Efficiency Justice and Care

Author: Yvonne Denier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402052146
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book attempts to answer the question how health care can be incorporated into a comprehensive theory of justice, while realising an acceptable balance between efficiency, justice and care. It seems to be that we can have any two but not all three. Essentially, the central question addressed by this book is the following: how best to square the proverbial welfare circle.

Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe

Author: Will Arts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940159743X
Format: PDF
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OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN UK SOCIAL WELFARE Here then, perhaps, is a British version of solidarity in social welfare, but early there are strong tensions between the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British understanding of the functions of the state and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a commitment to universal welfare provision. In the search for the roots of this understanding of welfare we shall survey, fitst, the historical background to these tensions in some early British political philosophers, starting with Hobbes and ending with Mill. We then consider the philosophical and social influences on the Beveridge Report itself, and we will trace the emergence of the philosophy of the welfare state in the era following the Second World War. Finally we consider the contemporary debate, as it relates to the 'Third Way' thinking of New Labour. 2. A mSTORICAL SKETCH In the previous section we observed that the philosophy underlying the Beveridge Report could be described as 'liberal collectivism'. What are the historical antecedents of this strange amalgam of individualism and collectivism? Within the short scope of this chapter, any account of the philosophical history must be little more than a sketch, but we can perhaps understand most debates in British socio-political thought as a continuing dialogue with the well known claim of Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan that all political institutions are founded on egoistic motives.

Human Dignity in Bioethics

Author: Stephen Dilley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135117624
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Human Dignity in Bioethics brings together a collection of essays that rigorously examine the concept of human dignity from its metaphysical foundations to its polemical deployment in bioethical controversies. The volume falls into three parts, beginning with meta-level perspectives and moving to concrete applications. Part 1 analyzes human dignity through a worldview lens, exploring the source and meaning of human dignity from naturalist, postmodernist, Protestant, and Catholic vantages, respectively, letting each side explain and defend its own conception. Part 2 moves from metaphysical moorings to key areas of macro-level influence: international politics, American law, and biological science. These chapters examine the legitimacy of the concept of dignity in documents by international political bodies, the role of dignity in American jurisprudence, and the implications—and challenges—for dignity posed by Darwinism. Part 3 shifts from macro-level topics to concrete applications by examining the rhetoric of human dignity in specific controversies: embryonic stem cell research, abortion, human-animal chimeras, euthanasia and palliative care, psychotropic drugs, and assisted reproductive technologies. Each chapter analyzes the rhetorical use of ‘human dignity’ by opposing camps, assessing the utility of the concept and whether a different concept or approach can be a more productive means of framing or guiding the debate.

The Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Qu bec

Author: Banken, Reiner
Publisher: Montréal : Agence d'évaluation des technologies et des modes d'intervention en santé
ISBN: 9782550403265
Format: PDF
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In this report. AETMIS examines the efficacy and risks of electroconvulsive therapy as well as the conditions of its use in Québec in comparison with experiences elsewhere in the worid. The assessment also pays particular attention to the social, ethical and legal issues surrounding this therapy. AETMIS's in-depth examination of the information available leads to the conclusion that, despite certain risks associated with its use, ECT constitutes an accepted therapy for certain severe forms of depression. Clinicians' use of ECT for treatment of schizophrenia and mania should be very limited, while ECT remains preferred treatment for pernicious catatonia because the gravity of the condition makes urgent action vital. On the other hand, ECT's use in neurology should be considered as experimental. AETMIS's assessment concludes that, despite the increase in the number of ECT sessions in Québec in the past 15 years, the rate of use compares with that in other countries. However, there is a need to properly supervise the use of ECT in order to ensure respect for patients' rights and safety.

Handbook of Global Bioethics

Author: Henk A.M.J. ten Have
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789400725119
Format: PDF, ePub
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As the first of its kind, this handbook presents state-of-the-art information and analysis concerning the state of affairs in bioethics in around 40 countries. The country reports point out the most important discussions as well as the emerging topics in the field. Readers can orientate themselves quickly with regard to the various relevant issues, institutional structures and expertise available in these countries. The authorship of this reference work is truly global as it involves contributions from the best authors with innate knowledge of the bioethics situation in these countries.

Solidarity

Author: Hauke Brunkhorst
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262025829
Format: PDF
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A political sociologist examines the concept of universal, egalitarian citizenship and assesses the prospects for developing democratic solidarity at the global level.

Physician Assisted Death

Author: James M. Humber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592594484
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Physician-Assisted Death is the eleventh volume of Biomedical Ethics Reviews. We, the editors, are pleased with the response to the series over the years and, as a result, are happy to continue into a second decade with the same general purpose and zeal. As in the past, contributors to projected volumes have been asked to summarize the nature of the literature, the prevailing attitudes and arguments, and then to advance the discussion in some way by staking out and arguing forcefully for some basic position on the topic targeted for discussion. For the present volume on Physician-Assisted Death, we felt it wise to enlist the services of a guest editor, Dr. Gregg A. Kasting, a practicing physician with extensive clinical knowledge of the various problems and issues encountered in discussing physician assisted death. Dr. Kasting is also our student and just completing a graduate degree in philosophy with a specialty in biomedical ethics here at Georgia State University. Apart from a keen interest in the topic, Dr. Kasting has published good work in the area and has, in our opinion, done an excellent job in taking on the lion's share of editing this well-balanced and probing set of essays. We hope you will agree that this volume significantly advances the level of discussion on physician-assisted euthanasia. Incidentally, we wish to note that the essays in this volume were all finished and committed to press by January 1993.

Access to Knowledge in Africa

Author: Chris Armstrong
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 1919895450
Format: PDF
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Based on the work of the African Copyright and Access to Knowledge (ACA2K) research network, this book describes the legal and practical issues posed by copyright for access to learning materials in eight countries in Africa—Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda. It identifies the policies and practices that would broaden this access.

General Reports of the XVIIIth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law Rapports G n raux du XVIII me Congr s de l Acad mie Internationale de Droit Compar

Author: Karen B. Brown
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400723547
Format: PDF, ePub
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This title presents twenty-nine topics, prepared by leading scholars in more than 20 countries, providing a comparative analysis of cutting-edge legal topics of the 21st century. Considering topics of vital moment to contemporary legal scholars, the title includes pieces on Surrogate Motherhood, The Balance of Copyright in Comparative Perspective, International Law in Domestic Systems, Constitutional Courts as "Positive Legislators," Same-sex Marriage, Climate Change and the Law, The Regulation of Private Equity, Hedge Funds, and State Funds, and Regulation of Corporate Tax Evasion. Each chapter surveys legal developments in the U.S. and Canada, Europe, Asia, Latin and South America, Africa, and the Middle East in a format that permits the reader easy access to similarities and differences in the approaches of the selected national regimes. This comprehensive volume tells the story of parallel trends in the evolution of legal doctrine despite jurisdictional, cultural, and political barriers. While each of the covered countries stands alone as a sovereign, in a technologically advanced world their disparate systems nonetheless have converged to adopt comparable strategies in dealing with complex legal issues. The volume is a critical addition to the library of any scholar hoping to keep abreast of the major trends in contemporary law.