Food Process Engineering Operations

Author: George D. Saravacos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420083546
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A unique and interdisciplinary field, food processing must meet basic process engineering considerations such as material and energy balances, as well as the more specialized requirements of food acceptance, human nutrition, and food safety. Food engineering, therefore, is a field of major concern to university departments of food science, and chemical and biological engineering as well as engineers and scientists working in various food processing industries. Part of the notable CRC Press Contemporary Food Engineering series, Food Process Engineering Operations focuses on the application of chemical engineering unit operations to the handling, processing, packaging, and distribution of food products. Chapters 1 through 5 open the text with a review of the fundamentals of process engineering and food processing technology, with typical examples of food process applications. The body of the book then covers food process engineering operations in detail, including theory, process equipment, engineering operations, and application examples and problems. Based on the authors’ long teaching and research experience both in the US and Greece, this highly accessible textbook employs simple diagrams to illustrate the mechanism of each operation and the main components of the process equipment. It uses simplified calculations requiring only elementary calculus and offers realistic values of food engineering properties taken from the published literature and the authors’ experience. The appendix contains useful engineering data for process calculations, such as steam tables, engineering properties, engineering diagrams, and suppliers of process equipment. Designed as a one or two semester textbook for food science students, Food Process Engineering Operations examines the applications of process engineering fundamentals to food processing technology making it an important reference for students of chemical and biological engineering interested in food engineering, and for scientists, engineers, and technologists working in food processing industries.

Food Engineering Handbook

Author: Theodoros Varzakas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482261669
Format: PDF
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Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering addresses the basic and applied principles of food engineering methods used in food processing operations around the world. Combining theory with a practical, hands-on approach, this book examines the thermophysical properties and modeling of selected processes such as chilling, freezing, and dehydration. A complement to Food Engineering Handbook: Food Engineering Fundamentals, this text: Discusses size reduction, mixing, emulsion, and encapsulation Provides case studies of solid–liquid and supercritical fluid extraction Explores fermentation, enzymes, fluidized-bed drying, and more Presenting cutting-edge information on new and emerging food engineering processes, Food Engineering Handbook: Food Process Engineering is an essential reference on the modeling, quality, safety, and technologies associated with food processing operations today.

Introduction to Food Engineering

Author: R. Paul Singh
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780126463842
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This edition of 'Introduction to Food Engineering' presents the engineering concepts and unit operations used in food processing, in a unique and challenging blend of principles with applications.

Optimization in Food Engineering

Author: Ferruh Erdogdu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420061429
Format: PDF, Mobi
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While mathematically sophisticated methods can be used to better understand and improve processes, the nonlinear nature of food processing models can make their dynamic optimization a daunting task. With contributions from a virtual who’s who in the food processing industry, Optimization in Food Engineering evaluates the potential uses and limitations of optimization techniques for food processing, including classical methods, artificial intelligence-genetic algorithms, multi-objective optimization procedures, and computational fluid dynamics. The book begins by delineating the fundamentals and methods for analytical and numerical procedures. It then covers optimization techniques and how they specifically apply to food processing. The final section digs deep into fundamental food processes and provides detailed explanation and examples from the most experienced and published authors in the field. This includes a range of processes from optimization strategies for improving the performance of batch reactors to the optimization of conventional thermal processing, microwave heating, freeze drying, spray drying, and refrigeration systems, to structural optimization techniques for developing beverage containers, optimization approaches for impingement processing, and optimal operational planning methodologies. Each chapter presents the required parameters for the given process with the optimization procedure to apply. An increasing part of the food processor’s job is to optimize systems to squeeze more dollars out of overhead to offset rising utility and transportation costs. Logically combining optimization techniques from many sources into a single volume focused on food production processes, this book provides real solutions to increases in energy, healthcare, and product liability costs that impact the bottom line in food production.

Fermentation Processes Engineering in the Food Industry

Author: Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887683
Format: PDF, ePub
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With the advent of modern tools of molecular biology and genetic engineering and new skills in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, fermentation technology for industrial applications has developed enormously in recent years. Reflecting these advances, Fermentation Processes Engineering in the Food Industry explores the state of the art of the engineering technology aspects of fermentation processes in diverse food sectors. The book describes the benefits of fermented foods in human health in both dairy and non-dairy products and beverages. It examines applications of microalgae in the food industry and explains the application of metabolic engineering in the production of fermented food ingredients. Exploring a host of important topics in engineering fermentation processes, the book covers topics such as: Methods and techniques for the isolation, improvement, and preservation of the microbial cultures used in the food fermentation industry The fundamentals of fermentation processes, modes of fermentation, and the principles of upstream operation Physical and chemicals factors that affect fermentation processes Different types of fermenters employed in submerged and solid-state fermentation Unitary operations for solid-liquid separation, concentration, and drying of fermented foods Instrumentation and control of industrial fermentation processes The final chapter discusses the potential application of a biorefinery concept to add value to food industry wastes and presents a case study describing an integrated project in which the concept was applied. An essential reference for all food sector professionals, this volume surveys critical trends in the food, beverage, and additive industry and explores the sustainability of these processes.

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing

Author: Robert W. Field
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420083643
Format: PDF
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Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing presents an overview and introduction to a wide range of membrane processes, their unique characteristics and challenges. In the food industry, as in many industries, membranes have an environmental advantage over conventional processes that they displace, because they are less energy intensive. The processing at near-ambient conditions also retains flavors and nutritional value. These advantages, together with significant reductions in the cost of membrane modules, augers well for their future not only in the dairy industry but in other parts of the food industry, such as alcohol processing, animal product processing, and fruit and vegetable processing. Chapters address a wide range of membranes separations in the food and beverage industries, and applications are provided that will be of value not only to food engineers but also to process engineers working in other areas. The processing of food is now a highly interdisciplinary science, and anyone concerned with food processing will benefit from reading this book and understanding what membrane processes of the twenty-first century have to offer.

