Exit Polls

Author: Samuel J. Best
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 145223440X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Every two years, exit polls become the most widely analyzed, written about, and discussed data-set in the United States. Although exit polls are known for their use in predicting elections, they are in fact the best tool for explaining election results. Exit polls are taken from actual voters, whereas pre-election polls that tally people’s intended votes tend to overstate the number of people who will actually go to the polls. Exit Polls: Surveying the American Electorate is a groundbreaking new reference work that explores for the first time the trends in longitudinal variables asked in the national Election Day exit polls from their beginning in 1972 to the present. The book documents comparable survey items that have appeared in multiple exit polls over time. Authors Samuel J. Best and Brian S. Krueger—both election commentators for CBS news and statistical experts—present more than 100 tables and 100 figures showing the changes in the American electorate and its voting patterns over time. This work represents the first time exit poll data has been combined to show trends over time. Chapter one: The Exit Poll Phenomenon provides a brief history of exit polls and chronicles how they evolved into their current arrangement. It explains how exit poll questions are developed, the sampling and weighting procedures used, the reporting protocols adopted, and the benefits and limitations of exit polls. Chapter two: Creating and Using Exit Poll Time Series describes how individual exit polls were compiled into a first of its kind cumulative data file and discusses the rationale for selecting specific survey items. The chapter explains the techniques used to merge the data and discusses the framework used to present the data in the subsequent chapters. Chapter three: Composition of Voters in Federal Elections focuses on changes in the demographic and ideological composition of the electorate over almost forty years, including gender, age, race, sexual orientation, education, income, religion, party membership, and military service. Chapter four: The Presidential Voting Preferences of the Active Electorate examines the presidential voting patterns of the various groups that make up the American electorate, from 1972 to 2010. Chapter five: The Congressional Voting Preferences of the Active Electorate examines the congressional voting patterns of the various groups that make up the American electorate from 1972 to 2010. Offering unique insight into the American electorate, this important new work is meant to serve novice and expert researchers alike. Libraries with holdings in American politics and government will want to acquire this one-of-a-kind resource.

Presidential Swing States

Author: David A Schultz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498565875
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this new and updated volume, the contributors examine the phenomena of presidential swing states in the 2016 presidential election. They explore the reasons why some states and, now counties are the focus of candidate attention, are capable of voting for either of the major candidates, and are decisive in determining who wins the presidency.

Knocking on Labor s Door

Author: Lane Windham
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 146963208X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The power of unions in workers' lives and in the American political system has declined dramatically since the 1970s. In recent years, many have argued that the crisis took root when unions stopped reaching out to workers and workers turned away from unions. But here Lane Windham tells a different story. Highlighting the integral, often-overlooked contributions of women, people of color, young workers, and southerners, Windham reveals how in the 1970s workers combined old working-class tools--like unions and labor law--with legislative gains from the civil and women's rights movements to help shore up their prospects. Through close-up studies of workers' campaigns in shipbuilding, textiles, retail, and service, Windham overturns widely held myths about labor's decline, showing instead how employers united to manipulate weak labor law and quash a new wave of worker organizing. Recounting how employees attempted to unionize against overwhelming odds, Knocking on Labor's Door dramatically refashions the narrative of working-class struggle during a crucial decade and shakes up current debates about labor's future. Windham's story inspires both hope and indignation, and will become a must-read in labor, civil rights, and women's history.

A Generation of Sociopaths

Author: Bruce Cannon Gibney
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0316395803
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In his "remarkable" (Men's Journal) and "controversial" (Fortune) book -- written in a "wry, amusing style" (The Guardian) -- Bruce Cannon Gibney shows how America was hijacked by the Boomers, a generation whose reckless self-indulgence degraded the foundations of American prosperity. In A Generation of Sociopaths, Gibney examines the disastrous policies of the most powerful generation in modern history, showing how the Boomers ruthlessly enriched themselves at the expense of future generations. Acting without empathy, prudence, or respect for facts--acting, in other words, as sociopaths--the Boomers turned American dynamism into stagnation, inequality, and bipartisan fiasco. The Boomers have set a time bomb for the 2030s, when damage to Social Security, public finances, and the environment will become catastrophic and possibly irreversible--and when, not coincidentally, Boomers will be dying off. Gibney argues that younger generations have a fleeting window to hold the Boomers accountable and begin restoring America.

