Hybrid Securities

Author: Kamil Liberadzki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113758971X
Format: PDF
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Hybrid capital securities or 'hybrids' offer various benefits. They offer flexibility equity without shareholder dilution, provide protection to senior creditors, are a stable source of long-term funding for healthy companies, and help insurers and banks meet regulatory and rating agency capital requirements. Risks and features of hybrid securities are expressed in the credit spread of some relatively new financial instruments, but no structural fundamentals exist for to price hybrids precisely. This book proposes a model for the pricing of hybrids. It begins by explaining the concept of hybrids as well as their equity- and debt-like characteristics. Different types of hybrids are presented, including preference shares, convertible bonds, contingent convertibles (CoCos) and bail-in bonds. The authors then present analysis of regulatory regimes' impact on hybrids. They discuss the types of hybrid bonds that are contemplated in the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Banking Union mechanism. They then present an in-depth examination of hybrids pricing and risk assessment techniques. The book provides a comprehensive analysis from mathematical, legal and financial perspectives in order to look at relatively new financial instruments and address problems with the pricing models of hybrids which are as yet unsolved.

Social Enterprise Law

Author: Dana Brakman Reiser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190249803
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Social enterprises represent a new kind of venture, dedicated to pursuing profits for owners and benefits for society. Social Enterprise Law provides tools that will allow them to raise the capital they need to flourish. Social Enterprise Law weaves innovation in contract and corporate governance into powerful protections against insiders sacrificing goals such as environmental sustainability in the pursuit of short-term profits. Creating a stable balance between financial returns and public benefits will allow social entrepreneurs to team up with impact investors that share their vision of a double bottom line. Brakman Reiser and Dean show how novel legal technologies can allow social enterprises to access capital markets, including unconventional sources such as crowdfunding. With its straightforward insights into complex areas of the law, the book shows how a social mission can even be shielded from the turbulence of an acquisition or bankruptcy. It also shows why, as the metrics available to measure the impact of social missions on individuals and communities become more sophisticated, such legal innovations will continue to become more robust. By providing a comprehensive survey of the U.S. laws and a bold vision for how legal institutions across the globe could be reformed, this book offers new insights and approaches to help social enterprises raise the capital they need to flourish. It offers a rich guide for students, entrepreneurs, investors, and practitioners.

Comparing European and U S Securities Regulations

Author: Tanja Boskovic
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821382547
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This paper, aimed at professionals, scholars, and government officials in the field of securities regulations, compares the European (specifically the Market in Financial Instruments Directive MiFID) and U.S. securities regulations. The analysis focuses on the regulatory and supervisory framework, trading venues, and the provision of investment services. We show that although there may be regional differences in the structure and rules of current securities regulation, the objectives and some outcomes of regulation are comparable. Similarly, as the current global financial and economic crisis exposed gaps in securities regulations worldwide, regulators in both regions face similar challenges. This study will be particularly useful for World Bank member countries that are looking at either the European or U.S. regulations when conducting market reforms.

Representing Corporate Officers Directors Managers and Trustees

Author: Marc J. Lane
Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online
ISBN: 0735598088
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As a result of numerous recent corporate and accounting scandals, corporate officers, directors, managers, and trustees now face a host of new problemsand—ranging from a blizzard of new legislation, rules, and responsibilitiesand—to increased SEC oversight, new NYSE and NASDAQ listing standards, new fiduciary and other duties, and crushing new criminal penalties. Representing Corporate Officers, Directors, Managers, and Trustees tells you what to look for...what to look out for...and what steps to take to protect your corporate clients in todayand’s harsh regulatory environment. Itand’s the only up-to-date work of its kind to offer both in-depth analysis and practical guidance on every key aspect of this critically important area. This completely updated Second Edition thoroughly covers: Directorsand’ duty of careand— including the different standards which have been imposed on directors regarding the duty of care...the duty of loyalty...the business judgment rule... when directors are entitled to rely on the advice of others...improperly influencing audits under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act... improper distributions...and more. Conflicts of interestand—with examples of conflict of interest transactions, and discussion of loans to or by directors and officers...secret profits...and the duty to safeguard confidential or inside informationand— plus, how certain transactions considered improper can be ratified and thus become legitimate. Federal securities lawsand—including everything from overviews of the laws, the SEC, and securities themselvesand— to jurisdiction, pleading, remedies, and defenses in securities cases... the new criminal penalties...and attorneysand’ responsibilities regarding liability under Sarbanes-Oxley. Indemnification and insuranceand— with discussion of mandatory and permissive indemnification and the scope of indemnification in various states... when a director may be indemnified even if not wholly successful in defense of anaction...directorsand’ and officersand’ liability insurance...types and extent of insurance coverage...tax law treatment...and exclusions. Tender offersand—including antitakeover measures, two-tier and squeeze-out mergers, and golden parachute agreements, poison pill plans, and greenmail...potential liability in tender offers...and implementing mergers and acquisitions, with securities law, antitrust, tax, accounting, and labor law considerations.

Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws

Author: Charles J. Johnson (Jr.)
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454858397
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws has been winning over practitioners with its clear andquot;how to do itandquot; approach ever since its publication in 1990. This acclaimed guide is now completely updated in this Fifth Edition to help you meet the challenges of raising capital in today's increasingly regulated marketplace. Written in plain English by two top experts in the field - each with literally hundreds of successful deals under his belt, Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws is the andquot;go toandquot; resource which explains the mechanics of corporate finance together with the statutes that govern each type of deal. You'll receive expert corporate finance analysis, procedural guidance, and practical securities law pointers every step of the way to help you Structure all types of corporate finance deals - from public, private, and offshore offerings to corporate debt restructurings, commercial paper programs, raising capital, and asset-based securities transactions Root out problems before corporate finance deals are put in motion, with heads-up input on securities law prohibited practices, potential liabilities, conflicts of interest, due diligence concerns, and other red-flag issues Shepherd transactions through the corporate finance regulatory process with a clear understanding of applicable statutes and their implications in real-life situations Know what to do when securities law problems crop up - and find clear answers to the countless questions that develop in the course of a corporate finance deal Close deals, raising capital in a timely manner and work shoulder to shoulder with clients to accomplish your corporate finance objectives

The Economics of Crowdfunding

Author: Douglas Cumming
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319661191
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book focuses on various types of crowdfunding and the lessons learned from academic research. Crowdfunding, a new and important source of financing for entrepreneurs, fills a funding gap that was traditionally difficult to close. Chapters from expert contributors define and carefully evaluate the various market segments: donation-based and reward-based crowdfunding, crowdinvesting and crowdlending. They further provide an assessment of startups, market structure, as well as backers and investors for each segment. Attention is given to the theoretical and empirical findings from the recent economics and finance literature. Furthermore, the authors evaluate relevant regulatory efforts in several jurisdictions. This book will appeal to finance, entrepreneurship and legal scholars as well as entrepreneurs and platform operators.

The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Analyzed and Explained

Author: Charles Harrison Meyer
Publisher: William S. Hein & Co., Inc.
ISBN: 9780837724478
Format: PDF
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Contains two parts; Part I, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Fletcher-Rayburn Act); & Part II, the Securities Act of 1933, as amended in 1934. Each part contains both a summary of the related Act as well as a detailed, section by section analysis.