Finding Information in Science Technology and Medicine

Author: Jill Lambert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135475881
Format: PDF, ePub
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A practical guide to the basic structure of STM information, describing in simple terms, with examples, how to locate what you need. Coverage includes: * How information is communicated * Beginning a search * Using bibliographic databases * Using the web for information * Obtaining and organising information * Keeping up to date * Future developments in scientific, technological and medical information Each chapter ends with a summary of the key points.

Antioxidants in Science Technology Medicine and Nutrition

Author: G. Scott
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099930
Format: PDF
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The use of antioxidants is widespread throughout the rubber, plastics, food, oil and pharmaceutical industries. This book brings together information generated from research in quite separate fields of biochemical science and technology, and integrates it on a basis of the common mechanisms of peroxidation and antioxidant action. It applies present knowledge of antioxidants to our understanding of their role in preventing and treating common diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, ischemia, pancreatitis, hemochromatosis, kwashiorkor, disorders of prematurity and disease of old age. Antioxidants deactivate certain harmful effects of free radicals in the human body due to biological peroxidation, and thus prevent protection against cell damage. The book is of considerable interest to scientists working in the materials and foodstuff industries, and to researchers seeking information on the connection between diet and health, and to those developing new drugs to combat diseases associated with oxidative stress. It is important also throughout the non-medical world, especially to the work force within the affected industries. Examines research in separate fields of biochemical science and technology and integrates it on a basis of the common mechanisms of peroxidation and antioxidant action Applies present knowledge of antioxidants to our understanding of their role in preventing and treating common diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and others

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science Technology and Medicine in Non Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204559X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Here, at last, is the massively updated and augmented second edition of this landmark encyclopedia. It contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated articles together with hundreds of entirely new topics. This unique reference work includes intercultural articles on broad topics such as mathematics and astronomy as well as thoughtful philosophical articles on concepts and ideas related to the study of non-Western Science, such as rationality, objectivity, and method. You’ll also find material on religion and science, East and West, and magic and science.

Ways of Knowing

Author: John V. Pickstone
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226667959
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In Ways of Knowing, John V. Pickstone provides a new and accessible framework for understanding science, technology, and medicine (STM) in the West from the Renaissance to the present. Pickstone's approach has four key features. First, he synthesizes the long-term histories and philosophies of disciplines that are normally studied separately. Second, he dissects STM into specific ways of knowing—natural history, analysis, and experimentalism—with separate but interlinked elements. Third, he explores these ways of knowing as forms of work related to our various technologies for making, mending, and destroying. And finally, he relates scientific and technical knowledges to popular understandings and to politics. Covering an incredibly wide range of subjects, from minerals and machines to patients and pharmaceuticals, and from experimental physics to genetic engineering, Pickstone's Ways of Knowing challenges the reader to reexamine traditional conceptualizations of the history, philosophy, and social studies of science, technology, and medicine.

Feminism in Twentieth Century Science Technology and Medicine

Author: Angela N. H. Creager
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226120249
Format: PDF, Mobi
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What useful changes has feminism brought to science? Feminists have enjoyed success in their efforts to open many fields to women as participants. But the effects of feminism have not been restricted to altering employment and professional opportunities for women. The essays in this volume explore how feminist theory has had a direct impact on research in the biological and social sciences, in medicine, and in technology, often providing the impetus for fundamentally changing the theoretical underpinnings and practices of such research. In archaeology, evidence of women's hunting activities suggested by spears found in women's graves is no longer dismissed; computer scientists have used feminist epistemologies for rethinking the human-interface problems of our growing reliance on computers. Attention to women's movements often tends to reinforce a presumption that feminism changes institutions through critique-from-without. This volume reveals the potent but not always visible transformations feminism has brought to science, technology, and medicine from within. Contributors: Ruth Schwartz Cowan Linda Marie Fedigan Scott Gilbert Evelynn M. Hammonds Evelyn Fox Keller Pamela E. Mack Michael S. Mahoney Emily Martin Ruth Oldenziel Nelly Oudshoorn Carroll Pursell Karen Rader Alison Wylie

