Federalism and Decentralization in European Health and Social Care

Author: J. Costa-Font
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137291877
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first book to examine the processes of territorial federalization and decentralization of health systems in Europe drawing from an interdisciplinary economics, public policy and political science approach. It contains key theoretical and empirical features that allow an understanding of when health care decentralization is successful.

Federalism and the Welfare State

Author: Herbert Obinger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521611848
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume, first published in 2005, focuses on more than a century of interaction between political institutions and social policy outcomes.

Federalism and Decentralization in Health Care

Author: Gregory Marchildon
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487513577
Format: PDF, Mobi
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While health system decentralization is often associated with federations, there has been limited study on the connection between federalism and the organization of publicly financed or mandated health services. Federalism and Decentralization in Health Care examines eight federations that differ in terms of their geography, history and constitutional and political development. Looking at Canada, Brazil, Germany, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa and Switzerland, Federalism and Decentralization in Health Care examines constitutional responsibility for health care, the national laws establishing a right to health care, the predominant sources and organization of public revenues directed to health care, and the overall organization of the health system. In additional to these structural features, each country case study is subjected to a "decision space analysis" to determine the actual degree of health system decentralization. This involves determining whether national and subnational governments have narrow, moderate or broad discretion in their decisions on governance, access, human resources, health system organization and financing. This comparative approach highlights the similarities and differences among these federations. Offering reflections on recent trends in centralization or decentralizations for the health system as a whole, Federalism and Decentralization in Health Care, is a valuable resource for those studying health care policy in federal systems and especially those interested in comparative aspects of the topic.

Regional Interests and Regional Actors

Author: Jörg Mathias
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135768544
Format: PDF, ePub
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The question of how to organize and manage sustainable regional development has recently come to the fore in many places across the industrialized countries of Central and Western Europe, and especially within the European Union (EU). This book looks at the home-grown natural, economic and social, socio-political, political and administrative conditions which policy makers face, while also being subjected to numerous external influences. Political actors in less important EU regions attempt to create and implement strategies of regional development in the context of regional policy-making by EU institutions, national governments and the globalization process.

Handbook of Fiscal Federalism

Author: E. Ahmad
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1847201512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume provides comprehensive coverage of fiscal federalism by some of the leading scholars in the field. . . This Handbook is an excellent addition to the present discourse on the role of the state in fiscal matters. This reviewer would recommend this book as a required text for a graduate or senior class on public finance or economic development. Researchers in economic development, public finance, and fiscal policy likewise would find this volume useful. Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduate through professional collections. J. Raman, Choice This major Handbook addresses fiscal relations between different levels of government under the general rubric of fiscal federalism , providing a review of the latest literature as well as an invaluable guide for practitioners and policy makers seeking informed policy options. The contributors include leading lights in the field, many of whom have themselves made seminal contributions to the literature. Comprehensive and wide in coverage, the issues covered range from federal systems to other forms of intergovernmental relations, such as supra-national constructs namely, the European Union unitary states, regional systems, and more decentralized operations, including community level organizations. The political economy approach emphasizes the importance of institutional arrangements, including the legal, political and administrative aspects, and information flows to ensure that there are appropriate incentives and sanctions to generate good governance. This Handbook also devotes attention to emerging issues, such as environmental protection, the sharing of natural resources among levels of government, corruption and the impact of federalism and decentralization on national unity. It will be a vital reference tool for the area for many years to come.

Fiscal Federalism 2016 Making Decentralisation Work

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264254056
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fiscal Federalism 2016 covers: spending and tax devolution, fiscal constitutions of federal countries, immovable property taxation, the spending power of sub-central governments, the own tax resources and intergovernmental grants mix, and rules and frameworks for sustainable debt management.

Federalism and Regional Policy in Contemporary Russia

Author: Andrey Starodubtsev
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317136144
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How do Russian leaders balance the need to decentralize governance in a socially and politically complex country with the need to guarantee political control of the state? Since the early 2000s Russian federal authorities have arranged a system of political control on regional elites and their leaders, providing a "police control" of special bodies subordinated by the federal center on policy implementation in the regions. Different mechanisms of fiscal federalism and investment policy have been used to ensure regional elites’ loyalty and a politically centralized but administratively decentralized system has been created. Asking clear, direct, and theoretically informed questions about the relationship between federalism, decentralization and authoritarianism, this book explores the political survival of authoritarian leaders, the determinants of policy formulation, and theories of federalism and decentralization, to reach a new understanding of territorial governance in contemporary Russia. As such, it is an important work for students and researchers in Russian studies and regional and federal studies.

Rethinking Decentralization in Developing Countries

Author: Jennie Ilene Litvack
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821343500
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In an effort to reduce poverty and improve nutrition, this Bank operation assisted the Indian program Operation Flood to develop the dairy industry in India. This study examines the policy changes instituted to support the aid flow to the dairy sector and discusses the lessons learned and benefits realized through improved dairy production. It also presents suggestions for improvement. This program differs from other Bank efforts in that it focuses on a single commodity to alleviate poverty and raise living standards.

The New Democratic Federalism for Europe

Author: Bruno S. Frey
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781843769019
Format: PDF, ePub
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'. . . this is a stimulating pioneer work. They should extend it and the rest of us should act as missionaries.' - Gordon Tullock, Public Choice '. . . the authors not only provide an implicit discussion of the problems of the nation-state, but they also outline an alternative, with a defence of why and how it would work effectively. . . the book provokes thought and debate. It is a welcome creative addition to an already rich literature.' - Journal of International Law and Politics This innovative book proposes a new institutional arrangement for government to fulfil the needs of its citizens as well as possible. Existing aspects of federalism and direct democracy in Europe are strengthened, and as a result future developments arising in the region are coped with better.

Hamilton s Paradox

Author: Jonathan Rodden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521603669
Format: PDF, Docs
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As new federations take shape and old ones are revived around the world, a difficult challenge is to create incentives for fiscal discipline. By combining theory, quantitative analysis, and historical and contemporary case studies, this book lays out the first systematic explanation of why decentralized countries have had dramatically different fiscal experiences. It provides insights into current policy debates from Latin America to the European Union, and a new perspective on a tension between the promise and peril of federalism that has characterized the literature since The Federalist Papers.