Food Process Engineering Operations

Author: George D. Saravacos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420083546
Format: PDF
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A unique and interdisciplinary field, food processing must meet basic process engineering considerations such as material and energy balances, as well as the more specialized requirements of food acceptance, human nutrition, and food safety. Food engineering, therefore, is a field of major concern to university departments of food science, and chemical and biological engineering as well as engineers and scientists working in various food processing industries. Part of the notable CRC Press Contemporary Food Engineering series, Food Process Engineering Operations focuses on the application of chemical engineering unit operations to the handling, processing, packaging, and distribution of food products. Chapters 1 through 5 open the text with a review of the fundamentals of process engineering and food processing technology, with typical examples of food process applications. The body of the book then covers food process engineering operations in detail, including theory, process equipment, engineering operations, and application examples and problems. Based on the authors’ long teaching and research experience both in the US and Greece, this highly accessible textbook employs simple diagrams to illustrate the mechanism of each operation and the main components of the process equipment. It uses simplified calculations requiring only elementary calculus and offers realistic values of food engineering properties taken from the published literature and the authors’ experience. The appendix contains useful engineering data for process calculations, such as steam tables, engineering properties, engineering diagrams, and suppliers of process equipment. Designed as a one or two semester textbook for food science students, Food Process Engineering Operations examines the applications of process engineering fundamentals to food processing technology making it an important reference for students of chemical and biological engineering interested in food engineering, and for scientists, engineers, and technologists working in food processing industries.

Food Engineering Handbook

Author: Theodoros Varzakas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482261669
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering addresses the basic and applied principles of food engineering methods used in food processing operations around the world. Combining theory with a practical, hands-on approach, this book examines the thermophysical properties and modeling of selected processes such as chilling, freezing, and dehydration. A complement to Food Engineering Handbook: Food Engineering Fundamentals, this text: Discusses size reduction, mixing, emulsion, and encapsulation Provides case studies of solid–liquid and supercritical fluid extraction Explores fermentation, enzymes, fluidized-bed drying, and more Presenting cutting-edge information on new and emerging food engineering processes, Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering is an essential reference on the modeling, quality, safety, and technologies associated with food processing operations today.

Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing

Author: Sakamon Devahastin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439857741
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Physical and chemical interactions between various constituents resulting from processing operations often lead to physical, sensory, and nutritional changes in foods. Combining important information on processing and food quality, Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing describes the effects of various processing technologies on quality changes of different major foods in an integrative manner. Written by Physicochemical Experts in Food Engineering & Processing Part I critically reviews the physicochemical property changes of different foods undergoing selected processes, such as microencapsulation, frying, microwave-assisted thermal processing, high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field processing, and freezing. This section also includes a chapter on the effects of various processing technologies on microbial growth and inactivation. Part II focuses on multiphase food systems made of proteins, seafoods, red meats, and pet foods, and the physicochemical changes they undergo when being processed. Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing covers the engineering, processing, and quality angles equally. It is an extremely useful resource for academic and industrial researchers seeking an up-to-date overview of the increasingly important combination of both sides of food research and development.

Food Process Engineering and Technology

Author: Zeki Berk
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128120541
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Food Process Engineering and Technology, Third Edition combines scientific depth with practical usefulness, creating a tool for graduate students and practicing food engineers, technologists and researchers looking for the latest information on transformation and preservation processes and process control and plant hygiene topics. This fully updated edition provides recent research and developments in the area, features sections on elements of food plant design, an introductory section on the elements of classical fluid mechanics, a section on non-thermal processes, and recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail. Provides a strong emphasis on the relationship between engineering and product quality/safety Considers cost and environmental factors Presents a fully updated, adequate review of recent research and developments in the area Includes a new, full chapter on elements of food plant design Covers recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail

Optimization in Food Engineering

Author: Ferruh Erdogdu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420061429
Format: PDF, Kindle
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While mathematically sophisticated methods can be used to better understand and improve processes, the nonlinear nature of food processing models can make their dynamic optimization a daunting task. With contributions from a virtual who’s who in the food processing industry, Optimization in Food Engineering evaluates the potential uses and limitations of optimization techniques for food processing, including classical methods, artificial intelligence-genetic algorithms, multi-objective optimization procedures, and computational fluid dynamics. The book begins by delineating the fundamentals and methods for analytical and numerical procedures. It then covers optimization techniques and how they specifically apply to food processing. The final section digs deep into fundamental food processes and provides detailed explanation and examples from the most experienced and published authors in the field. This includes a range of processes from optimization strategies for improving the performance of batch reactors to the optimization of conventional thermal processing, microwave heating, freeze drying, spray drying, and refrigeration systems, to structural optimization techniques for developing beverage containers, optimization approaches for impingement processing, and optimal operational planning methodologies. Each chapter presents the required parameters for the given process with the optimization procedure to apply. An increasing part of the food processor’s job is to optimize systems to squeeze more dollars out of overhead to offset rising utility and transportation costs. Logically combining optimization techniques from many sources into a single volume focused on food production processes, this book provides real solutions to increases in energy, healthcare, and product liability costs that impact the bottom line in food production.

