Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations

Author: Alexander Umantsev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461414873
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The main subject of the book is the continuum, field theoretic method of study of phase transformations in material systems. The method, also known as "phase field", allows one to analyze different stages of transformations on the unified platform. It has received significant attention in the materials science community recently due to many successes in solving or illuminating important problems. The book will address fundamentals of the method starting from the classical theories of phase transitions, the most important theoretical and computational results, and some of the most advanced recent applications.

Phase Space Picture of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Y S Kim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814506672
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book covers the theory and applications of the Wigner phase space distribution function and its symmetry properties. The book explains why the phase space picture of quantum mechanics is needed, in addition to the conventional Schrödinger or Heisenberg picture. It is shown that the uncertainty relation can be represented more accurately in this picture. In addition, the phase space picture is shown to be the natural representation of quantum mechanics for modern optics and relativistic quantum mechanics of extended objects. Contents:Phase Space in Classical MechanicsForms of Quantum MechanicsWigner Phase- Space Distribution FunctionsLinear Canonical Transformations in Quantum MechanicsCoherent and Squeezed StatesPhase-Space Picture of Coherent and Squeezed StatesLorentz TransformationsCovariant Harmonic OscillatorsLorentz-Squeezed HadronsSpace-Time Geometry of Extended Particles Readership: Physicists, applied physicists and mathematical physicists. keywords:Lorentz Transformations;Wigner's Little Groups;Quantum Optics;Relativistic Quantum Mechanics;Phase Space;Wigner Function;Squeezed States;Feynman's Parton Picture;Covariant Harmonic Oscillators;Space-Time Geometry;Hadrons;Group Theory “… if Casimir invariants and Lorentz groups excite you, you'll be at home in Kim and Noz's lecture notes…” Contemporary Physics

Ageing and the Glass Transition

Author: Malte Henkel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540696849
Format: PDF, Docs
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Understanding cooperative phenomena far from equilibrium is one of the fascinating challenges of present-day many-body physics. Glassy behaviour and the physical ageing process of such materials are paradigmatic examples. The present volume, primarily intended as introduction and reference, collects six extensive lectures addressing selected experimental and theoretical issues in the field of glassy systems.

Field Theoretical Tools for Polymer and Particle Physics

Author: Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540643081
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book is written for advanced graduate students. The topics have been selected to present methods and models that have applications in both particle physics and polymer physics. The lectures may serve as a guide through more recent research activities and illustrate the applicability of joint methods in different contexts. The book deals with analytic tools (e.g. random walk models, polymer expansion), numerical tools (e.g. Langevin dynamics), and common models (the three-dimensional Gross-Neveu-Model).

Statistical Approach to Quantum Field Theory

Author: Andreas Wipf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364233105X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Over the past few decades the powerful methods of statistical physics and Euclidean quantum field theory have moved closer together, with common tools based on the use of path integrals. The interpretation of Euclidean field theories as particular systems of statistical physics has opened up new avenues for understanding strongly coupled quantum systems or quantum field theories at zero or finite temperatures. Accordingly, the first chapters of this book contain a self-contained introduction to path integrals in Euclidean quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. The resulting high-dimensional integrals can be estimated with the help of Monte Carlo simulations based on Markov processes. The most commonly used algorithms are presented in detail so as to prepare the reader for the use of high-performance computers as an “experimental” tool for this burgeoning field of theoretical physics. Several chapters are then devoted to an introduction to simple lattice field theories and a variety of spin systems with discrete and continuous spins, where the ubiquitous Ising model serves as an ideal guide for introducing the fascinating area of phase transitions. As an alternative to the lattice formulation of quantum field theories, variants of the flexible renormalization group methods are discussed in detail. Since, according to our present-day knowledge, all fundamental interactions in nature are described by gauge theories, the remaining chapters of the book deal with gauge theories without and with matter. This text is based on course-tested notes for graduate students and, as such, its style is essentially pedagogical, requiring only some basics of mathematics, statistical physics, and quantum field theory. Yet it also contains some more sophisticated concepts which may be useful to researchers in the field. Each chapter ends with a number of problems – guiding the reader to a deeper understanding of some of the material presented in the main text – and, in most cases, also features some listings of short, useful computer programs.

