Finite Model Theory

Author: Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540287884
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is a thoroughly revised and enlarged second edition that presents the main results of descriptive complexity theory, that is, the connections between axiomatizability of classes of finite structures and their complexity with respect to time and space bounds. The logics that are important in this context include fixed-point logics, transitive closure logics, and also certain infinitary languages; their model theory is studied in full detail. The book is written in such a way that the respective parts on model theory and descriptive complexity theory may be read independently.

Beyond First Order Model Theory

Author: Jose Iovino
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315351099
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Model theory is one of the central branches of mathematical logic. The field has evolved rapidly in the last few decades. This book is an introduction to current trends in model theory, and contains a collection of articles authored by top researchers in the field. It is intended as a reference for students as well as senior researchers.

Quantifiers and Cognition Logical and Computational Perspectives

Author: Jakub Szymanik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319287494
Format: PDF
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This volume on the semantic complexity of natural language explores the question why some sentences are more difficult than others. While doing so, it lays the groundwork for extending semantic theory with computational and cognitive aspects by combining linguistics and logic with computations and cognition. Quantifier expressions occur whenever we describe the world and communicate about it. Generalized quantifier theory is therefore one of the basic tools of linguistics today, studying the possible meanings and the inferential power of quantifier expressions by logical means. The classic version was developed in the 1980s, at the interface of linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. Before this volume, advances in "classic" generalized quantifier theory mainly focused on logical questions and their applications to linguistics, this volume adds a computational component, the third pillar of language use and logical activity. This book is essential reading for researchers in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, logic, AI, and computer science.

Theoretical Computer Science

Author: Jos C.M. Baeten
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364233475X
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th FIP WG 2.2 International Conference, TCS 2012, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in September 2012. The 25 revised full papers presented, together with one invited talk, were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. New results of computation theory are presented and more broadly experts in theoretical computer science meet to share insights and ask questions about the future directions of the field.

Language and Automata Theory and Applications

Author: Adrian-Horia Dediu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319300008
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Language and Automata Theory and Applications, LATA 2016, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in March 2016. The 42 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 119 submissions. The papers cover the following topics: algebraic language theory; algorithms for semi-structured data mining, algorithms on automata and words; automata and logic; automata for system analysis and program verification; automata networks, concurrency and Petri nets; automatic structures; cellular automata, codes, combinatorics on words; computational complexity; data and image compression; descriptional complexity; digital libraries and document engineering; foundations of finite state technology; foundations of XML; fuzzy and rough languages; grammatical inference and algorithmic learning; graphs and graph transformation; language varieties and semigroups; parallel and regulated rewriting; parsing; patterns; string and combinatorial issues in computational biology and bioinformatics; string processing algorithms; symbolic dynamics; term rewriting; transducers; trees, tree languages and tree automata; weighted automata.

Finite Model Theory and Its Applications

Author: Erich Grädel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540688048
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Finite model theory,as understoodhere, is an areaof mathematicallogic that has developed in close connection with applications to computer science, in particular the theory of computational complexity and database theory. One of the fundamental insights of mathematical logic is that our understanding of mathematical phenomena is enriched by elevating the languages we use to describe mathematical structures to objects of explicit study. If mathematics is the science of patterns, then the media through which we discern patterns, as well as the structures in which we discern them, command our attention. It isthis aspect oflogicwhichis mostprominentin model theory,“thebranchof mathematical logic which deals with the relation between a formal language and its interpretations”. No wonder, then, that mathematical logic, and ?nite model theory in particular, should ?nd manifold applications in computer science: from specifying programs to querying databases, computer science is rife with phenomena whose understanding requires close attention to the interaction between language and structure. This volume gives a broadoverviewof some central themes of ?nite model theory: expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero–one laws, together with selected applications to database theory and arti?cial intelligence, es- cially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The ?nal chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic,which emp- sizes the continuity in spirit and technique with ?nite model theory.

Fixed Point Theory

Author: Andrzej Granas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038721593X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The theory of Fixed Points is one of the most powerful tools of modern mathematics. This book contains a clear, detailed and well-organized presentation of the major results, together with an entertaining set of historical notes and an extensive bibliography describing further developments and applications. From the reviews: "I recommend this excellent volume on fixed point theory to anyone interested in this core subject of nonlinear analysis." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Parameterized Complexity Theory

Author: J. Flum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540299530
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is a state-of-the-art introduction into both algorithmic techniques for fixed-parameter tractability and the structural theory of parameterized complexity classes. It presents detailed proofs of recent advanced results that have not appeared in book form before and replaces the earlier publication "Parameterized Complexity" by Downey and Fellows as the definitive book on this subject. The book will interest computer scientists, mathematicians and graduate students engaged with algorithms and problem complexity.