wider public knowledge and forced its end. This edited volume gathers articles, contemporary newspaper accounts, selections from reports and letters, reconsiderations of the study by many of its principal actors, and works of fiction, drama, and poetry to tell the Tuskegee story as never before. Together, these pieces illuminate the ethical issues at play from a remarkable breadth of perspectives and offer an unparalleled look at how the study has been understood over time.

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

Author: Fred D. Gray
Publisher: NewSouth Books
ISBN: 1603063099
Format: PDF, Docs
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In 1932, the U.S. Public Health Service recruited 623 African American men from Macon County, Alabama, for a study of "the effects of untreated syphilis in the Negro male." For the next 40 years -- even after the development of penicillin, the cure for syphilis -- these men were denied medical care for this potentially fatal disease. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was exposed in 1972, and in 1975 the government settled a lawsuit but stopped short of admitting wrongdoing. In 1997, President Bill Clinton welcomed five of the Study survivors to the White House and, on behalf of the nation, officially apologized for an experiment he described as wrongful and racist. In this book, the attorney for the men, Fred D. Gray, describes the background of the Study, the investigation and the lawsuit, the events leading up to the Presidential apology, and the ongoing efforts to see that out of this painful and tragic episode of American history comes lasting good.

Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired

Author: Susan Smith
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812200276
Format: PDF
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Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired moves beyond the depiction of African Americans as mere recipients of aid or as victims of neglect and highlights the ways black health activists created public health programs and influenced public policy at every opportunity. Smith also sheds new light on the infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment by situating it within the context of black public health activity, reminding us that public health work had oppressive as well as progressive consequences.

Launching Global Health

Author: Steven Paul Palmer
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472070894
Format: PDF, Kindle
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From the Rockefeller Foundation to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, U.S. philanthropies have played a leading role in the evolution of international health. Launching Global Health is about the Rockefeller Foundation's very first initiative abroad. The foundation's flagship, the International Health Board, made its first call in British Guiana in March 1914 to experiment with its new "American Method" for the treatment of hookworm disease. Within months the agency was involved in ambitious hookworm programs in six Central American and Caribbean sites, its directors self-consciously choosing to test-run the prototype for their global project in the nearest and clearest domain of American imperial influence. This book examines the nature and evolution of those hookworm campaigns in British Guiana, Costa Rica, Trinidad, and Guatemala, as well as relevant evidence from Nicaragua and Panama. The study takes into account the late 19th-century backdrop and considers events through to about 1930 when most of the International Health Board hookworm campaigns had evolved into public health projects of a different nature. Dr. Steven Palmer is Canada Research Chair in the History of International Health at the University of Windsor and author of From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism: Doctors, Healers, and Public Power in Costa Rica, 1800-1940.

Dying in the City of the Blues

Author: Keith Wailoo
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469617412
Format: PDF
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This groundbreaking book chronicles the history of sickle cell anemia in the United States, tracing its transformation from an "invisible" malady to a powerful, yet contested, cultural symbol of African American pain and suffering. Set in Memphis, home of one of the nation's first sickle cell clinics, Dying in the City of the Blues reveals how the recognition, treatment, social understanding, and symbolism of the disease evolved in the twentieth century, shaped by the politics of race, region, health care, and biomedicine. Using medical journals, patients' accounts, black newspapers, blues lyrics, and many other sources, Keith Wailoo follows the disease and its sufferers from the early days of obscurity before sickle cell's "discovery" by Western medicine; through its rise to clinical, scientific, and social prominence in the 1950s; to its politicization in the 1970s and 1980s. Looking forward, he considers the consequences of managed care on the politics of disease in the twenty-first century. A rich and multilayered narrative, Dying in the City of the Blues offers valuable new insight into the African American experience, the impact of race relations and ideologies on health care, and the politics of science, medicine, and disease.

Body and Soul

Author: Alondra Nelson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452933227
Format: PDF, ePub
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The legacy of the Black Panther Party's commitment to community health care, a central aspect of its fight for social justice