Fundamentals of Combustion Processes

Author: Sara McAllister
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441979438
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fundamentals of Combustion Processes is designed as a textbook for an upper-division undergraduate and graduate level combustion course in mechanical engineering. The authors focus on the fundamental theory of combustion and provide a simplified discussion of basic combustion parameters and processes such as thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, ignition, diffusion and pre-mixed flames. The text includes exploration of applications, example exercises, suggested homework problems and videos of laboratory demonstrations

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMBUSTION

Author: D. P. Mishra
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120333489
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Designed for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of mechanical, aerospace, chemical and metallurgical engineering, this compact and well-knitted textbook provides a sound conceptual basis in fundamentals of combustion processes, highlighting the basic principles of natural laws. In the initial part of the book, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics, and conservation equations are reviewed extensively with a view to preparing students to assimilate quickly intricate aspects of combustion covered in later chapters. Subsequently, the book provides extensive treatments of ‘pre-mixed laminar flame’, and ‘gaseous diffusion flame’, emphasizing the practical aspects of these flames. Besides, liquid droplet combustion under quiescent and convective environment is covered in the book. Simplified analysis of spray combustion is carried out which can be used as a design tool. An extensive treatment on the solid fuel combustion is also included. Emission combustion systems, and how to control emission from them using the latest techniques, constitute the subject matter of the final chapter. Appropriate examples are provided throughout to foster better understanding of the concepts discussed. Chapter-end review questions and problems are included to reinforce the learning process of students.

Fundamentals and Technology of Combustion

Author: F El-Mahallawy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080532189
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fundamentals and Technology of Combustion contains brief descriptions of combustion fundamental processes, followed by an extensive survey of the combustion research technology. It also includes mathematical combustion modeling of the processes covering mainly premixed and diffusion flames, where many chemical and physical processes compete in complex ways, for both laminar and turbulent flows. The combustion chemistry models that validate experimental data for different fuels are sufficiently accurate to allow confident predictions of the flame characteristics. This illustrates a unique bridge between combustion fundamentals and combustion technology, which provides a valuable technical reference for many engineers and scientists. Moreover, the book gives the reader sufficient background of basic engineering sciences such as chemistry, thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics. The combustion research and mathematical models fit between small-scale laboratory burner flames, and large-scale industrial boilers, furnaces and combustion chambers. The materials have been collected from previous relevant research and some selected papers of the authors and co-workers, which have been presented mainly in different refereed journals, international conferences and symposia, thus providing a comprehensive collection. Furthermore, the book includes some of the many recent general correlations for the characteristics of laminar, turbulent, premixed and diffusion flames in an easily usable form. The authors believe that further progress in optimizing combustion performance and reducing polluting emissions can only be treated through understanding of combustion chemistry.

Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization

Author: Yen-Hsiung Kiang
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128134747
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization is a thorough tool book, which provides readers with the most up-to-date, valuable methodologies to efficiently and cost-effectively attain useful properties of all types of fuels and achieve combustion process characterizations for more efficient design and better operation. Through extensive experience in fuels and combustion, Kiang has developed equations and methodologies that can readily obtain reasonable properties for all types of fuels (including wastes and biomass), which enable him to provide guidance for designers and operators in the combustion field, in order to ensure the design, operation, and diagnostics of all types of combustion systems are of the highest quality and run at optimum efficiency. Written for professionals and researchers in the renewable energy, combustion, chemical, and mechanical engineering fields, the information in this book will equip readers with detailed guidance on how to reliably obtain properties of fuels quickly for the design, operation and diagnostics of combustion systems to achieve highly efficient combustion processes. Presents models for quick estimation of fuel properties without going through elaborate, costly and time consuming sampling and laboratory testing Offers methodologies to determine combustion process characteristics for designing and deploying combustion systems Examines the fundamentals of combustion applied to energy systems, including thermodynamics of traditional and alternative fuels combustion Presents a fuel property database for over 1400 fuels Includes descriptive application of big data technology, using dual properties analysis as an example Provides specific technical solutions for combustion, fuels and waste processing

FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

Author: H. N. GUPTA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120346807
Format: PDF
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Providing a comprehensive introduction to the basics of Internal Combustion Engines, this book is suitable for: Undergraduate-level courses in mechanical engineering, aeronautical engineering, and automobile engineering. Postgraduate-level courses (Thermal Engineering) in mechanical engineering. A.M.I.E. (Section B) courses in mechanical engineering. Competitive examinations, such as Civil Services, Engineering Services, GATE, etc. In addition, the book can be used for refresher courses for professionals in auto-mobile industries. Coverage Includes Analysis of processes (thermodynamic, combustion, fluid flow, heat transfer, friction and lubrication) relevant to design, performance, efficiency, fuel and emission requirements of internal combustion engines. Special topics such as reactive systems, unburned and burned mixture charts, fuel-line hydraulics, side thrust on the cylinder walls, etc. Modern developments such as electronic fuel injection systems, electronic ignition systems, electronic indicators, exhaust emission requirements, etc. The Second Edition includes new sections on geometry of reciprocating engine, engine performance parameters, alternative fuels for IC engines, Carnot cycle, Stirling cycle, Ericsson cycle, Lenoir cycle, Miller cycle, crankcase ventilation, supercharger controls and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Besides, air-standard cycles, latest advances in fuel-injection system in SI engine and gasoline direct injection are discussed in detail. New problems and examples have been added to several chapters. Key Features Explains basic principles and applications in a clear, concise, and easy-to-read manner Richly illustrated to promote a fuller understanding of the subject SI units are used throughout Example problems illustrate applications of theory End-of-chapter review questions and problems help students reinforce and apply key concepts Provides answers to all numerical problems

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering

Author: Richard C. Flagan
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486488721
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A rigorous and thorough analysis of the production of air pollutants and their control, this text is geared toward chemical and environmental engineering students. Topics include combustion, principles of aerosol behavior, theories of the removal of particulate and gaseous pollutants from effluent streams, and air pollution control strategies. 1988 edition.Reprint of the Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988 edition.

Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification

Author: Marcio L. de Souza-Santos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203027295
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bridging the gap between theory and application, this reference demonstrates the operational mechanisms, modeling, and simulation of equipment for the combustion and gasification of solid fuels. Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification: Modeling, Simulation, and Equipment Operation clearly illustrates procedures to improve and optimize the design of future units and the operation of existing industrial systems with recommendations and guidelines from a seasoned professional in the field. Supplies an abundance of examples, models, and exercises for step-by-step instruction on the modeling and simulation of combustion and gasification machinery Of critical importance to the industrial and design engineer, Solid Fuels Combustion and Gasification... Clearly displays methods to build computer simulation programs that will effectively predict equipment performance Offers methods to formulate sound mathematical models for boilers, gasifiers, furnaces, and incinerators Shows how to interpret simulation results for the best design and operation of combustion and gasification equipment Describes key aspects of solid and gas combustion phenomena Provides detailed discussions of the basic and auxiliary equations used in specific projection models Includes applications of moving and fluidized beds Marcio L. de Souza-Santos is Professor of Mechanical Engineering, State University at Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The author of numerous professional publications, he holds several patents and is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering, and the advisory committees of several national and international meetings on energy. An experienced consultant, he has worked for respected organizations such as the Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, Illinois. He received the B.Sc. (1973) and M.Sc. (1981) degrees in chemical engineering from the University of São Paulo, Brazil, and the Ph.D. (1987) in chemical engineering from the University of Sheffield, England.

Combustion Engineering Second Edition

Author: Kenneth W. Ragland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420092510
Format: PDF, ePub
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Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today’s energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption.

Fluidized Bed Combustion

Author: Simeon Oka
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420028454
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A realization of recent clean energy initiatives, fluidized bed combustion (FBC) has quickly won industry preference due to its ability to burn materials as diverse as low-grade coals, biomass, and industrial and municipal waste. Fluidized Bed Combustion catalogs the fundamental physical and chemical processes required of bubbling fluidized beds before launching into application-centered coverage of hot-gas generator, incinerator, and boiler concepts and design, calculations for regime parameters and dimensions, and all aspects of FBC operation. It enumerates the environmental consequences of fluidized bed processes and proposes measures to reduce the formation of harmful emissions.