Fallen Blue Knights

Author: Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovic
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195347043
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Despite its suspected prevalence, no comprehensive analysis of police corruption has been published for nearly three decades. Fallen Blue Knights provides a systematic, in-depth analysis of the subject, while also addressing the question of what can be done to ensure successful corruption control. Kutnjak Ivkovi? argues that the current mechanisms for control--the courts, prosecutors, independent commissions, and the media, as well as the internal control mechanisms within a police agency itself--suffer from severe shortcomings that substantially limit their effectiveness. In this much-needed analysis, Kutnjak Ivkovi? redefines the roles of major players and develops a novel, comprehensive model of corruption control.

Countering police corruption European perspectives

Author: Rositsa Dzhekova, Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy Philip Gounev, Senior Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy Tihomir Bezlov, Senior Analyst, Center for the Study of Democracy
Publisher: CSD
ISBN: 9544771972
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This publication reviews the policies and institutional mechanisms for countering police corruption in several EU member states. To be effective, anti-corruption efforts should be based on a system of independent and mutually accountable institutions which are sufficiently empowered to implement their objectives. This report emphasises the last two decades of experience in the UK, Belgium and Austria in modernising their anti-corruption policies and institutions. In addition to the institutional and legal framework, concrete measures and methods (risk assessment, integrity tests, etc.) are also examined. The Bulgarian and Romanian experience in countering corruption in law enforcement institutions is also reviewed with an emphasis on some of the main problems and gaps that undermine effective counter measures.

Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Author: Malcolm W. Klein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890102
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

Community Policing in Indigenous Communities

Author: Mahesh K. Nalla
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439888957
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Indigenous communities are typically those that challenge the laws of the nation states of which they have become—often very reluctantly—a part. Around the world, community policing has emerged in many of these regions as a product of their physical environments and cultures. Through a series of case studies, Community Policing in Indigenous Communities explores how these often deeply divided societies operate under the community policing paradigm. Drawing on the local expertise of policing practitioners and researchers across the globe, the book explores several themes with regard to each region: How community policing originated or evolved in the community and how it has changed over time The type of policing style used—whether informal or formal and uniformed or non-uniformed, whether partnerships are developed with local community organizations or businesses, and the extent of covert operations, if any The role played by community policing in the region, including the relative emphasis of calls for service, the extent to which advice and help is offered to citizens, whether local records are kept of citizen movement and locations, and investigation and arrest procedures The community’s special cultural or indigenous attributes that set it apart from other models of community policing Organizational attributes, including status in the "hierarchy of control" within the regional or national organization of policing The positive and negative features of community policing as it is practiced in the community Its effectiveness in reducing and or preventing crime and disorder The book demonstrates that community policing cannot be imposed from above without grassroots input from local citizens. It is a strategy—not simply for policing with consent—but for policing in contexts where there is often little, if any, consent. It is an aspirational practice aimed to help police and communities within contested contexts to recognize that positive gains can be made, enabling communities to live in relative safety.

The Contours of Police Integrity

Author: Carl B. Klockars
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761925864
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
The Contours of Police Integrity presents a comprehensive overview of the potential for police misconduct worldwide. A topic of great concern around the world, the top criminal justice scholars have compiled survey and case data from 10 countries chronicling police integrity and misconduct. The book begins with a chapter on the methodology and issues surrounding police studies and is followed by in-depth chapters on the USA and the UK, written by leading academics in these countries. The book concludes with a capstone summary of this rapidly growing international concern.

Reclaiming Justice

Author: Sanja Kutnjak Ivkovich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195340329
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This volume adds to prior literature about the ICTY by providing a comprehensive view of how people from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, and Serbia view and evaluate the ICTY.

Changing the guard

Author: David H. Bayley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF
Download Now
From 'failed states' such as Haiti, to countries undergoing political transformation, such as Russia, Afghanistan, and Iraq, democratic reform has grown enormously since the end of the Cold War in 1991. Every day the American government, the United Nations, and other international institutions send people into non-English speaking, war-torn, and often minimally democratic countries struggling to cope with rising crime and disorder under a new regime. These assistance missions attempt to promote democratic law enforcement in devastated countries. But do these missions really facilitate the creation of effective policing? Is it realistic to expect that they succeed? Renowned criminologist David H. Bayley here examines the prospects for the reform of police forces overseas as a means of encouraging the development of democratic governments. In doing so, he assesses obstacles for promoting democratic policing in a state-of-the-art review of all efforts to promote democratic reform since 1991. Assistance to police forces in these hot spots is hugely consequential, but it is also risky and uncertain. The foreign policy of developing and reforming police abroad poses the danger of improving the capability of a major institution of potential repression and thus bringing into disrepute the activities of donors both at home and internationally. These potential risks do not, however, outweigh the necessity of promoting just police forces abroad. Changing the Guard offers an inside look at the achievements and limits of current American foreign assistance, outlining the nature and scope of the police assistance program and the agencies that provide it. Bayley concludes with recommendations for how police assistance could be improved in volatile countries across the world. 'Changing the guard' is required reading as an instruction manual for building democratic policing overseas.

Transforming Police in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Marina Caparini
Publisher: Lit Verlag
ISBN:
Format: PDF
Download Now
Police reform in countries in transition from state socialism toward more democratic forms of governance has risen to prominence in recent years. Reforming policing systems that served primarily to protect the party-states from their opponents into systems that serve and protect civic society has come to be seen as an essential prerequisite and concomitant of the democratization process in transitional countries. This book describes what has happened to the policing systems in fourteen countries in central and eastern Europe; what reforms in ideology, organization, policies and practices have been undertaken; what has changed in the way policing is accomplished; and an assessment of whether the policing system has moved closer toward democratic policing. As such, it provides a comparative overview of what has been achieved since 1989. Marina Caparini is senior fellow at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. Otwin Marenin is professor in the Department of Political Science/Criminal Justice, Washington State University.