Fatigue and Corrosion in Metals

Author: Pietro Paolo Milella
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 884702336X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This textbook, suitable for students, researchers and engineers, gathers the experience of more than 20 years of teaching fracture mechanics, fatigue and corrosion to professional engineers and running experimental tests and verifications to solve practical problems in engineering applications. As such, it is a comprehensive blend of fundamental knowledge and technical tools to address the issues of fatigue and corrosion. The book initiates with a systematic description of fatigue from a phenomenological point of view, since the early signs of submicroscopic damage in few surface grains and continues describing, step by step, how these precursors develop to become mechanically small cracks and, eventually, macrocracks whose growth is governed by fracture mechanics. But fracture mechanics is also introduced to analyze stress corrosion and corrosion assisted fatigue in a rather advanced fashion. The author dedicates a particular attention to corrosion starting with an electrochemical treatment that mechanical engineers with a rather limited knowledge of electrochemistry will well digest without any pain. The electrochemical introduction is considered an essential requirement to the full understanding of corrosion that is essentially an electrochemical process. All stress corrosion aspects are treated, from the generalized film rupture-anodic dissolution process that is the base of any corrosion mechanism to the aggression occurring in either mechanically or thermally sensitized alloys up to the universe of hydrogen embrittlement, which is described in all its possible modes of appearance. Multiaxial fatigue and out-of-phase loading conditions are treated in a rather comprehensive manner together with damage progression and accumulation that are not linear processes. Load spectra are analyzed also in the frequency domain using the Fourier transform in a rather elegant fashion full of applications that are generally not considered at all in fatigue textbooks, yet they deserve a special place and attention. The issue of fatigue cannot be treated without a probabilistic approach unless the designer accepts the shame of one-out-of-two pieces failure. The reader is fully introduced to the most promising and advanced analytical tools that do not require a normal or lognormal distribution of the experimental data, which is the most common case in fatigue. But the probabilistic approach is also used to introduce the fundamental issue of process volume that is the base of any engineering application of fatigue, from the probability of failure to the notch effect, from the metallurgical variability and size effect to the load type effect. Fractography plays a fundamental role in the post mortem analysis of fatigue and corrosion failures since it can unveil the mystery encrypted in any failure.

Fatigue of Metals

Author: P. G. Forrest
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483160734
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fatigue of Metals provides a general account of the failure of metals due to fatigue, a subject of great practical importance in the field of engineering and metallurgy. The book covers a wide range of topics on the study of the fatigue of metals. The text presents in the first three chapters the characteristics and detection of fatigue fractures; methods of fatigue testing; and the fatigue strengths of different materials. The resistance of materials to fatigue under complex stress; the determination and effects of stress concentration; influence of surface treatment on fatigue strength; and effects of corrosion and temperature are also studied in detail. In relation to the previous chapters of fatigue information, a chapter is devoted to engineering design to prevent fatigue. The last two chapters provide a brief historical survey of the developments of the study of the mechanism of fatigue and fatigue of non-metallic materials such as wood, plastic, rubber, glass, and concrete. Mechanical engineers, designers, metallurgists, researchers, and students will find the book as a good reference material.

Corrosion of Metals

Author: Helmut Kaesche
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642960383
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Corrosion due to water is one of the most significant and complex causes of damage to metallic products. Written from the viewpoint of physical chemistry, this authoritative and established text deals with the aqueous corrosion of metals. Available for the first time in English, Corrosion of Metal addressing engineers, metallurgists, physicists and chemists. This self-contained, valuable reference comprehensively organizes and makes readily accessible the accumulated wealth of fundamental and applied knowledge. The concentration is on the underlying essentials of corrosion and failure, and the material is consistently presented in relation to practical applications to corrosion protection. The first chapters introducing the physicochemical principles are ideal for students. The following chapters provide an overview of the state of research for those familiar with the fundamentals. An exhaustive bibliography and appendices conclude the volume.

