Forensic Medical Investigation of Motor Vehicle Incidents

Author: Michael P. Burke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849378607
Format: PDF
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Forensic Medical Investigation of Motor Vehicle Incidents provides an in-depth study of the circumstances underlying motor vehicle incidents and allows for a reasoned analysis of a crash victim's injuries. It also gives law enforcement the tools to communicate relevant information to the forensic pathologists and trains pathologists to infer crucial clues to the scenario that they may then relate to the investigating officers. Beginning with the design of the vehicle, its safety features and other mechanisms for avoiding collision or injury, the book then addresses the myriad behavioral and mitigating medical factors that impair human abilities and cause vehicular incidents. It details the correct forensic classification of injuries and reviews the direction, force, and nature of injury. Organized into incidents involving car-on-car and car-on-pedestrian, as well as bicycles, motorcycles, and heavy machinery, the book delves into extensive accounts of the various insults sustained by the body in the event of impact. This information gives trauma care practitioners the ability to quickly determine the nature and extent of the injuries sustained and allows them to provide faster more effective care to the survivors of the crash. To aid the pathologist in fulfilling the important task of finding a reasonable cause of death, the second portion of the book focuses on the postmortem examination, toxicology, and documented cause of death. Written for all members of the investigative team, including forensic pathologists, police officers, safety engineers, and medical personnel in trauma care, Forensic Investigations of Motor Vehicle Incidents is a preliminary resource that facilitates communication among all those concerned with the causes and effects of vehicular incidents.

Death and Accident Investigation Protocols

Author: Mary H. Dudley
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 148221900X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Through an examination and assessment of the body at a death scene, the medicolegal death investigator (MLDI) must be able to recognize circumstances that point to what manner of death occurred—be it natural causes, homicide, suicide, accident, or undetermined. A handy reference for use in the field and in the lab, Death and Accident Investigation Protocols provides 34 checklists and forms to help investigators make these determinations. Categories of death covered in this guide include: Aircraft and motor vehicle accident Alcohol- and drug-related Blunt- and sharp-force injury Drowning Electrocution, exposure, and fire Gunshot Hanging Hospital- and nursing home-related Infectious disease Natural causes Occupational exposure Poison and toxic substances Sexual assault Suicide Formatted as a convenient 8 1⁄2 x 11 spiral-bound book, this manual helps investigators know what to look for, what questions to ask, and how to categorize the scene and the physical injuries. The forms in the book can either be copied for use or downloaded from an accompanying CD, which allows for easy form modification. The text includes descriptive illustrations and diagrams associated with various categories of death. An essential tool for the busy investigator, the book facilitates the organization of information for a myriad of death scenarios.

An Atlas of Skeletal Trauma in Medico Legal Contexts

Author: Soren Blau
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128037946
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) is increasingly used in forensic pathology practice in many jurisdictions. Such imaging has expanded the capacity to evaluate skeletal trauma improving the visualisation, documentation and presentation of forensic findings. Typically when deceased persons are located and exhibit evidence of trauma, forensic pathologist, anthropologists and radiologists base their interpretations of the mechanism of trauma on their experience and understanding of the biomechanics of fractures as well as recognisable patterns of injury. In order to augment this process, An Atlas of Forensic Skeletal Trauma presents a range of de-identified adult and child skeletal trauma cases that occur in medico-legal contexts where the cause of death and mechanism of trauma are recorded. An Atlas of Forensic Skeletal Trauma includes comprehensive photographs and PMCT images as well as descriptive text. Presents a valuable guide to the interpretation of skeletal trauma for practitioners and students of forensic anthropology, pathology and radiology Provides coverage of skeletal trauma cases resulting from high and low velocity projectiles, low energy blunt force (e.g., assaults involving various implements, hangings, strangulations, falls), high energy blunt force (e.g., motor vehicle and aviation incidents), and more Includes case studies with written and visual descriptions, discussions and up-to-date literature review

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123821665
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Engineering Analysis of Vehicular Accidents

Author: Randall K. Noon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849381041
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Accident analysis is not like a classroom problem where the equations are selected and solved, and the matter is considered closed. In this line of forensics, engineering skill must be combined with skillful practice for the successful presentation of evidence to a jury. In this book, the author demonstrates the application of engineering skills, methods, and judgment for analyzing vehicular accidents. A definition of vehicular accident reconstruction and its role in the legal system is provided. General accident statistics are cited, and some general strategies for accident reconstruction are given, along with many examples and case studies. The author includes novel and unusual treatment of the momentum method and coefficient of restitution (which is not yet widespread in accident analysis) and shows how to select the best methods of analysis in a given accident reconstruction.