Fermentation Processes Engineering in the Food Industry

Author: Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887683
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With the advent of modern tools of molecular biology and genetic engineering and new skills in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, fermentation technology for industrial applications has developed enormously in recent years. Reflecting these advances, Fermentation Processes Engineering in the Food Industry explores the state of the art of the engineering technology aspects of fermentation processes in diverse food sectors. The book describes the benefits of fermented foods in human health in both dairy and non-dairy products and beverages. It examines applications of microalgae in the food industry and explains the application of metabolic engineering in the production of fermented food ingredients. Exploring a host of important topics in engineering fermentation processes, the book covers topics such as: Methods and techniques for the isolation, improvement, and preservation of the microbial cultures used in the food fermentation industry The fundamentals of fermentation processes, modes of fermentation, and the principles of upstream operation Physical and chemicals factors that affect fermentation processes Different types of fermenters employed in submerged and solid-state fermentation Unitary operations for solid-liquid separation, concentration, and drying of fermented foods Instrumentation and control of industrial fermentation processes The final chapter discusses the potential application of a biorefinery concept to add value to food industry wastes and presents a case study describing an integrated project in which the concept was applied. An essential reference for all food sector professionals, this volume surveys critical trends in the food, beverage, and additive industry and explores the sustainability of these processes.

Introduction to Food Engineering

Author: R. Paul Singh
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0080574491
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Food engineering is a required class in food science programs, as outlined by the Institute for Food Technologists (IFT). The concepts and applications are also required for professionals in food processing and manufacturing to attain the highest standards of food safety and quality. The third edition of this successful textbook succinctly presents the engineering concepts and unit operations used in food processing, in a unique blend of principles with applications. The authors use their many years of teaching to present food engineering concepts in a logical progression that covers the standard course curriculum. Each chapter describes the application of a particular principle followed by the quantitative relationships that define the related processes, solved examples, and problems to test understanding. The subjects the authors have selected to illustrate engineering principles demonstrate the relationship of engineering to the chemistry, microbiology, nutrition and processing of foods. Topics incorporate both traditional and contemporary food processing operations.

Operations in Food Refrigeration

Author: Rodolfo H. Mascheroni
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420055518
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The final quality of a food product is impacted heavily by preservation technologies, such as chilling, freezing, and freeze-drying, as well as the numerous pretreatments that are routinely applied to foods. Adequate design and implementation of each of these treatments are critical to ensuring the integrity of the final food product, the productivity of the equipment, and reduced operation costs. Operations in Food Refrigeration explores the fundamental issues involved in heat and mass transfer in food refrigeration and examines aspects of other operations applied to chilled or frozen foods. Following an overview of basic concepts and general calculation procedures involved in cooling, freezing, thawing, and freeze-drying, the book discusses: Sizing, peeling, cutting, sorting, and blanching fruits and vegetables Pretreatments for meats, including tenderization, electrical stimulation, portioning, curing, and smoking Pretreatments for fish and other seafood Processing of poultry Air and osmotic partial dehydration, infusion of special nutrients, and the concentration of juices Traditional chilling and freezing methods Special precooling and freezing techniques The effects of thawing on food, factors that influence the choice and design of thawing processes, and various thawing methods Freeze-drying equipment Each chapter is written by a recognized specialist and can serve as a stand-alone resource for the particular topic. Several chapters present case studies that can be used for developing processes or in teaching applications. Processors, researchers, and educators in the food industry will find this volume to be an invaluable reference for a host of food operations.

Engineering Aspects of Food Biotechnology

Author: Jose A. Teixeira
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439895457
Format: PDF, ePub
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Food biotechnology’s typical developments and applications have occurred in the fields of genetics and in enzyme- and cell-based biological processes, with the goal of producing and improving food ingredients and foods themselves. While these developments and applications are usually well reported in terms of the underlying science, there is a clear lack of information on the engineering aspects of such biotechnology-based food processes. Filling this gap, Engineering Aspects of Food Biotechnology provides a comprehensive review of those aspects, from the development of food processes and products to the most important unit operations implied in food biotechnological processes, also including food quality control and waste management. The book focuses on the use of biotechnology for the production of ingredients to be used in the food industry. It addresses two relevant issues—consumer’s awareness of the relation between nutrition and good health and the importance of environmental sustainability in the food chain (i.e. production of polymers and in vitro meat). A chapter on the application of process analytical technology highlights the importance of this tool for satisfying the increasingly sophisticated and strict polices for quality control and monitoring of specific process phases. The book includes a detailed presentation of relevant unit operations developed to extract/purify the ingredients of biotechnological origin intended for food applications. In addition to examining the contributions of biotechnology to producing and improving food ingredients, the book provides a concise description of the role biotechnology plays in adding value to food processing by-products, including post-harvest losses, in relevant industries of the food sector. It builds a foundation for further research and development in the food processing industry.

Handbook of Food Processing

Author: Theodoros Varzakas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498721788
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Packed with case studies and problem calculations, Handbook of Food Processing: Food Safety, Quality, and Manufacturing Processes presents the information necessary to design food processing operations and describes the equipment needed to carry them out in detail. It covers the most common and new food manufacturing processes while addressing relevant food safety and quality issues. The inclusion of case studies and problem calculations in most chapters differentiates this book from other books on food processing and engineering. Highlights: Handling and management of raw materials of foods Sensory evaluation of foods Hygiene and food sanitation Case studies on the implementation of ISO22000, HACCP, and other management tools for the implementation of food safety–traceability Food waste management case studies from the food industry along with life cycle analysis The book explores food manufacturing from dairy, bakery and confectionery, fruits and vegetables, and nonalcoholic and alcoholic beverages to chocolate, oils and fats, meat, poultry, seafood, snacks, and functional foods with a case study on nutraceuticals. It presents an analysis of flavor production, highlighting the characterization of aroma compounds, the description of aroma compounds found in vegetables and fruits, and the reactions that thermally generate aroma in foods. It also examines food quality and safety requirements throughout, including raw materials handling, sensory evaluation of foods, hygiene and food sanitation, ISO22000, HACCP, and food waste management. The book helps you keep up with diverse consumer demands and rapidly developing markets.