Field Experiments

Author: Alan S. Gerber
Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9780393979954
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A brief, authoritative introduction to field experimentation in the social sciences. Written by two leading experts on experimental methods, this concise text covers the major aspects of experiment design, analysis, and interpretation in clear language. Students learn how to design randomized experiments, analyze the data, and interpret the findings. Beyond the authoritative coverage of the basic methodology, the authors include numerous features to help students achieve a deeper understanding of field experimentation, including rich examples from the social science literature, problem sets and discussions, data sets, and further readings.

Agricultural Field Experiments

Author: Roger G. Petersen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849384776
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This text provides statistical and biometrical procedures for designing, conducting, analyzing and interpreting field experiments. It addresses the most important research topics in agriculture, including agronomy, breeding and pasture trials; farming systems research; and intercropping research.

Total Compensation

Author: Frank Maschmann
Publisher: Fachmedien Recht und Wirtschaft
ISBN: 380059126X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Angemessen, motivierend und flexibel soll die Vergütung sein, dem Arbeitnehmer eine sichere Existenzgrundlage bieten und ihn so lang wie möglich an das Unternehmen binden. "Total Compensation" bedeutet, dass die Leistung des Mitarbeiters durch eine Gesamtvergütung mit zahlreichen Einzelbausteinen honoriert wird. Allerdings zwingt das immer dichter werdende Regelwerk des Arbeitsrechts die formal freie Entgeltgestaltung in ein enges Korsett. Selbst für Experten sind rechtssichere Regelungen in diesem Felde ein schwieriges Unterfangen. In knapp 40 Kapiteln zeigt das Werk, wie man die rechtlichen und personalwirtschaftlichen Probleme in den Griff bekommen kann. Nach einleitenden Kapiteln, die die Entgeltgestaltung aus motivationstheoretischer und betriebswirtschaftlicher Sicht beleuchten, werden Grundfragen der tariflichen und gesetzlichen Grundvergütung geklärt, die Vergütungsprobleme von AT-Angestellten und GmbH-Geschäftsführern diskutiert, um sodann die klassischen und modernen Formen von Leistungslohn, von A wie Akkord bis Z wie Zielvereinbarung zu präsentieren. Weitere Entgeltbausteine kommen hinzu: Aktienoptionen, Sachbezüge, Privatnutzung des Dienstwagens, Fortbildung auf Kosten des Arbeitgebers, betriebliche Altersversorgung. Neue Probleme ergeben sich bei der Vergütung von Arbeit im Homeoffice, beim Crowdworking und für die Erstellung von Werken, an denen der Arbeitnehmer ein Urheberrecht besitzt. Komplizierte Fragen stellen sich bei der Gestaltung und Umgestaltung ganzer Vergütungsordnungen, insbesondere beim Betriebsübergang und in tarifpluralen Betrieben, sowie bei der Flexibilisierung von Entgeltregelungen, Entgeltkürzung bei Low Performance und Änderungskündigung zur Entgeltsenkung sind weitere Aspekte. Neuerdings spielt auch das Thema "Compliance" für die Vergütungsgestaltung eine Rolle, insbesondere die Bezahlung von Betriebsräten.

Rational Choice

Author: Donald P. Green
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486831607
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Author: Peter John
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317680189
Format: PDF, ePub
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Field experiments -- randomized controlled trials -- have become ever more popular in political science, as well as in other disciplines, such as economics, social policy and development. Policy-makers have also increasingly used randomization to evaluate public policies, designing trials of tax reminders, welfare policies and international aid programs to name just a few of the interventions tested in this way. Field experiments have become successful because they assess causal claims in ways that other methods of evaluation find hard to emulate. Social scientists and evaluators have rediscovered how to design and analyze field experiments, but they have paid much less attention to the challenges of organizing and managing them. Field experiments pose unique challenges and opportunities for the researcher and evaluator which come from working in the field. The research experience can be challenging and at times hard to predict. This book aims to help researchers and evaluators plan and manage their field experiments so they can avoid common pitfalls. It is also intended to open up discussion about the context and backdrop to trials so that these practical aspects of field experiments are better understood. The book sets out ten steps researchers can use to plan their field experiments, then nine threats to watch out for when they implement them. There are cases studies of voting and political participation, elites, welfare and employment, nudging citizens, and developing countries.

