Fluency in the Classroom

Author: Melanie R. Kuhn
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1593855737
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Offers two distinct approaches to oral reading instruction that can be incorporated into primary-grade literacy curricula and includes lesson plan ideas, vignettes and examples, and reproducibles.

Practical Fluency

Author: Max Brand
Publisher: Stenhouse Publishers
ISBN: 1571104100
Format: PDF, Docs
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All teachers know helping students become fluent in reading and writing involves more than measuring reading rates. Growth in fluency comes when teachers balance regular, systematic instruction with short bursts of teaching targeted to individual needs. But what does this look like in practice? And how can teachers integrate more fluency instruction into already packed literacy schedules? Max and Gayle Brand have worked together with students and colleagues over many years to discover the most effective whole-class, small-group, and individual strategies and activities for building both reading and writing fluency. They link all this work to the most current research on fluency, taking readers into the daily routines of their classrooms. Practical Fluency includes: twenty-two sample lessons adapted to both primary and intermediate grades; detailed portraits of whole-class lessons and discussion; examples of how to differentiate fluency instruction; a research base for fluency linked to specific teaching strategies; fluency prompts and assessment rubrics. Readers will be reassured by the many suggestions for integrating fluency into existing reading and writing workshop routines. In addition, this compact guide contains a wealth of suggestions for maximizing fluency instruction during transition periods, small-group instruction, and read-aloud sessions.

Is Fluency Being neglected in the Classroom Teacher Understanding of Fluency and Related Classroom Practices

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This article reports on a study examining second language (L2) teachers’ understanding of speech fluency and their self-reported classroom practices for promoting it. Qualitative and quantitative data collected from 84 L2 teachers in England were analysed to answer the research questions. In addition to the descriptive statistics and lexical frequency analysis used to explore teacher understanding of fluency, Rossiter, Derwing, Manimtim and Thomson’s (2010) framework was employed to analyse the teachers’ reported classroom practices. The results suggest that teachers often define fluency in a broad sense, with many using fluency and speaking ability interchangeably. Similarly, a large majority of the activities reported by the teachers were useful for enhancing speaking practice rather than focusing on fluency specifically. The findings underline the interaction between teacher understanding and their methodology (Borg, 2003), and highlight a mismatch between what fluency research recommends and what teachers do in class. Though the study highlights the complex and multifaceted nature of L2 oral fluency, we argue that adopting a narrower understanding could help teachers take a more active and practical approach to promoting fluency in the classroom.

Developing Fluent Readers

Author: Melanie R. Kuhn
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462518990
Format: PDF, Docs
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Viewing fluency as a bridge between foundational skills and open-ended learning, this book guides teachers through effective instruction and assessment of fluent reading skills in the primary grades. Fluency?s relationship to phonological awareness, phonics, and print concepts is explained, and practical methods are shared for integrating fluency instruction in a literacy curriculum grounded in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). Classroom examples, weekly lesson plans, and extensive lists of recommended texts add to the book?s utility for teachers.

The Hows and Whys of Fluency Instruction

Author: Melanie R. Kuhn
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780205542161
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Incorporating the strategies that matter most to develop fluency for all readers, Melanie presents teachers with research-based best-practices to implement with a range of readers - from students who are making the transition to fluency in the second and third grades to struggling readers in the fourth grade and beyond-who have experienced difficulty with this transition. Drawing on her years as a classroom teacher and reading specialist, Melanie presents explicit instruction, scaffolding tips, and examples of gradual release of responsibility modelto guide teachers and literacy coaches in the integration of oral reading into the shared reading curriculum or one-on-one work with a struggling reader. Herfriendly advice, suggestions for various reading materials, and instructional strategies fit into every classroom where readers struggle. Melanie thoughtfully outlines specific approaches for curriculum-based assessments of learners' reading fluency to help teachers determine whether students are making appropriate progress and to identify which students need to focus on fluency development. Every teacher and reading coach will find there is a place for fluency within their literacy curriculum! Transition your struggling students to fluent and confident readers with Fluency Development in the Classroom! Organizes the approaches in an easy-to-follow format according to the type of student grouping that it being implemented in a given instructional setting, whether working with small groups, whole class, or individual learners. Presents both the theoretical framework behind fluent reading as well as the role of oral reading in the history of U.S. schools. Incorporates a wide rangeoftexts to expose students to a greater number of concepts and a larger vocabulary.

Fluency and Its Teaching

Author: Marie-Noëlle Guillot
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 9781853594397
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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We can all recognize fluency and practice it, but often do not understand what linguistic and paralinguistic operations are involved. This text tries to solve this puzzle. It begins by exploring perceptions of fluency to understand their common denomimators. It goes on to pinpoint the specific features which promote fluency while emphasizing its relative and interactional nature. These analyses produce both a methodological framework and a pedagogical strategy, illustrated by sample classroom activities. Language teachers, applied linguists, linguists and their students should find this book an accessible companion to the teaching and study of oral language, with French as its domain of application.

The Fluency Factor

Author: Timothy Rasinski
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807774545
Format: PDF, Docs
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Reading fluency has been identified in the Common Core Standards as a foundational competency for reading proficiency. This resource provides teachers with approaches to fluency instruction that are effective, engaging, and easy to implement. The authors begin with a comprehensive definition of reading fluency, a discussion of why fluency has fallen out of favor in recent years, and evidence of its importance to literacy instruction. They follow up with authentic approaches to reading fluency that teachers and literacy interventionists can immediately use to improve students’ overall proficiency in reading. A unique feature of the book are the participation sections “What do you think?” and “What we think,” which challenge the reader to engage in issues related to fluency—from concept, to assessment, to instruction—and then check their views against those of the authors. This important new book updates and adds to Timothy Rasinski’s classic text, The Fluent Reader. Book Features: Vignettes of teachers implementing research-based fluency instruction. Teaching strategies and classroom activities to help struggling readers. Full descriptions of the authors’ original, highly successful approaches to improving fluency. Resources for assessment and instruction of reading fluency. A new concept of reading instruction as an art as well as a science. “How delighted I was to find . . .wonderfully doable assessments and classroom activities that would truly teach children to read fluently and develop expressive reading as the bridge between word identification and comprehension.” —Pat Cunningham, Wake Forest University

Fluency Instruction

Author: Timothy V. Rasinski
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462504302
Format: PDF
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"Subject Areas/Keywords: assessments, decoding, elementary, English language learners, fluency, literacy instruction, oral reading, primary grades, prosody, reading comprehension, reading expressiveness, reading methods, secondary, struggling readers Description: This accessible guide brings together well-known authorities to examine what reading fluency is and how it can best be taught. Teachers get a clear, practical roadmap for navigating the often confusing terrain of this crucial aspect of balanced literacy instruction. Innovative approaches to instruction and assessment are described and illustrated with vivid examples from K-12 classrooms. The book debunks common misconceptions about fluency and clarifies its key role in comprehension. Effective practices are presented for developing fluency in specific populations, including English language learners, adolescents, and struggling readers"--

Fluency Grade 1

Author: Lori De Goede
Publisher: Carson-Dellosa Publishing
ISBN: 0742420515
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Fluency + Fun = Comprehension! Reading for Every Child: Fluency gives teachers the tools they need to develop fluent readers in the first-grade classroom. Incorporating a variety of techniques, including partner reading, repeated reading, choral reading, and readers' theater, this book keeps students motivated as they make the bridge between word recognition and comprehension. This 80-page book is based on Reading First research and includes assessments and rubrics.