Corrosion fatigue of metals in marine environments

Author: C. E. Jaske
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book was prepared to document and review the major factors involved in corrosion fatigue of metals in marine environments. This includes both crack initiation and crack growth. Background information was obtained by searching technical literature through eight different sources--(1) Chemical Abstracts, (2) Metals Abstracts, (3) Metals and ceramics Information Center (MCIC), (4) Engineering Index, (5) Copper Data Center, (6) National Technical Information Service, (7) Defense Technical Information Service, and (8) Proceedings of Offshore Technology Conferences. Unpublished and proprietary papers and reports were excluded unless permission was obtained to release the results contained therein. Thus, most of the information was from documents published in the open literature. For convenient use and reference, discussions on corrosion-fatigue behavior are divided into separate chapters dealing with (1) carbon and alloy steels, (2) stainless steels, (3) nickel-base alloys, (4) copper-base alloys, (5) aluminum alloys, and (6) titanium alloys. Representative plots and tabulations of important data and factors influencing them are presented, but exhaustive plots and tabulations of all available data, such as might be found in handbooks, are not included because these are beyond the scope of this review. A general background for corrosion fatigue is presented in Chapter 2, which briefly discusses experimental procedures, general phenomena and mechanisms, variables affecting corrosion of metals in marine environments, and use of fatigue data in design.

Metal Fatigue Effects of Small Defects and Nonmetallic Inclusions

Author: Yukitaka Murakami
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080496566
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Metal fatigue is an essential consideration for engineers and researchers who are looking at factors that cause metals to fail through stress, corrosion, etc. This is an English translation of a book originally published in Japan in 1993, with an additional two chapters on the fatigue failure of steels and the effect of surface roughness on fatigue strength. The methodology is based on important and reliable results and may be usefully applied to other fatigue problems not directly treated in this book.

Corrosion Mechanisms in Theory and Practice Third Edition

Author: Philippe Marcus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420094629
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Updated to include recent results from intensive worldwide research efforts in materials science, surface science, and corrosion science, Corrosion Mechanisms in Theory and Practice, Third Edition explores the latest advances in corrosion and protection mechanisms. It presents a detailed account of the chemical and electrochemical surface reactions that govern corrosion as well as the link between microscopic forces and macroscopic behavior. Revised and expanded, this edition includes four new chapters on corrosion fundamentals, the passivity of metals, high temperature corrosion, and the corrosion of aluminum alloys. The first half of the book covers basic aspects of corrosion, such as entry of hydrogen into metals, anodic dissolution, localized corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. Connecting the theoretical aspects of corrosion mechanisms to practical applications in industry, the second half of the text discusses corrosion inhibition, atmospheric corrosion, microbially induced corrosion, corrosion in nuclear systems, corrosion of microelectronic and magnetic data-storage devices, and organic coatings. With contributions from leading academic and industrial researchers, this bestselling book continues to provide a thorough understanding of corrosion mechanisms—helping you solve existing corrosion challenges and prevent future problems.

Fatigue Crack Propagation in Metals and Alloys

Author: Ulrich Krupp
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527315373
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This comprehensive overview of the whole field of fatigue and fracture of metallic materials covers both the theoretical background and some of the latest experimental techniques. It provides a summary of the complex interactions between material microstructure and cracks, classifying them with respect to the overall damage process with a focus on microstructurally short cracks and dynamic embrittlement. It furthermore introduces new concepts for the numerical treatment of fatigue microcrack propagation and their implementation in fatigue-life prediction models.This comprehensive overview of the whole field of fatigue and fracture of metallic materials covers both the theoretical background and the latest experimental techniques. It provides a summary of the complex interactions between material microstructure and cracks, classifying them with respect to the overall damage process. It furthermore introduces new concepts for the numerical treatment of fatigue microcrack propagation and their implementation in fatigue-life prediction models.

Stress Corrosion Cracking

Author: V S Raja
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093762
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The problem of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), which causes sudden failure of metals and other materials subjected to stress in corrosive environment(s), has a significant impact on a number of sectors including the oil and gas industries and nuclear power production. Stress corrosion cracking reviews the fundamentals of the phenomenon as well as examining stress corrosion behaviour in specific materials and particular industries. The book is divided into four parts. Part one covers the mechanisms of SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, while the focus of part two is on methods of testing for SCC in metals. Chapters in part three each review the phenomenon with reference to a specific material, with a variety of metals, alloys and composites discussed, including steels, titanium alloys and polymer composites. In part four, the effect of SCC in various industries is examined, with chapters covering subjects such as aerospace engineering, nuclear reactors, utilities and pipelines. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Stress corrosion cracking is an essential reference for engineers and designers working with metals, alloys and polymers, and will be an invaluable tool for any industries in which metallic components are exposed to tension, corrosive environments at ambient and high temperatures. Examines the mechanisms of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) presenting recognising testing methods and materials resistant to SCC Assesses the effect of SCC on particular metals featuring steel, stainless steel, nickel-based alloys, magnesium alloys, copper-based alloys and welds in steels Reviews the monitoring and management of SCC and the affect of SCC in different industries such as petrochemical and aerospace