Freedom of Speech

Author: Uladzislau Belavusau
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135071985
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book considers the issue of free speech in transitional democracies focusing on the socio-legal developments in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. In showing how these Central and Eastern European countries have engaged with free speech models imported from the Council of Europe / EU and the USA, the book offers valuable insights into the ways States have responded to challenges associated with transformation from communism to Western democracy. The book first explores freedom of expression in European and American law looking particularly at hate speech, historical revisionism, and pornography. It subsequently enquires into the role and perspectives of those European (mandatory) and US-American (persuasive) models for the constitutional debate in Central and Eastern Europe. The study offers an original interpretation of the "European" model of freedom of expression, beyond the mechanisms of the Council of Europe. It encompasses the relevant aspects of EU law (judgments of the Court of Justice and the harmonised EU instruments) as mandatory standards for courts and legislators, including those in transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The book argues for de-criminalisation of historical revisionism and pornography, and illuminates topics such as genocide denial, the rise of Prague and Budapest as Europe’s porno-capitals, anti-Semitism and anti-Gypsyism, religious obscurantism and homophobia, virulent Islamophobia, and the glorification of terrorism. The research methodology in this study combines a descriptive case law assessment (comparative constitutional, public international, and EU law) with a normative critique stemming from post-structuralist scrutiny, rhetoric, postmodern legal movements, legal history, history of ideas, and art criticism. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of, comparative constitutional law, law and society, human rights and European law as well as political philosophers.

Democracy and the Human Rights Act

Author: Dennis Dixon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351999958
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book discusses the extent to which the UK Human Rights Act successfully balances protection of rights and democracy. It is generally accepted that the Act prevents government from violating fundamental rights, but the extent to which the Act can legitimately be overridden as a result of public opinion and participation is less clear. The work considers the Act’s effect on this popular element of the British Constitution. It uses analytical tools from republican political theory to explore the claim that the Act achieved a reconciliation between the protection of rights and democracy. In particular, it employs republican analysis of domination to consider how the Human Rights Act could operate so that public opinion invigilates legislative responses to judicial decisions. The key question is whether judicial decisions under the Human Rights Act serve to ‘remove, reduce or replace’ opportunities for the electorate to control judicial decision-making, remembering always that the electorate is seldom engaged in politics, but should it choose to, its ability to do so is at the heart of democracy. The study also examines the difficulty of isolating national constitutional forms where bills of rights are internationalised as with the European Convention on Human Rights. The book will be a valuable resource for students and academics researching constitutional legal theory and comparative constitutional law. While the focus is on the UK HRA, broader theoretical issues of constitutional review will have significant international interest and relevance to domestic debates on a British Bill of Rights.

Dynamics in the French Constitution

Author: David Marrani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135105421
Format: PDF, ePub
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The promulgation of the Fifth French Republic Constitution in 1958 marked the end of a complex constitutional history that has since 1789 seen more than twenty constitutions and five Republics. Lasting now for more than fifty years, the Fifth Republic Constitution has proven to be the right settlement for the French people; a consensual text. However, while offering the appearance of stability, the Fifth French Republic Constitution has often been reconsidered and changed, not least in the year of its fiftieth anniversary, when the Constitution was 'modernised'. These dynamics of the Fifth Republic Constitution are neither a recent matter nor entirely the result of the successive constitutional amendments. Instead, the history of the Constitution has involved the resurgence of repressed archaic elements from the ancient regime, while the social, economic and environmental contexts have penetrated not only the text itself but more extensively its spirit, and behind it, the philosophy and our perception of the Republic. In Dynamics in the French Constitution, David Marrani questions the foundations of the French Fifth Republic. In using specific themes, current and traditional debates, contemporary and archaic factors, that have enlightened the road of long lasting Republic, the book explores some of the changes of the last fifty years and the tensions that are present within the constitutional text. In combining theoretical concepts of constitutional law with key contemporary and historical developments, such as the European integration, the response to environmental challenges, the practice of human rights and the pillars supporting French republicanism, this book offers varied and creative tools for a better understanding of the Republic of today.

Equal Citizenship Civil Rights and the Constitution

Author: Christopher Green
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317539397
Format: PDF
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The Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment is arguably the most historically important clause of the most significant part of the US Constitution. Designed to be a central guarantor of civil rights and civil liberties following Reconstruction, this clause could have been at the center of most of the country's constitutional controversies, not only during Reconstruction, but in the modern period as well; yet for a variety of historical reasons, including precedent-setting narrow interpretations, the Privileges or Immunities Clause has been cast aside by the Supreme Court. This book investigates the Clause in a textualist-originalist manner, an approach increasingly popular among both academics and judges, to examine the meanings actually expressed by the text in its original context. Arguing for a revival of the Privileges or Immunities Clause, author Christopher Green lays the groundwork for assessing the originalist credentials of such areas of law as school segregation, state action, sex discrimination, incorporation of the Bill of Rights against states, the relationship between tradition and policy analysis in assessing fundamental rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment rights of corporations and aliens. Thoroughly argued and historically well-researched, this book demonstrates that the Privileges or Immunities Clause protects liberty and equality, and it will be of interest to legal academics, American legal historians, and anyone interested in American constitutional history.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Vergangenheitsschuld

Author: Bernhard Schlink
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
ISBN: 3257603908
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nach »Vergewisserungen« nun ein weiterer Essayband von Bernhard Schlink: Das Thema, das sein literarisches Werk durchzieht, wird hier theoretisch und zugleich anschaulich erörtert. Schuld kann nicht nur einzelne Menschen betreffen, sondern ganze Generationen, nicht nur einzelne Taten, sondern ganze Abschnitte der Geschichte – sie kann als Vergangenheitsschuld die Gegenwart belasten. "

Was ist Populismus

Author: Jan-Werner Müller
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518740857
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Wer wird heute nicht alles als Populist bezeichnet: Gegner der Eurorettung, Figuren wie Marine Le Pen, Politiker des Mainstream, die meinen, dem Volk aufs Maul schauen zu müssen. Vielleicht ist ein Populist aber auch einfach nur ein populärer Konkurrent, dessen Programm man nicht mag, wie Ralf Dahrendorf einmal anmerkte? Lässt sich das Phänomen schärfer umreißen und seine Ursachen erklären? Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen Rechts- und Linkspopulismus? Jan-Werner Müller nimmt aktuelle Entwicklungen zum Ausgangspunkt, um eine Theorie des Populismus zu skizzieren und Populismus letztlich klar von der Demokratie abzugrenzen. Seine Thesen helfen zudem, neue Strategien in der Auseinandersetzung mit Populisten zu entwickeln.

Angriff auf die Avantgarde

Author: Uwe Fleckner
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 3050040629
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Das vielschichtige Thema nationalsozialistischer Kunstpolitik und die bereits in den zwanziger Jahren einsetzende Diffamierung der Moderne gehoren zu einem schmerzlichen Kapitel der deutschen Kunstgeschichte, das noch immer nicht hinreichend aufgearbeitet worden ist. Die Beitrage befassen sich mit den Protagonisten nationalsozialistischer Kulturpolitik, mit Fragen von Verfemung, Prasentation und Verwertung "entarteter" Kunst sowie mit den unterschiedlichen Rezeptionsformen moderner Kunst im "Dritten Reich.""