Fault Diagnosis of Nonlinear Systems Using a Hybrid Approach

Author: Ehsan Sobhani-Tehrani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387929061
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Theincreasingcomplexityofspacevehiclessuchassatellites,andthecostreduction measures that have affected satellite operators are increasingly driving the need for more autonomy in satellite diagnostics and control systems. Current methods for detecting and correcting anomalies onboard the spacecraft as well as on the ground are primarily manual and labor intensive, and therefore, tend to be slow. Operators inspect telemetry data to determine the current satellite health. They use various statisticaltechniques andmodels,buttheanalysisandevaluation ofthelargevolume of data still require extensive human intervention and expertise that is prone to error. Furthermore, for spacecraft and most of these satellites, there can be potentially unduly long delays in round-trip communications between the ground station and the satellite. In this context, it is desirable to have onboard fault-diagnosis system that is capable of detecting, isolating, identifying or classifying faults in the system withouttheinvolvementandinterventionofoperators.Towardthisend,theprinciple goal here is to improve the ef?ciency, accuracy, and reliability of the trend analysis and diagnostics techniques through utilization of intelligent-based and hybrid-based methodologies.

Perspectives in Mathematical System Theory Control and Signal Processing

Author: Jan C. Willems
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540939180
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This Festschrift, published on the occasion of the sixtieth birthday of Yutaka - mamoto (‘YY’ as he is occasionally casually referred to), contains a collection of articles by friends, colleagues, and former Ph.D. students of YY. They are a tribute to his friendship and his scienti?c vision and oeuvre, which has been a source of inspiration to the authors. Yutaka Yamamoto was born in Kyoto, Japan, on March 29, 1950. He studied applied mathematics and general engineering science at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Physics of Kyoto University, obtaining the B.S. and M.Sc. degrees in 1972 and 1974. His M.Sc. work was done under the supervision of Professor Yoshikazu Sawaragi. In 1974, he went to the Center for Mathematical System T- ory of the University of Florida in Gainesville. He obtained the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees, both in Mathematics, in 1976 and 1978, under the direction of Professor Rudolf Kalman.

State Estimation and Control for Low cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Author: Chingiz Hajiyev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319164171
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book discusses state estimation and control procedures for a low-cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The authors consider the use of robust adaptive Kalman filter algorithms and demonstrate their advantages over the optimal Kalman filter in the context of the difficult and varied environments in which UAVs may be employed. Fault detection and isolation (FDI) and data fusion for UAV air-data systems are also investigated, and control algorithms, including the classical, optimal, and fuzzy controllers, are given for the UAV. The performance of different control methods is investigated and the results compared. State Estimation and Control of Low-Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles covers all the important issues for designing a guidance, navigation and control (GNC) system of a low-cost UAV. It proposes significant new approaches that can be exploited by GNC system designers in the future and also reviews the current literature. The state estimation, control and FDI methods are illustrated by examples and MATLAB® simulations. State Estimation and Control of Low-Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles will be of interest to both researchers in academia and professional engineers in the aerospace industry. Graduate students may also find it useful, and some sections are suitable for an undergraduate readership.

Emergent Problems in Nonlinear Systems and Control

Author: Bijoy Ghosh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642036260
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Papers in this collection partly represent the set of talks that were presented at Texas Tech University on the occasion of Daya’s memorial workshop in the year 2007. Daya had a varied interest in the field of Dynamics and Control Theory and the papers bring out the essence of his involvement in these activities. He also had a large number of collaborators and this collection represent a good fraction of them. The papers included here cover his interest in control theory. Also included are papers from application areas that we believe are of strong interest to him.

Fault Tolerant Control Design for Hybrid Systems

Author: Hao Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642106803
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides readers a good understanding on how to achieve Fault Tolerant Control goal of Hybrid Systems. It presents important theoretical results as well as their applications.

Hybrid Dynamical Systems

Author: Mohamed Djemai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331910795X
Format: PDF
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This book is a collection of contributions defining the state of current knowledge and new trends in hybrid systems – systems involving both continuous dynamics and discrete events – as described by the work of several well-known groups of researchers. Hybrid Dynamical Systems presents theoretical advances in such areas as diagnosability, observability and stabilization for various classes of system. Continuous and discrete state estimation and self-triggering control of nonlinear systems are advanced. The text employs various methods, among them, high-order sliding modes, Takagi–Sugeno representation and sampled-data switching to achieve its ends. The many applications of hybrid systems from power converters to computer science are not forgotten; studies of flexible-joint robotic arms and – as representative biological systems – the behaviour of the human heart and vasculature, demonstrate the wide-ranging practical significance of control in hybrid systems. The cross-disciplinary origins of study in hybrid systems are evident. Academic researchers and graduate students interested in hybrid and switched systems need look no further than Hybrid Dynamical Systems for a single source which will bring them up to date with work in this area from around the world.

Assessment and Future Directions of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control

Author: Rolf Findeisen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540726993
Format: PDF, ePub
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Thepastthree decadeshaveseenrapiddevelopmentin the areaofmodelpred- tive control with respect to both theoretical and application aspects. Over these 30 years, model predictive control for linear systems has been widely applied, especially in the area of process control. However, today’s applications often require driving the process over a wide region and close to the boundaries of - erability, while satisfying constraints and achieving near-optimal performance. Consequently, the application of linear control methods does not always lead to satisfactory performance, and here nonlinear methods must be employed. This is one of the reasons why nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) has - joyed signi?cant attention over the past years,with a number of recent advances on both the theoretical and application frontier. Additionally, the widespread availability and steadily increasing power of today’s computers, as well as the development of specially tailored numerical solution methods for NMPC, bring thepracticalapplicabilityofNMPCwithinreachevenforveryfastsystems.This has led to a series of new, exciting developments, along with new challenges in the area of NMPC.

Hybrid Systems Computation and Control

Author: Magnus Egerstedt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540789286
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control, HSCC 2008, held in St. Louis, MO, USA, in April 2008. The 42 revised full papers and 20 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions for inclusion in the book. The papers focus on research in embedded, reactive systems involving the interplay between symbolic/switching and continuous dynamical behaviors and feature the latest developments of applications and theoretical advancements in the design, analysis, control, optimization, and implementation of hybrid systems, with particular attention to embedded and networked control systems.

Nonlinear System Identification

Author: Oliver Nelles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540673699
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The goal of this book is to provide engineers and scientIsts in academia and industry with a thorough understanding of the underlying principles of nonlinear system identification. The reader will be able to apply the discussed models and methods to real problems with the necessary confidence and the awareness of potential difficulties that may arise in practice. This book is self-contained in the sense that it requires merely basic knowledge of matrix algebra, signals and systems, and statistics. Therefore, it also serves as an introduction to linear system identification and gives a practical overview on the major optimization methods used in engineering. The emphasis of this book is on an intuitive understanding of the subject and the practical application of the discussed techniques. It is not written in a theorem/proof style; rather the mathematics is kept to a minimum and the pursued ideas are illustrated by numerous figures, examples, and real-world applications. Fifteen years ago, nonlinear system identification was a field of several ad-hoc approaches, each applicable only to a very restricted class of systems. With the advent of neural networks, fuzzy models, and modern structure opti mization techniques a much wider class of systems can be handled. Although one major characteristic of nonlinear systems is that almost every nonlinear system is unique, tools have been developed that allow the use of the same ap proach for a broad variety of systems.