Field Guide to Environmental Engineering for Development Workers

Author: James R. Mihelcic
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 9780784409855
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Throughout the world, and even in the United States, engineers are tackling the challenges of sustainable development and public health challenges that engineers are uniquely qualified to address. Yet engineers working abroad on development projects often lack the knowledge and information to design, plan, construct, operate, and maintain technology that is culturally, economically, and geographically appropriate technology that takes into account gender, does not use significant amounts of fossil fuels, accounts for environmental conditions like water scarcity, and uses local construction materials. This readable and fully illustrated guide is a complete handbook for international engineering service projects that involve water supply and treatment, watersheds, sanitation systems, and indoor air quality. It provides the tools necessary to implement the right technology in developing regions around the world. The authors introduce sustainable engineering and explain how environmental engineering fosters public health, with an emphasis on the relationship between community participation and the success of an engineering project. In addition, this book covers topographical surveying, project planning, watershed management, and construction materials and techniques. Specific technical guidance is offered for the design and construction of multiple systems for water supply, water and wastewater treatment, and flood storage and drainage, as well as solid waste management and indoor air quality improvement. This book is a valuable resource for engineering students, faculty, and practitioners involved with programs like Engineers without Borders, Water for People, and Engineers for a Sustainable World, as well as those affiliated with government groups, international agencies, and charitable organizations. James R. Mihelcic, Ph.D., BCEEM, is a professor of civil and environmental engineering, a state of Florida 21st Century World Class Scholar, and director of the Master s International Program in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of South Florida. Lauren M. Fry is a doctoral candidate in environmental engineering at Michigan Technological University. Elizabeth A. Myre has managed water, sanitation, and renewable energy projects with NGOs in Haiti and Guatemala. Linda D. Phillips, P.E., P.M.P, C.D.T., is a lecturer and Patel Associate in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and director of the International Capstone Design (ICD) program at the University of South Florida. Brian Barkdoll, Ph.D., P.E., D.WRE, F.ASCE is an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Michigan Technological University.

Field Guide to Appropriate Technology

Author: Barrett Hazeltine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080469809
Format: PDF, ePub
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Field Guide to Appropriate Technology is an all-in-one "hands-on guide" for nontechnical and technical people working in less developed communities. It has been developed and designed with a prestigious team of authors, each of whom has worked extensively in developing societies throughout the world. This field guide includes: Step-by-step instructions and illustrations showing how to build and maintain a vast array of appropriate technology systems and devices Unique coverage on healthcare, basic business and project management, principles of design, promotion, scheduling, training, microlending, and more Teachers, doctors, construction workers, forest and agricultural specialists, scientists and healthcare workers, and religious and government representatives will find this book a first source for advice Step-by-step instructions and illustrations showing how to build and maintain a vast array of appropriate technology systems and devices Unique coverage on healthcare, basic business and project management, principles of design, promotion, scheduling, training, microlending, and more Teachers, doctors, construction workers, forest and agricultural specialists, scientists and healthcare workers, and religious and government representatives will find this book a first source for advice

Engineering and Sustainable Community Development

Author: Juan Lucena
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608450716
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book, Engineering and Sustainable Community Development, presents an overview of engineering as it relates to humanitarian engineering, service learning engineering, or engineering for community development, often called sustainable community development (SCD). The topics covered include a history of engineers and development, the problems of using industry-based practices when designing for communities, how engineers can prepare to work with communities, and listening in community development. It also includes two case studies -- one of engineers developing a windmill for a community in India, and a second of an engineer "mapping communities" in Honduras to empower people to use water effectively -- and student perspectives and experiences on one curricular model dealing with community development. Table of Contents: Introduction / Engineers and Development: From Empires to Sustainable Development / Why Design for Industry Will Not Work as Design for Community / Engineering with Community / Listening to Community / ESCD Case Study 1: Sika Dhari's Windmill / ESCD Case Study 2: Building Organizations and Mapping Communities in Honduras / Students' Perspectives on ESCD: A Course Model / Beyond Engineers and Community: A Path Forward

Amazing Feats of Environmental Engineering

Author: Carol Hand
Publisher: ABDO
ISBN: 1629685291
Format: PDF
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Engineers design our modern world. They combine science and technology to create incredible vehicles, structures, and objects. This title examines amazing feats of environmental engineering. Engaging text explores projects that supply water to impoverished areas, structures in the Netherlands that hold back the Atlantic Ocean, and the cleanup of contaminated areas. It also examines the engineers who made these projects a reality and traces the history of the discipline. Relevant sidebars, stunning photos, and a glossary aid readers' understanding of the topic. A hands-on project and career-planning chart give readers a sense of what it takes to become an engineer. Additional features include a table of contents, a selected bibliography, source notes, and an index, plus essential facts about each featured feat of engineering. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Essential Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.

