Framing War

Author: Francesco Olmastroni
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317932633
Format: PDF, ePub
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Most research on framing has focused on media and elite frames: the ways that the mass media and politicians present information about issues and events to the public. Until now, the process by which citizens’ opinions may affect the initial frame-building process has been largely ignored. The two-way flow of influence between public opinion and decision-makers has been analyzed more from a top-down than a bottom-up perspective. Olmastroni addresses this issue by introducing a cyclical model of framing. Additionally, most empirical studies on media framing have centered on the United States. Olmastroni’s text seeks to overcome this limitation of prior research by examining different types of framing in three different countries. Framing War uses the recent war on Iraq as a case study, focusing on the elite and media framing of this event in order to examine the interaction between the political elite and the mass public in three Western democracies—France, Italy, and the US—during the early and on-going stages of the military crisis. The book analyzes whether and, potentially, the extent to which decision-makers tracked and responded to public opinion in presenting their foreign policy choices. It examines the strategies and approaches that governments potentially adopted to influence public opinion towards either the need for or the lack of need for a military intervention. By representing the framing paradigm as a cycle, Olmastroni shows how each actor within the system (i.e., government and other elites, news media, and public opinion) is linked to the others and contributes to the final representation of an issue. In contrast with other theoretical perspectives of framing, this book states that the framing influence does not only proceed from the government to the public, but it often moves at the same level of the system, with each actor playing different roles. Olmastroni’s insights on framing are significant for researchers in international relations, political communication, public opinion, comparative politics, and political psychology, as well as policy analysts, journalists, and commentators.

Media Relations of the Anti War Movement

Author: Ian Taylor
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315525682
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this book, Ian Taylor examines how a social movement, the anti-Iraq War movement in the UK, engaged with the media as a part of their campaigning against the invasion and occupation of Iraq. Moving beyond content analysis to draw upon interviews with locally based journalists and activists, Taylor examines how locally based anti-war groups engaged with their local press, as well as how those groups were reported on by the local press in their respective areas. In the process of exploring these ideas, the book takes on questions like: How did local journalists assess the legitimacy of the anti-war movement? How, why, and to what extent did opponents of the war pursue local press coverage? What bearing did the social composition of the movement have on the way they set about engaging with the media? How did the local press handle the controversy surrounding opposition to military action against Iraq? Media Relations of the Anti-War Movement makes a unique contribution to research on the interactions between social movements and the media and plugs a major gap in the literature on the Iraq War and the media.

Political Communication and Leadership

Author: Elena Block
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317439570
Format: PDF, ePub
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The long-lasting hegemonic rule of President Hugo Chávez not only involved significant rearrangements in the control of political power in Venezuela but also shifts in the way its citizens constructed, connected and interacted with politics. In this book, Elena Block explores the political communication style developed by Chávez to transmit his ideologies and engage with his publics — A style that unfolded incrementally between 1998, the year of his first presidential campaign, and March 13th 2013 when his death was announced after a long struggle with cancer. What sort of political communication did Hugo Chávez develop to establish hegemony in Venezuela? What made him so popular? Block argues that Chávez’s political communication style can be better understood through the concept of mimetisation, a systematic sequence of communicational events and practices whereby the Venezuelan President managed to build a bond with his constituents. Applying a mixed qualitative method of collection and analysis of relevant data, this phenomenon is examined via the President’s emotional use of common cultural symbols; dramatized and informalised language; savvy use of communication and media, and boost of inclusive, compensatory, and participatory practices in which his constituents not only felt mimetically mirrored, but also endowed with an identity. Shedding new light on contemporary theories of populism from the perspective of political communication and identity construction, the notion of mimetisation can be adjusted and applied to study the links of populist phenomena, the mediatisation of politics and government, cultural appeal and identity politics in other cultures and situations in contemporary times.

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

Author: Edwin Amenta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444355074
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

Journalismus in der Gesellschaft

Author: Armin Scholl
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322906884
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Der Journalismus läßt sich als soziales System modellieren, das wesentlich zur Selbstbeobachtung moderner Gesellschaften beiträgt. Unter Funktionsaspekten werden dazu permanent Themen öffentlich angeboten, deren Merkmale Faktizität, Relevanz und Neuigkeitswert sind. Die konstruktivistische Systemtheorie liefert darüber hinaus zahlreiche Hinweise auf selbstbezogene Operationsweisen, die (auch) der wissenschaftlichen Beobachtung der Medienproduktion und ihrer Akteure neue Erkenntnismöglichkeiten erschließen. Dieses Potential wird nun erstmals systematisch umgesetzt und in eine - stark empiriegesättigte - Bilanz der Journalismusforschung eingebracht. Der Schwerpunkt des Buches bilden - auf der Erfahrungsbasis von Befunden aus der repräsentativen Studie "Journalismus in Deutschland" - multivariate Analysen zu den Strukturen und Vernetzungen des Systems, zu Umweltbezügen, zum Bewußtsein der Akteure und zu Aspekten der Synchronisierung von Journalismussystemen im internationalen Vergleich.