Forbidden Signs

Author: Douglas C. Baynton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226039641
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Forbidden Signs explores American culture from the mid-nineteenth century to 1920 through the lens of one striking episode: the campaign led by Alexander Graham Bell and other prominent Americans to suppress the use of sign language among deaf people. The ensuing debate over sign language invoked such fundamental questions as what distinguished Americans from non-Americans, civilized people from "savages," humans from animals, men from women, the natural from the unnatural, and the normal from the abnormal. An advocate of the return to sign language, Baynton found that although the grounds of the debate have shifted, educators still base decisions on many of the same metaphors and images that led to the misguided efforts to eradicate sign language. "Baynton's brilliant and detailed history, Forbidden Signs, reminds us that debates over the use of dialects or languages are really the linguistic tip of a mostly submerged argument about power, social control, nationalism, who has the right to speak and who has the right to control modes of speech."—Lennard J. Davis, The Nation "Forbidden Signs is replete with good things."—Hugh Kenner, New York Times Book Review

Zweimal ist einmal zuviel

Author: Janet Evanovich
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641071461
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nichts beschwingt den Gang eines Mädchens mehr, als eine Pistole in ihrer Handtasche. Stephanie Plum ist wieder auf der Jagd nach den Gaunern der Großstadt. Zwei Fälle beschäftigen sie gerade: das Verschwinden des Angeklagten Kenny Mancuso und ein Fall von Sargdiebstahl. Gemeinsam mit Grandma Mazur - die alte Dame genießt Beerdigungen wie andere Leute Sahnetorten - macht sie sich auf die Suche - quer durch die Hinterhöfe Trentons und Omas liebste Beerdigungsunternehmen...

Interdisziplin re Anthropologie

Author: Gerald Hartung
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658142642
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Jahrbuch widmet sich dem zentralen anthropologischen Thema „Wahrnehmung“. Im Fokus der Diskussion steht der Beitrag von Georg Toepfer zu deren Biologie und Anthropologie und zur Frage nach der Kopplung und Entkopplung von Organismus und Umwelt. Für die Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie ist eine systematische Analyse des Phänomens der Wahrnehmung in mehrfacher Hinsicht von geradezu paradigmatischem Charakter, treffen hier doch die klassisch gewordenen philosophischen Theorien auf die experimentell verfahrenden Wissenschaften.

Vox

Author: Christina Dalcher
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104909539
Format: PDF
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In einer Welt, in der Frauen nur hundert Wörter am Tag sprechen dürfen, bricht eine das Gesetz. Das provozierende Überraschungsdebüt aus den USA, über das niemand schweigen wird! Als die neue Regierung anordnet, dass Frauen ab sofort nicht mehr als hundert Worte am Tag sprechen dürfen, will Jean McClellan diese wahnwitzige Nachricht nicht wahrhaben – das kann nicht passieren. Nicht im 21. Jahrhundert. Nicht in Amerika. Nicht ihr. Das ist der Anfang. Schon bald kann Jean ihren Beruf als Wissenschaftlerin nicht länger ausüben. Schon bald wird ihrer Tochter Sonia in der Schule nicht länger Lesen und Schreiben beigebracht. Sie und alle Mädchen und Frauen werden ihres Stimmrechts, ihres Lebensmuts, ihrer Träume beraubt. Aber das ist nicht das Ende. Für Sonia und alle entmündigten Frauen will Jean sich ihre Stimme zurückerkämpfen.

Words Made Flesh

Author: R. A. R. Edwards
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479883735
Format: PDF
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During the early nineteenth century, schools for the deaf appeared in the United States for the first time. These schools were committed to the use of the sign language to educate deaf students. Manual education made the growth of the deaf community possible, for it gathered deaf people together in sizable numbers for the first time in American history. It also fueled the emergence of Deaf culture, as the schools became agents of cultural transformations. Just as the Deaf community began to be recognized as a minority culture, in the 1850s, a powerful movement arose to undo it, namely oral education. Advocates of oral education, deeply influenced by the writings of public school pioneer Horace Mann, argued that deaf students should stop signing and should start speaking in the hope that the Deaf community would be abandoned, and its language and culture would vanish. In this revisionist history, Words Made Flesh explores the educational battles of the nineteenth century from both hearing and deaf points of view. It places the growth of the Deaf community at the heart of the story of deaf education and explains how the unexpected emergence of Deafness provoked the pedagogical battles that dominated the field of deaf education in the nineteenth century, and still reverberate today.

Civil Disabilities

Author: Nancy J. Hirschmann
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812246675
Format: PDF
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An estimated one billion people around the globe live with a disability; this number grows exponentially when family members, friends, and care providers are included. Various countries and international organizations have attempted to guard against discrimination and secure basic human rights for those whose lives are affected by disability. Yet despite such attempts many disabled persons in the United States and throughout the world still face exclusion from full citizenship and membership in their respective societies. They are regularly denied employment, housing, health care, access to buildings, and the right to move freely in public spaces. At base, such discrimination reflects a tacit yet pervasive assumption that disabled persons do not belong in society. Civil Disabilities challenges such norms and practices, urging a reconceptualization of disability and citizenship to secure a rightful place for disabled persons in society. Essays from leading scholars in a diversity of fields offer critical perspectives on current citizenship studies, which still largely assume an ableist world. Placing historians in conversation with anthropologists, sociologists with literary critics, and musicologists with political scientists, this interdisciplinary volume presents a compelling case for reimagining citizenship that is more consistent, inclusive, and just, in both theory and practice. By placing disability front and center in academic and civic discourse, Civil Disabilities tests the very notion of citizenship and transforms our understanding of disability and belonging. Contributors: Emily Abel, Douglas C. Baynton, Susan Burch, Allison C. Carey, Faye Ginsburg, Nancy J. Hirschmann, Hannah Joyner, Catherine Kudlick, Beth Linker, Alex Lubet, Rayna Rapp, Susan Schweik, Tobin Siebers, Lorella Terzi.

Multilingual Aspects of Signed Language Communication and Disorder

Author: David Quinto-Pozos
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783091320
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Inquiry into signed languages has added to what is known about structural variation and language, language learning, and cognitive processing of language. However, comparatively little research has focused on communication disorders in signed language users. For some deaf children, atypicality is viewed as a phase that they will outgrow, and this results in late identification of linguistic or cognitive deficits that might have been addressed earlier. This volume takes a step towards describing different types of atypicality in language communicated in the signed modality such as linguistic impairment caused by deficits in visual processing, difficulties with motor movements, and neurological decline. Chapters within the book also consider communication differences in hearing children acquiring signed and spoken languages.