Nonbeliever Nation

Author: David Niose
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1137055286
Format: PDF
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A new group of Americans is challenging the reign of the Religious Right Today, nearly one in five Americans are nonbelievers - a rapidly growing group at a time when traditional Christian churches are dwindling in numbers - and they are flexing their muscles like never before. Yet we still see almost none of them openly serving in elected office, while Mitt Romney, Rick Santorum, and many others continue to loudly proclaim the myth of America as a Christian nation. In Nonbeliever Nation, leading secular advocate David Niose explores what this new force in politics means for the unchallenged dominance of the Religious Right. Hitting on all the hot-button issues that divide the country – from gay marriage to education policy to contentious church-state battles – he shows how this movement is gaining traction, and fighting for its rights. Now, Secular Americans—a group comprised not just of atheists and agnostics, but lapsed Catholics, secular Jews, and millions of others who have walked away from religion—are mobilizing and forming groups all over the country (even atheist clubs in Bible-belt high schools) to challenge the exaltation of religion in American politics and public life. This is a timely and important look at how growing numbers of nonbelievers, disenchanted at how far America has wandered from its secular roots, are emerging to fight for equality and rational public policy.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

The Social Movements Reader

Author: Jeff Goodwin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118729951
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Providing a unique blend of cases, concepts, and essential readings The Social Movements Reader, Third Edition, delivers key classic and contemporary articles and book selections from around the world. Includes the latest research on contemporary movements in the US and abroad, including the Arab spring, Occupy, and the global justice movement Provides original texts, many of them classics in the field, which have been edited for the non-technical reader Combines the strengths of a reader and a textbook with selected readings and extensive editorial material Sidebars offer concise definitions of key terms, as well as biographies of famous activists and chronologies of several key movements Requires no prior knowledge about social movements or theories of social movements

BECOMING

Author: Michelle Obama
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641227321
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die kraftvolle und inspirierende Autobiografie der ehemaligen First Lady der USA Michelle Obama ist eine der überzeugendsten und beeindruckendsten Frauen der Gegenwart. Als erste afro-amerikanische First Lady der USA trug sie maßgeblich dazu bei, das gastfreundlichste und offenste Weiße Haus zu schaffen, das es je gab. Sie wurde zu einer energischen Fürsprecherin für die Rechte von Frauen und Mädchen in der ganzen Welt, setzte sich für einen dringend notwendigen gesellschaftlichen Wandel hin zu einem gesünderen und aktiveren Leben ein und stärkte außerdem ihrem Ehemann den Rücken, während dieser die USA durch einige der schmerzlichsten Momente des Landes führte. Ganz nebenbei zeigte sie uns noch ein paar lässige Dance-Moves, glänzte beim „Carpool Karaoke“ und schaffte es obendrein auch, zwei bodenständige Töchter zu erziehen – mitten im gnadenlosen Blitzlichtgewitter der Medien. In diesem Buch erzählt sie nun erstmals ihre Geschichte – in ihren eigenen Worten und auf ihre ganz eigene Art. Sie nimmt uns mit in ihre Welt und berichtet von all den Erfahrungen, die sie zu der starken Frau gemacht haben, die sie heute ist. Warmherzig, weise und unverblümt erzählt sie von ihrer Kindheit an der Chicagoer South Side, von den Jahren als Anwältin und leitende Angestellte, von der nicht immer einfachen Zeit als berufstätige Mutter sowie von ihrem Leben an Baracks Seite und dem Leben ihrer Familie im Weißen Haus. Gnadenlos ehrlich und voller Esprit schreibt sie sowohl über große Erfolge als auch über bittere Enttäuschungen, den privaten wie den öffentlichen. Dieses Buch ist mehr als eine Autobiografie. Es enthält die ungewöhnlich intimen Erinnerungen einer Frau mit Herz und Substanz, deren Geschichte uns zeigt, wie wichtig es ist, seiner eigenen Stimme zu folgen.

Das politische Gehirn

Author: Drew Westen
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518772104
Format: PDF, ePub
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»Das interessanteste und informativste Buch über Politik, das ich seit Jahren gelesen habe.« Bill Clinton Seit der Aufklärung gehen wir davon aus, daß Menschen sich bei politischen Entscheidungen in erster Linie von rationalen Kosten-Nutzen-Kalkulationen leiten lassen. Der Psychologe Drew Westen stellte diese Überzeugung mit einer Reihe spektakulärer Experimente in Frage. Er konnte zeigen, daß Emotionen, etwa vor Wahlen, eine mindestens ebenso wichtige Rolle spielen. Diesen Gedanken entfaltet Westen anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der jüngeren US-Wahlkampfgeschichte in seinem Buch »Das politische Gehirn«; auch hierzulande wächst seitdem in Politik und Wissenschaft das Interesse an der Bedeutung der Emotionen. Die deutsche Ausgabe enthält neben den zentralen Kapiteln des US-Bestsellers ein ausführliches Interview, in dem Westen sich mit der Kritik an seinem Ansatz, mit der Politik Barack Obamas und der Situation in anderen Ländern auseinandersetzt.