Anatomic Pathology Board Review E Book

Author: Jay H. Lefkowitch
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 032318653X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Featuring hundreds of multiple-choice questions and full-color illustrations, Anatomic Pathology Board Review serves as a comprehensive resource for both certification and recertification exams. This fully updated medical reference book contains chapters covering general pathology, the major organ systems, and ancillary diagnostic techniques, as well as important topics including immunohistochemistry, cytopathology, and molecular diagnostics. It's the perfect tool to help you be as prepared as possible for the Anatomic Pathology boards! Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Understand why an answer is correct or incorrect with help from brief explanations accompanying each. Access coverage of all of the major organ systems and ancillary diagnostic techniques. Prepare for the boards with updated coverage of all of the most important topics on the anatomic pathology board exam, as well as over 900 MCQs, 835 full-color illustrations, and a format that mimics that of the actual test. Easily find specific diagnostic entities through a new Index to Images and Topics. Get a clearer view of critical material thanks to an improved design and larger illustrations.

Commercial Vehicle Accident Reconstruction and Investigation

Author: Roy F. Sutphen
Publisher: Lawyers & Judges Publishing
ISBN: 1930056478
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Reconstructing commercial vehicle accidents is a complex task that is often misunderstood or misinterpreted. Frequently mistakes are made in the determination of the vehicle's ability to brake efficiently, the engine speeds and the loading condition. This reference will identify the proper techniques you should use in order to correctly assess a commercial vehicle accident scene.The authors of this text discuss in great detail the ways in which commercial vehicles are unique in their operation, performance and regulations. Chapters are dedicated to the different operating systems of these vehicles such as the electrical systems, tires, steering, suspension and much more. You will also find out about the human factors in commercial vehicle operations and accidents.

Forensic Pathology for Police Death Investigators Attorneys and Forensic Scientists

Author: Joseph A. Prahlow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781597454049
Format: PDF
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Forensic Pathology for Police, Death Investigators, Attorneys, and Forensic Scientists is a forensic pathology book specifically written for professionals who interact with forensic pathologists. The book includes sections that address various general topics which are not normally present in the typical forensic pathology text, such as descriptions of medical, pathology and forensic pathology training, basic anatomy and physiology, an overview of other forensic science disciplines, and autopsy performance. Forensic Pathology for Police, Death Investigators, Attorneys, and Forensic Scientists also covers classic topics in forensic pathology, including death investigation, death certification, postmortem changes, and the entire range of case types, ranging from natural deaths to drug-related deaths to various types of violent death. The text is written in easy-to-understand language, and is complemented by hundreds of high-quality photographs.

Forensic Investigation of Stolen Recovered and Other Crime Related Vehicles

Author: Eric Stauffer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080477886
Format: PDF, ePub
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Forensic Investigation of Stolen-Recovered and Other Crime-Related Vehicles provides unique and detailed insights into the investigations of one of the most common crime scenes in the world. In addition to a thorough treatment of auto theft, the book covers vehicles involved in other forms of crime—dealing extensively with the various procedures and dynamics of evidence as it might be left in any crime scene. An impressive collection of expert contributors covers a wide variety of subjects, including chapters on vehicle identification, examination of burned vehicles, vehicles recovered from under water, vehicles involved in terrorism, vehicle tracking, alarms, anti-theft systems, steering columns, and ignition locks. The book also covers such topics as victim and witness interviews, public and private auto theft investigations, detection of trace evidence and chemical traces, vehicle search techniques, analysis of automotive fluids, vehicle registration, document examination, and vehicle crime mapping. It is the ultimate reference guide for any auto theft investigator, crime scene technician, criminalist, police investigator, criminologist, or insurance adjuster. Extensively researched and exceptionally well-written by internationally-recognized experts in auto theft investigation and forensic science All the principles explained in the text are well-illustrated and demonstrated with more than 450 black and white and about 100 full-color illustrations, many directly from real cases Serves as both a valuable reference guide to the professional and an effective teaching tool for the forensic science student

Mathematical Methods for Accident Reconstruction

Author: Harold Franck
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420089011
Format: PDF
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Over the past 25 years, Harold and Darren Franck have investigated hundreds of accidents involving vehicles of almost every shape, size, and type imaginable. In Mathematical Methods for Accident Reconstruction: A Forensic Engineering Perspective, these seasoned experts demonstrate the application of mathematics to modeling accident reconstructions involving a range of moving vehicles, including automobiles, small and large trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, and construction equipment such as hoists and cranes. The book is anchored on basic principles of physics that may be applied to any of the above-named vehicles or equipment. Topics covered include the foundations of measurement, the various energy methods used in reconstruction, momentum methods, vehicle specifications, failure analysis, geometrical characteristics of highways, and softer scientific issues such as visibility, perception, and reaction. The authors examine the fundamental characteristics of different vehicles, discuss the retrieval of data from crash data recorders, and review low speed impacts with an analysis of staged collisions. Finally, the book details standards and protocols for accident reconstruction. Exploring a broad range of accident scenarios and also acknowledging the limits of applicability of the various physical methods employed, the breadth and depth of the book’s coverage makes it a critical reference for engineers and scientists who perform vehicular accident reconstructions.