From Privilege to Competition

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821378892
Format: PDF, Kindle
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'From Privilege to Competition: Unlocking Private-Led Growth in the Middle East and North Africa' sheds new light on the difficult quest for stronger and more diversified growth in a region of unquestionable potential. It underlines the need to strengthen reforms in many areas specifically, by reducing policy uncertainty and improving credit and real estate markets. It also highlights other important issues that restrain the credibility and impact of reforms in many parts of the region: conflicts of interest between politicians and businesses, an investment climate that favors a few privileged firms, and a dominant private sector that often opposes reforms. The book recommends that countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) engage in more credible reform agendas by improving the implementation of policies in a manner that will reduce discretion and privileges. This renewed commitment to stronger growth would entail several developments. First, governments will need to reduce opportunities for rent-seeking and foster competition. Second, they will need to work to reform institutions: private sector development policies will need to be systematically anchored in elements of institutional and public sector reforms in order to reduce discretion and opacity and improve the quality of services to firms. Third, they will need to mobilize all stakeholders, including larger representations from the private sector, around dedicated long-term growth strategies. Short of such a fundamental shift in the way private sector policies are formulated and implemented, investor expectations that governments are committed to reform will be limited. It will take political will and time to support sustained reforms that credibly convince investors and the public that changes are real, deep, and set to last. MENA countries are endowed with strong human capital, good infrastructure, immense resources, and a great deal of untapped creativity and entrepreneurship. The economic and social payoff of embarking on a more ambitious private-led growth agenda could thus be immense for all.

Professional Testimonial Privileges

Author: Lev V. Eppelbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 383499975X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ido Baum explores the professional testimonial privileges of attorneys, accountants, and journalists in the United States, England, and Germany. The author provides new insights into the internal effects of the corporate lawyer-client privilege on corporate decision making. Finally, he presents the first model-based efficiency comparison of the American and English rules regarding the revelation of confidential media sources.

Democracy Versus Socialism

Author: Max Hirsch
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329393317
Format: PDF, Docs
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Part 1 provides a comprehensive analysis of Socialism: the economic, the ethical and the political Conceptions; the industrial and the distributive proposal; is Socialism scientific? a definition of Socialism. Part 2 is about Economics; Value, origin and nature of Capital, Land and Rent, Wages of Labour and Competition. Part 3 covers Ethics: Natural Rights; Happiness or Justice; the Right to the use of the Earth; the ethics of Property; Individualism. Part 4 describes the outcome of Socialism: the unconscious growth of Social Functions; the industrial organisation of the Socialist State; the political, the industrial, and the ethical outcome of Socialism; the family under Socialism. Part 5 provides the solution - the Single Tax: objections to Principles; the method of Reform; the ethics of Compensation; the efficiency of the Reform.

Safeguarding Companies Rights in Competition and Anti dumping anti subsidies Proceedings

Author: Themistoklis K. Giannakopoulos
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041134042
Format: PDF, ePub
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Focusing on the rules safeguarding procedural due process in the administrative procedures of the Commission, this fully updated edition of a widely used handbook covers the four principal fields that entail enforcement of substantive competition rules: antitrust, merger, anti-dumping/antisubsidies, and State aid. Among the many practical issues raised are the following: the right of directly involved parties to bring an action before the European Courts in merger, anti-dumping/anti-subsidies, and State-aid cases; the rights of complainants in antitrust cases; the rights and obligations of beneficiaries in State-aid cases; the extent to which the right to confidential communication between lawyer and client in thesecases is recognised by the European Commission and the European Courts; the right to silence to avoid self-incrimination in antitrust cases; the right to respect for confidentiality and the right to be heard during the preliminary factfinding procedure of the Commission; the obligations of an undertaking during the fact-finding procedure of the Commission; the right of access to the Commission's file; the right to a fair hearing of all the parties concerned by the Commission proceedings; and the applicability of Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) to EU antitrust procedures. Three tables consolidate briefly and comparatively the rights and the obligations of the private parties in the four proceedings, as well as their right to bring an action before the European Courts. These tables give the reader the opportunity to easily check out what is the situation in the four proceedings regarding a specific right or obligation. The author's analysis draws on all the relevant judgments of the European Courts, and the book comes with a wealth of reference material, including detailed footnotes, lists of legislation and cases in both chronological and alphabetical order, and an extensive bibliography.

