Frontiers of Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes

Author: Kazuhiko Matsumoto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 443155372X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book focuses on carbon nanotubes and graphene as representatives of nano-carbon materials, and describes the growth of new technology and applications of new devices. As new devices and as new materials, nano-carbon materials are expected to be world pioneers that could not have been realized with conventional semiconductor materials, and as those that extend the limits of conventional semiconductor performance. This book introduces the latest achievements of nano-carbon devices, processes, and technology growth. It is anticipated that these studies will also be pioneers in the development of future research of nano-carbon devices and materials. This book consists of 18 chapters. Chapters 1 to 8 describe new device applications and new growth methods of graphene, and Chapters 9 to 18, those of carbon nanotubes. It is expected that by increasing the advantages and overcoming the weak points of nanocarbon materials, a new world that cannot be achieved with conventional materials will be greatly expanded. We strongly hope this book contributes to its development.

Frontiers in Electronics

Author: Sorin Cristoloveanu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814522058
Format: PDF, Docs
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Frontiers in Electronics is divided into four sections: advanced terahertz and photonics devices; silicon and germanium on insulator and advanced CMOS and MOSHFETs; nanomaterials and nanodevices; and wide band gap technology for high power and UV photonics. This book will be useful for nano-microelectronics scientists, engineers, and visionary research leaders. It is also recommended to graduate students working at the frontiers of the nanoelectronics and microscience. Contents:Advanced Terahertz and Photonics Devices:Broadband Terahertz Wave Generation, Detection and Coherent Control Using Terahertz Gas Photonics (J Liu, J Dai, X Lu, I C Ho and X C Zhang)How Do We Lose Excitation in the Green? (C Wetzel, Y Xia, W Zhao, Y Li, M Zhu, S You, L Zhao, W Hou, C Stark and M Dibiccari)Silicon Finfets as Detectors of Terahertz and Sub-Terahertz Radiation (W Stillman, C Donais, S Rumyantsev, M Shur, D Veksler, C Hobbs, C Smith, G Bersuker, W Taylor and R Jammy)Progress in Development of Room Temperature CW GaSb Based Diode Lasers for 2-3.5 μm Spectral Region (T Hosoda, J Chen, G Tsvid, D Westerfeld, R Liang, G Kipshidze, L Shterengas and G Belenky)WDM Demultiplexing by Using Surface Plasmon Polaritons (D K Mynbaev and V Sukharenko)Silicon and Germanium on Insulator and Advanced CMOS and MOSHFETs:Connecting Electrical and Structural Dielectric Characteristics (G Bersuker, D Veksler, C D Young, H Park, W Taylor, P Kirsch, R Jammy, L Morassi, A Padovani and L Larcher)Advanced Solutions for Mobility Enhancement in SOI MOSFETs (L Pham-Nguyen, C Fenouillet-Beranger, P Perreau, S Denorme, G Ghibaudo, O Faynot, T Skotnicki, A Ohata, M Casse, I Ionica, W van den Daele, K-H Park, S-J Chang, Y-H Bae, M Bawedin and S Cristoloveanu)Electron Scattering in Buried InGaAs/High-K MOS Channels (S Oktyabrsky, P Nagaiah, V Tokranov, M Yakimov, R Kambhampati, S Koveshnikov, D Veksler, N Goel and G Bersuker)Low Frequency Noise and Interface Density of Traps in InGaAs MOSFETs with GdScO3 High-K Dielectric (S Rumyantsev, W Stillman, M Shur, T Heeg, D G Schlom, S Koveshnikov, R Kambhampati, V Tokranov and S Oktyabrsky)Low-Power Biomedical Signal Monitoring System for Implantable Sensor Applications (M R Haider, J Holleman, S Mostafa and S K Islam)Nanomaterials and Nanodevices:III-V Compound Semiconductor Nanowires for Optoelectronic Device Applications (Q Gao, H J Joyce, S Paiman, J H. Kang, H H Tan, Y Kim, L M Smith, H E Jackson, J M Yarrison-Rice, J Zou and C Jagadish)Electron Heating in Quantum-Dot Structures with Collective Potential Barriers (L H Chien, A Sergeev, N Vagidov, V Mitin and S Birner)Electronic Structure of Graphene Nanoribbons Subjected to Twist and Nonuniform Strain (A Dobrinsky, A Sadrzadeh, B I Yakobson and J Xu)Low-Frequency Electronic Noise in Graphene Transistors: Comparison with Carbon Nanotubes (G Liu, W Stillman, S Rumyantsev, M Shur and A A Balandin)ZnO Nanocrystalline High Performance Thin Film Transistors (B Bayraktaroglu, K Leedy and R Neidhard)Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for Ultraviolet Photodetection (S Sawyer, L Qin and C Shing)Carbon-Based Nanoelectromechanical Devices (S Bengtsson, P Enoksson, F A Ghavanini, K Engström, P Lundgren, E E B Campbell, J Ek-Weis, N Olofsson and A Eriksson)Charge Puddles and Edge Effect in a Graphene Device as Studied by a Scanning Gate Microscope (J Chae, H J Yang, H Baek, J Ha, Y Kuk, S Y Jung, Y J Song, N B Zhitenev, J A Stroscio, S J Woo and Y-W Son)Wide Band Gap Technology for High Power and UV Photonics:Novel Approaches to Microwave Switching Devices Using Nitride Technology (G Simin, J Wang, B Khan, J Yang, A Sattu, R Gaska and M Shur) Readership: Graduate students, academics and professionals in the field of electrical and electronics engineering. Keywords:Electronics;Microelectronics;Nanotechnology;Nanoscience;Nanoelectronics;CMOS;Terahertz;Laser;Graphene;SOI;MOSFET;Gan;Solar CellKey Features:The book is unique in providing perspective and trends in key areas at the frontiers of microelectronics

