Fractional Calculus View of Complexity

Author: Bruce J. West
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 149873801X
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book is not a text devoted to a pedagogical presentation of a specialized topic nor is it a monograph focused on the author's area of research. It accomplishes both these things while providing a rationale for why the reader ought to be interested in learning about fractional calculus. This book is for researchers who has heard about many of these scientifically exotic activities, but could not see how they fit into their own scientific interests, or how they could be made compatible with the way they understand science. It is also for beginners who have not yet decided where their scientific talents could be most productively applied. The book provides insight into the long-term direction of science and show how to develop the skills necessary to successfully do research in the twenty-first century.

Nature s Patterns and the Fractional Calculus

Author: Bruce J. West
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110535130
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Complexity increases with increasing system size in everything from organisms to organizations. The nonlinear dependence of a system’s functionality on its size, by means of an allometry relation, is argued to be a consequence of their joint dependency on complexity (information). In turn, complexity is proven to be the source of allometry and to provide a new kind of force entailed by a system‘s information gradient. Based on first principles, the scaling behavior of the probability density function is determined by the exact solution to a set of fractional differential equations. The resulting lowest order moments in system size and functionality gives rise to the empirical allometry relations. Taking examples from various topics in nature, the book is of interest to researchers in applied mathematics, as well as, investigators in the natural, social, physical and life sciences. Contents Complexity Empirical allometry Statistics, scaling and simulation Allometry theories Strange kinetics Fractional probability calculus

Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Kenneth B. Howell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498733840
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Ordinary Differential Equations: An Introduction to the Fundamentals is a rigorous yet remarkably accessible textbook ideal for an introductory course in ordinary differential equations. Providing a useful resource both in and out of the classroom, the text: Employs a unique expository style that explains the how and why of each topic covered Allows for a flexible presentation based on instructor preference and student ability Supports all claims with clear and solid proofs Includes material rarely found in introductory texts Ordinary Differential Equations: An Introduction to the Fundamentals also includes access to an author-maintained website featuring detailed solutions and a wealth of bonus material. Use of a math software package that can do symbolic calculations, graphing, and so forth, such as MapleTM or Mathematica®, is highly recommended, but not required.

Simplifying Complexity Life is Uncertain Unfair and Unequal

Author: Bruce J. West
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1681082179
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
In life, we often face unavoidable complexities in terms of our ability to understand or influence outcomes. Some questions which arise due to these complexities are: Why can’t the future be made certain? Why do the some people or events always end up at the center of controversy? Why do only a select few get ahead of their peers? Each question pertains to three central elements of complexities and these elements are: uncertainty, inequality and unfairness. Simplifying Complexity explains the scientific study of complex cognitive networks, as well as the methods scientists use to parse difficult problems into manageable pieces. Readers are introduced to scientific methodology and thought processes, followed by a discourse on perspectives on the three elements of complexity through concepts such as normal and non-normal statistics, scaling and complexity management. Simplifying Complexity combines basic cognitive science and scientific philosophy for both advanced students (in the fields of sociology, cognitive science, complex networks and change management) and for general readers looking for a more scientific guide to understanding and managing the nature of change in a complex world.

Fractional Order Devices

Author: Karabi Biswas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319544608
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This book focuses on two specific areas related to fractional order systems – the realization of physical devices characterized by non-integer order impedance, usually called fractional-order elements (FOEs); and the characterization of vegetable tissues via electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) – and provides readers with new tools for designing new types of integrated circuits. The majority of the book addresses FOEs. The interest in these topics is related to the need to produce “analogue” electronic devices characterized by non-integer order impedance, and to the characterization of natural phenomena, which are systems with memory or aftereffects and for which the fractional-order calculus tool is the ideal choice for analysis. FOEs represent the building blocks for designing and realizing analogue integrated electronic circuits, which the authors believe hold the potential for a wealth of mass-market applications. The freedom to choose either an integer- or non-integer-order analogue integrator/derivator is a new one for electronic circuit designers. The book shows how specific non-integer-order impedance elements can be created using materials with specific structural properties. EIS measures the electrical impedance of a specimen across a given range of frequencies, producing a spectrum that represents the variation of the impedance versus frequency – a technique that has the advantage of avoiding aggressive examinations. Biological tissues are complex systems characterized by dynamic processes that occur at different lengths and time scales; this book proposes a model for vegetable tissues that describes the behavior of such materials by considering the interactions among various relaxing phenomena and memory effects.

Fractional Order Control Systems

Author: Dingyü Xue
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110497972
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This book explains the essentials of fractional calculus and demonstrates its application in control system modeling, analysis and design. It presents original research to improve the solution of fractional differential equations and to analyze fractional-order control systems with multi-variables. Through high-quality Matlab programs, it provides engineers and applied mathematicians with theoretical and numerical tools to design control systems.

Methods of Mathematics Applied to Calculus Probability and Statistics

Author: Richard W. Hamming
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486138879
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This 4-part treatment begins with algebra and analytic geometry and proceeds to an exploration of the calculus of algebraic functions and transcendental functions and applications. 1985 edition. Includes 310 figures and 18 tables.

Fractional Order Systems

Author: Riccardo Caponetto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814304204
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book aims to propose implementations and applications of Fractional Order Systems (FOS). It is well known that FOS can be applied in control applications and systems modeling, and their effectiveness has been proven in many theoretical works and simulation routines. A further and mandatory step for FOS real world utilization is their hardware implementation and applications on real systems modeling. With this viewpoint, introductive chapters on FOS are included, on the definition of stability region of Fractional Order PID Controller and Chaotic FOS, followed by the practical implementation based on Microcontroller, Field Programmable Gate Array, Field Programmable Analog Array and Switched Capacitor. Another section is dedicated to FO modeling of Ionic Polymeric Metal Composite (IPMC). This new material may have applications in robotics, aerospace and biomedicine.

Fractional order Systems and Controls

Author: Concepción A. Monje
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781849963350
Format: PDF
Download Now
Fractional-order Systems and Controls details the use of fractional calculus in the description and modeling of systems, and in a range of control design and practical applications. It is largely self-contained, covering the fundamentals of fractional calculus together with some analytical and numerical techniques and providing MATLAB® codes for the simulation of fractional-order control (FOC) systems. Many different FOC schemes are presented for control and dynamic systems problems. Practical material relating to a wide variety of applications is also provided. All the control schemes and applications are presented in the monograph with either system simulation results or real experimental results, or both. Fractional-order Systems and Controls provides readers with a basic understanding of FOC concepts and methods, so they can extend their use of FOC in other industrial system applications, thereby expanding their range of disciplines by exploiting this versatile new set of control techniques.

Complexity

Author: Mitchell M. Waldrop
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0671872346
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
A look at the rebellious thinkers who are challenging old ideas with their insights into the ways countless elements of complex systems interact to produce spontaneous order out of confusion