Family Language Policy

Author: C. Smith-Christmas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137521813
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Based on an eight-year study of a family on the Isle of Skye, Scotland, this book explores why the children in the family do not often speak Gaelic, despite the adults' best efforts to use the language with them, as well as the children's attendance at a Gaelic immersion school.

Family Language Policies in a Multilingual World

Author: John Macalister
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317214293
Format: PDF
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Through case studies from around the world, this book illustrates the opportunities and challenges facing families negotiating the issues of language maintenance and language learning in the home. Every family living in a bi/multilingual environment faces the question of what language(s) to speak with their children and must make a decision, consciously or otherwise, about these issues. Exploring links between language policy in the home and wider society in a range of diverse settings, the contributors utilize various research tools, including interviews, questionnaires, observations, and archival document analysis, to explore linguistic ideologies and practices of family members in the home, illuminating how these are shaped by macro-level societal processes.

The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

Author: James W. Tollefson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190458909
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art account of research in language policy and planning (LPP). Through a critical examination of LPP, the Handbook offers new direction for a field in theoretical and methodological turmoil as a result of the socio-economic, institutional, and discursive processes of change taking place under the conditions of Late Modernity. Late Modernity refers to the widespread processes of late capitalism leading to the selective privatization of services (including education), the information revolution associated with rapidly changing statuses and functions of languages, the weakening of the institutions of nation-states (along with the strengthening of non-state actors), and the fragmentation of overlapping and competing identities associated with new complexities of language-identity relations and new forms of multilingual language use. As an academic discipline in the social sciences, LPP is fraught with tensions between these processes of change and the still-powerful ideological framework of modern nationalism. It is an exciting and energizing time for LPP research. This Handbook propels the field forward, offering a dialogue between the two major historical trends in LPP associated with the processes of Modernity and Late Modernity: the focus on continuity behind the institutional policies of the modern nation-state, and the attention to local processes of uncertainty and instability across different settings resulting from processes of change. The Handbook takes great strides toward overcoming the long-standing division between "top-down" and "bottom-up" analysis in LPP research, setting the stage for theoretical and methodological innovation. Part I defines alternative theoretical and conceptual frameworks in LPP, emphasizing developments since the ethnographic turn, including: ethnography in LPP; historical-discursive approaches; ethics, normative theorizing, and transdisciplinary methods; and the renewed focus on socio-economic class. Part II examines LPP against the background of influential ideas about language shaped by the institutions of the nation-state, with close attention to the social position of minority languages and specific communities facing profound language policy challenges. Part III investigates the turmoil and tensions that currently characterize LPP research under conditions of Late Modernity. Finally, Part IV presents an integrative summary and directions for future LPP research.

New Speakers of Minority Languages

Author: Cassie Smith-Christmas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137575581
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book represents the first collection specifically devoted to New Speaker Studies, focusing on language ideologies and practices of speakers in a variety of minority language communities. Over thirteen chapters, it uses the new speaker lens to investigate not only linguistic issues, such as language variation and change, phonetics, morphosyntax, language acquisition, code-switching, but also sociolinguistic issues, such as legitimacy, integration, and motivation in language learning and use. Besides covering a range of languages - Basque, Breton, Galician, Giernesiei, Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Welsh - and their different sociolinguistic situations, the chapters also encompass a series of interactional settings: institutional settings, media and the home domain, as well as different contexts for becoming a new speaker of a minority language, such as by migration or through education. This collection represents an output by a lively network of researchers: it will appeal to postgraduate students, researchers and academics working in the field of sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, language policy and those working within minority language communities.

The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages

Author: Peter K. Austin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113950083X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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It is generally agreed that about 7,000 languages are spoken across the world today and at least half may no longer be spoken by the end of this century. This state-of-the-art Handbook examines the reasons behind this dramatic loss of linguistic diversity, why it matters, and what can be done to document and support endangered languages. The volume is relevant not only to researchers in language endangerment, language shift and language death, but to anyone interested in the languages and cultures of the world. It is accessible both to specialists and non-specialists: researchers will find cutting-edge contributions from acknowledged experts in their fields, while students, activists and other interested readers will find a wealth of readable yet thorough and up-to-date information.

Policy and Planning for Endangered Languages

Author: Mari C. Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107099226
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A collaborative work written by academics working in the field of language endangerment and members of indigenous communities acting on the frontline of language support and maintenance, this volume offers a unique perspective on how the development and implementation of language policy and planning impact on endangered languages.

Attitudes to Endangered Languages

Author: Julia Sallabank
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107655889
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Language attitudes and ideologies are of key importance in assessing the chances of success of revitalisation efforts for endangered languages. However, few book-length studies relate attitudes to language policies, or address the changing attitudes of non-speakers and the motivations of members of language movements. Through a combination of ethnographic research and quantitative surveys, this book presents an in-depth study of revitalisation efforts for indigenous languages in three small islands round the British Isles. The author identifies and confronts key issues commonly faced by practitioners and researchers working in small language communities with little institutional support. This book explores the complex relationship of ideologies, identity and language-related beliefs and practices, and examines the implications of these factors for language revitalisation measures. Essential reading for researchers interested in language endangerment and revitalisation, sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology and language policy and planning, as well as language planners and campaigners.

Speaking of Endangered Languages

Author: Anne Goodfellow
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443812382
Format: PDF, ePub
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Speaking of Endangered Languages: Issues in Revitalization provides an overview of the current state of various indigenous languages around the world, describes some local responses to maintaining them, and in some cases suggests a re-examination of the goals and content of indigenous language retention programs. Each chapter presents a case study of a threatened language and possibilities for continued vitality through a description of the history of culture contact in a particular language community, early attempts at assimilationist-style education, the current language situation in the community, and recent local grassroots efforts at language revival and maintenance. Some also include examples of differences between past and present spoken forms of the language, and the implications of these for present and future generations of indigenous language learners. The authors are all actively engaged in research on the maintenance of indigenous languages, and many of them do applied work in communities as well. It is hoped that the ideas and approaches presented in this book will encourage others working in the field of indigenous language revitalization and maintenance to keep up their efforts, and in so doing consider approaches to indigenous language education that operate at the local level and involve various members of the community.

Youth Culture Language Endangerment and Linguistic Survivance

Author: Leisy Thornton Wyman
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847697399
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Youth Culture and Linguistic Survivance documents a decade of life and language use in a remote Alaskan Yup?ik community. It illuminates how schooling and migration shape complex linguistic ecologies; how youth broker sociolinguistic transformation; and how Indigenous peoples? wide-ranging forms of linguistic survivance sustain unique lifeways in an interconnected world.