Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing Second Edition

Author: Arthur J. Kidnay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420085212
Format: PDF, Docs
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Offering indispensable insight from experts in the field, Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing, Second Edition provides an introduction to the gas industry and the processes required to convert wellhead gas into valuable natural gas and hydrocarbon liquids products. The authors compile information from the literature, meeting proceedings, and their own work experiences to give an accurate picture of where gas processing technology stands today as well as to highlight relatively new technologies that could become important in the future. The second edition of this bestselling text reflects important advances in gas processing technologies, including those related to liquefied natural gas (LNG). New to the Second Edition Background information in five new chapters that cover processing principles, pumps, heat transfer, separation processes, and phase separation equipment More discussions of many gas processes Questions and exercises at the end of most chapters to stress important concepts To help nonengineers understand the technical issues, the first part of the text presents an overview of the basic concepts. The topics covered in this part are applicable throughout the gas, oil, and chemical industries. The second part addresses each step of natural gas processing, with a focus on gas plant processes. The chapters in this section follow the gas stream, from gas bought at the wellhead to gas entering the marketplace. Wherever possible, the authors examine the advantages, limitations, and ranges of applicability of the processes so that their selection and integration into the overall gas plant can be fully understood. For readers without a background in chemical engineering or who are just entering the field, this book offers a thorough introduction to the natural gas industry. It also helps those in the gas industry better understand how their products and services fit into the overall process.

Essentials of Natural Gas Microturbines

Author: Valentin A. Boicea
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466594713
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Addressing a field which, until now, has not been sufficiently investigated, Essentials of Natural Gas Microturbines thoroughly examines several natural gas microturbine technologies suitable not only for distributed generation but also for the automotive industry. An invaluable resource for power systems, electrical, and computer science engineers as well as operations researchers, microturbine operators, policy makers, and other industry professionals, the book: Explains the importance of natural gas microturbines and their use in distributed energy resource (DER) systems Discusses the history, development, design, and operation of gas microturbines Introduces the Evolutionary Algorithm for pollutant emissions and fuel consumption minimization Analyzes the power electronics for grid connection of natural gas microturbines Includes actual power quality measurements—graphical representations and numerical data—from a real system Contains 39 color figures Readers benefit from the clarity and practicality of Essentials of Natural Gas Microturbines, ultimately learning new techniques to increase electrical load efficiency, keep the environment cleaner, and improve equipment exploitation based on mathematical results.

Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing

Author: Arthur J. Kidnay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420014048
Format: PDF, Docs
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Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing explores the natural gas industry from the wellhead to the marketplace. It compiles information from the open literature, meeting proceedings, and experts to accurately depict the state of gas processing technology today and highlight technologies that could become important in the future. This book covers advantages, limitations, and ranges of applicability of major gas plant processes to provide a sound understanding from system fundamentals to selection, operation, and integration into the overall gas plant. It also describes the major operations involved in bringing the gas to the plant, information not usually discussed in most gas processing books. Comprehensive chapters cover field operations, inlet receiving, compression, dehydration, hydrocarbon recovery, nitrogen rejection, liquids processing, sulfur recovery, and the increasingly popular liquefied natural gas industry, focusing on liquefaction, storage, and transportation. The book also discusses plant economics, offering ways to make initial cost estimates of selected processes and determine capital costs of gas processing facilities. The descriptive approach in Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing makes this comprehensive text and reference well suited for both technical and non-technical personnel in the industry including chemical or mechanical engineers, plant engineers, students, and those who are new to the field.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases Third Edition

Author: E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420008494
Format: PDF, ePub
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Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Synthesis Gas Combustion

Author: Tim Lieuwen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420085358
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan. But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly. One viable option is the use of "clean coal" energy conversion devices that rely on the combustion of gasified coal, referred to as synthesis gas, or syngas. Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications presents work from leading combustion authorities who offer their perspectives on various energy and environmental issues linked to the development of syngas and hydrogen combustion. This volume summarizes the current understanding of syngas, focusing first on combustion fundamentals and then on issues specific to application and utilization in fuel cells, internal combustion engines, and steady-flowing combustion devices such as gas turbines or boilers. In discussing syngas production, this book details the technical issues and trade-offs that influence fuel composition. It also explores combustion fundamentals of "clean coal" technologies, including chemical kinetics, flame properties, and emissions. Governments and companies around the world are devoting significant resources to improve understanding of the combustion of coal and bio-derived synthesis gases, to maximize the benefits of gasification technology and limit CO2 emissions. This valuable reference provides state-of-the-art context and technical information needed to develop clean energy systems. These include clean coal technologies, hydrogen and liquid fuel production, use of biomass feedstocks, and usage in fuel cells and other advanced power generation technologies.