Science Technology and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

Author: David G. Wittner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317444361
Format: PDF, Docs
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Science, technology, and medicine all contributed to the emerging modern Japanese empire and conditioned key elements of post-war development. As the only emerging non-Western country that was a colonial power in its own right, Japan utilized these fields not only to define itself as racially different from other Asian countries and thus justify its imperialist activities, but also to position itself within the civilized and enlightened world with the advantages of modern science, technologies, and medicine. This book explores the ways in which scientists, engineers and physicians worked directly and indirectly to support the creation of a new Japanese empire, focussing on the eve of World War I and linking their efforts to later post-war developments. By claiming status as a modern, internationally-engaged country, the Japanese government was faced with having to control pathogens that might otherwise not have threatened the nation. Through the use of traditional and innovative techniques, this volume shows how the government was able to fulfil the state’s responsibility to protect society to varying degrees. The contributors push the field of the history of science, technology and medicine in Japan in new directions, raising questions about the definitions of diseases, the false starts in advancing knowledge, and highlighting the very human nature of fields which, on the surface, seem to non-specialists to be highly rational. Challenging older interpretative tendencies, this book highlights the vigour of the field and the potential for future development. Therefore, it will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Japanese history, Asian history, the history of science and technology and the history of medicine.

Medical Innovation

Author: Davide Consoli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317507215
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation. Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science Technology and Medicine

Author: Alan K L Chan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981448864X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine brings together over fifty papers by leading contemporary historians from more than a dozen nations. It is the third in a series of books growing out of the tri-annual International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia, the largest and most prestigious gathering of scholars in the field. The current volume broadens the field's traditional focus on China to include path-breaking work on Vietnam, Korea, Japan, the Philippines, and even the transmission of Asian science and technology to Europe and the United States. Topics covered include: traditional Chinese, Vietnamese, and Filipino medicines; Chinese astronomy; Japanese earthquakes; science and technology policy; architecture; the digital revolution; and much else. Contents:Philosophy/Cultural Study of Science & Technology:The Digital Revolution and East Asian Science (N Shigeru)“Good Luck” in the History of Science in Japan (S Shigeo)Traditional East Asian Views of Nature Revisited (S K Lee)Science & Technology Policy:On the Mistakes of Emperor Kangxi's Scientific Policy (Z-Z Xi)A Shift in Academia Sinica's Mission in 1935 (Y-B Duan & H-Y Fan)The Internet in China: Policy and Problems (Y-D Liu)Medicine and the Life Sciences:Biology in Song China (G H Luo)The Presentation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Knowledge in Hong Kong (H Hiroyuki)Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Denmark: Conditions in a New Host Culture (E Høg)Western Scientific Influence:The College of São Paulo in Macao: A Background (16th and 17th Centuries) (L Saraiva & H Leitão)Two Spanish Cosmographers in the Philippines: Andrés de Urdaneta and Martín de Rada (J A Cervara)Mathematics:Why Interpolation? (A-J Qu)An Investigation of the Yíng-Bùzú Method (C Y Chen & Z H Li)On the Basic Rules for Reconstruction of the Calendar (M-D Chen)Astronomy:Fake Leap Months in the Chinese Calendar: From the Jesuits to 2033 (H Aslaksen)Originality and Dependence of Traditional Astronomies in the East (Ô Yukio)Technology/Technique:Summary of Chinese Ship Navigation in Ancient Southeast Asia (Q P Jin)Scientific Literature:External and Internal in Ge Hong's Alchemy (E Torchinov)and other papers Readership: Researchers, academics and graduate students in the history of science, east asian studies, international relations and sociology. Keywords:

Evidence Based Medicine and the Search for a Science of Clinical Care

Author: Jeanne Daly
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520931442
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Patient management is the central clinical task of medical care. Until the 1970s, there was no generally accepted method of ensuring a scientific, critical approach to clinical decision making. And while traditional clinical authority was under attack, there was increasing concern about the way in which doctors made decisions about patient care. In this book, Jeanne Daly traces the origins, essential features, and achievements of evidence-based medicine and clinical epidemiology over the past few decades. Drawing largely on interviews with key players, she offers unique insights into the ways that practitioners of evidence-based medicine set out to generate scientific knowledge about patient care and how, in the process, they reshaped the way medicine is practiced and administered.