Graphene and Its Fascinating Attributes

Author: Swapan K Pati
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814462551
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has an unconventional electronic structure that can be described in terms of massless Dirac Fermions. This interesting electronic feature is not only an important fundamental issue in condensed matter physics but also holds future promise in post-Si electronic/spintronics device applications. Graphene is the most fundamental building block, with which a variety of carbon-based materials such as graphite, fullerene and carbon nanotubes can be created. The diverse chemical, electronic and magnetic properties of nanographene and graphene are mainly due to their geometrical electronic structure. This book presents the frontiers of graphene research ranging from important issues in condensed matter physics and chemistry to advanced device applications. Contents:Graphene: Synthesis, Functionalization and Properties (C N R Rao et al.)Synthesis and Characterization of Exfoliated Graphene- and Graphene Oxide-Based Composites (K R Rasmi et al.)Singlet Open-shell Character of Polyperiacenes (A Shimizu et al.)Doping of Graphene: A Computational Study (A K Manna & S K Pati)Vibrations and Buckling of Uni-Axially Strained Graphene and BN-Monolayer: A First-Principles Study (K P S S Hembram & U V Waghmare)Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene Edges (R Saito)Probing Single and Bilayer Graphene Field Effect Transistors by Raman Spectroscopy (A Das et al.)Phonons and Electron-Phonon Interaction in Graphene and Nanotube (T Ando)Magnetic Structures of Edge-State Spins in Nanographene and a Network of Nanographene Sheets (T Enoki et al.)Electronic and Transport Properties of Graphene Nanoribbons (K Wakabayashi)Gate-Voltage Modulation in Graphene (K Tsukagoshi et al.)Kondo Physics in Graphene (K Sengupta)Noise in Graphene Transistors (A N Pal & A Ghosh)Spin Transport in Single- and Multi-Layer Graphene (M Shiraishi et al.)Quantum Complexity in Graphene (G Baskaran) Readership: Graduates and researchers in condensed matter physics, materials science, and nanoelectronics. Keywords:Graphene;Nanographene;Carbon Nanomaterial;Dirac Fermion;Two-Dimensional Electronic System;Electronic Properties;Magnetic Properties;Electronic Devices;Chemical Synthesis;Zigzag Edge;Armchair Edge;Dirac ConeKey Features:Topics include important issues in condensed matter physics and electronic device applications, and also chemistryWritten by a number of experts belonging to fundamentally different fields, ranging from Physics, Chemistry, Engineering to Mathematical Physics and Device TechnologyEach contribution presents an important topic of research on graphene, with valuable generalizations for potential applications