Gravity Flow Water Supply

Author: Santiago Arnalich
Publisher: Arnalich
ISBN: 8461432770
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Tackling a Gravity Flow Water Project for the first time? This book is intended to get you on your feet quickly. You'll learn how to select pipe sizes, work out the demand you need to meet, interpret topographic surveys and perform economic calculations to compare different alternatives. Besides producing a sound design, it will help you to get to grips with the materials, put in orders, supervise the building work, and most of what you will need in your quest for access to safe water.

How to design a Gravity Flow Water System

Author: Santiago Arnalich
Publisher: Arnalich
ISBN: 8461437446
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This textbook teaches how to design drinking water systems and to do the calculations by hand. With minimal theory and through 28 progressive exercises, the most common scenarios are introduced one by one: branch lines, joining multiple sources, valley passes, pressure zones, and looped systems. Following simple, quick and reliable guidelines to achieve clear and tangible results for gravity flow water projects, the reader will learn how to decide on pipe diameters, check an existing design, and plan a system enlargement.

Decentralized Water Reclamation Engineering

Author: Robert L. Siegrist
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319404725
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book presents technical information and materials concerning the engineering of decentralized infrastructure to achieve effective wastewater treatment while also minimizing resource consumption and providing a source of reclaimed water, nutrients and organic matter. The approaches, technologies and systems described are targeted for green building and sustainable infrastructure across the United States and similar industrialized nations, but they are also applicable to water and sanitation projects in developing regions around the world. Today, decentralized infrastructure can be used to sustainably serve houses, buildings and developments with water use and wastewater flows of 100 to 100,000 gal/d or more. The book provides in-depth engineering coverage of the subject in a narrative and slide format specifically designed for classroom lectures or facilitated self-study. Key topics are covered including: engineering to satisfy project goals and requirements including sustainability, contemporary water use and wastewater generation and methods to achieve water use efficiency and source separation, alternative methods of wastewater collection and conveyance, and treatment and reuse operations including tank-based (e.g., septic tanks, aerobic treatment units, porous media biofilters, membrane bioreactors), wetland-based (e.g., free water surface and vegetated subsurface bed wetlands), and land-based unit operations (e.g., subsurface soil infiltration, shallow drip dispersal). Approaches and technologies are also presented that can achieve nutrient reduction and resource recovery in some cases or pathogen destruction to enable a particular discharge or reuse plan. The book also describes requirements and methods for effective management of the process solids, sludges and residuals that can be generated by various approaches, technologies, and systems. The book contains over 300 figures and illustrations of technologies and systems and over 150 tables of design and performance data. There are also more than 200 questions and problems relevant to the topics covered including example problems that have solutions presented to illustrate engineering concepts and calculations.

What Is Global Engineering Education For

Author: Gary Downey
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608455793
Format: PDF, Docs
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Global engineering offers the seductive image of engineers figuring out how to optimize work through collaboration and mobility. Its biggest challenge to engineers, however, is more fundamental and difficult: to better understand what they know and value qua engineers and why. This volume reports an experimental effort to help sixteen engineering educators produce "personal geographies" describing what led them to make risky career commitments to international and global engineering education. The contents of their diverse trajectories stand out in extending far beyond the narrower image of producing globally-competent engineers. Their personal geographies repeatedly highlight experiences of incongruence beyond home countries that provoked them to see themselves and understand their knowledge differently. The experiences were sufficiently profound to motivate them to design educational experiences that could provoke engineering students in similar ways. For nine engineers, gaining new international knowledge challenged assumptions that engineering work and life are limited to purely technical practices, compelling explicit attention to broader value commitments. For five non-engineers and two hybrids, gaining new international knowledge fueled ambitions to help engineering students better recognize and critically examine the broader value commitments in their work. A background chapter examines the historical emergence of international engineering education in the United States, and an epilogue explores what it might take to integrate practices of critical self-analysis more systematically in the education and training of engineers. Two appendices and two online supplements describe the unique research process that generated these personal geographies, especially the workshop at the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in which authors were prohibited from participating in discussions of their manuscripts. Table of Contents: Communicating Across Cultures: Humanities in the International Education of Engineers (Bernd Widdig) / Linking Language Proficiency and the Professions (Michael Nugent) / Language, Life, and Pathways to Global Competency for Engineers (and Everyone Else) (Phil McKnight) / Bridging Two worlds (John M. Grandin) / Opened Eyes: From Moving Up to Helping Students See (Gayle G. Elliott) / What is Engineering for? A Search for Engineering beyond Militarism and Free-markets (Juan Lucena) / Location, Knowledge, and Desire: From Two Conservatisms to Engineering Cultures and Countries (Gary Lee Downey) / Epilogue - Beyond Global Competence: Implications for Engineering Pedagogy (Gary Lee Downey)