Dictionary of Oil Gas and Petrochemical Processing

Author: Alireza Bahadori
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466588268
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In industry, miscommunication can cause frustration, create downtime, and even trigger equipment failure. By providing a common ground for more effective discourse, the Dictionary of Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Processing can help eliminate costly miscommunication. An essential resource for oil, gas, and petrochemical industry professionals, engineers, academic staff, and science and engineering students, the dictionary defines over 5,000 technical and commercial terms encompassing exploration, production, processing, refining, pipelining, finance, management, and safety. From basic engineering principles to the latest drilling technology, the text covers the fundamentals and their real-world applications. Alphabetically arranged for quick reference, it contains easy-to-understand descriptions and figures, as well as oil and gas SI units and metric equivalents. Industry newcomers and personnel with no technical background especially benefit from the book’s practical language that clearly demonstrates the concepts behind the definitions.

HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers

Author: Herbert W. Stanford III
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203912492
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers provides fundamental principles and practical techniques for the design, application, purchase, operation, and maintenance of water chillers and cooling towers. Written by a leading expert in the field, the book analyzes topics such as piping, water treatment, noise control, electrical service, and energy efficiency for optimal system and equipment performance and offers extensive checklists, troubleshooting strategies, and reference data, as well as recommended specifications for the procurement of new or replacement equipment. This reference also discusses proper installation and placement of chillers and cooling towers, start-up, and capacity.

Biofuels Production and Processing Technology

Author: M.R. Riazi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351651102
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The importance of biofuels in greening the transport sector in the future is unquestionable, given the limited available fossil energy resources, the environmental issues associated to the utilization of fossil fuels, and the increasing attention to security of supply. This comprehensive reference presents the latest technology in all aspects of biofuels production, processing, properties, raw materials, and related economic and environmental aspects. Presenting the application of methods and technology with minimum math and theory, it compiles a wide range of topics not usually covered in one single book. It discusses development of new catalysts, reactors, controllers, simulators, online analyzers, and waste minimization as well as design and operational aspects of processing units and financial and economic aspects. The book rounds out by describing properties, specifications, and quality of various biofuel products and new advances and trends towards future technology.

Combustion Science and Engineering

Author: Kalyan Annamalai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849320712
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Students embarking on their studies in chemical, mechanical, aerospace, energy, and environmental engineering will face continually changing combustion problems, such as pollution control and energy efficiency, throughout their careers. Approaching these challenges requires a deep familiarity with the fundamental theory, mathematics, and physical concepts of combustion. Based on more than two decades of teaching experience, Combustion Science and Engineering lays the necessary groundwork while using an illustrative, hands-on approach. Taking a down-to-earth perspective, the book avoids heavy mathematics in the first seven chapters and in Chapter 17 (pollutants formation and destruction), but considers molecular concepts and delves into engineering details. It begins with an outline of thermodynamics; basics of thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium; descriptions of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels; chemical kinetics and mass transfer; and applications of theory to practical systems. Beginning in chapter 8, the authors provide a detailed treatment of differential forms of conservation equations; analyses of fuel combustion including jet combustion and boundary layer problems; ignition; flame propagation; interactive and group combustion; pollutant formation and control; and turbulent combustion. In addition, this textbook includes abundant examples, illustrations, and exercises, as well as spreadsheet software in combustion available for download. This software allows students to work out the examples found in the text. Combustion Science and Engineering imparts the skills and foundational knowledge necessary for students to successfully approach and solve new problems.

Cryogenic Engineering Second Edition Revised and Expanded

Author: Thomas Flynn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203026993
Format: PDF, ePub
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Written by an engineering consultant with over 48 years of experience in the field, this Second Edition provides a reader-friendly and thorough discussion of the fundamental principles and science of cryogenic engineering including the properties of fluids and solids, refrigeration and liquefaction, insulation, instrumentation, natural gas processing, and safety in cryogenic system design.