Fundamental Number Theory with Applications

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849339875
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Beginning with the arithmetic of the rational integers and proceeding to an introduction of algebraic number theory via quadratic orders, Fundamental Number Theory with Applications reveals intriguing new applications of number theory. This text details aspects of computer science related to cryptography factoring primality testing complexity analysis computer arithmetic computational number theory Fundamental Number Theory with Applications also covers: Carmichael numbers Dirichlet products Jacobsthal sums Mersenne primes perfect numbers powerful numbers self-contained numbers Numerous exercises are included, testing the reader's knowledge of the concepts covered, introducing new and interesting topics, and providing a venue to learn background material. Written by a professor and author who is an accomplished scholar in this field, this book provides the material essential for an introduction to the fundamentals of number theory.

Elliptic Curves

Author: Lawrence C. Washington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420071474
Format: PDF
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Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Fundamental Number Theory with Applications Second Edition

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420066616
Format: PDF, Docs
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An update of the most accessible introductory number theory text available, Fundamental Number Theory with Applications, Second Edition presents a mathematically rigorous yet easy-to-follow treatment of the fundamentals and applications of the subject. The substantial amount of reorganizing makes this edition clearer and more elementary in its coverage. New to the Second Edition • Removal of all advanced material to be even more accessible in scope • New fundamental material, including partition theory, generating functions, and combinatorial number theory • Expanded coverage of random number generation, Diophantine analysis, and additive number theory • More applications to cryptography, primality testing, and factoring • An appendix on the recently discovered unconditional deterministic polynomial-time algorithm for primality testing Taking a truly elementary approach to number theory, this text supplies the essential material for a first course on the subject. Placed in highlighted boxes to reduce distraction from the main text, nearly 70 biographies focus on major contributors to the field. The presentation of over 1,300 entries in the index maximizes cross-referencing so students can find data with ease.

Algebraic Number Theory

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849339899
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From its history as an elegant but abstract area of mathematics, algebraic number theory now takes its place as a useful and accessible study with important real-world practicality. Unique among algebraic number theory texts, this important work offers a wealth of applications to cryptography, including factoring, primality-testing, and public-key cryptosystems. A follow-up to Dr. Mollin's popular Fundamental Number Theory with Applications, Algebraic Number Theory provides a global approach to the subject that selectively avoids local theory. Instead, it carefully leads the student through each topic from the level of the algebraic integer, to the arithmetic of number fields, to ideal theory, and closes with reciprocity laws. In each chapter the author includes a section on a cryptographic application of the ideas presented, effectively demonstrating the pragmatic side of theory. In this way Algebraic Number Theory provides a comprehensible yet thorough treatment of the material. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in algebraic number theory, this one-of-a-kind text brings the subject matter to life with historical background and real-world practicality. It easily serves as the basis for a range of courses, from bare-bones algebraic number theory, to a course rich with cryptography applications, to a course using the basic theory to prove Fermat's Last Theorem for regular primes. Its offering of over 430 exercises with odd-numbered solutions provided in the back of the book and, even-numbered solutions available a separate manual makes this the ideal text for both students and instructors.

Advanced Number Theory with Applications

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420083293
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Exploring one of the most dynamic areas of mathematics, Advanced Number Theory with Applications covers a wide range of algebraic, analytic, combinatorial, cryptographic, and geometric aspects of number theory. Written by a recognized leader in algebra and number theory, the book includes a page reference for every citing in the bibliography and more than 1,500 entries in the index so that students can easily cross-reference and find the appropriate data. With numerous examples throughout, the text begins with coverage of algebraic number theory, binary quadratic forms, Diophantine approximation, arithmetic functions, p-adic analysis, Dirichlet characters, density, and primes in arithmetic progression. It then applies these tools to Diophantine equations, before developing elliptic curves and modular forms. The text also presents an overview of Fermat’s Last Theorem (FLT) and numerous consequences of the ABC conjecture, including Thue–Siegel–Roth theorem, Hall’s conjecture, the Erdös–Mollin-–Walsh conjecture, and the Granville–Langevin Conjecture. In the appendix, the author reviews sieve methods, such as Eratothesenes’, Selberg’s, Linnik’s, and Bombieri’s sieves. He also discusses recent results on gaps between primes and the use of sieves in factoring. By focusing on salient techniques in number theory, this textbook provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive material for a second course in this field. It prepares students for future study at the graduate level.