Zwischen Provinzen und Metropolen

Author: Simon Fietze
Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag
ISBN: 3957103134
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieser Band versammelt 39 Beiträge, die Wenzel Matiaske aus Anlass seines 60. Geburtstages von akademischen Kolleginnen und Kollegen, Wegbegleiterinnen und Wegbegleitern sowie Schülerinnen und Schülern gewidmet sind. Er zeichnet die akademische und wissenschaftliche Reiseroute Wenzel Matiaskes nach und liefert einen detaillierten und pointierten Blick auf ein breites Spektrum an sozioökonomischen Fragestellungen: Macht und (sozialer) Tausch, Industrielle Beziehungen, Arbeitszeitpolitik, Arbeitszufriedenheit, Standards Guter Arbeit und die Rolle von (personalwirtschaftlicher) Forschung in einer sich wandelnden Gesellschaft. Simon Fietze ist A/Professor für Management und Entrepreneurship am Department of Entrepreneurship and Relationship Management der University of Southern Denmark in Sønderborg. / Doris Holtmann ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Personal und Arbeit (IPA) der Helmut-Schmidt-Universität/Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg. / Florian Schramm ist Professor für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Personalwirtschaft an der Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Hamburg.

Handbook of Field Experiments

Author: Esther Duflo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444640142
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook of Field Experiments explains how to conduct experimental research, presents a catalog on what research has uncovered thus far, and describes which areas remain to be explored. The section on methodology will be of particular interest to scholars working with experimental methods. Among substantive findings, contributors report on a body of results in areas from politics, to education, and firm productivity, demonstrating the power of these methods, while shedding light on issues such as robustness and external validity. Separating itself from circumscribed debates of specialists, this volume surpasses in usefulness the many journal articles and narrowly-defined books written by practitioners. Balances methodological insights with analyses of principal findings and suggestions for further research Appeals broadly to social scientists seeking to develop an expertise in field experiments Strives to be analytically rigorous Written in language that is accessible to graduate students and non-specialist economists

Design and Analysis of Experiments Volume 1

Author: Klaus Hinkelmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470191743
Format: PDF, ePub
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This user-friendly new edition reflects a modern and accessible approach to experimental design and analysis Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume 1, Second Edition provides a general introduction to the philosophy, theory, and practice of designing scientific comparative experiments and also details the intricacies that are often encountered throughout the design and analysis processes. With the addition of extensive numerical examples and expanded treatment of key concepts, this book further addresses the needs of practitioners and successfully provides a solid understanding of the relationship between the quality of experimental design and the validity of conclusions. This Second Edition continues to provide the theoretical basis of the principles of experimental design in conjunction with the statistical framework within which to apply the fundamental concepts. The difference between experimental studies and observational studies is addressed, along with a discussion of the various components of experimental design: the error-control design, the treatment design, and the observation design. A series of error-control designs are presented based on fundamental design principles, such as randomization, local control (blocking), the Latin square principle, the split-unit principle, and the notion of factorial treatment structure. This book also emphasizes the practical aspects of designing and analyzing experiments and features: Increased coverage of the practical aspects of designing and analyzing experiments, complete with the steps needed to plan and construct an experiment A case study that explores the various types of interaction between both treatment and blocking factors, and numerical and graphical techniques are provided to analyze and interpret these interactions Discussion of the important distinctions between two types of blocking factors and their role in the process of drawing statistical inferences from an experiment A new chapter devoted entirely to repeated measures, highlighting its relationship to split-plot and split-block designs Numerical examples using SAS® to illustrate the analyses of data from various designs and to construct factorial designs that relate the results to the theoretical derivations Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume 1, Second Edition is an ideal textbook for first-year graduate courses in experimental design and also serves as a practical, hands-on reference for statisticians and researchers across a wide array of subject areas, including biological sciences, engineering, medicine, pharmacology, psychology, and business.