Ascent after Decline

Author: Otaviano Canuto
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821389432
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The Great Recession of 2009-2011 has left us short of instruments, bereft of confidence, and generally unprepared for a low-growth world. In this book, more than a dozen noted scholars discuss the prospects for future regrowth within analyses of key policy problems, major markets, and promising avenues for stimulating long-term economic growth.

The Rise of the Value Added Tax

Author: Kathryn James
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110704412X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Explores how the value-added tax (VAT) has risen from relative obscurity to become one of the world's most dominant revenue instruments.

Decentralisation and Reform in Latin America

Author: Giorgio Brosio
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781006261
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
ÔThis volume provides a splendid and wide-ranging collection of studies analyzing the political-economy of decentralization in Latin-America. ItÕs a fascinating story with numerous and profound insights into how fiscal decentralization actually works in the context of a variety of fiscal institutions and in a setting with a high degree of inequality in the distribution of income and territorial disparities.Õ Ð Wallace E. Oates, University of Maryland, US ÔThe volume on Decentralization and Reform in Latin America is an important addition to the growing literature on decentralization. Some of the issues in the implementation and effectiveness of decentralization are similar all over the world, but there are issues of particular salience to Latin America, a region where decentralization reforms have come sometimes in the wake of major political reforms. This volume pays special attention to the complexity of issues (both relating to equity and efficiency) arising in the context of vertical fiscal imbalance and inter-governmental transfers, in the delivery of social services or investment spending, in the sharing of rent from natural resources among social and regional groups and in macro-fiscal stabilization. I expect the volume to receive widespread attention.Õ Ð Pranab Bhardan, University of California, Berkeley, US ÔWhen it comes to fiscal decentralization in developing countries, Latin America has long led the way. In the two decades prior to the mid-1990s, some countries in the region extensively decentralized expenditures, especially social expenditures, and to a much lesser extent revenues to subnational governments. Some excesses and distortions resulted from these initial efforts and over the next decade major attempts were made to offset such problems, primarily by changing fiscal rules and transfer systems. The recent boom in natural resource revenues has again exacerbated pressure on the intergovernmental fiscal system in many countries, leading to further attempts to adjust the flow of finance between governments in order to maintain macroeconomic balance while achieving both more effective service delivery and greater social cohesion. This book, which provides both description and analysis of the rich Latin American experience, should be required reading not only for all those interested in the region but for scholars and policy-makers anywhere who are concerned with the complex and many-faceted issues associated with decentralization.Õ Ð Richard M. Bird, University of Toronto, Canada ÔGiorgio Brosio and Juan Pablo JimŽnez have made a remarkable job in preparing the best comprehensive treatment of comparative decentralization experiences in Latin America. The volume reviews all aspects of the decentralization process: its constitutional roots and its contribution to social cohesion; the provision of social services and infrastructure; taxation, sharing in natural resource revenues and the design of the intergovernmental transfers; and its macro-financial implications and associated fiscal rules. It will be essential reading for analysts of fiscal and local government issues in the region and a very useful tool for Latin Americanists in general.Õ Ð JosŽ Antonio Ocampo, Professor, Columbia University. Former Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and Finance Minister of Colombia Decentralisation and Reform in Latin America analyses the process of intergovernmental reform in Latin America in the last two decades and presents a number of emerging issues. These include the impacts of decentralization and the response of countries in the region to challenge such as social cohesion, interregional and interpersonal disparities, the assignment of social and infrastructure expenditure, macrofinancial shocks, fiscal rules and the sharing of natural resources revenue. The main aim of the book is to assess the effective working of decentralized arrangements and institutions, with a view of suggesting corrections and reforms where the system is not working according to expectations. Policymakers, researchers and academics with an interest in subjects related to public policy, fiscal rules, intergovernmental relations, governance and decentralization will find this book invaluable.

How Does My Country Grow

Author: Brian Pinto
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191024104
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Written by a former World Bank economist, How Does My Country Grow? distils growth policy lessons from the author's first-hand experience in Poland, Kenya, India, and Russia, and his contributions to the economic policy debates that followed the emerging market crises of 1997 to 2001, extending up to the global financial crisis of 2008-09. Based on living and working in the field, the author argues that country economic analysis is in effect a separate, integrative branch of economics that draws upon but is distinct from academic economics. The country stories recounted, reinforced by the emerging market experience since the 1980s, point to a canonical growth policy package built around three interconnected elements: the intertemporal budget constraint of the government; the micropolicy trio of hard budgets, competition and competitive real exchange rates; and managing volatility from external, but especially domestic, sources. This package is underpinned by good governance, which finds its most immediate expression in the management of the public finances. While the discussion is tilted towards developing countries, the insights have considerable relevance for advanced economies, many of which today are in the throes of their own growth-cum-sovereign debt crises.

Yearbook of International Organizations 2010 2011

Author: Union of International Associations
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783110230314
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected and documented by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed information on international organizations worldwide can be found here. Besides historical and organizational information, details on activities, events or publications, contact details, biographies of the leading individuals as well as the presentation of networks of organizations are included.

Renten auf einen Blick 2013 OECD und G20 L nder Indikatoren

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264208186
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Diese umfassende Untersuchung der Rentensysteme in den OECD-Ländern und ausgewählten Nicht-OECD-Ländern setzt sich mit den jüngsten Trends beim Renteneintritt und bei der Erwerbstätigkeit im Alter auseinander und bietet ausführliche Länderprofile.

Dieses Mal ist alles anders

Author: Carmen Reinhart
Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag
ISBN: 3862484386
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Dieses Mal ist alles anders. Die derzeitige Krise ist überhaupt nicht vergleichbar mit vergangenen Situationen – darin sind sich die Experten einig, wann immer ein Wirtschaftssystem oder ein Staat zusammenbricht. Carmen Reinhart und Kenneth Rogoff haben die Crashs der letzten 800 Jahre analysiert. Ihr erstaunliches Ergebnis: In Wahrheit sind es doch immer die gleichen Fehler, die zum Kollaps geführt haben.

OPEC Bulletin

Author: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Features news from Member Countries, incisive forum articles, a review of the oil market, and topical issues.

Internationaler Migrationsausblick 2014 Gek rzte Ausgabe

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926422551X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
In dieser Publikation werden die jüngsten Entwicklungen im Migrationsgeschehen und bei der Zuwanderungspolitik in den OECD-Ländern und einigen Nichtmitgliedsländern sowie die jüngsten Veränderungen bei den Arbeitsmarktergebnissen von Zuwanderern in in den OECD-Ländern analysiert.