An Introduction to Cryptography Second Edition

Author: Richard A. Mollin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420011243
Format: PDF, ePub
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Continuing a bestselling tradition, An Introduction to Cryptography, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in cryptographic concepts that features all of the requisite background material on number theory and algorithmic complexity as well as a historical look at the field. With numerous additions and restructured material, this edition presents the ideas behind cryptography and the applications of the subject. The first chapter provides a thorough treatment of the mathematics necessary to understand cryptography, including number theory and complexity, while the second chapter discusses cryptographic fundamentals, such as ciphers, linear feedback shift registers, modes of operation, and attacks. The next several chapters discuss DES, AES, public-key cryptography, primality testing, and various factoring methods, from classical to elliptical curves. The final chapters are comprised of issues pertaining to the Internet, such as pretty good privacy (PGP), protocol layers, firewalls, and cookies, as well as applications, including login and network security, viruses, smart cards, and biometrics. The book concludes with appendices on mathematical data, computer arithmetic, the Rijndael S-Box, knapsack ciphers, the Silver-Pohlig-Hellman algorithm, the SHA-1 algorithm, radix-64 encoding, and quantum cryptography. New to the Second Edition: An introductory chapter that provides more information on mathematical facts and complexity theory Expanded and updated exercises sets, including some routine exercises More information on primality testing and cryptanalysis Accessible and logically organized, An Introduction to Cryptography, Second Edition is the essential book on the fundamentals of cryptography.

Elementary Number Theory with Applications

Author: Thomas Koshy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080547091
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This second edition updates the well-regarded 2001 publication with new short sections on topics like Catalan numbers and their relationship to Pascal's triangle and Mersenne numbers, Pollard rho factorization method, Hoggatt-Hensell identity. Koshy has added a new chapter on continued fractions. The unique features of the first edition like news of recent discoveries, biographical sketches of mathematicians, and applications--like the use of congruence in scheduling of a round-robin tournament--are being refreshed with current information. More challenging exercises are included both in the textbook and in the instructor's manual. Elementary Number Theory with Applications 2e is ideally suited for undergraduate students and is especially appropriate for prospective and in-service math teachers at the high school and middle school levels. * Loaded with pedagogical features including fully worked examples, graded exercises, chapter summaries, and computer exercises * Covers crucial applications of theory like computer security, ISBNs, ZIP codes, and UPC bar codes * Biographical sketches lay out the history of mathematics, emphasizing its roots in India and the Middle East

A Course in Number Theory and Cryptography

Author: Neal Koblitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468403109
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the center of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. Because number theory and cryptography are fast-moving fields, this new edition contains substantial revisions and updated references.

Handbook of Mathematical Induction

Author: David S. Gunderson
Publisher: Discrete Mathematics and its Applications
ISBN: 9781138199019
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Handbook of Mathematical Induction: Theory and Applications shows how to find and write proofs via mathematical induction. This comprehensive book covers the theory, the structure of the written proof, all standard exercises, and hundreds of application examples from nearly every area of mathematics. In the first part of the book, the author discusses different inductive techniques, including well-ordered sets, basic mathematical induction, strong induction, double induction, infinite descent, downward induction, and several variants. He then introduces ordinals and cardinals, transfinite induction, the axiom of choice, Zorn s lemma, empirical induction, and fallacies and induction. He also explains how to write inductive proofs. The next part contains more than 750 exercises that highlight the levels of difficulty of an inductive proof, the variety of inductive techniques available, and the scope of results provable by mathematical induction. Each self-contained chapter in this section includes the necessary definitions, theory, and notation and covers a range of theorems and problems, from fundamental to very specialized. The final part presents either solutions or hints to the exercises. Slightly longer than what is found in most texts, these solutions provide complete details for every step of the problem-solving process. "