From Privilege to Competition

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821378892
Format: PDF, Kindle
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'From Privilege to Competition: Unlocking Private-Led Growth in the Middle East and North Africa' sheds new light on the difficult quest for stronger and more diversified growth in a region of unquestionable potential. It underlines the need to strengthen reforms in many areas specifically, by reducing policy uncertainty and improving credit and real estate markets. It also highlights other important issues that restrain the credibility and impact of reforms in many parts of the region: conflicts of interest between politicians and businesses, an investment climate that favors a few privileged firms, and a dominant private sector that often opposes reforms. The book recommends that countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) engage in more credible reform agendas by improving the implementation of policies in a manner that will reduce discretion and privileges. This renewed commitment to stronger growth would entail several developments. First, governments will need to reduce opportunities for rent-seeking and foster competition. Second, they will need to work to reform institutions: private sector development policies will need to be systematically anchored in elements of institutional and public sector reforms in order to reduce discretion and opacity and improve the quality of services to firms. Third, they will need to mobilize all stakeholders, including larger representations from the private sector, around dedicated long-term growth strategies. Short of such a fundamental shift in the way private sector policies are formulated and implemented, investor expectations that governments are committed to reform will be limited. It will take political will and time to support sustained reforms that credibly convince investors and the public that changes are real, deep, and set to last. MENA countries are endowed with strong human capital, good infrastructure, immense resources, and a great deal of untapped creativity and entrepreneurship. The economic and social payoff of embarking on a more ambitious private-led growth agenda could thus be immense for all.

From Privilege to Competition

Author: Najy Benhassine
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821378779
Format: PDF
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A level playing field, with clear rules of the game, is by now recognized as the best recipe to bring about strong and sustainable economic growth. This report looks at the policies and institutions required to unlock private-led growth in the Middle East and North Africa.

Professional Testimonial Privileges

Author: Lev Eppelbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 383499975X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ido Baum explores the professional testimonial privileges of attorneys, accountants, and journalists in the United States, England, and Germany. The author provides new insights into the internal effects of the corporate lawyer-client privilege on corporate decision making. Finally, he presents the first model-based efficiency comparison of the American and English rules regarding the revelation of confidential media sources.

Democracy Versus Socialism

Author: Max Hirsch
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329393317
Format: PDF
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Part 1 provides a comprehensive analysis of Socialism: the economic, the ethical and the political Conceptions; the industrial and the distributive proposal; is Socialism scientific? a definition of Socialism. Part 2 is about Economics; Value, origin and nature of Capital, Land and Rent, Wages of Labour and Competition. Part 3 covers Ethics: Natural Rights; Happiness or Justice; the Right to the use of the Earth; the ethics of Property; Individualism. Part 4 describes the outcome of Socialism: the unconscious growth of Social Functions; the industrial organisation of the Socialist State; the political, the industrial, and the ethical outcome of Socialism; the family under Socialism. Part 5 provides the solution - the Single Tax: objections to Principles; the method of Reform; the ethics of Compensation; the efficiency of the Reform.

Privilege Resistant Policies in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Syed Akhtar Mahmood
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 146481208X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Renewing the social contract, one of the pillars of the new World Bank Group strategy for the Middle East and North Africa, requires a new development model built on greater trust; openness, transparency, inclusive and accountable service delivery; and a stronger private sector that can create jobs and opportunities for the youth of the region. Recent analytic work trying to explain weak job creation and insufficient private sector dynamism in the region point to formal and informal barriers to entry and competition. These barriers privilege a few (often unproductive) incumbents who enjoy a competition-edge due to their connections or ability to influence policy making and delivery. Policy recommendations to date in the field of governance for private sector policymaking have been too general and too removed from concrete, actionable policy outcomes. This report proposes -for the first time- to fill this policy and operational gap by answering the following question: What good governance features should be instilled in the design of economic policies and institutions to help shield them from capture, discretion and arbitrary implementation? The report proposes an innovative conceptual and measurement framework that encapsulates the governance features that could shield policies from capture, discretion and arbitrary enforcement that limits competition. The report offers a menu of operational and technical entry-points to enhance privilege-resistant policy making in a concrete way, that is politically tractable in different country contexts.

Cost and Competition in American Medicine

Author: Les Seplaki
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780819196408
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Winner of the 1990 Booker Prize. A witty meditation of the democratic responsibilites of the ordinary man, his duty to employer and family, and a poignant tale of thwarted idealism, this is perhaps Ishiguro's finest novel. The Remains of the Day is a charming, amusing and moving story which captures the reader's imagination from the first sentence.

Safeguarding Companies Rights in Competition and Anti dumping anti subsidies Proceedings

Author: Themistoklis K. Giannakopoulos
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041134042
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Focusing on the rules safeguarding procedural due process in the administrative procedures of the Commission, this fully updated edition of a widely used handbook covers the four principal fields that entail enforcement of substantive competition rules: antitrust, merger, anti-dumping/antisubsidies, and State aid. Among the many practical issues raised are the following: the right of directly involved parties to bring an action before the European Courts in merger, anti-dumping/anti-subsidies, and State-aid cases; the rights of complainants in antitrust cases; the rights and obligations of beneficiaries in State-aid cases; the extent to which the right to confidential communication between lawyer and client in thesecases is recognised by the European Commission and the European Courts; the right to silence to avoid self-incrimination in antitrust cases; the right to respect for confidentiality and the right to be heard during the preliminary factfinding procedure of the Commission; the obligations of an undertaking during the fact-finding procedure of the Commission; the right of access to the Commission's file; the right to a fair hearing of all the parties concerned by the Commission proceedings; and the applicability of Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) to EU antitrust procedures. Three tables consolidate briefly and comparatively the rights and the obligations of the private parties in the four proceedings, as well as their right to bring an action before the European Courts. These tables give the reader the opportunity to easily check out what is the situation in the four proceedings regarding a specific right or obligation. The author's analysis draws on all the relevant judgments of the European Courts, and the book comes with a wealth of reference material, including detailed footnotes, lists of legislation and cases in both chronological and alphabetical order, and an extensive bibliography.

After the Spring

Author: Magdi Amin
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199924929
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume examines the economic problems of Arab countries following the Arab Spring. The authors argue that reforms need to accomplish four objectives: more opportunities for youth, modernization of the state, creation of a competitive private economy, and integration of Arab countries with the global economy.