The Design of Competition Law Institutions

Author: Eleanor M Fox
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648973
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Competition (or antitrust) law is national law. More than 120 jurisdictions have adopted their own competition law. Is there a need for convergence of the competition law systems of the world? Much effort has been devoted to nudging substantive law convergence in the absence of an international law of competition. But it is widely acknowledged that institutions play as great a role as substantive principles in the harmonious - or dissonant - application of the law. This book provides the first in depth study of the institutions of antitrust. It does so through a particular inquiry: Do the competition systems of the world embrace substantially the same process norms? Are global norms embedded in the institutional arrangements, however disparate? Delving deeply into their jurisdictions, the contributors illuminate the inner workings of the systems and expose the process norms embedded within. Case studies feature Australia/New Zealand, Canada, Chile, China, Japan, South Africa, the USA, and the European Union, as well as the four leading international institutions involved in competition: the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and the International Competition Network; and the introductory and synthesizing chapter by the directors of the project draws also from the new institutional arrangements of Brazil and India. The book reveals that there are indeed common process norms across the very different systems; thus, this study is a counterpart to studies on convergence of substantive rules. The synthesizing chapter observes an emerging 'sympathy of systems' in which global process norms, along with substantive norms, play a critical role. The book provides benchmarks for the field and suggests possibilities for future development when the norms are embraced in aspiration but not yet in practice. It offers insights for all interested in competition law and global governance.

Cost and Competition in American Medicine

Author: Les Seplaki
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780819196408
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Winner of the 1990 Booker Prize. A witty meditation of the democratic responsibilites of the ordinary man, his duty to employer and family, and a poignant tale of thwarted idealism, this is perhaps Ishiguro's finest novel. The Remains of the Day is a charming, amusing and moving story which captures the reader's imagination from the first sentence.

European Competition Law Annual 2003

Author: Claus-Dieter Ehlermann
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847310508
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The European Competition Law Annual 2003 is the eighth in a series of volumes following the annual workshops on EU Competition Law and Policy held at the Robert Schuman Centre of the European University in Florence. The volume reproduces the materials of the roundtable debate that took place at the eighth Workshop and is dedicated to the question What is an Abuse of a Dominant Position?. It contains the usual mix of expert discussion and expert papers presented by the participants at this annual gathering of leading EU and international experts on competition law.

After the Spring

Author: Magdi Amin
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199924929
Format: PDF
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This volume examines the economic problems of Arab countries following the Arab Spring. The authors argue that reforms need to accomplish four objectives: more opportunities for youth, modernization of the state, creation of a competitive private economy, and integration of Arab countries with the global economy.

Intellectual Property Competition Law and Economics in Asia

Author: R Ian McEwin
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318398
Format: PDF
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This book results from a conference held in Singapore in September 2009 that brought together distinguished lawyers and economists to examine the differences and similarities in the intersection between intellectual property and competition laws in Asia. The prime focus was how best to balance these laws to improve economic welfare. Countries in Asia have different levels of development and experience with intellectual property and competition laws. Japan has the longest experience and now vigorously enforces both competition and intellectual property laws. Most other countries in Asia have only recently introduced intellectual property laws (due to the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement) and competition laws (sometimes due to the World Bank, International Monetary Fund or free trade agreements). It would be naïve to think that laws, even if similar on the surface, have the same goals or can be enforced similarly. Countries have differing degrees of acceptance of these laws, different economic circumstances and differing legal and political institutions. To set the scene, Judge Doug Ginsburg, Greg Sidak, David Teece and Bill Kovacic look at the intersection of intellectual property and competition laws in the United States. Next are country chapters on Asia, each jointly authored by a lawyer and an economist. The country chapters outline the institutional background to the intersection in each country, discuss the policy underpinnings (theoretically as well as describing actual policy initiatives), analyse the case law in the area, and make policy prescriptions.