Scaling and Renormalization in Statistical Physics

Author: John Cardy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521499590
Format: PDF, ePub
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A thoroughly modern graduate-level introduction to the theory of critical behaviour. Covers phase transitions, mean field theory, phase diagrams, fixed points, cross-over behaviour, finite-size scaling, a simple approach to the epsilon expansion, low-dimensional systems, surface critical behaviour, random systems, percolation, polymer statistics, critical dynamics and conformal symmetry. Includes many problems.

Field Theoretical Methods in Particle Physics

Author: Werner Ruhl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468437224
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Advanced Study Institute on Field Theoretical Methods in Particle Physics was held at the Universitat Kaiserslautern in Kaiserslautern, Germany, from August 13 to August 24, 1979. Twenty invited lectures and seminar-speakers and 100 other participants attended this Institute. The contributions of most of the lecturers and seminar-speakers are contained in this volume. The revival of field theory in elementary particle physics that started about ten years ago has influenced all branches of elementary particle physics from fundamental research to pure phenomenology. The selection of field theoretical methods in part icle physics appropriate for the Institute is therefore the first task for the organizers. We decided to have constructive problems of gauge field theories and solvable models as two major areas to be covered during the Institute. If one considers the concepts and terminology currently used by pure field theorists, one notices that many of them were introduced and discussed first by pheno menologists in comparing quite elementary models directly with experimental data. For this reason, it seemed worthwhile to re serve considerable time to phenomenological field theory. The Institute was sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization whose funds made the Institute possible. It was co sponsored by the Bundes-Ministerium fur Forschung und Technologie in Bonn and the Landes-Ministerium fUr Kultus in Mainz. The City of Kaiserslautern made the Theodor Zink Museum avail able for a reception. Thanks are due in particular to its director, Dr. Dunkel.

Ultracold Quantum Fields

Author: Henk T. C. Stoof
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402087632
Format: PDF, Kindle
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On June 19th 1999, the European Ministers of Education signed the Bologna Dec laration, with which they agreed that the European university education should be uniformized throughout Europe and based on the two cycle bachelor master’s sys tem. The Institute for Theoretical Physics at Utrecht University quickly responded to this new challenge and created an international master’s programme in Theoret ical Physics which started running in the summer of 2000. At present, the master’s programme is a so called prestige master at Utrecht University, and it aims at train ing motivated students to become sophisticated researchers in theoretical physics. The programme is built on the philosophy that modern theoretical physics is guided by universal principles that can be applied to any sub?eld of physics. As a result, the basis of the master’s programme consists of the obligatory courses Statistical Field Theory and Quantum Field Theory. These focus in particular on the general concepts of quantum ?eld theory, rather than on the wide variety of possible applica tions. These applications are left to optional courses that build upon the ?rm concep tual basis given in the obligatory courses. The subjects of these optional courses in clude, for instance, Strongly Correlated Electrons, Spintronics, Bose Einstein Con densation, The Standard Model, Cosmology, and String Theory.

Critical Dynamics

Author: Uwe C. Täuber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139867202
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Introducing a unified framework for describing and understanding complex interacting systems common in physics, chemistry, biology, ecology, and the social sciences, this comprehensive overview of dynamic critical phenomena covers the description of systems at thermal equilibrium, quantum systems, and non-equilibrium systems. Powerful mathematical techniques for dealing with complex dynamic systems are carefully introduced, including field-theoretic tools and the perturbative dynamical renormalization group approach, rapidly building up a mathematical toolbox of relevant skills. Heuristic and qualitative arguments outlining the essential theory behind each type of system are introduced at the start of each chapter, alongside real-world numerical and experimental data, firmly linking new mathematical techniques to their practical applications. Each chapter is supported by carefully tailored problems for solution, and comprehensive suggestions for further reading, making this an excellent introduction to critical dynamics for graduate students and researchers across many disciplines within physical and life sciences.