Frontiers of Multifunctional Nanosystems

Author: Eugenia V. Buzaneva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401003416
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Frontiers in Molecular-Scale Science and Technology of Fullerence, Nanotube, Nanosilicon, Biopolymer (DNA, Protein) Multifunctional Nanosystems, Kyiv, Ukraine, 9-12 September 2001

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Author: Kazuyoshi Tanaka
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982689
Format: PDF, ePub
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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a timely second edition of the original Science and Technology of Carbon Nanotubes. Updated to include expanded coverage of the preparation, purification, structural characterization, and common application areas of single- and multi-walled CNT structures, this work compares, contrasts, and, where appropriate, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much expanded second edition reference supports knowledge discovery, production of impactful carbon research, encourages transition between research fields, and aids the formation of emergent applications. New chapters encompass recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic and vibrational structures, and magnetic, optical, and electrical solid-state properties, providing a vital base to research. Current and potential applications of both materials, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis of graphene, biological structures, and flexible electronics, are also critically discussed. Updated discussion of properties, structure, and morphology of biological and flexible electronic applications aids fundamental knowledge discovery Innovative parallel focus on nanotubes and graphene enables you to learn from the successes and failures of, respectively, mature and emergent partner research disciplines High-quality figures and tables on physical and mathematical applications expertly summarize key information – essential if you need quick, critically relevant data

Carbon Nanotubes in Drug and Gene Delivery

Author: Mahdi Karimi
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681742616
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Recent important discoveries and developments in nanotechnology have had a remarkable and ever-increasing impact on many industries, especially materials science, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology. Nanocarriers have been investigated for a wide variety of different medical applications. Some examples of these nanocarriers include polymersomes, liposomes, micelles and carbon-based nanomaterials. Within this book, the authors describe different features of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), survey the properties of both the multi-walled and single-walled varieties, and cover their applications in drug and gene delivery. In addition, the book explains the structure and properties of CNTs prepared by different method, and discussed their isolation and purification. The future of CNTs in the field of biomedical science will depend on minimizing their adverse effects by careful study of their structure and properties.

Graphene in Composite Materials

Author: Nikhil A. Koratkar
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605950564
Format: PDF, ePub
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Original monograph discusses graphene within the carbon chemistry alternatives available to materials engineers and explains how it is incorporated into polymer-matrix, as well as ceramic- and metal-matrix composite materials. The book shows how different forms of graphene can be synthesized and then added to polymer composites as main or hybrid nanofillers, with a focus on how graphene affects electrical and mechanical properties. Offers the theory and data necessary to design novel graphene-based composites with unique load-bearing, flammability and wear properties. Throughout, the book lists many newly discovered mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of graphene. Emerging uses of graphene in films, coatings and colloidal suspensions (i.e., graphene with liquid matrices) are also investigated. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface 1. Introduction to Graphene 1.1. Allotropes of Carbon 1.2. Properties of Graphene 1.3. Synthesis of Graphene 1.4. Characterization of Graphene 1.5. Graphene as a Nanofiller in Composites 1.6. References 2. Graphene Polymer Composites: Processing and Characterization of Their Mechanical, Electrical, and Thermal Properties 2.1. Processing and Dispersion of Graphene in Polymers 2.2. Tensile Properties: Young's Modulus and Ultimate Tensile Strength 2.3. Compressive Properties: Buckling Stability 2.4. Fracture Toughness 2.5. Fatigue Resistance 2.6. Toughening Mechanisms 2.7. Characterizing the Graphene/Matrix Interface 2.8. Characterizing the Interphase in Graphene Polymer Composites 2.9. Viscoelastic Properties 2.10. Wear Properties 2.11. Creep 2.12. Electrical Conductivity 2.13. Thermal Conductivity 2.14. Graphene Nanoribbon-based Composites 2.15. References 3. Hybrid Graphene/Microfiber Composites 3.1. Processing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.2. Testing of Hierarchical Graphene Composites 3.3. Conclusion 3.4. References 4. Graphene Ceramic and Graphene Metal-Matrix Composites 4.1. Ceramic Matrix Composites 4.2. Metal Matrix Composites 4.3. References 5. Graphene Colloids and Coatings 5.1. Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.2. Functionalized Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.3. Reduced Graphene Oxide Colloids 5.4. Graphene Colloids Stabilized by Surfactants 5.5. Applications of Graphene Colloids 5.6. References Index

Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis

Author: Sabine Szunerits
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119243955
Format: PDF, Docs
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A comprehensive look at the most widely employed carbon-based electrode materials and the numerous electroanalytical applications associated with them. A valuable reference for the emerging age of carbon-based electronics and electrochemistry, this book discusses diverse applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensing. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different nanocarbon materials currently used for electroanalysis, covering the electrochemical sensing of small-sized molecules, such as metal ions and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), as well as large biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, enzymes and proteins. A comprehensive look at state-of-the-art applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensors Emphasizes the relationship between the carbon structures and surface chemistry, and electrochemical performance Covers a wide array of carbon nanomaterials, including nanocarbon films, carbon nanofibers, graphene, diamond nanostructures, and carbon-dots Edited by internationally renowned experts in the field with contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of nanocarbon electroanalysis Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis is a valuable working resource for all chemists and materials scientists working on carbon based-nanomaterials and electrochemical sensors. It also belongs on the reference shelves of academic researchers and industrial scientists in the fields of nanochemistry and nanomaterials, materials chemistry, material science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance in Modern Carbon Based Nanomaterials

Author: Dariya Savchenko
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 168108693X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume presents information about several topics in the field of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study of carbon-containing nanomaterials. It introduces the reader to an array of experimental and theoretical approaches for the analysis of paramagnetic centers (dangling bonds, interface defects, vacancies, and impurities) usually observed in modern carbon-containing materials such as nanographites, graphene, disordered onion-like carbon nanospheres (DOLCNS), single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), nanodiamonds, silicon carbonitride (SiCN) and silicon carbide (SiC) based composites and thin films. In particular, the book describes in detail: • The fundamentals of EPR spectroscopy and its application to the carbon-containing materials; • The resolution of the EPR signals from different species in carbon materials; • EPR characterization of spin dynamics in carbon nanomaterials; • Magnetic properties of DWCNTs and MWCNTs polymer composites; • EPR investigations on GO, rGO and CNTs with different chemical functionalities; • EPR spectroscopy of semiconducting SWCNTs thin films and their transistors; • In-situ EPR investigations of the oxygenation processes in coal and graphene materials; • The two-temperature EPR measurement method applied to carbonaceous solids; • Characterization of impurities in nanodiamonds and SiC nanomaterials and related size effects by CW and pulse EPR techniques; • Application of multifrequency EPR to the study of paramagnetic defects in a-Si1-xCx:H thin films and a-SiCxNy based composites. This volume is a useful guide for researchers interested in the EPR study of paramagnetic centers in the carbon-containing thin films, nanomaterials, ceramics, etc. It is also a valuable teaching tool at graduate and postgraduate levels for advanced courses in analytical chemistry, applied sciences and spectroscopy.

Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applications

Author: Rüdiger Klingeler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642148026
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explores the potential of multi-functional carbon nanotubes for biomedical applications. It combines contributions from chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and medicine. The complete overview of the state-of-the-art addresses different synthesis and biofunctionalisation routes and shows the structural and magnetic properties of nanotubes relevant to biomedical applications. Particular emphasis is put on the interaction of carbon nanotubes with biological environments, i.e. toxicity, biocompatibility, cellular uptake, intracellular distribution, interaction with the immune system and environmental impact. The insertion of NMR-active substances allows diagnostic usage as markers and sensors, e.g. for imaging and contactless local temperature sensing. The potential of nanotubes for therapeutic applications is highlighted by studies on chemotherapeutic drug filling and release, targeting and magnetic hyperthermia studies for anti-cancer treatment at the cellular level.