Customary Law Today

Author: Laurent Mayali
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319733621
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book addresses current practices in customary law. It includes contributions by scholars from various legal systems (the USA, France, Israel, Canada etc.), who examine the current impacts of customary law on various aspects of private law, constitutional law, business law, international law and criminal law. In addition, the book expands the traditional concept of the rule of law, and argues that lawyers should not narrowly focus on statutory law, but should instead pay more attention to the impact of practices on “real legal life.” It states that the observation of practices calls for a stronger focus on usage, customs and traditions in our legal systems – the idea being not to replace statutory law, but to complement it with customary observations.

Hybrid Securities

Author: Kamil Liberadzki
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113758971X
Format: PDF
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Hybrid capital securities or 'hybrids' offer various benefits. They offer flexibility equity without shareholder dilution, provide protection to senior creditors, are a stable source of long-term funding for healthy companies, and help insurers and banks meet regulatory and rating agency capital requirements. Risks and features of hybrid securities are expressed in the credit spread of some relatively new financial instruments, but no structural fundamentals exist for to price hybrids precisely. This book proposes a model for the pricing of hybrids. It begins by explaining the concept of hybrids as well as their equity- and debt-like characteristics. Different types of hybrids are presented, including preference shares, convertible bonds, contingent convertibles (CoCos) and bail-in bonds. The authors then present analysis of regulatory regimes' impact on hybrids. They discuss the types of hybrid bonds that are contemplated in the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Banking Union mechanism. They then present an in-depth examination of hybrids pricing and risk assessment techniques. The book provides a comprehensive analysis from mathematical, legal and financial perspectives in order to look at relatively new financial instruments and address problems with the pricing models of hybrids which are as yet unsolved.

Social Enterprise Law

Author: Dana Brakman Reiser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190249803
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Social enterprises represent a new kind of venture, dedicated to pursuing profits for owners and benefits for society. Social Enterprise Law provides tools that will allow them to raise the capital they need to flourish. Social Enterprise Law weaves innovation in contract and corporate governance into powerful protections against insiders sacrificing goals such as environmental sustainability in the pursuit of short-term profits. Creating a stable balance between financial returns and public benefits will allow social entrepreneurs to team up with impact investors that share their vision of a double bottom line. Brakman Reiser and Dean show how novel legal technologies can allow social enterprises to access capital markets, including unconventional sources such as crowdfunding. With its straightforward insights into complex areas of the law, the book shows how a social mission can even be shielded from the turbulence of an acquisition or bankruptcy. It also shows why, as the metrics available to measure the impact of social missions on individuals and communities become more sophisticated, such legal innovations will continue to become more robust. By providing a comprehensive survey of the U.S. laws and a bold vision for how legal institutions across the globe could be reformed, this book offers new insights and approaches to help social enterprises raise the capital they need to flourish. It offers a rich guide for students, entrepreneurs, investors, and practitioners.

Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws

Author: Charles J. Johnson (Jr.)
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454858397
Format: PDF, ePub
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Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws has been winning over practitioners with its clear andquot;how to do itandquot; approach ever since its publication in 1990. This acclaimed guide is now completely updated in this Fifth Edition to help you meet the challenges of raising capital in today's increasingly regulated marketplace. Written in plain English by two top experts in the field - each with literally hundreds of successful deals under his belt, Corporate Finance and the Securities Laws is the andquot;go toandquot; resource which explains the mechanics of corporate finance together with the statutes that govern each type of deal. You'll receive expert corporate finance analysis, procedural guidance, and practical securities law pointers every step of the way to help you Structure all types of corporate finance deals - from public, private, and offshore offerings to corporate debt restructurings, commercial paper programs, raising capital, and asset-based securities transactions Root out problems before corporate finance deals are put in motion, with heads-up input on securities law prohibited practices, potential liabilities, conflicts of interest, due diligence concerns, and other red-flag issues Shepherd transactions through the corporate finance regulatory process with a clear understanding of applicable statutes and their implications in real-life situations Know what to do when securities law problems crop up - and find clear answers to the countless questions that develop in the course of a corporate finance deal Close deals, raising capital in a timely manner and work shoulder to shoulder with clients to accomplish your corporate finance objectives

Die zwei Gesichter der deutschen Fondsbranche Cut Off Zeit und Zeitzonenarbitrage

Author: Johannes Gomolka
Publisher: ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press
ISBN: 3838258339
Format: PDF
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Auf der Suche nach neuen Geschäftsfeldern entdeckten die Regionalbörsen Hamburg (2002) und Berlin (2003) den Handel mit Investmentfonds. Seitdem können Privatanleger Fonds sowohl im traditionellen Bankvertrieb als auch im Börsenhandel kaufen und verkaufen. Johannes Gomolka untersucht erstmals, welcher Weg für den Privatanleger der günstigere ist. Im Verlaufe seiner Untersuchung deckt er dabei gravierende strukturelle Fehler im deutschen Investmentfondsmarkt auf. Während im traditionellen Bankvertrieb sogenannte Cut-Off-Zeiten und Forward Pricing die Orderaufgabe von Privatanlegern regeln, kann man diese Beschränkungen im fortlaufenden Börsenhandel einfach umgehen. Theoretisch und praktisch werden so illegales Market Timing und Late Trading, die sogenannte Zeitzonenarbitrage, im Börsenhandel möglich, wenn die Fondsgesellschaften keine marktgerechten Fondskurse stellen. Gomolka führt detailliert aus, wie die Fondsgesellschaften einerseits die Orderaufgabe von Privatanlegern durch Cut-Off-Zeiten stark einschränken, aber gleichzeitig an steigenden Fonds-Handelsumsätzen im Börsenhandel mitverdienen. Er wirft die Frage auf, warum die Fondsgesellschaften noch keine marktgerechten Kurse für Investmentfonds feststellen, an denen sich der Börsenhandel besser orientieren kann.