Operations in Food Refrigeration

Author: Rodolfo H. Mascheroni
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420055518
Format: PDF, ePub
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The final quality of a food product is impacted heavily by preservation technologies, such as chilling, freezing, and freeze-drying, as well as the numerous pretreatments that are routinely applied to foods. Adequate design and implementation of each of these treatments are critical to ensuring the integrity of the final food product, the productivity of the equipment, and reduced operation costs. Operations in Food Refrigeration explores the fundamental issues involved in heat and mass transfer in food refrigeration and examines aspects of other operations applied to chilled or frozen foods. Following an overview of basic concepts and general calculation procedures involved in cooling, freezing, thawing, and freeze-drying, the book discusses: Sizing, peeling, cutting, sorting, and blanching fruits and vegetables Pretreatments for meats, including tenderization, electrical stimulation, portioning, curing, and smoking Pretreatments for fish and other seafood Processing of poultry Air and osmotic partial dehydration, infusion of special nutrients, and the concentration of juices Traditional chilling and freezing methods Special precooling and freezing techniques The effects of thawing on food, factors that influence the choice and design of thawing processes, and various thawing methods Freeze-drying equipment Each chapter is written by a recognized specialist and can serve as a stand-alone resource for the particular topic. Several chapters present case studies that can be used for developing processes or in teaching applications. Processors, researchers, and educators in the food industry will find this volume to be an invaluable reference for a host of food operations.

Biopolymer Engineering in Food Processing

Author: Vania Regina Nicoletti Telis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143984495X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Due to their unique properties and ability to interact with other food components, biopolymers have traditionally played a major role in food processing. Biopolymer Engineering in Food Processing explores processing technology associated with biopolymer applications and discusses both operational and economic aspects. Following an overview of biopolymer applications and their functionality in different processes, the text examines: Production routes, availability, costs, and physicochemical properties of commercial biopolymers Rheology of biopolymer suspensions, how concentration and shear may affect their flow behavior, and their response to pressure losses and heat transfer during flow Effects of food processing and storage conditions on the viscoelastic and textural properties of food gels Mechanical and mass transfer properties of films and coating produced from biopolymers, composites, and nanocomposites The use of biopolymer coatings to reduce oil uptake during deep-fat frying of foods and in modified atmosphere storage of foods The book also explores the application of biopolymers in separation processes for recovery of biocompounds. It discusses biopolymer behavior during thermoplastic extrusion and the response of certain cereals and snacks to extrusion operating parameters. Finally, it reviews engineering aspects of biopolymers used as drying aids in spray-drying and freeze-drying of fruit juices and pulps and discusses biopolymers used as cryoprotectants in food freezing. A comprehensive source of scientific and technical information for those involved with process design and research and development, the book is also an ideal reference for academic researchers and undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Engineering Aspects of Food Biotechnology

Author: Jose A. Teixeira
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439895457
Format: PDF
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Food biotechnology’s typical developments and applications have occurred in the fields of genetics and in enzyme- and cell-based biological processes, with the goal of producing and improving food ingredients and foods themselves. While these developments and applications are usually well reported in terms of the underlying science, there is a clear lack of information on the engineering aspects of such biotechnology-based food processes. Filling this gap, Engineering Aspects of Food Biotechnology provides a comprehensive review of those aspects, from the development of food processes and products to the most important unit operations implied in food biotechnological processes, also including food quality control and waste management. The book focuses on the use of biotechnology for the production of ingredients to be used in the food industry. It addresses two relevant issues—consumer’s awareness of the relation between nutrition and good health and the importance of environmental sustainability in the food chain (i.e. production of polymers and in vitro meat). A chapter on the application of process analytical technology highlights the importance of this tool for satisfying the increasingly sophisticated and strict polices for quality control and monitoring of specific process phases. The book includes a detailed presentation of relevant unit operations developed to extract/purify the ingredients of biotechnological origin intended for food applications. In addition to examining the contributions of biotechnology to producing and improving food ingredients, the book provides a concise description of the role biotechnology plays in adding value to food processing by-products, including post-harvest losses, in relevant industries of the food sector. It builds a foundation for further research and development in the food processing industry.

Food Engineering Aspects of Baking Sweet Goods

Author: Servet Gulum Sumnu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420052770
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Most baking books do not focus on the simultaneous heat and mass transfer that occurs in the baking process, thereby ignoring a fundamental facet of process and product development. Addressing the engineering and science elements often ignored in current baking books, Food Engineering Aspects of Baking Sweet Goods explores important topics in understanding the baking process and reviews recent technological advances. With contributions from various international authorities on food science, engineering, and technology, the book covers the rheology of cake batter and cookie dough, cake emulsions, the physical and thermal properties of sweet goods, and heat and mass transfer during baking. It also presents the science of soft wheat products, including the quality of soft wheat, the functions of ingredients in the baking of sweet goods, and the chemical reactions during processing. In addition, the contributors discuss cake and cookie technologies as well as recent advances in baking soft wheat products. The final chapter examines the nutritional issues of consuming fats and sugars and presents general strategies for substituting fats and sugars in baked products. Taking an engineering approach to the field, this volume delineates the complex food process of baking, from ingredients to production to finished product.